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nued to live in friendship till the hour quiry into the Nature and Causes of the of his death ; and I shall always remain Wealth of Nations.” He received a with the impression of having lost a friend letter of congratulation on this event whom I loved and respected, not only from Mr Hume, which discovers an for his great talents, but for every pri- amiable solicitude for his friend's litevate virtue."

rary fame. It is dated 1st April 1776, The retirement in which Mr Smith about six months before Mr Hume's passed his next ten years, formed a death. “ Euge! Belle ! Dear Mr Smith: Itriking, contrast to the unsettled mode I am much pleased with your perform

of life he had been for some time ac ance, and the perufal of it has taken 'customed to, but was so congenial to me from a state of great anxiety. It

his natural disposition, and to his first was a work of so much expectation by
habits, that it was with the utmost dif- yourself, by your friends, and by the
ficulty he was ever persuaded to leave public, that I trembled for its appear-
it. During the whole of this period ance; but am now much relieved. Not
(with the exception of a few visits to but that the reading of it necessarily
Edinburgh and London), he remained requires so much attention, and the pub-
with his mother at Kirkaldy, occupied hic is disposed to give it so little, that I
habitually with intense study, but un shall still doubt for some time of its being
bending his mind at times in the com very popular. But it has depth,
pany of his old school-fellows. In the and solidity, and acuteness, and is so
society of such men, Mr Smith delight- much illustrated by curious facts, that it
ed; and to them he was endeared, not must at last take the public attention. It
only by his simple and unassuming man- is probably much improved by your
ners, but by the perfect knowledge they last abode in London. If you were
all possessed of those domestic virtues here, at my fire-side, I should dispute
which had distinguished bim from his in- fome of your principles. But these,
fancy. Mr Hume, who considered a town and a hundred other points, are fit only
as the true scene for man of letters, to be discussed in conversation. I hope
made many attempts, but in vain, to se. it will be soon; for I am in a very bad
duce Mr Snith from bis retirement. At state of health, and cannot afford a long
length, in the beginning EF the year 1776, delay.”
he accounted to the world for his long

(To be continued.)
retreat, by the publication of his “ In-

her religion, now established by authoAT the distance of near two centu- rity, were sufficient inducements to a ies, we come to view a princess, whose people less susceptible of affection tomemory has been perhaps looked at hic wards their princes than the English, t'ierto with too prejudiced an eye, name. for unbounded admiration and respect. ly, Elizabeth, the last and most renowned If the aspect of foreign nations be reof the Tudors. From hardships and inju- garded; we shall not, I think, discern ries fortune gave her to rule over a nation, those gorgon eyes of terror which the which, distracted by the capricious ty- blushing merit of this virgin queen is ranny of Henry VIII. weak under the fabled to have encountered. The restminority of Edward, inundated with less ambition of Philip was lulled by the blood by the bigotry of Mary, had now delusive expectation of espousing the arrived at that ultimate point of depres- rich inheritance of the Queen, into a. lion, at which the tide of human affairs state of impolitic inaction; the power is faid naturally to ebb and flow back in of France, enfeebled by the arms of a contrary course

. The circumstances Austria, was soon to be dissolved in the of the times, the amiableness of her weakness of its own princes; and Scot fex, and, above all, the popularity of


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which persons in the married state leave of Spain, which, skilfully conducted,
dress to insure power to herself, and
a competent degree of cunning and ad- refolute, but unaided refiitance.
seems to haye been little solicitous for are borne against the natural or religious

es ofiz band, the province of France, was alone its continuance with the unfortunate faceired formidable to itself.

mily of Stuart, whose succession, as well That the crown then pofsessed a very as future welfare, her maxims were not trong prerogative, capable of overleap- calculated to promote. ing the bounds by which royal authori Commerce and navigation, then in

tp began to be circumscribed, is a fact their infancy, by what charters and imHo.

too apparent in the annals of each pre- munities were they protected ?-But Smute

ceding reign, to stand in need of fur- why do we talk of charters and immuperfus

ther confirmation. We must not, there. nities - -Could commerce, that sens te

fore, in reviewing the condust of Eli- sitive plant, shrinking at the rude touch ets.

zabeth, expect to see her uplike her of oppression and tyranny, thrive under

predecessors in an action she most wish- the rough hands of rapacious monobv

ed to resemble them, summoning her polists ? Could the navigator, transportapit:

parliament in order to regulate her ing himself over seas, at that time as Councils by their resolves, or waiting till unknown to the English, as the world their liberality had enabled her to carry which they joined had been before to into execution the more extensive schemes all Europe, find a reward for the perils of state : but we are still to look for, he had undergone, in sharing the small under so renowned a princess, some re- pittance the waves and enemy had left gular system of government concerted; him, with a mistress whose avarice was fome pecuniary resources constitutionally not to be restrained by the laws of comderived

, independent of appropriating position she herself. had enacted ? to national uses the occasional revenues But I hasten to that period of history, of unfilled bishoprics ; in short, some when, in the Low Countries, the united firmer political edifice erected, than that force of seven provinces had broke the baseles fabric of duplicity and artifice, chains of their tyrant, and established a which only wanted the weak vices of her religion and government of their own; immediate successors, to be pulled into when the Hugonots in France, in arms Tuins of anarchy and civil dissenfion. with the Admiral Coligny at their head,

Let any one cite to me a single instance, were yet unconscious of the in the whole of her administration, in ing Naughter of St Bartholomew; and

which the prerogative of the crown, or when Philip in Spain, aided by the the rights of the people, were asserted thunders of Rome, the gold of Mexior denied with the becoming confidence co, and the genius of the Duke of Par

and resolution of a sovereign. Division ma, threatened subjection to all around VS

among ministers carefully maintained ; him. The necessity of the times dethe authority of parliaments encreased manded a person of an active and enterby the mysterious concealment of their prising difpofition, capable of uniting bounds ; condescension shown to the the scattered forces of a persecuted relipeople

, the better to lord it over the no- gion, in order to compose a single one bility; one faction depressed by the ex- which might shake the proud league of al tation of another; give us some, though its enemies, and be the destruction of

adequate idea, of the undecisive, those that laughed it to scorn. Elizahe qualifying, negative abilities of Eliza- beth should herself have been the centre government

. 'Insulated from of fo glorious a confederacy, and not A.

pofterity by a determined vow of celi- have committed to the unloped for ac-
boer og and, confequently
, not tied or cidents

of adverse winds and waves, the hostages of conduct dispersion of that invincible armament of

Success in arms, especially if they d

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enemies of the state, has ever been the. Effex, is perhaps another remaining
source of popular affection. It was im- instance equally injurious to the' huma-
pollible for the Romans to condemn nity of Elizabeth's disposition.
ibe guilty Manlius in light of the Capi Her discernment of the characters
tol which that celebrated warrior had and abilities of men has been the fruit-
saved. The same cause has on us too ful subject of enlogium ; and some feem
the same effe&, in paffing judgment on willing to represent her as the Aspasia
the characters of our princes; we ele- of Britain, at whose school the Socrates
vate before our eyes the trophies erected and Pericles of the age were educated
in each reign, pass over with neglect in the persons of Bacon and Walling-
the less conspicuous, but more important ham. But that the human genios is
duties of a sovereign, and give the fuf- not called forth by the wand of power,
frage of our praise to the successful war- and that there is a time of its sleep and
rior, which we refuse to the only candi- death, which it cannot interrupt or ad-
tates for true applause--the upright ma- vance, is an evidence easily collected
gistrate and the patriot king. The me from the universal testimony of history.
mory of Elizabeth has, it must be con. If, therefore, the age abounded in men
fessed, an undoubted claim to the immu- of superior talents, it was not owing to
nities of prosperity.

the plastic hand of Elizabeth: the me. Perhaps the timely death of this rit of employing them in high office is princess is not to be reckoned one of fțill apparently hers, though that in a ihe least circumstances of that wonder. great measure must have depended on ful fortune, which ever attended her. the indulgence of fortune, and the reLiberty, like an infant Jove, protected ciprocal advantage of mutual affistance. from the rage of prosecution by priestly Her liberality, the fortunes of a few fanatics, now began to fhey itself abroad court-minions excepted, was by no under the stero features of the puritan, means extensive; and that its infuence whose inflexibility of temper did not ad- was ever distinguishedly fhed on the mit of those lenient mollifying arts, head of genius or public service, is not which had ever been the favourite and on record. Let it not, however, be successful instruments of her policy. denied, that in the great events of five

If, from the political, we turn to the and forty years of success, such small moral

part of this celebrated character, incidents may have escaped the crowd. we shall there too observe the same mix. ed eye of hiltory. The Athenians de. ture of female artifice and envy; fome. dicated an altar to a god without a times wanton by refinement, and some- name. We too will ere&t a monument times, though rarely, cruel in the ex- to virtue, which has not been celebratreme. I have hitherto omitted men- ted. But the faireft method of detertioning the execution of the Queen of mining such unknown merit, would be Scots, as an action in which Eliza- by the measure of its reflection on imbeth's avowed paffion of rivalship was mediate posterity. All who die are much more concerned than the well. honoured with tears. The friend is lafeigned purposes of intereft or religion. mented by his surviving companion; the The subject has already been so thorough- father of a family by his children: the ly canvassed, that a farther scrutiny can- funeral of a prince should be followed not be made into the conduct of either by the universal mourning of the people party, without the repetition of inlipid he governed. It is well known, that tautology: and I think we may plainly the behaviour of the nation, on the death discern, on the part of the British prin- of Elizabeth, amounted to something cess, a mind wholly devoted to its own more than indifference; and we cannot purposes, an ear inattentive to the dif. fuppose those private virtues to have had

tress of another, a face that could not the brightest lustre, whofe departing blush, and a heart that could not feel. rays left fo faint a gloom of melancholy The capricious warrant for the death of behind them.


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fell to his ministers, in the presence of prosperity of Austria ; yet I confider been made for my beloved and imperial family : but I feel, at the same time, mother. The long tried virtues of that that it is an act of duty and justice on and domestic love in which the lived fanction of all my people. with my father, convinces me, that it

Lever could have been intended that fo royal youth,) dropping on his knee as he


NONE of the princes of Germany good a wife, so kind a parent, and so

have higher claims on the love of the excellent a woman, could be left in a Hie people, or the eulogy of the modern state of dependence on her son. Much

bards, than the amiable and youthfut more likely is it, that the fon should gia monarch who now fills the imperial have been bequeathed to the commands, Crates chrone. Of his warlike atchievements, indulgence, and management of his moCated during the present campaign, the trump

ther. Or if it was intended that the This

of fame has sufficiently informed you; fon should receive the wbole revenues of but there is a trait of his heart in pri- the empire, it could only be in confivase and domestic life, which I receive dence that he would act as her agent, from the most unquestionable authority, and see that her private, her natural, and and which will endear him to you more proper rights were paid into her coffers than a thousand vi&ories,

with the least care and inconvenience Joseph the second, who was an eco

to herself. nomist

, left to Leopold, who did not “ In the latter case, I hope I should live long enough, after he became em be found, throughout my reign, a faithful peror, to dil pate (them) an unincum- steward of my dear parent and of the bered diadem and immense treasures. People ; and, supposing, for a moment, These all concentered in the present this case a possible one, I cannot be inEmperor, to whom was bequeathed the sensible to the exalted affection and edisposal of them so unconditionally, that Ateem the late emperor and king must the dowager Empress his mother was, bave had for me, that he could, after his in a manner, rather a dependent on his death, confide the fortunes of such a wife bounty, than possessed of powers in her- to the trust of his fon. But human naself to claim as widow, wife, and mo ture is so frail, and the trust is so awful, ther. No sooner did the youth find that I tremble while I pofiess it; and bimself thus dangerously placed, than cannot, indeed, be easy, till I have difhe refolred to put it out of his own burdened myself of the weightit imposes. porer to act unbecoming the son of an To this end, niy loving friends, ministers empress and queen. Convening, there and subjects, I have herein bound myfore, bis court and council, he appro- felf, (ihewing the scroll) by an instrupriated an early day for his coronation, ment of the last folemnity, to become or rather nomination to the emperor. responsible in a yearly fum fuited to her thip, (the regular ceremony being per- 'rarik although inferior to her deservings. formed long after at. Frankfort) and he And I have, as nearly as may be, made intreated the honour that the Queen- this disposition from my private funds, dowager would aflist at it. The affem- and from sources the least likely to in. bly was brilliant ; the young monarch fringe on, or to affect, the treasures of Tose in the midst of it, and holding in the state, which I hold in trust also,

his hand a scroll, thus addressed him for the honour of my empire, and the the he thousands of his subjects : - 1 perceive myself as called upon by my fubjects to Fed

a passage of great importance is omitted explain, account for, and justify every in the will of my royal father. No expenditure, before I make an arrangefustable and independent provision has ment in favour of any part of

my own ing nat had ing ody

“ Here then, (madam, continued the

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defcended from his throne, and present time, as exigences may arise, to derive ing the scroll-here is the deed by which 'benefit, in their application, from your I relieve myfelf from an insupportable known wisdom,goodnessof heart and judgburden,--the idea of your majesty's be- ment, and your love of the empire.' coming the victim of a fon's weakness, With regard to the public, one might indiscretion, or ingratitude : and you very reasonably expeet from such an outwill find that I have, by the same act, set, what has happened in the progress taken the liberty to appoint you the of the reign of this monarch ;--we were guardian of my youth, in all that can prepared for his having almost emptied properly be called (if any thing can) my the coffers of his private property, and private fortunes. I retain in my hand almost stript its palace of his furniture, the public treasures, because the weight many of its necessaries, and all its luxof them would, from the multiplicity of uries, before he invited the assistance of demands, be attended with fatigue to his people to carry on this unparelleled you; but I shall not fail, from time to war. From Gleanings through Holland.

SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF MÆCENAS. Caius Cilnius MECENAS was a ing fentance or death on the criminals. celebrated Roman knight, descended To the interference of Mæcenas, from the kings of Etruria. He has im- Virgil was indebted for the restoration mortalised himself by his liberal patron- of his lands; and Horace was proud age

of learned men, and of letters; and, to boast that his learned friend had obto his prudence, Augustus Cæfar ac- tained his pardon from the emperor for knowledged himself indebted for the engaging in the cause of Brutus at Philipfecurity he enjoyed.

pi. Mecenas himself cultivated literaHis fondness for pleasure removed ture, and, according to the most receivhim from the reach of ambition, and he ed opinion, wrote a History of Anipreferred to die, as he was born, a Ro- mals, a Journal of the Life of Augustus, man knight, to all the honours and dig, a Treatise on the different natures and ities which either the friendihip of kinds of Precious Stones, besides two Auguftus, or his own popularity, could tragedies entitled Octavia and Promeheap upon him. It was in consequence theus,—and other things, all now loft. of his advice, and that of Agrippa, that He died eight years before Christ, and, Augustus resolved to retain the supreme on his death bed, particularly recompower, and not, by a voluntary resigna- mended his friend Horace to the care tion, to plunge Rome into civil coma and confidence of Augustus. Seneca, who motions. The emperor received the has liberally commended the genius and private admonitions of Mæcenas in the abilities of Mäcenas, has not withheld fame friendly manner as they were given; his cenfure from his diffipation, indoand he was not displeased with the li- lence, and effeminate luxury. From the berty of his friend, when he threw a patronage and encouragement which the paper to him with these words, Descend princes of heroic and lyric poetry, among from the tribunal, thou butcher ! while he the Latins, received from the favourite fat in the judgment feat, and betrayed of Augustus, all patrons of literature revenge and impatience in his counte. have ever since been called Macenates, *nance.

He was struck with the admo- Virgül dedicated to him his Georgics, nition, and left the tribunal, without paff- and Horace his Odes. julgusiga

irry ynol STORY TELLING,

así fuertogiga OR A COFFEE-HOUSE SCENE AT ALEPPO, IN SYRIA. IN Turkey, where the art of printing ed down within the narrow compass of has not yet been known, where the cir- manufcript, and where therefore the efculation of literary productions is chain forts of genius are repressed by discour


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