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a further sum of 1,000.000l. Sterling be the time they were only 600,000l. Sterraised in the fame manner, for the year ling, till the year 1782, when they were 1797.--- Ordered accordingly.

two million Sterling, and in 1794 three 11. Mr Maurice Robinson rose, in confe- or four hundred thousand pounds more quence of the notice he had given on a were added to them, from whence the former day, respecting a motion to pre- increase of misery was very easily per. vent contractors in foreign loans from ceptible. If what he heard was true, fitting in the House of Commons. He and he believed it was so, the miseries of reprobated, in general terms, the idea the poor were great indeed ; and that of being concerned in foreign loans on instead of being desired, by the lower any account whatever. He more par- classes, marriages were avoided, thereticularly alluded to the new endeavours fore population could not be the cause of the ministry to get a fresh loan of of an increase of poor rates, and child3,000,0col. Sterling for the Emperor, in ren, inftead of being looked on as a bles. order to enable him to fight his own bat. fing, were looked on as a curse. tles. He then produced his motion, Mr Pitt could not, he said, give a which was as follows: “ That leave be silent vote on a question of fo much imgiven to bring in a bill to prevent any portance as the present; and the more member of the House of Commons from he considered it, the greater objections being concerned as a contractor in any did he find to it, though it did honour foreign loan."

to the feelings of the gentleman who The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, brought it forward. He would not that he perceived with what intention dwell, he said, long on the subject; but the hon. gentleman had introduced his when the hon. gentleman had compared motion, viz. To prevent a foreign loan, labour and wages, on the authority of and consequently, throw obftacles in the Dr Price, it was his duty to tell him, way of the war. With respect to foreign that though it called for a remedy, yet loans, he would dismiss every question he did not conceive that it wanted a law, thereon, and leave that to the discretion or the interference of magiftrates, and of Parliament.

the hon. gentleman himself had wished, Mr Fox professed himself a determin- that the legislature should not interfere, ed enemy to the carrying on of wars by but that it should be left to find its own foreign loans. He had always been a- level. The hon. gentleman had his gainst afflifting foreign potentates in their doubts of the propriety of the principles broils; in wars we were risking every of the laws he alluded to; but it would thing, not only for ourselves but also for be found in the enacting part of these pofterity. He was, he said, a friend to laws, that they were made to prevent a bill, passed some time ago, to prevent combination to demandexorbitant wages. contractors in domestic loans, from sit. Many laws had, he said, been paired of ting in that House, which was a judi- late, and the question was, whether we cious exception made against them, and had not gone too far; for if a poor man he could fce no reason why a similar ex was suspected that he might become ception should not be made in respect to chargeable, he was removed from where foreign loans, which were equally, if not he might have earned his living, but now more dangerous.

the legislature had wisely prevented any When the motion was put, there ap- person from being removed until actually peared

For it

chargeable ; if therefore, inftcad of these Against it 70

laws, some means could be contrived, Majority ---51.

by which labour could be diffufeu, the 12. Mr Whitebread moved the order of people would be rendered much more the day for the second reading of the la: happy; and instead of giving magistrates bourers wäges bill. He thought all legal any power of encrealing the price of interference in a subject of this kind was labour, an endeavour should be made improper, and that it should be left to to improve the poor laws. Under this find its own level. He appealed to the idea, friendly focieties ought to be encandour of gentlemen, whether the price couraged, and the poor to get that as a of labour in husbandry was not too low, reward for their labour which was given not in this time of distress and scarcity, as charity. He would therefore recombut even up to this period. He took a mend schools of industry, the removing view of the increase of poor rates from of restraints on persons from going where


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scy please, and the relieving of the poor under all the disadvantages of popular is their own labour, and not by poor disgust and odium. Having stated thus its, which might be considered now much, he would leave the matter for wa premium for idleness.

the consideration of the House; but would Several of the members having spoke ask ministers if they had any thing to lay eith fides, the queftion was put and on this subject, which, if they had, and rhived without a division.

if any thing fatisfactory, he would ask MOTION FOR PEACE.

leave to withdraw his motion. He then 15. Mr Grey, in consequence of his no- moved, “ that an humble address be pretü, introduced his motion for peace, sented to his Majesty, that it was the th a speech of considerable length. desire of this Houfe, that he would take Bu could not help, he said, expressing the first opportunity of ftating to the bu furprise, that it should be again ne French Government our desire for peace, Corary for him to introduce a motion of and of giving the desired effect to an im

is kind, after the many which he had mediate negotiation.” Emale on the same subject. He hoped Mr Pitt laid, that as much as he differ2.23 in the interval, since the communi. ed with the hon. gentleman on former cation of his Majesty's message, fome occasions, he never differed with him in

might have been done to promote any thing more than in this; there was the object of peace. At the meeting of nothing more hostile to the views of peace Pariament, he had called on ministers than what was stated with respect to mito know if any thing had been done to- nisters, when we considered the situation Fards a peace, but was answered in the of the country; we must admit then one I zative: by asking these questions re, of two changes, that through the pressure Fouing peace, he did not mean to ask of severe necessity we were obliged to fi ftate fecrets; and had ministers given humble ourselves at the feet of the enemy, in any fatisfactory answer to his quef- and were bound to receive the law at toa, be would not this day have made their hands as conquerors. From the the motion which he now had the ho- moment that overtures of an honourable nour of submitting to the House. Had kind offered, he wished that they might iley ftatcd to him, that the ambition of be as speedy as possible ; he knew, from Trance was such as precluded all ideas the state of the enemy, what was their of regotiation, they should not have situation for war, and as to himself, he heard of his motion this day; but when was as anxious for peace as any other they meant to enter on a new campaign gentleman in that House; but it was a in this situation of affairs, he found it a. peace on honourable terms. He aked guin neceffary to bring such a motion the House, whether it was proper to enforrard. He knew that, in repeating it, ter into a measure to fetter the hands of te would weary the attention of those the Executive Government? That since that heard him, nevertheless he found it his Majesty's message had been delivered his duty to press forward the objed of to that House, minifters had taken every pance. The present question might be measure consistent with the general inroduced to a narrow compass, viz. that terests of the country, and with the atten. ic mething ought to be done for the pur. tion due to her allies, to enable his Ma{ake of entering into a negotiation. Mr jefty to take any opportunity, either to Gey liere took a view of the declara- meet overtures for negotiation, or to ting of Government in December, and make such overtures as might be found tren drew a conclusion, that we ought molt expedient. That no etiquette with Lot to fand on terms of ceremony, but respect to who should make the first overapier on an immediate negociation. His ture--no difficulty in finding a mode of Majesty's deciaration had been such as making it, appeared to Government to to invite the French government to be an obstacle to negotiation, if, in other Derre; they consequently renonnced respects, there appeared to be a probacTery idea of meddling with other go- bility of its leading to just and honourSeriments, and retracted that principle able terms, the great point being whạt which once had given the hon. gentleman prospect there was of obtaining fuch lo much ofience; yet he liad confirmed terms. Measures had been taken to ascerthat which he would not acknowledge tain the fe points, and were now in train ; directly: but he has changed his ground, and if the enemy were sincere, they must and is now preparing for a new campaign, lead to a negotiation. Whether that ne


gotiation would lead to peace he could than the most ftrenuous refiftance, in renot fay, because that depended upon laxing their exertions. Reason has too whether the exhaufted state of the enemy little to do in the government of the would incline them to set on foot that ne- world, and justice and moderation must gotiation with a view to a peace, very often yield to power and lawless_might. different, as to the terms of it, from any But let us manifest to France, to Europe, which their public declarations had, for and to the world, a spirit of moderation a long time patt, seemed to indicate : if -and let us this night address his Mathis was not the case, he must say a fpeedy jesty to commence a negotiation with the peace was impossible. Having stated mat- Republic of France.--I say the Republic ters as far as consistent with his duty, he of France ; for there is more in names bowed he should not be asked, on a future than one would sometimes be apt to imaday, such questions as he had heard be- gine.” Allowing minifters all the confore in that Houfe. As to the motion, fidence they could defire, Mr Fox infifthe gave it his direct negative.

ed, that nothing could tend more to Mr Fox, in a speech of near two hours, evince the confidence of the House in fupported the motion. He set out with Administration, than the present motion. ftating, that though the present was not Even if it be the etiquette of the minister, the most favourable opportunity for nc. that all declarations of this nature fall gotiation, which had ever yet offered, originate in the Crown, a declaration of He considered, that it might be more fa- the Crown was not to be put in compavourable than any future period. As to rison, in point of authenticity, with that the question, who should make the first which the present motion, if carried, ftep? he thought that the French, having would convey. renounced all interference in the govern After Mr Fox had finished, a division ment of other countries, it now became took place on the motion of Mr Grey; us unequivocally to declare our abandon. when there appeared against it 189 ment of every idea of intermeddling with

For it

50 the concerns of France. Were a disposition

Majority--139. to peace, on the part of the Government, discovered to the people of England, it

HOUSE OF LORDS. would diffuse general happiness over the kingdom; and if it was made known to Feb. 3. Lord Mansfield moved an adFrance, “ I am convinced (said Mr Fox) dress to his Majesty on the happy delithat her conceffions would be as ample very of the Princess of Wales of a daughas we could wish, If the demands of ter. Another address to her Majelty, France are exorbitant, let us meet them and another to the Prince and Princess with reasonable overtures on our part, of Wales, on the same occasion.--Agreed and moderation will have a greater effect to.

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21. The president of the council of FRENCH REPUBLIC.

elders made a speech, in which he exJan. 10. Yesterday many citizens of patiated on the charms of liberty, proved Paris presented themselves, before the that it restored man to the principle of council of five hundred, and complain things, and vowed an etemal hatred to ed, that they had been taxed in the

all tyranny: “ In swearing an hatred to forced loan to a fum beyond the a- royalty,” said he, we do not extend mount of their fortunes. Many voices

our oaths beyond the limits of France ; " that belongs to the execu

we leave other nations to live under the tive directory:"_Passed to the order of form of government they have chosen." the day:

He now pronounced the oath in these 11. A resolution was adopted, that

terms: I fwear an hatred to Royalty !all those who did not pay their quota of Each menmber, when called on, repeatthe forced loan, within the period pre- that when Baudin took the oath, he took

ed the prefident's oath. It was observed, scribed by the law, should, without other formality, be liable to the seizure from the head of Brutus the crown of their moveables, effects, &c. placed on it.

cried out,

73: The

23. The council of five hundred or- factions against one another, than any dered the sale of that part of the national concerted fystem for the reftoration of dornains, situated in the nine depart- royalism, which can alarm the preient nents of Belgium united to France, be- ruling powers. For some time past this unging to the ci divant benefice holders, cause, in La Vencee, appears to have the French ccclefiaftical bodies.

been declining ; but hitherto the repu30. The council of five hundred blicans have gained no advantage, which adopted the following resolutions : can be considered as decilive. In many 1. The forms, plates, matrices, punches, places, throughout the nation, the for and, in general, all the utensils which ced loan hath been filled up; and at have been employed in the fabrication Bourdiaux, and other places, where of affignats shall be publicly broken on complaints were mait, of the rates being the oth Pluvoise (February 10th), in fixed too high, redret's was given by apresence of the commissioners of the dopting new regulations. treasury, and of those appointed by the For fome time past the subject of peace directory.-11. The paper not employed hath been difcuffed, with great freedom, ft.all be fabricated over again.-III. The in the public prints at Paris. It is afcommiffioners shall burn the allignais tirmed to be the general wil of the peoarining from the succeflive re-entrics. A ple. The high tone, in which their. detailed statement of this operation shall haughty rulers formąrly spoke, is now be laid before the public.-And IV. A disclaimed ; views more moderate, and far itaiement shall be published and respect to the established governments poñed on the iit and 15th of each month. of Europe, are recommended. In this

The council of elders unanimoully a- manner, it fecms to be their delign, to greed to these resolutions.

prepare the public mind for receiving a

peace, on the conditions of withdrawFOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.

ing their armies from the conquered

countries, and renouncing pretenfions, At Paris, January 21st, was celebra- which are considered by the allies, as ted the anniversary of the death of Louis incompatible with the freedom and the XVI. Immediately before the prefident

permanent peace of Europe. Meana announced, that patriotic mulic was a while, along the whole line of demarkabout to commence, Ca Ira, the Mar- tion, for the respeciive armies to rest on feillois Hymn, and other similar airs their arms, during the ceffavion of hofwere performed. Treilbard began an tilities, the most vigorous preparations oration thus, “ It was at this hour that

are making for commencing a new camthe tyrant suffered the punishment duc

paign. to his crimes. That punishment was The disturbances in Belgium, origi. honourable to justice ; but it would have nating from fome counter-revolutionary availed little if royalty had not been efforts, made in the vicinity of Jemappe, completely annihilated. --if the bloody and the forest of Soeguis, are completeruins of the throne had not become the ly at an end. The ringleaders have been Dlid basis of the republic !” The ora

apprehended and put to death. tor then took an bistorical review of the

In Holiand, the project of a National various revolutions--stated the efforts of Convention, so strongly urged by the Essgland, the tyrant of the seas, and French representatives, continues to retrol of proud Austria, to destroy the ceive a determined opposition in the pro French republic in its cradle---and con- vinces of Zealand and Friesland. The cluded with a resolution, that there was fate of this country, perhaps, doth depo true happincís unless in an amalgama pend on the part which the Prusian moc: liberty and equality, a deep-rooted narch hall take in it, who will, probably, tatred to royalty !--- This speech was

not fee, with indifierence, the ancient kudiy applauded, and ordered to be in- form of government abolished, and one serted in the journals. Each member eitablished, fimilar to that in Franee, fo took an oath expressive of his hatred to repugnant to the principles by which he royalty.

conducts that in his own territories. Accounts of counter-revolutionary Movements among his troops, indicating plots, in different parts of the kingdom, an intention to interfere in that quarter, are daily circulated ; but which appear are faid to be commenced ; but it is imrather to be the efforts of exasperated poffible to pronounce, concerning the


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future conduct of a prince, whose coun- the dominions of the republic as an hofcils have been marked by duplicity, pitable country, where the unfortunate treachery, and weakness.

were ever fure to find a ready afylum.” The dismemberment of Poland being The arrangements for the partitioning now finally made, it is probable, the of Poland have begun to take place. On designs of the Empress of Russia will the 4th January the Pruffians evacuated begin to be developed. Her troops, Cracow, which was taken poffeflion of when they quitted Warsaw, took the by the Austrians on the 5th; the King route for Moldavia. Other corps from of Pruffia still claims the poffeffion of the interior of Rufiia, have been filing those districts which he considers to be off for the Crimea. A strong army, un- necessary as a frontier for Silesia. His der the pretence of appealing the trou- foldiers ftill keep pofseflion of the lubles, is already in Georgia. In no period burbs of Prague, which are separated of her reign, did ever circunstances oc- from the city of Warsaw by the Vistula. cur, more favourable to second her am On the oth the Pruffians entered Warbitious and enterprising views, against saw, and took poffeffion of that city, the Ottoman empire in Europe. which was given up to them by the

Ratisbon, Jan 21.–The memoir in Ruflians. which Austria proposed 100 Roman The portion of Poland, which the months to be raised, for the vigorous Prussian monarch has acquired by the profecution of the war, contains the fol- new partition, is to be called North lowing pasiage :-"It becomes the more Prusia. It is supposed that this disurgent to form a speedy resolution, con- memberment, with the old one, will cerning new resources and supplies, as form an extent of country of 2684-{quare it clearly appears, from the Aulic ra- leagues, and that the population may tificatory decree of the 10th November be moderately rated at two millions, fix Jast year, that France is by no means dif- hundred, and forty-fix thousand souls. posed to conclude a peace on just, rea

HOLLAND, ionable, and acceptable terms ; and, under these circumstances, no means seem On the 30th Dec. at nine o'clock at to remain, but with arms in hand, to night, the important bufiness concerning wrest that peace from France to which the convening of the National Convenshe has refuied to agree.”—The Electors tion, was at length definitively settled. of Saxony and Mentz, as well as the It was decided by a majority of three Margrave of Baadan and Duke of Wir- votes, that the national Convention temberg, have approved of the proposi- should be convened on the 18th of next tion made by Austria ; yet the three lat. month. The provinces of Zealand and ter have, at the same time, voted for a Friedland as yet perfift in their oppofition new proposal of peace to be made to to this measure; it was hoped they will France. Madgeburgh and Bremen have likewise accede to it, as the preservation not yet voted in the college of princes, of the union of the Dutch Republic debut the majority of votes, in that col pends on their consenting to it. lege, is in favour of the ino Roman It is now decided, that at the future months proposed by Austria.

National Convention the provinces are The French republican minister at to resign their territorial sovereignty; Venice, having made reiterated remon- but to retain their names, the regulation ftrances to the republic, in order to ob- of their finances, and every branch of tain the expulsion of Louis XVIII. and administration which concerns the inte. of all the French emigrants attached to rior government of the provinces. They his person, the Senate, by way of a de- are not allowed to send representatives to finitive answer, has intimated to him, the Convention, as this is entirely to bę " that as to the prince himself, he be- composed of representatives of the peoing, by his undeniable birth-right, a le- ple, the national representation being nator of Venice, there existed no law founded on the numbers of people inhawhich could warrant his banishment biting a district, and not on the extent from the territory of the republic; and of a province, by which means the proas to the French emigrants, the Senate vince of Holland will send as 'many rebeheld with conscious pride, that those presentatives to the Convention as all unfortunate exiles, who were perfecuted the other provinces together. in most European countries, considered


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