Abbildungen der Seite
[ocr errors]

The lifts of the population of the U. his escape from America. Randolph nited Provinces lately received, make the had resigned. These papers infinuate, number of persons amount in each pro- that the French party was ftrong in Virvince as under:

ginia ; but, notwithstanding all the inHolland

825,000 trigues of the French faction to overturn Dutch Brabant 21,000 the American conftitution, a very great Gueldres

180,000 majority in all the States, among whom Friesland

150,000 were almoft all the respectable people, Overyffel


were resolved firmly to support the conUtrecht


ftitution. In most of the States, resoluGroningen

80,000 tions had been passed, highly applaudZealand

75,000 ing the conduct of their venerable PresiDrenthe


dent Washington; reprobating the insiAMERICA.

dious arts which had been used against

him ; and approving of the treaty of adt is at length discovered, what was at mity and commerce between Great Bri. the time suspected, that the dispute re- tain and the United States, as mutually specting the frontier forts on the Miami’s beneficial to both countries. river, in America, was fomented entire In Fauchet's dispatches, above alluded ly by French emiffaries, and their poi to, is the following remarkable passage: soned hirelings in different States, under “ It appears to me, that those men (the the direction of the French minister Fau- Popular Societies), with Randolph at chet, which is proved by the correspon their head, were beginning to decide on dence of that minifter, lately intercept their party. About two or three days ed. Major Campbell, who commanded before the proclamation was published the Britiíh at those posts, conducted him- by the Western States, Mr Randolph self throughout the whole of that busi- came to see me with an air of great ea. ness in so firm, yet so temperate a man- gerness, and made to me the overtures, ner, avoiding all improper concessions of which I have given you an account in on the one hand, and declining all hof- my No 6. Thus, with some thousands tile aggression on the other, that even of dollars, the republic could have dethe American Secretary, Mr Randolph, cided on civil war, or on peace : thus then under French influence, was com- the consciences of the pretended papelled reluctantly to acknowledge his triots of America have already their meritorious conduct. Their plan ap- prices.” pears to have been, to irritate the British

WEST INDIES. settlers to act hoftilely towards them, and then make that hostility a pretence By advices from Jamaica, dated the end for declaring war. Fortunately for both of November, we are sorry to learn, that countries, the British commander was the petty, but destructive war with the aware of their intentions, and conduct Maroons in that island, was by no means ed himself, notwithstanding the wanton at an end, notwithstanding of the pruaggressions and ill-founded charges of dent measures adopted by Lord BalcarGeneral Wayne, and the clamour of the ras the Governor, and the spirited exerFrench party, in such a way as to pro. tions of the regulars and militia engaged cure an amicable termination to so une in that service, which is attended with pleafant a difpute.

both difficulty and danger. The enemy, The Amterdam Packet, Henderson, although often routed, have been fomearrived in the Clyde, from New York, times successful against detached parties, brings American newspapers to the end exhibiting instances of favage ferocity. of December. The intercepted letters The body of the unfortunate Colonel of the French ambassador Fauchet, are Fitch had been found with his bowels published, and from them it appears, cut out, and his head placed in the caviihai Fauehet was instrumental in fomento ty. In the defile where Colonel Fitch ing the late rebellion in the Western unfortunately fell, the Maroons had nailSiates against the Government, and that ed two heads on trees opposite to cach he had endeavoured to raise a party to other, with their mouths kept open by overthrow the Government of the Unit. pieces of wood placed in them. ed States. Fauchet, upon the discovery An attempt had been made by the ut this letter, had very prudently made French to excite a dangerous commotion


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

at Martinico.' On Dec. 8th, 300 French aflifting the persons exercising the powers troops landed there from an American of government in France. veffel, which had also put on shore near Extracts were produced, which were ly one thousand stand of arms, with the taken from Stone's papers, and from letdesign of arming the blacks, or people ters written to him by his brother. They of colour, orocher persons who might related to the intentions of the French join them. Two Britiih companies were to land in this country with an army instantly dispatched to attack them ; but near London, and with another near after a sharp action, they were compel. Newcastle, to destroy the coal trade, the led to fall back with a considerable lois, nursery of our scamen. After the eviThis failure, however, only roused our dence was clofed, Mr Erskine addressed commanders to greater exertions, and the jury in a very eloquent speech for very large body of the French militia the prisoner; he was followed by Mr marched to meet them. On their way, Solicitor General on the part of the they shot fourteen of their own men, in Crown. whom they discovered fymptoms of a Lord Kenynon gave the jury a short : disposition to join the enemy. These argumentative charge. The indietmeit, two little French armies met, and a most he said, consisted of two counts. The severe conflict took place, during which firit was, compassing and imagining the there was a terrible carnage. Between death of the King; and the second charthirty and forty republicans being fur- ged the prisoner with adhering to the rounded, laid down their arms, and were King's enemies. As no manner of eviimmediately ihot. The few who escap- dence had appeared, that could, in any cd ran into the woods and concealed respect, support the first coint, it was themselves, but the British commander to be left entirely out of the question, has gone out with four hundred chosen and all their confideration should be dimen in search of them.

rected to the second alone. With rePart of the troops which lately arrived spect to the law on the subject, it ivas at the Windward islands were dispatch. clearly high treason to send such intellied to the relief of St Vincent's, and fuc- gence by letter, or otherwise, to the ceeded in retaking the whole of that King's enemies, as would give them any island from the French.

advantage in the contest with his Majerty. Almost all the letters produced in

evidence, his Lordship remarked, apLONDON.

peared to refer to trade only; and not, TRIAL OF STONE FOR HIGH TREASON. as has been supposed, to convey any

Jan. 27. At nine oclock, the trial.of hidden political meaning, except, perMr William Stone, late of Old Ford, haps, that in which mention was made Middlesex, coal-merchant, commenced of the family at Shields, which had beert at Weftminfter Hall, before the Rt Fion. fupposed symbolic of the French GovernLord Keynon.

ment. Of all the written evidence, two The twelve following gentlemen were papers only were of any material impor.. impanelled to decide on the trial :-- tance in the cause. Those emphatical: John Leader, Efq; John Mayhew, Lfq; papers he would lay before them. Theya John Etherington, Ifq; Thomas Cole, had been found in the possession of the Eig; Charles Minier, Elc; Daniel Dyson, prisoner, and had been written, the one Efq; Thomas Burnet, Efq; Williain Som- by Mr W. Smith, and the other by H. ner, Efq; John Lockyer, Esq; Peier Tay- Stone, from whom it had been sent to lor, E 9; Isaac Dimsdale, Esq;

the prisoner, through the medium of The indictment confifted of the pre- Jackfon. Under several circumstances, amble, and of two counts. The preamble the writing of such papers would be and first count ftated, that, by cleven o no legal crime; but, however useful vert acts, the said William Stone was they might have become to the enemy, guilty of compassing the death of the if an evil intention did, not accompany King ; of conspiring to levy war within the writting of them, it would amount his dominions; of inviting the persons to a strong degree of indiicretion, but exercising the powers of government in not to high treason. The jury were, France to invade these kingdoms.-Se nevertheless, attentively to consider the cond count states, that the said Wil motives with which they had been kept liam Stone was adhering to, aiding, and in the prisoner's cuftody; and, if it


Paul] appear to them, that they had manufactory, have lɔt their lives, and the sn til for the purpose of transmitting fames from the inill communicating to **_mation of the fate of the country a boat in the mill river, in which were

fronce, in order to be serviceable to thirty barrels of gun-powder, fet fire to bi buvernment, then no doubt could the whole, which blew up with a terri.. of the criminality. His Lordihip ble explosion—the man who had the :proxeeded to ftate the oralevidence, care of the veffel being shattered to - a brief, but very clear and distinct pieces, and the boat blown out of the Pet; during the course of which he water.

Tood, that copies of the above-men Fymouth, Jan. 26. The gale of wind :idpipers had been found on Jack- of this day has been productive of the

in Ireland, and the originals on the most melancholy event that has occurrer at the bar, at the time of his red at this 'place for many years past.

benfion. It was for them to con. The Dutton Eait Indiaman, Capt. Sampiv, whether he had them for any im- fon, which arrived here yesterday after2XT or traiterous purposes.

noon, from Admiral Christian's fleet, Tie jury, after deliberating two hours brought up in the found, the tide being z !a quarter, returned a veridict of, too low at that time for her to get into ..: Cually.

Catwater: in the course of the night, Tuca this verdict was given, there the wind veered to the S. S. W. and blew P25 a great deal of noise and huzzaing in a very heavy storm, attended with a e Court, which was very crowded, tremendous fea. The Dutton rode out ?! an elderly gentleman of the name of the gale very well, until this morning P. Thompson, who was particularly about nine o'clock, when she began to tinguitel, was fined zol. by the Lord drive towards the rocks at the weit end Chef Justice. Mr Thompson addressed of Mount Batten; about a quarter past ac Court, and said, he hoped they eleven, she was so near the shore as to *!! escuse his folly and imprudence, strike, and the only alternative that then because he could not guide his feelings. remained was to flip the cables, and H, Lord'hip said, since that was the make an attempt to run for Catwater, caie, it was proper that the law should as the going ashore at Mouni Bitter o crise to aibít him to regulate those would have been inevitable destruction ferues, and to teach him to conduct to every foul on board her, it being imtient with decency in a court of jul- posible to afford them any relief froni LE. Mr Thempfon than offered the that place. Fortunately, by setting the lui a check for this money: but was foretop-sail and stay fail, her head wore tikia they did not deal in checks, and round towards the garrison, and she on hen uit either pay the money or cleared the Batten Point ; but the rudbe wirmitted--He was taken into cus- der being untung, the ship was not unio'r

der any command, and the stood on unfrom every part of the island we re- til he reached the fhore, just abrea? of Cie accounts of the devastation ccca- the citadel flag-Aaff, where she struck, Cred by the late high winds, which, and foon after bulged and filled with 1":"1534 places, were attended with se- water. The people on board immeviittims of thunder and lightning, diately began to cut away the mafts, to bizlich much damage has been done, ease the ship’s roiling, and also to form Sa isarly in the counties of York, a bridge or stage between the ship and Cemerland, and Northumberland. the Thore, on which to attempt to fave

24. Between eight and nine o'clock, their lives; but the sea running very the powder mills, belonging to Mr Ilill high, the hip made fo heavy a lurch toalbuntow, owing to the wheels of the wards the rocks, that the mafts fell with Ingrit being properly supplied with very great violence, so as to break in ton took fire, and blew up with a dread- their fall, and, in consi querce, to be11a;!fion, which not only terrified come useless for the purpose intended.

vabitants of the place, but alarm. Notwithitanding this, many of the foledete ciiics of London and Westmins. diers and crew of the Dutton, got out 1.". The hous's of the people several of the thip on the wreck, the fea, at the rspre pound the metropolis experienced same time, breaking over them every t: tñects of this powerful concuffion. moment; and as no affiítance could be Twiec men, who were at work in the given from the ih ore, they were in the VUL. LVIII.



[ocr errors]

moit imminent danger of being drowned: the crew were taken out. About 12 or many others would have foilowed, if the 14 of the sick were so ill in their ham. officers had not prevented them. Seve- mocks as to be unable to get on deck; ral of those who were on the wreck, after these unfortunately perished. being almost spent by fatigue, got into The crew of the Aurora transport tona the hip again, but four or five of them, hath been saved by an American vefiel. who were hanging by ropes under the She was one of the feet under Admiral inain chains, unfortunately perihed, by Chrifian, and was supposed to be loft. inean; of the main mast falling from the Captain Hodge of the Sedgely, an Ame. fide of the hip on them, at the time ne rican vessel, arrived at Cowes on the ad made a heavy roll from the shore: nei- instant, fell in with the wreck of the ather of these unfortunate creatures ever bove thip, when he took the maiter, appeared again.

Another man was crew, officers, foldiers, &c. in all about cruiled to death, by the bowsprit fal. 150 in number, on board the Sedgely. ling on him. Thefe are the only per. They are safe arrived at Cowes. At the fons who have lost their lives in attempt- time this friendly ship came up, the Auing to reach the shore, though for hours rora was scarcely afloat, and every fur. it was expected that the greater part of ther effort to prolong a painful existence, the people on board, consisting in the had been given up by the people on whole of about 500, would have periMed. board. The gale continued with the greatest The particulars of the dreadful devalriclence, attended with heavy thunder, tations made along the coast by the late lightning, and rain, until about two storms would occupy many pages. All o'clock, when it began to moderate, and accounts agree, that the like has not hapropes were then fo fixed between the pened in the memory of any perfon liv. ship and the thore, as to enable the peo- ing. The following paragraph of a letter ple on the rocks to haul them from the from Whitehaven may give a specimen ship; many had near perished in this of the magnitude of the storm, and the way, from being so long suspended, and effects that resulted from it. fo drenched with water, before they Jan. 26. On Saturday we had one of could be got hold of. About three o' the most dreadful storms of wind and clock the gale had so much abated, as rain that ever was known in this part. It to enable boats, with great difficulty, to continued the whole day and night. get near her on the side from the shore, The tide, from ten to eleven o'clock at and about 300 of the soldiers were taken night, rose to a height never experienced out in this manner, including upwards fince the year 1771, being not less than of 80 fick, who were conveyed in carts twenty-two feet at the end of the Old to the hospital, many of them appa- Quay; and the waves, from the great rently in a dying state. At the time violence of the wind, were toffed with the ship struck, Captain Sampfon was incredible fury over all the works of the alhyre, but, at the hazard of his life, a-, harbour, and seemed to threaten them Wut two o'clock, P. M. he infifted on with entire demolition. The bulwark A being hauled on board, by a rope lathed has fuffered considerably; the New round his body: this cheared the spirits Quay is said to be entirely destroyed, of the crew and soldiers, and each wait- and the parapet wall between the fea and ed with the utmost patience his turn to Mr Rumney's house, at the foot of be hauled alhore. Many of them were Duke-street, is washed do:vn; the family in a state of nakedness, and so bruised, was taken out of the windows into boats. as to be unable to stand when landed. Boats plied in the market-place, to take Some of the crew and troops got below, the inhabitants out of several of the where they started some caks of rum, houses. That part was inundated for whereby they got much intoxicatei, and four hours, and at one time the tide some are said to have perished there. flowed 60 yards up King-street, where The greatest exertions were used by the no person living erer saw it before. Dil inhabitants of the town, many of whom ring a! this time, the gusts of wind were exposed their lives, and more in danger tremendous, and with little interinission, of being washed off the rocks. At five from S.S. W. The contternation was o'clock, P. M. the ship was full of wa- general, and the scene altogether horrible tér, dashing against the rocks : She fell and alarming beyond defeription. over about ten minutes after the last of The following is the Emperoi's an



Aurora trazione

at Cowes on the

-ig a painfulenidas

py many pages?

ory of any perit

may give a lucu

nd, were told Ting to the importance of the object, in and of putting an end to all the ineviti?. fiderably; the Te able proclamation of the representative in these sentiments, which re manifest je entirely debut of the French people, Meriin of Thion- with confidence in our quality of Suall between the desville, to the inhabitants of the left bank of preme Head of the Empire, and which jufi, at the hoá: the Rhine, of which be have just received you will communicate without delay, hed corn; the ta information. This proclamation fur- to the Countellors, Ambassadors, and ne trindoors istobra nishes a new and irrefragable proof of Ministers of the General Diet of the ut of several of enemy to take all the leit bank of the rt was inundated' is Phine as the boundaries of their con- ferve great form and state in their offiip King-rtreet, 1. proaching peace, the dismemberment of reign powers. They lately gave a splen. er saw it befor. I that part of the body politic of Ger- did public audience for the purpose of the guts of riz' Tu many. toe altogetherlam. the more important, inasmuch as they name of his court, and hoped it would

swer to the Letter of the Diet, congra- rected against the Empire of Germany, Dut About

#tulating him on his late victories, dated and the constitution. vill in their hæ Dec. 22. 1795:

At the same time it results from the de to get on det

" We have perused the contents of faithful exposure of the actual state of erished.

the letter of congratulation and of thanks, the political relations contained in the

which the General Diet has very hum- decree of ratification, and principally in in American recht

bly addressed to us, under date of the the reply of the committee of public eet under der ajth ult. This solemn expresion of the fafety to the first overtures of peace, upposed to be held muft lively gratitude for the extraordi- made by us, in our name, and in that of e Sedgely , an de nary sacrifices, and the generous efforts the Empire, that it is the decided ex

which we have made, for the energetic pression of patriotism, harmony, warlike the wreck of these and persevering assistance which we have valour, and perseverance; that can alone < took the man furnihed, and for our indefatigable soli- bring the enemy to a just and permanent ers, &c. in alizki citude for the fafety and preservation of peace; and it is only with arms in our board the deepen the country and constitution of the Ger- hands, that we can accelerate the peace ed at Cowes. man Empire-the noble and patriotic of the Empire, which we fo ardently de. hip came up, the expreffion of the fincere part which tłe fire. Poat, and every Diet takes in the brilliant and ever-me However agreeable the folemn expres

morable victories we have obtained, un- fion of the gratitude and congratulations by the propie der the protection of the Most High, by that have been expressed to us inay be,

our unconquerable firmness, and the we fall think it proper nevertheless to of the dreadful de bravery of our armies, have excited in set very ftri&t limiis to the jus confidence the coaft by the a us the most agreeable sentiments. which we have in the patriotism of the

We order you, in consequence, to States of the Empire, if in the part which at the lite has acte testify in our name, to the general Diet they take on one hand in the glorious

of the Empire, our" satisfaction as Suc victories gained, and on the other in 5 paragraph obat preme Chief of the Germanic Body. every thing that may assure the preter

The fate of Germany would have been vation and prosperity of Germany, we of the form, at decided by the loss of the richest, most do not recognize the conviction of the

populous, and mot considerable pro- indispensible necesity, and the renewal urday we had oe vinces, if the enemy, full of confidence of the constitutional assurance, of co

itoring of vid in their project of schism, tending to operating with the greatest energy in known in the per favour the full execution of their plan this fo important and decifive moment, hole day an 17 of aggrandisement and conquest, had by the general union and the most vigon to eleven o'ici fucceeded in friking the last blow, which rous exercise of all tie armed force of ight never express they were preparing against the German Germany, in the defence and support vi Empire.

its liberty ai:d conititution, and this for -We explained ourselves in a very de- the purpose of accelerating a peace whicu aves

, from the es tailed manner on this subject, accord- shall not dishonour the German name, or all the words of the decree of commision which we sent ble burthens and evils of a var to which ned to threaten me to the Diet on the 19th of November laft the Empire was forced. No one can bition. The heat year. We join to it the very remark- misunderitand the rectitude of our views the formal and decided project of the Empire,

The at Paris cial intercourse with ite ministers of foe

receiving M. d'Orlini, ambafiador from The victories gained by my Generals the Duke of Tulcany, in room of Carfince the middle of October are so much letti, whole conduct he disavowed in the


d from it.

1, being not kis t the end of the

market-place, to te

queris, and to lay

at one time the ti

with little intenir fir 'he coniternatics vi

nd defcription. is the Emperc 33


« ZurückWeiter »