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ceptor, during this connection, was noton- ever to our author possessing peculiar atly entertained by the Mareschal de Bris- traction; but upon what particular acsac with all attention and respect due both count he went is not known. He was, to his character and situation, but he is however, almost immediately recalled by said to have been frequently admitted to Queen Mary of Scotland, and engaged the Mareschal's secret * councils. In a as future preceptor to the child with passage cited by Buchanan's editor of whom he was pregnant, afterwards 1715, from a Latin oration of Henry James VI. Till this Prince became old Stephens, the friend of Buchanan, I enough for instruction, the placed Buchfind an anecdote relative to this subject, anan in the Principalship of St Leowhich perhaps you will not think un- nard's College at St Andrew's; an ofworthy of insertion. The orator, af- fice which he filled for four years with ter having taken notice of the contempt fingular credit. sometimes shewn for the opinions of li- As his genius, abilities, and extraorterary men upon matters of war, says, dinary acquisitions in literature, had “ Brissac, on the contrary, leader of now secured him universal esteem and the forces of Francis I. in the wars of reputation in the learned world, so his Piedmoni, was wont to call George. religious and political principles won Buchanan his son's perceptor, into him the confidence and attachment of council with the Generals themselves of that party, whose councils, not many the army. This practice was occasion. years afterwards, predominated in the ed by the following circumstance: transactions of his country. Once, when Buchanan, in order to give In execution of his professional duties some commission to a servant, went at St Andrew's, he principally dedicatdown from his apartment to a dining- ed himself to the instruction of the sturoom contiguous and open to the hall dents in philosophy, employing, howwhere Briffac was holding council on a ever, his leisure in preparing an edition point of much consequence to the fuc- of his poems. But philosophy, poetry, cess of his affairs, one of the general of criticism, and grammar, distinguished as ficers smiled at something which he o- he was by his proficiency in each, were verheard Buchanan muttering, expref- not the only studies which had occupied five of discontent at the opinion of the the former part of his life. During his majority in council. Briffac, perceiv- residence in Piedmont, with the Mareing what entertained the general, oblig. schal de Brisfac, he had applied himself ed Buchanan to deliver his sentiments earnestly to the study of controversial freely. The wisdom of his speech ap- theology t, particularly to the subjects peared like something oracular, not on- in dispute betwixt the church of Rome ly to Brissac, but to every officer pre- and the Reformers. Thus qualified, sent, and experiment confirmed its me- although a layman, he was elected morit.”.

derator to the Synod of Scotland which His connection with the Mareschal assembled in June 1567. The ambition continued till 1560, and formed, not of the Regent Murray, his old pupil, improbably, the happiest part of his life. discovered no inconsiderable resources Where be passed the two subsequent in the literary talents and political abiliyears, is matter of uncertainty : con- ties of Buchanan, whilst placed in this temporary writers disagree much about situation. It was in this post, too, that it.

he found opportunity both of projecting In 1563, he returned to Scotland a and giving fanction to the measures, declared member of the reformed which proved fatal to the interest, and, church. Two years after, we find him

+ Ut (fic loquitur ipse in vita fua) de congone agaia to France: that country troverfiis, quæ tuna majorem hominum par* Nota in Vitam, p. 17. Edit. Edin. 1715. tem exercebant exactius dijudicare poffet.

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his poems.



at length, to the government of the must have left Buchanan considerably in Queen ; to whom he had been under the possession of his own time. Withgreat obligations, and whose beauty and out this supposition, it had been impofmerits had been the theme of some of sible for him to write those I political

treatises which he did in the year 1570, About the end of the year 1963, and about that time, to support the meawhen the Prince had nearly completed sures of his party, and to blacken the the fourth year of his age, Buchanan characters of their adversaries. was, by order of the Privy Council and In what

year he began his celebrated States of the Realm, directed to attend Latin History of Scotland, is not yet the charge of his education at court ; clearly determined ; but it is with probeing, at the same time, very honour. bability supposed to have been soon afably permitted to nominate a* fuccef- ter these occasional publications. This for to his literary functions at St An- work is divided into twenty books, bedrew's. If you should ever peruse thet ginning with the reign of Fergus, 330 act of Council relative to Buchanan's years before Christ, and ending with removal, you will have great pleasure in that of the unfortunate Mary; not less remarking the żeal of these illustrious unfortunate in the transactions of her persons for the success and advance- reign, than to have had them transmitment of learning in that celebrated se- ted to posterity by the brilliant pen of minary.

an historian devoted to her enemies. As our author had now no public All the latter years of his life were emoffice to divert his attention; as an ar- ployed upon this undertaking, and nodent love of letters was his ruling pas- thing but the most refolute application fion ; as the eyes of the court, and of could have enabled him to || finish it, the whole kingdom, were turned upon aflicted as he


with extreme ill him, and, as it were, waiting the fu.cess of his instructions, we must fuppose

# These were his Camælion; his Admoni.

tion to the true Lords; and his famous book every nerve of his genius strained to the “ De Jure Regni Scotorum,” in which laft utmost

, in order to accomplish his royal he vindicates and defends every thing which pupil, and to infuse into his mind those had been done or said by himself or his party principles of virtue and knowledge, in against Mary Queen of Scots. This book not which the welfare of his fellow.citizens only gave occasion to much clamour, but

caused riots and tumults in thekingdom. His was so nearly interested. The charac

arguments are fully answered by Adam Blackżer and talents of James yi. being wood, in his “ Apologia pro regibns adverknown to every one at all conversant in sus G. Buchanani dialogum de jure regni," history, it may süffice to say, that the &c. 1580. Svo. Both this Treatise and the public expectation respecting his instruc. Answer to it acquired universal celebrity in

their time. tors, so far as their responsibility went,

|| He mentions this subjec? in a Letter of was amply satisfied : I say instructors, August 25. 1577, written in the old Scottisi, for it seems unjust not to mention that and addressed to Maister Randolf, Squier, Mr Peter Young, who afterwards re- Maister of Poftes to the Queen's Grace of ceived the honour of knighthood, a England. As for the prelent, I am occulearned and accomplished person, was to content few, and to difplcafe mony that

piit in writynge of our History, being assurit Buchanan's colleague in this important throw. As to the end of it, yf ye gett it not charge. Important, however, as it was, or this winter be paffit, lippen not for it, nor yet the asistance of so able a coadjutor nane other writyngs from me. The rest of

my occupation is with the gout, quhilk haldis * The person whom he named was Pa me befy both day and nyt. And quhair ye trick Adamson; the fame who, according to say, ye haif not long to lyf, I trail to God Ruddiman, was afterwards Archbishop of St to go before you, albeit I be on fut, and ye Andrew's.

ryd the post,” &c. See Freebairn's Pref. to † Cited by Ruddiman in the edit. of 1715. the edition of 1715.


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health, labouring under the advances of cil, and penfioned on the revenues of
old age, and continually interrupted by the Convent of t Cross raguel.
the indispensable duties of the King's Broken at length by age and infir-
education. In the 27th epistle of his mities, he retired in 1981, from the
literary* correspondence, dated No. Couri at Stirling, to Edinburgh, resign-
vember 9. 1579, not three years before ing cvery public charge, and calmly
his death, giving an account of most of compoiing hinuelf for the ar proaches of
his works, and of his trouble in select- death. in a pleañng and pathetic #
ing and improving them, he concludes letter, writter in the spring of that year,
thus : " And to all this I have added to his only surviving friend in Portugal,
the task of writing history; a laborious he says, “I have for fome time bidden
employment in the vigour of life ; but adieu to letters. My sole concern now
which now, whilit I am meditating up- is, how I may most quictly wiihdraw
on my latter end, between the appre- from my ill-assorted companions ; a dy,

henfions of death on one hand, and the ing man from the society of the living." doing Shame of not proceeding on the other, Thus gracefully and deliberately quit

is necessarily become low and unplea- ting the scene of life, departed ihis ix-
Sant : yet I feel myself obliged to pro- traordinary man, on Friday morning
ceed, though anwilling to go on.” He the 28th of September 1582, in the
had, however, at length, the satisfaction Tóth year of his age.
of completing this, the greatest and the Buchanan, with regard to his person,
laft of his mortal labours, but survived is said to have been lovenly, inaitentive
its publication scarcely a single month. to dress, and almost to hire bordered

Although no person was ever better upon rusticily in his manners and ap-
qualified, in point of abilities, or infor- pearance.

The character of his counmation, to fine in historical composi- tenance was manly but austere, and the tion, or fince the days of Livy and portraits remaining of him bear testimony Salluft has written it with more chaf. to this observation. But he was highly tid taste

, or perhaps with greater polished in his language and style of furity of style, yet not only his enemies conversation, which was generally much universally complain of his partiality, fersoned with wit and homour. On but

even they who profess the greateit every subject he possessed a peculiar tenderness for his fame are sometimes facility of illustration by lively anecdotes inclined to question his veracity, and and short moral examples ; and when fill oftener to censure his want of mo- his knowledge and recollection failed

in fuggesting these, his invention imThough Buchanan's merits and ser- mediately supplied him. He bas been vices were not left without honours or

too justly reproached with instances of
recompense by his patrons, the Earls of revenge, and forgetfulness of obligations.
Murray and Morton, fucceffively Re- These feem not, however, to have been
gents during the King's minori y, he characteristic qualities, but occasional
arrived at molt of their but in the last failures of his nobler nature, and arising
llege of his life, and is said to have left from too violent an attachment to party,
behind him neither estates nor money. and an affection too partial towards in-
He was first made Director of the Royal
Chancery, afterwards Keeper of the

+ The Cross Royal.
Privy Seal
, and a Member of the Coun- Cal. Afr. an. 1531.

| Epist. 37. ad Eliam Vinetum, Edinb, 17.

“ Ego vero literis jam

dudum valedixi. Nunc id unum fatago, ut, * These epistles chiefly in Latin, forty-one minimo cum ftrepitu, ex inæqualium meorum, in number, are placed at the end of the Edin- hoc eft, mortuus e vivorum contubernio de




burgà edition of 1715.

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dividuals. To the same source, perhaps, to leave the morrow to take care of itmay be traced that easiness of belief to self, are enjoined by one far better than which he is found too frequently to re- Zeno, let us not forget that Buchanan liga his better judgement. His freedom is affirmed, moreover, to have been refrom anxieties relative to fortune, and ligious and devout, nor unjustly place indifference to outward and accidental fo illustrious a figure in the nich of an circumstances, gained him, with fomc, Athenian portico; which claims no in the reputation of a Stoic Philofopher ; ferior station in the Christian Temple. But as a state of mind, undisturbed by

BY J. LETTICE, B. D. the vicisitudes of life, and a difpofition

ANECDOTES OF MILTON. " WHEN Milton went to schoole, “ John Dryden, Efq; Poet Laureate, and when he was very younge, he stu- who very much admired him, went to died scry lard, and late up very late, him to have Icave to put his Paradise commonly till twelve or one o'clock, Loft into a dramatic poem. Milton and his father ordered the maid to fet received him civilly, and told him he up for him, and at those years compof would give him leave to tagge his cd many copies of verses, which might leave. well have become a riper age. Hie was “ Milton's widow assures me, that a very hard (udent at the University, Mr Hobbes was not of his acquaintwhere he perform'd all his exercises ance, but he would acknowiedge him with very good applause. His first tu- to be a man of great parts, and a learned for there was Mr Chapel, who, receiring some unkindnesie, whipt him ; “ His fight began to fail him at first die was afterwards (though it fecnied upon his writing against Salmasius, and against the rules of the College) tranf. before it was fully completed, one eye ferred to the tuition of one Mr Tovell, absolutely failed him. who died parson of Litterworth.

“ He was visited by learned men “ He lies buried in St Giles' Crip, much more then he did desire. plegate chancel, at the right hand. His . He was mightily importuned to Stone is now removed, for about 7 go to France and Italie. Foreigners years since (Nov. 1681) the two step- came much to see him, and much admes to the Communion Table were mired him, and offered him great preraysed. Ighaffe, Jo. Speed, and he, lie sents to come over to them.

The only together.

inducement of several foreigners that 6. His harmonicall and ingeniofe foul came over to England, was chiefly to did lodge in a beautiful and well-pro- see Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector, portioned body.

and Mr Jobn Milton. They would " In toto mens quasi corpore munda see the house where he was born. He fuit.

was much more admired abroad than at " His mother was a Bradshawe. home.

" Miiton wrote a dictionary called “ He married his second wife be“ Idioma Lingue Latinæ ;" from Mr fore the sicknesse (the plague); a great Packer, who was bis scholar'. person, and of a peaceable and agree

“ He wrote “ Idea Theologiæ ;' in able humour. MS. in the hands of Mr Skinner, of “ He was scarce as tall as I am (says Mark-lane.

Mr Aubrey); he had light brown hair, “ Two Religious Opinions do not his eye a dark graie, his face ovall. The well upon the fame boullter,” he said of pictures before his bookes are not like one of his wives who was of a different him. His widow has his picture, drawn opinion from him in religion.

when he was a Cambridge scholar, very

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like him, and which ought to be en- He had a man read to him. The first graven.

thing they read was the Hebrew Bible, “ His first wife, a Royalist, Mrs then he contemplated. At feven his Powell

, was brought up and bred man came to him againe, and read and where there was a great deal of com- wrote for him till dinner (the writing pany and merriment, as dancing, &c. was as much as the reading). His and when the came to live with her daughter Deborah could read to hima husband, she found it folitary, no com- Latin, Italian, French, Greek (the pany came to her, and she often heard was very like her father). He went to her nephews cry and be beaten.

This bed about nine. He was temperate, life was irksome to her, and so she went rarely drank between meals. He proto her parents. He sent for her home nounced the letter R


hard. He after some time. As for wronging his had a delicate tunable voice, and had bed, I never heard the least fufpicion good skill. His father resembled him. of that, nor had he of that any jea- He had an organ in his house; he playloufie.

ed on that moft. “ He went to travel about the year

66 From Mr Abram Hill. 1638, and was abroad about a year's

6 Memorandum.-His (Milton's) space, chiefly in Italy. Immediately sharpe writing againit Alexander Moré, after his return, he took a lodging at of Holland, upon a mistake, notwithMr Russell's, a taylor, in St Bride's standing he had given him, ly the AnChurch-yard, and took into his tuition bafador, all fatisfaction * to the coile his sister's two sons, Edward and John trary, Philips (the first 10, the other 9 years To enquire of Mr Allan, of Edof age), and in a year's time, made mund Hall, Oxon, of Mr 7. Milton's then capable of interpreting a Latin au- Life writ: by himself. thor at fight, and within three years “ He had a very good memorie, but they went through the best of the Latin I believe his excellent manner of thinkand Greek poets, Lucretius Manilius ; ing did much helpe his memorie. and (with him the use of the globes) " He lived in severall places : 110lof the Latins, Hefiod, Aratus, Diony. bourne, near King's Gate. He died fius Afer, Oppian, Appollonii Argo-,in Bunhill, opposite the artillery gardeo nautica, Quintus Calaber, Cato, Vario, wall. He feldome tooke any physic, and Columella de Re Rusticâ, were the only sometimes he took manna. He very first authors they learned. was very t healthy, and free from all

" As he was severe on one hand, so diseases; and towards his latter end, he was most familiar and free in his he was visited by the goutte. He conversation to those whom he must would be chearful even in his

goulle, serve in his

of education,

and fing. He died of the goutte ftruck "N. B. He made his nephews fong. in. fters , and sing from the time they were

-" I heard (says Mr Aubrey) that

after he was blind, he was writing a " His familiar learned acquaintance, Latin Dictionary. The widow affirms, were Mr Andrew Marvell, Mr Skin- that he gave all his papers (amongft ner, Dr Pagett, M. D.

* Viz. that the book (called Clamor Ca. " He was pleasant in his conversa- li) was written by Peter du Moulin. Well!

His exercise was that was all one, he having writ it, it should chiefly walking. After dinner he used goe into the world; one of them was as bad to walk two or three hours at a time :

as the other,

† The learned Huetius. says, that studious he always had a garden where he lived.

men live as long or longer than other men, if He was an early riser, yea after he had they will take care not to overload their fislost his light (je

. at four o'clock manè), machs with meat and drink.

with him.

tion, but fatyrical.

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