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cepter, during this connection, was noton- ever to our author possessing peculiar atly entertained by the Mareschal de Bris- traction ; but upon what particular acfac with all attention and respect due both count he went is not known. He was, to his character and situation, but he is however, almost immediately recalled by aid to have been frequently admitted to Queen Mary of Scotland, and engaged the Vareschal's secret * councils. In a as future preceptor to the child with rage cited by Buchanan's editor of whom he was pregnant, afterwards 1-15, from a Latin oration of Henry James VI. Till this Prince became old Suzphens, the friend of Buchanan, í enough for instruction, the placed Buchfied an anecdote relative to this subject, anan in the Principalship of St Leosaich perhaps you will not think un- nard's College at St Andrew's; an ofTorthy of insertion. The orator, af- fice which he filled for four
years with ser hasing taken notice of the contempt fingular credit. sometimes shewn for the opinions of li As his genius, abilities, and extraor*Eary men upon matters of war, says, dinary acquisitions in literature, had
Brissac, on the contrary, leader of now secured him universal esteem and the forces of Francis I. in the wars of reputation in the learned world, so his Piedmoni, was wont to call George. religious and political principles won Buchanan his son's perceptor, into him the confidence and attachment of council with the Generals themselves of that party, whose councils, not many the army. This practice was occasion. years afterwards, predominated in the ed by the following circumstance: transactions of his country. Once, when Buchanan, in order to give In execution of his professional duties fone commission to a servant, went at St Andrew's, he principally dedicatdown from his apartment to a dining- ed himself to the instruction of the stu. room contiguous and open to the hall dents in philosophy, employing, howwhere Brissac was holding council on a ever, his leisure in preparing an edition point of much consequence to the fuc- of his poems. But philosophy, poetry, cess of his affairs, one of the general of- criticism, and grammar, distinguished as ficers smiled at something which he o- he was by his proficiency in each, were rerbeard Buchanan muttering, expref. not the only studies which had occupied fire of discontent at the opinion of the the former part of his life. During his rajority in council. Brisfac, perceiv- residence in Piedmont, with the Marein; what entertained the general, oblig- schal de Brisfac, he had applied himself ed Buchanan to deliver his sentiments earnestly to the study of controversial freely. The wisdom of his speech ap. theology +, particularly to the subjects peared like something oracular, not on- in dispute betwixt the church of Rome is to Brisiac, but to every officer pre- and the Reformers. Thus qualified, ses, and experiment confirmed its me- although a layman, he was elected mori:."
derator to the Synod of Scotland which His connection with the Mareschal assembled in June 1567. The ambition Continued till 1560, and formed, not of the Regent Murray, his old pupil, Beprobably, the happiest part of his life. discovered no inconsiderable resources Where he passed the two subsequent in the literary talents and political abiliyears, is matter of uncertainty : con- ties of Buchanan, whilst placed in this temporary writers disagree much about situation. It was in this post, too, that
he found opportunity both of projecting In 1563, he returned to Scotland a and giving fanction to the measures, declared member of the reformed which proved fatal to the interest, and, church. Two years after, we find him
+ Ut (fic loquitur ipse in vita sua) de congone again to France: that country troversiis, quæ tum majorem hominum par
• Nora in Vitam, p. 17. Edit. Edin. 1715. tem exercebant exactius dijudicare poffet.
at length, to the government of the must have left Buchanan considerably in Queen ; to whom he had been under the poffession of his own time. Withgreat obligations, and whose beauty and out this supposition, it had been impofmerits had been the theme of some of sible for him to write those I political
treatises which he did in the year 1570, About the end of the year 1963, and about that time, to support the meawhen the Prince had nearly completed sures of his party, and to blacken the the fourth year of his age, Buchanan characters of their adversaries. was, by order of the Privy Council and In what year he began his celebrated States of the Realm, directed to attend Latin History of Scotland, is not yet the charge of his education at court ; clearly determined; but it is with probeing, at the same time, very honour- bability supposed to have been foon afably permitted to nominate a * succef- ter these occasional publications. This for to his literary functions at St An- work is divided into twenty books, bedrew's. If you should ever peruse thet ginning with the reign of Fergus, 330 act of Council relative to Buchanan's years before Christ, and ending with removal, you will have great pleasure in that of the unfortunate Mary; not less remarking the żeal of these illustrious unfortunate in the transactions of her persons for the success and advance- reign, than to have had them transmitment of learning in that celebrated se- ted to posterity by the brilliant pen of minary.
an biltorian devoted to her enemies. As our author had now no public All the latter years of his life were emoffice to divert his attention ; as an ar- ployed upon this undertaking, and nodent love of letters was his ruling pas- thing but the most refolute application fion ; as the eyes of the court, and of could have enabled him to || finish it, the whole kingdom, were turned upon amicted as he was with extreme ill him, and, as it were, waiting the luccess of his instructions, we must suppose tion to the true Lords; and his famous book
# These were his Camælion; his Admoni. every nerve of his genius strained to the
“ De Jure Regni Scotorum,” in which latt utmost
, in order to accomplish his royal he vindicates and defends every thing which pupil, and to infuse into his mind those had been done or said by himself or his party principles of virtue and knowledge, in against Mary Queen of Scots. This book not which the welfare of his fellow.citizens only gave occasion to much clamour, but
caused riots and tumults in thekingdom. His was so nearly interested. The charac
arguments are fully answered by Adam Blackter and talents of James Yl. being wood, in his “ Apologia pro regibuis adverknown to every one at all conversant in sus G. Buchanani dialogum de jure regni," history, it may suffice to say, that the &c. 1580. Svo. Both this Treatise and the public expectation respecting his instruc. Answer to it acquired universal celebrity in
their time. tors, so far as their responsibility went,
' || He mentions this subject in a Letter of was amply satisfied : I say instructors, August 25. 1577, written in the old Scottisi, for it seems unjust not to mention that and addressed to Maister Randolf, Squier, Mr Peter Young, who afterwards re- Maister of Postes to the Queen's Grace of ceived the honour of knighthood, a England. “ As for the prelent, I am occulearned and accomplished person, was
piit in writynge of our History, being afsurit
to content few, and to displease mony tharBuchanan's colleague in this important throw. As to the end of it, yf ye gett it not charge. Important, however, as it was, or this winter be pafsit, lippen not for it, nor yet the assistance of so able a coadjutor nane other writyngs from me. The rest of
my occupation is with the gout, quhilk haldis * The person whom he named was Pa- me befy both day and nyt. And quhair ye trick Adamson; the fame who, according to say, ye haif not long to lyf, I trailt to God Ruddiman, was afterwards Archbill of St to go before you, albeit I be on fut, and ye Andrew's.
ryd the post,” &c. See Freebairn's Pref. to † Cited by Ruddiman in the edit. of 1715. the edition of 1715.
health, labouring under the advances of cil, and pensioned on the revenues of vid age, and continually interrupted by the Convent of t Cross raquel. the indispensable duties of the King's Broken at length by age and infireducation. In the 27th epiltle of his mities, he retired in 1981, from the literary* correspondence, dated No. Coun a: Stirling, to Edinburgh, resignumber 9. 1579, not three years before ing every public charge, and calmly bis deatín
, giving an account of most of comparing hinuself for the asproaches of bis works, and of his trouble in select- death. in a pleasing and pathetic †
and improving them, he concludes letter, written in the spring of that year, thus : " And to all this I have added to bis only surviving friend in Portugal, the task of writing history; a laborious he says, “ I have for fome time bidden emplo, ment in the vigour of life ; but adieu to letters. My sole concern now which now, whilft I am meditating up- is, how I may moit quietly withdraw on my latter end, between the appre. fron my ill-assorted companions ; a dybensions of death on one hand, and the ing man from the society of the living." theme of not proceeding on the other, Thus gracefully and deliberately quitis necesarily become now and unplea- ting the scene of life, departed ihis ixfant : yet I feel myself obliged to pro- traordinary man, on Friday morning ceed, though unwilling to go on.”
He the 28th of September 1582, in the had, however, at length, the satisfaction 76th year of his
age. of completing this the greatest and the Buchanan, with regard to his person, Last of his mortal labours, but survived is faid to have been bovenly, inaitentive its publication scarcely a single month. to dress, and alnios to live bordered
Although no person was ever better upon rusticily in his manners and apqualified, in point of abilities, or infor- pearance. The character of his counmation, to nine in historical compoli- tenance was manly but austere, and the tian, or fince the days of Livy and portraits remaining of him bear testimony Sallust has written it with more chas. to this observation. But he was highly tid taste, or perhaps with greater polished in his language and style of perity of style, yet not only his enemies conversation, which was generally much ucirerfally complain of his pirtiality, fersoned with wit and homour. bi't even they who profess the greateit every subject he possessed a peculiar enderness for his fame are sometimes facility of illustration by lively anecdotes inclined to question his veracity, and and short moral examples ; and when til oftener io censure his want of mo- his knowledge and recollection failed ceratio.
in suggesting these, his invention imThough Buchanan's merits and ser- mediately supplied him. He has been vices were not left without honours or too justly reproached with instances of scompense by his patrons, the Earls of revenge, and forgetfulness of obligations. Bluray and Morton, fucceffively Re. These feem not, however, to have been gants during the King's minoriy, he characteristic qualities, but occasional otrivedl at molt of themi but ia the last failures of his nobler nature, and arising lege of his life, and is said to have left from too violent an attachment to party, tuhind him neither estates por money; and an affection too partial towards inlle was first made Director of the Royal
+ The Cross Royal. Chancery, afterwards Keeper of the i Epist. 37. ad Eliam Vinetum, Edinb, 17. Privy Seal, and a Member of the Coun- Cal. Afr. an. 1551. Ego vero literis jam
dudum valedixi. Nunc id unum fatago, ut, * These epistles chicfly in Latin, forty-one minimo cum krepitu, ex inæqualium meorum; in number, are placed at the end of the Edin- hoc eft, mortuus e vivorum contubernio deburgh edition of 1715,
dividuals. To the same source, perhaps, to leave the morrow to take care of itmay
be traced that easiness of belief to self, are enjoined by one far better than which he is found too frequently to re- Zeno, let us not forget that Buchanan figa his better judgement. His freedom is affirmed, moreover, to have been refrom anxieties relative to fortune, and ligious and devout, nor unjustly place indifference to outward and accidental fo illustrious a figure in the nich of an circumstances, gained him, with somc, Athenian portico; which claims no in the reputation of a Stoic Philofopher ; ferior station in the Christian Temple. fut as a state of mind, undisturbed by
BY J. LETTICE, B. D. the viciffitudes of life, and a difofition
ANECDOTES OF MILTON. « WHEN Milton went to schoole, “ John Dryden, Efq; Poct Laurcate, and when he was very younge, he stu- who very much admired him, went to died scry hard, and sate up very late, him to have leave to put his Paradise commonly till twelve or one o'clock, Loft into
Milton and his father ordered the maid to fet received him civilly, and told him he up for him, and at those years compof- would give him leave to tagge his ed many copies of verses, which might leave. well have become a riper age.
" Milton's widow assures me, that a very hard Nudent at the University, Mr Hobbes was not of his acquaintwhere he perform'd all his exercises ance, but he would acknowledge him with very good applaufe. His first tu- to be a man of great parts, and a learned for there was Mr Chapel, who, receiring some unkindnefie, wlipt him; “ His fight began to fail him at first be was afterwards (though it seemed upon his writing against Salmafius, and against the rules of the College) tranf. before it was fully completed, one eye ferred to the tuition of one Mr Tovell, absolutely failed him. who died parson of Litterworth. “ He was visited by learned men
“ He lies buried in St Giles' Crip, much more then he did desire. picgate chancel, at the right hand. His ". He was mightily importuned to Itone is now removed, for about 7 go to France and Italie. Foreigners years since (Nov. 1681) the two step- came much to see him, and much ad. pes to the Communion Table were mired him, and offered him great preraysed. Ighaffe, Jo. Speed, and he, lie sents to come over to them.
The only together.
inducement of several foreigners that 6. His harmonicall and ingeniose soul. came over to England, was chiefly to did lodge in a beautiful and well-pro- fee Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector, portioned body.
and Mr John Milton. They would “ In toto mens quasi corpore munda see the house where he was born. He fuit.
was much more admired abroad than at « His mother was a Bradaawe. home.
" Miiton wrote a dictionary called “ He married his second wife be• Idioma Linguæ Latinæ ;" from Mr fore the sicknesse (the plague); a great Packer, who was his scholar. person, and of a peaceable and agree.
“ He wrote “ Idea Theologiæ ;" in able humour. MS. in the hands of Mr Skinner, of “ He was scarce as tall as I am (says Mark-lane.
Mr Aubrey); he had light brown hair, “ Two Religious Opinions do not his eye a dark graie, his face ovall. The well
upo10 the same boulster,” he said of pictures before his bookes are not like one of his wives who was of a different him. His widow has his picture, drawn opinion from him in religion.
when he was a Cambridge scholar, very
like him, and which ought to be en- He had a man read to him. The first graven.
thing they read was the Hebrew Bible, “ His first wife, a Royalist, Mrs then he contemplated. At seven his Powell, was brought up and bred man came to him againe, and read and where there was a great deal of com wroce for him till dinner (the writing pany and merriment, as dancing, &c. was as much as the reading). His żad when the came to live with her daughter Deborah could read to hina Eufand, the found it folitary, no com. Latin, Italian, French, Greek (The pany came to her, and she often heard was very like her father). He went to her nephews cry and be beaten.
This bed about nine. He was temperate, life was irksome to her, and so she went rarely drank between meals. He pro. to her parents. He sent for her home nounced the letter R very hard. He after some time. As for wronging his had a delicate tunable voice, and had bed, I never beard the least fufpicion good skill. His father resembled hin. of that, nor had he of that any jea- He had an organ in his house; he playjoulie.
ed on that most. “ He went to travel about the year
6. From Mr Abram Hill. 1638, and was abroad about a year's
“ Memorandum.-His (Milton's) fpace, chiefly in Italy. Immediately sharpe writing againit Alexander More, azer his return, he took a lodging at of Holland, upon a mistake, notwitha Mr Ruffell's, à taylor, in St Bride's standing he had given bin, by the AmuChurch.yard, and took into his tuition bafador, all satisfaction *
to the coil his fifter's two sons, Edward and John trary, Philips (the first 10, the other 9 years “To enquire of Mr Allan, of Edof age), and in a year's time, made mund Hall, Oxon, of Mr 7. Milton's then capable of interpreting a Latin au- Life writt by himself
. thor at fight, and within three years
66 He had a very good memorie, but they went through the best of the Latin I believe his excellent manner of thinkand Greek poets, Lucretius Manilius ; ing did much helpe his memorie. and (with him the ufc of the globes) " He lived in severall places: IIolof the Latins, Hefiod, Aratus, Diony- bourne, near King's Gate. He died fius Afer , Oppian, Appollonii Argo- , in Bunhill
, opposite the artillery garden reuzica, Quintus Calaber, Cato, Vario, wall
. He feldome tooke any physic, and Colunella de Re Rústicâ, were the only sometimes he took manna. He very first authors they learned.
was very t healthy, and free from all " As he was severe on one hand, fo diseases ; and towards his latter end, he vias most familiar and free in his he was visited by the goutte. He conversation to those whom he must would be chearful even in his goutte, sve in his
of education. way
He died of the goutte struck * N. B. He made his nephews song- in, fers, and sing from the time they were
“ I heard (says Mr Aubrey) that with him.
after he was blind, he was writing a His familiar learned acquaintance, Latin Dictionary. The widow aflirms, were Mr Andrew Marvell, Mr Skin- that he gave all his papers (amongst Ecr, Dr Pagett, M. D.
* Viz. that the book (called Clamor Ca. “ He was pleasant in his conversa-, li) was written by Peter du Moulin. Well *tion, but fatyrical. His exercise was
that was all one, he huwing writ it, it should cichly walking. After dinner he used
goe into the world; vlic of them was as bad
as the other. to walk two or three hours at a time :
† The learned Huetius. fays, that studious he always had a garden where he lived. men live as long or longer than other men, if He was an early rifer, yea after he had they will take care not to overload their fisL.I his light (j.. at four o'clock manè). macks with meat and drink.