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CALTON HILL.

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Hutton counted five or fix succession's humility and mortification; the lofty of these tracks, which must have fol- site, and extensive prospect, would dif lowed each other in fo many years. pose the mind to contemplation; and, These tracts all form segments of cir. looking down upon the royal palace becles, the new ones always outwards, neath, they migh: compare the tranquiland of confequence forming a part of a lity of their own situation, preparing larger circle.

From various considera- their minds for the scene of everlasting tions, Dr Hutton thinks this singular serenity, which they expected bereafappearance can neither be owing to an ter, with the storms which affailed the electrical operation, nor to the opera- court, amidst a tumultuous and barbation of insects ; but he has not hazarded rous people. At the foot of the rock any theory of it himself.

is a pure spring of water, celebrated in The south side of Arthur's Seat is, the mournful ditty of “ St Anton's in many places, a perpendicular rock. Well.” This rock, at the south-west cornet, exhibits a range of basaltic pillars, a This hill stands on the north-east bout 5 feet in diameter, of a pentagonal side of the city. Its height is 350 or hexagonal form, and from 40 to 50 feet from the level of the sea. We feet high. At the bottom of the hill, have mentioned the extensive and beauon the south-east, is the beautiful lake tiful prospect from this hill

. To have of Duddingston loch, about a mile and the full benest of it, a foot path was in circumference. On the north fide cut fome years ago around the summit. of the hill, stands the old ruin of the Besides the observatory, a bridewell has chapel and hermitage of St Anthony. just been erected upon an extensive and The spot was well adapted for an her- excellent plan by the late Mr Adam. On mitage. Although in the neighbour- the south-west side is a burying ground, at hood cf a populous city, it bore the ap- the utmost verge of which, stands the pearance, and possessed the properties of monument of David Hume, author of a defart. Sequeftered from the rest of the History of England, &c. It is a mankind, the holy hermits might there neat building in the Greek tạíte, and of dedicate their lives to devotion : The a circular form having two wings. barrenness of the rock might teach them

(To be continued.) LETTER BY MADAME ROLLAND TO ROBESPIERRE.

FROM M. ROLLAND'S APPEAL TO IMPARTIAL POSTERITY.

Infirmary of St Pelagie, Oa. 23. fear he loves power too : perhaps from WITHIN these solitary walls, where an idea, that he knows how to do good oppreffed innocence has now dwelt as well as any man, and wills it not near five months with silent refignation, less. I fear he loves vengeance too a stranger appears.--- It is a physician, much, and particularly to exercise it abrought by my keepers for their own gainst them, by whom he supposes himtranquillity; for to the ills of nature, as felf not admired. I believe he is very to the júltice of man, I neither can nor susceptible of prejudice ; easily moved will oppose aught but calm fortitude, to passion in consequence ; too ready When he heard my name, he said he to think every one guilty, who does was the friend of a man, whom I per- not agree in all his opinions.--You haps did not like.-" Why do you have not seen him twice !-I have seen think so? Who is he?”–Robespierre."" him much oftner ! -Al him : let him

-“ Robespierre ! I have known him lay !iis hand on his heart ; and you well, and esteemed him much : I have will see whether he can speak any ill of thought him a fincere and zealous friend me.” of freedom.” “ Is he not fo?"" I Robespierre, if I deceive myself, I

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put it into your power to convince me, makes to it every facrifice in her power,
that I am wrong... To yourself I repeat finds herself associated in punishment
what I have laid of you, and I will with the vain or haughty female who
deliver to your friend a letter, which curses equality ; surely justice and free-
perhaps my keeper will suffer to pass, dom do not yet reign, and future hap-
03 account of him to whom it is ad- piness is doubtful.
dicted.

I speak not here of my venerable hul I write not to entreat you, as you band. His accounts should have been may suppose. I have never yet entreat. examined, when they were delivered et anyone : and certainly I shall not in : instead of refusing to justify him at

a from a prison, and with him first, in order to accuse him after havti bo has me in his power. Prayer is ing envenomed the public mind against for the guilty, or the Nave: innocence him by Nander. Robespierre, I defy :estifies, which is quite sufficient ; or you not to believe, that Rolland is an complains, to which she has a right, honest man. You may be of opinion, when oppressed. But even complaint that he does not think justly, with refuits not me : I can suffer, without be-, spect to this measure, or that: but your ing affraid of what may happen. I conscience must secretly do homage to know, too, that, at the birth of repu- his integrity and patriotism. He needs blics, revolutions almost inevitable, un to be seen little, to be thoroughly folding the passions of mankind too known : the book of his heart is almuch, frequently expose them, who ways open, and it is intelligible to best serve their country, to become the every one. He has the ruggedness of victims of their own zeal, and of the yirtue, as Cato haul its tartness': his errors of their contemporaries. Their manners have procured him as many consciences will afford them consola. enemies as his inflexible equity : but tion, and history will be their avenger. these inequalities of surface disappear at

But from what fingularity am I, a a distance, and the great qualities of woman, incapable of any thing but the public man will remain for ever. wishes, exposed to those storms, which It has been reported, that he fanned usually fall only on active persons ? the flames of civil war at Lyons : and And what face' is in reserve for mę? the reporters have dared to alledge this Tiefs are two qucftions, which I ad- pretext as the cause of my apprehenfion!

The supposition was not more just than I deem them of small importance in its consequence. Disgusted with public then lelves, and with regard to myself affairs irritated at persecution, tired of personally : for what is a lingle emmet the world, linking under the burden of more or less, crulhed by the foot of the bis toils and his years, he could do no slephant, in the general system of the more than groan in obscure retirement, world? But they are of infinite concern, and bury himself in silence, to spare the with regard to the present liberty and world a crime. future happiness of my country. For He has corrupted the public mind, if its declared friends, and arowed de- and I am his accomplice !-Surely this knders, be confounded together with is of all reproaches the most curious, of its conteit enemies, without distinction; all imputations the most absurd. You, the faithful citizen and generous pa- Robespierre, cannot defire me, to tzke 11.0t be treated in the same manner as the trouble of refuting them here: the the dangerous regarder of self, and per- talk would be too easy; and you canfilicus aristocrate; if the woman of not be of the number of those good peofecse and virtue, who is proud of hav- ple, who believe a thing because it is inz a country, and, in her humble re- in print, and because it has been told utement, or whatever her situation, them. The pretension of my being an

acceflory

dress to you.

1

Аа2

accessory would be laughable ; were not believes the loss of my head would be the whole rendered atrocious by the conducive to its happiness; hearing the cloudy aspect under which it is present- guards, who watch under my grated ed to the people, who, seeing nothing, window, sometimes amuse themselves forms to its imagination some monstrous with anticipating my punishment : and figure of it knows not what. They readiog the offensive libels published amust have an extreme thirst of injuring gainst me by writers, who never faw me, who can hedge me thus, with pre- my face, any more than those, of whose meditated brutality, into an accusation, hatred I am an object. strongly resembling that charge of high I have wearied no one with my retreafo!), so often repeated under the monstrances: from time I expect justice, reign of Tiberius, to destroy all, whom, and the termination of prejudice : wantthough guilty of no crime, it was re- ing many things, I have asked for nosolved to facrifice. Whence, then a- thing : I have made up my mind to milrifes this animosity? I cannot conceive: fortune, proud of opposing my strength 1, who never injured any one, who against hers, and keeping her at my feet. know not how even to wish harm to My necessities becoming urgent, and athem who injure me.

fraid of involving in trouble, those to Brought up in retirement ; educated whom I might have addrefsed myself, in those serious studies, which have un. I wished to sell the empty bottles in my folded my mind, and enabled it to disc cellar, which had not been sealed up, play some character ; addicted to simple because its contents were of so little vaenjoyments, which no circumstances lue. Immediately the whole quarter have prevailed to alter ; an enthufiastic was in motion! the house was furroundadnirer of the revolution, and giving a ed; the proprietor was taken into cusloose to the energy of the generous sen- tody; the guards were doubled ; and timents it inspires ; remote from public perhaps I have reason to fear for the li.. transactions through principles as well berty of a poor nurse, who has comas fex, but conversing on them with mitted no crime but that of having ferwarmth, because the interests of the ved me with affection thirteen years, public become of all the first as soon as because I made her life comfortable. they exift: I regarded the first calum. So much does the people, stunned with nies vented against me as contemptible the cry of conspiracy, and misled with follies; I deemed them the neceffary respect to me, suppose me deserving the tribute claimed by envy from a fituation, appellation of a conspirator, which the vulgar had still the imbecility It is not to excite pity in you, Robe. to consider as exalted, and to which I spierre, to which I am superior, and would have preferred the peaceful state, which perhaps I should deem an insult, in which I have spent so many happy that I present to you this picture, which days.

I have confiderably softened : it is for These calumnies, however, have in- your instruction. creased with effrontery proportionate to Fortune is fickle ; and popular favour my serenity and exemption from fear : is not less addicted to change. ConĮ have been dragged" to prison : and template the fate of them, who have a. in confinement I have remained near gitated, pleased, or governed the peofive months ; torn from the embraces ple, from Vifcellinus to Cæfar, and of my young daughter, who can no from Hippo, the haranguer of the Syralonger recline her head on that bofom, cufans, to our Parisian orator. Justice from which she drew her first nourish- and truth alone remain, and afford conment ; far removed from every thing solation for whatever may happen, even dear to me; the butt of all the enve.for death itself; whilst nothing can shel. nomed shafts of an abused people, that ter men from their strokes. Marius

and

and Sylla proscribed thousands of knights, If you will be just, and read with re. numbers of senators, and a multitude of Ae&tion what I write; my letter will not unfortunate wretches. But could they be useless to you, and in that case it fifle the voice of history; which has may pollbly be of fervice to my coundesoted their memories to execration? ery. Be that as it

Be that as it may, Robespierre, or could they taste the cup of happiness? I know, and you cannot but feel, that

Whatever fate be reserved for me, I à person, who has known me, cannot can submit to it in a manner worthy of persecute me without remorse. myself ; or anticipate it, if I think pro

ROLAND, formerly Pbilipon. per. After having received the honours Note. The idea of this letter, the of persecution, are those of martyrdom design of writing it, and the intention to crown the whole? am I destined to of sending it, have remained in my

mind languish in protracted captivity, expo- for four-and-twenty hours : but what fed to the first catastrophe, that it may effe&i can my reflections have on a man, be judged requisite to excite? or am I who facrifices colleagues, of whose into be fentenced to nominal transporta. tegrity he is fully assured? tion, to experience, when a few leagues If my letter will do no service, it at sea, that trifling negligence on the would be ill-timed. It would only empart of the captain, which rids him of broil me to no purpose with a tyrant, the trouble of his living cargo, to the who may facrifice, but cannot debase profit of the waves ? Tell me which: me. I will not send it. for it is something to know our fate, and IVe full lay before our readers fore a foul like mine is capable of looking it interesting articles, from this celebrain the face.

ted work, in our next number. LETTERS ON DUELLING*.

there is something so impious, so preFrom Thomas Gilles, Esq; to Andreou fuming in duelling ; something so conCrif, Efa.

trary to the laws of God and man, so DEAR SIR,

arrogant, in taking upon one's self to be THE concern I have for your wel- both our own judge and jury, that it is fare, as well for your own fakt, as for an execrable action, and deserves puthat of my good friend your father, nishment here, in case of survival, as it who in some manner entrusted you to will very likely meet with it hereafter. my care, obliges me to send you these Wave therefore, I beseech you, for few lines. I understand that you and God's sake, for your family's fake, for Mr Orme have had high words, and your own fake, for my fake, your rethat he has given you a challenge, and sentment on this occafion, and subniit you are to meet next Saturday to de- the cause between you to arbitration. ciłe the quarrel. Let me entreat you I have a respect for Mr Orme, and to consider what you are about ; and shall write to him pretty much to the how you are entering upon a measure, fame effc&t ; and hope you will both of that may, if you overcome, give you you moderate your resentments, and everlasting inquietude and remorse ; and submit the affair to some discreet friends; if you fall, muit destroy in one rash mo- and I am sure you will have cause to ment all the hopes of the best of parents, rejoice, both of you, that ye have foland in all probability your own soul; lowed my advice, when reflection takes for a sudden death adnits of no repent place of the present heat, and will ence. I know what belongs to honour join to thank as well as any man, and can allow a

Your truly affectionate great deal on this score ; but I think

and faithful friend • Sail to be the genuine productions of

THOMAS GILLES. Mr Richardson, author of Pamela, &c.

LETTER I.

LETTER

LETTER II.

LÆTTER IV.

der concern for me. It is true, I From Thomas Gàlles, Esq; to John thought of nothing less than of meeting Orme, Esq.

Mr.Orme to-morrow, according to his S18, I understand by Mr Wood, who appointment. But if he has the same was present, that on occasion of high sentiments with which your kind and words between you and Mr Crisp, you affectionate letter has inspired me, I ain have sent him a challenge, and that next not averse to make the matter up with Saturday is appointed for the decision of hini, for the sake of all the considerathe affair. I am heartily concerned for tions you so kindly mention. But as it; for I respect you both very much; he gave the challenge, I judge the mo. and must beg you, as I have wrote to tion must come from him. And as your him to the fame effe&t, to reflect in time have wrote a letter to him, I cannot on this vindictive measure, in which say but I hould be glad he has in this two angry young gentlemen think fit instance (for I wish no other arbitrator to arrogate to themselves the province than yourself,) as much deference and that least belongs to them, no less than and respect to your kind interposition, assuming a power over one another's as has, dear good Sir, lives, and to be their own judge and Your most obliged humble servant, jury too. I have conjured Mr Crisp,

ANDREW Crisp. by the duty he owes to God, to his parents, to himself, and the regard' I claim for my affection for him, to wave

From John Orme, Ejg; to Thomas this matter, and submit the affair to

Gilles, Efr. arbitration. I take upon me to do the

SIR, fame by you ; and beg you will let the se

It is true I have desired a meeting considerations have their proper weight of Mr Crisp, for I think he has used with you. For why should

me in such a manner as one gentleman few rash words and misapprehension, should not use another. But if he is precipitate yourselves on fo fatal a mea- willing to acknowledge his error, I shall fure, which may be equally pernicious not, for the fake of your kind interporiyour

souls and bodies? There is tion, and the motives you mention, de more trne bravery in forgiving an injury cline putting it up. He may very fafely than in resenting it.

Ånd I am sure leave his concerns to such a friend as you will both thank me for my inter- yourself; and as I desire only a fatisposition, if you will cooly consider what faction for my honour, which I thiok pext Saturday may bring forth, if you

has suffered from the usuage I have reshould proceed, and how many happy ceived from Mr Crisp, I am willing to years of life you may rob one another leave the matter to your arbitration, of; and even the survivor be haunted being we'l assured of your honour and with such remorse as may make all his impartiality, and desirous to convince future days unhappy. Once more, I jou how much I am, Sir, hope these friendly remonftrances will

Your humble servant, have their due weight with you; for

JOHN ORM, they proceed from the honelt heart of the true friend of you both,

From Thomas Gilles, Esq; to John
THOMAS Gilles.

Orme, [/q.
LETTER 111.

DEAR SIR,
From Andrew Crijp, Eja; to Thomas You have greatly favoured me by
Gilles, Esa.

your

kind confidence in nie, in this the

most desirable instance which you coult I am infinitely cbliged to you

for give of your

confideration for me. Mr this freh instance of your kind and tena Crisp has equally obliged me, by sub

mitting

ye, from a

to

LETTER V.

GOOD SIR,

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