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CALTON HILL.

Hutton counted five or fix succesions humility and mortification; the lofty of these tracks, which must have fol- site, and extensive prospect, would dif Jowed each other in fo many years. pose the mind to contemplation; and, These tracks all form segments of cir- looking down upon the royal palace becles, the new ones always outwards, neath, they might compare the tranquil. and of confequence forming a part of a lity of their own situation, preparing larger circle. From various considera- their minds for the scene of everlasting tions, Dr Hutton thinks this fingular serenity, which they expected hereafappearance can neither be owing to any ter, with the storms which affailed the electrical operation, nor to the opera- court, amidst a tumultuous and barbation of inscets ; but he has not hazarded rous people. At the foot of the rock any theory of it himself.

is a pure fpring of water, celebrated in The south side of Arthur's Seat is, the mournful ditty of “ St Anton's in many places, a perpendicular rock. Well.” This rock, at the south-west cornet, exhibits a range of basaltic pillars, a- This hill Itands on the north-east bout 5 feet in diameter, of a pentagonal side of the city. Its height is 350 or hexagonal form, and from 40 to 50 feet from the level of the sea. We feet high. At the bottom of the hill, have mentioned the extensive and beauon the south-east, is the beautiful lake tiful prospect from this hill

. To have of Duddingston loch, about a mile and the full beneat of it, a foot path was in circumference. On the north lide cut fome years ago around the summit. of the hill, stands the old ruin of the Besides the observatory, a bridewell has chapel and hermitage of St Anthony. just been erected upon an extensive and The spot was well adapted for an her- excellent plan by the late Mr Adam. On mitage. Although in the neighbour- the south-west side is a burying ground, at hood cf a populous city, it bore the ap- the utmost verge of which, stands the pearance, and possessed the properties of monument of David Hume, author of a defart. Sequestered from the rest of the History of England, &c. It is a mankind, the holy hermits might there neat building in the Greek talte, and of dedicate their lives to devotion : The a circular fórm having two wings. barrenness of the rock might teach them

(To be continued.) LETTER BY MADAME ROLLAND TO ROBESPIERRE.

FROM M. ROLLAND'S APPEAL TO IMPARTIAL POSTERITY.

Infirmary of St Pelagie, 08. 23. fear he loves power too : perhaps from WITHIN these folitary walls, where an idea, that he knows how to do good oppreffed innocence has now dwelt as well as any man, and wills it mit near five months with filent resignation, less. I fear he loves vengeance too a stranger appears.--[t is a physician, much, and particularly to exercise it abrought by my keepers for their own gainst them, by whom he fuppofes himtranquillity; for to the ills of nature, as felf not admired. I believe he is very to the júltice of man, I neither can nor susceptible of prejudice ; easily moved will oppose aught but calm fortitude. to passion in consequence ; too ready When he heard my name, he said he to think every one" guilty, who does was the friend of a man, whom I per- not agree in all bis opinions.--You haps did not like.-" Why do you have not seen him twice !--I have seen think so? Who is he?"--Robespierre."" him much oftner ! Ak him : let him moss Robespierre! I have known him lay !iis hand on his heart ; and you well, and esteemed him much: I have will fee whether he can speak any

ill of thought hin a sincere and zealous friend me.” of freedom.”_" Is he not fo?"-" I Robespierre, if I deceive myself, I

put

put it into your power to convince me, makes to it every facrifice in her power, that I am wrong. To yourself I repeat finds herself associated in punishment what I have said of you, and I will with the vain or haughty female who deliver to your friend a letter, which curses equality ; surely justice and freeperhaps my keeper will suffer to pass, dom do not yet reign, and future hap03 account of him to whom it is ad- piness is doubtful. drified.

I speak not here of my venerable hul I write not to entreat you, as you band. His accounts should have been may suppose. I have never yet entreat- examined, when they were delivered ed any ope : and certainly I shall not in : instead of refusing to justify him at becca from a prison, and with him first, in order to accufe him after havwho has me in his power. Prayer is ing envenomed the public mind against for the guilty, or the slave: innocence him by Nander. Robespierre, I defy reftifies, which is quite sufficient ; or you not to believe, that Rolland is an complains, to which she has a right, honest man. You may be of opinion, when oppressed. But even complaint that he does not think justly, with refuits not me: I can suffer, without be-, spect to this measure, or that: but your ing affraid of what may happen. I conscience must secretly do homage to know, too, that, at the birth of repu- his integrity and patriotism. He needs blics, revolutions almost inevitable, un- to be seen little, to be thoroughly folding the passions of mankind too known : the book of his heart is almuch, frequently expose them, who ways open, and it is intelligible to best serve their country, to become the every one. He has the ruggedness of victims of their own zeal, and of the yirtue, as Cato haal its tartness : his errors of their contemporaries. Their manners have procured him as many consciences will afford them consola- enemies as his inflexible equity: but tion, and history will be their avenger. these inequalities of surface disappear at

But from what singularity am I, a a distance, and the great qualities of woman, incapable of any thing but the public man will remain for ever. whes, exposed to those storms, which It has been reported, that he fanned usually fall only on active persons ? the flames of civil war at Lyons: and And what fale is in reserve for me the reporters have dared to alledge this These are two questions, which I ad pretext as the cause of my apprehension?

The supposition was not more just than I deem them of small importance in its consequence. Disgusted with public themelves, and with regard to myself affairs irritated at persecution, tired of personally : for what is a single emmet the world, sinking under the burden of Dre or less, crushed by the foot of the bis toils and his years, he could do no elephant, in the general system of the more than groan in obscure retirement, world? But they are of infinite concern, and bury himself in silence, to spare the with regard to the present liberty and world a crime. future happiness of my country. For He has corrupted the public mind, tits declared friends, and avowed de- and I am his accomplice !-Surely this fenders, be confounded together with is of all reproaches the most curious, of its contest enemies, without distinction; all imputarions the most absurd. You, the faithful citizen and generous pa- Robespierre, cannot desire me, to take triot be treated in the same manner as the trouble of refuting them here: the ite dangerous regarder of self, and per- task would be too eafy; and you canfolicus aristocrate; if the woman of not be of the number of those good peolecse and virtue, who is proud of hav- ple, who believe a thing because it is irz a country, and, in her humble re- in print, and because it has been told tirement, or whatever her situation, them. The pretension of my bein" an

accessory

dress to you:

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accessory would be laughable ; were not believes the loss of my head would be the whole rendered atrocious by the conducive to its happiness; hearing the cloudy aspect under which it is present- guards, who watch under my grated ed to the people, who, seeing nothing, window, sometimes amuse themselves forms to its imagination some monstrous with anticipating my punishment : and figure of it knows not what. They reading the offensive libels published amust have an extreme thirst of injuring gainst me by writers, who never faw me, who can hedge me thus, with pre- my face, any more than those, of whose meditated brutality, into an accusation, hatred I am an object. strongly resembling that charge of high- I have wearied no one with my retreaso!), so often repeated under the monitrances: from time I expect justice, reign of Tiberius, to destroy all, whom, and the termination of prejudice : wantthough guilty of no crime, it was re- ing many things, I have asked for nosolved to facrifice. Whence, then a- thing : I have made up my mind to milrises this animosity? I cannot conceive: fortune, proud of opposing my strength 1, who never injured any one, who against hers, and keeping her at my feet. know not how even to wish harm to My necessities becoming urgent, and athem who injure me.

fraid of involving in trouble, those to Brought up in retirement ; educated whom I might have addressed myself, in those serious studies, which have un- I wished to sell the empty bottles in ny folded my mind, and enabled it to disc cellar, which had not been sealed up, play some character ; addicted to simple because its contents were of so little vaenjoyments, which no circumstances lue. Immediately the whole quarter have prevailed to alter ; an enthufiastic was in motion! the house was furroundadnirer of the revolution, and giving a ed; the proprietor was taken into cusloose to the energy of the generous sen- tody; the guards were doubled ; and timents it inspires ; remote from public perhaps I have reason to fear for the li... transactions through principles as well berty of a poor nurse, who has comas fex, but conversing on them with mitted no crime but that of having ferwarmth, because the interests of the ved me with affection thirteen years, public become of all the first as soon as because I made her life comfortable. they exist: I regarded the first calum. So much does the people, stunned with nies vented against me as contemptible the cry of conspiracy, and misled with follies; I deenied them the neceffary respect to me, suppose me deserving the tribute claimed by envy from a situation, appellation of a conspirator, which the vulgar had fill the imbecility It is not to excite pity in you, Robe. to consider as exalted, and to which I spierre, to which I am superior, and would have preferred the peaceful state, which perhaps I should deem an insult, in which I have spent so many happy that I present to you this picture, which days.

I have confiderably softened: it is for These calumnies, however, have in- your instruction. creased with effrontery proportionate to Fortune is fickle ; and popular favour my serenity and exemption from fear : is not less addicted to change. ConĮ have been dragged to prison : and template the fate of them, who have a. in confinement I have remained near gitated, pleased, or governed the peofive months ; torn from the embraces ple, from Vifcellinus to Cæsar, and of my young daughter, who can no from Hippo, the haranguer of the Syralonger recline her head on that bofom, cufans, to our Parisian orator. Justice from which she drew her first nourish- and truth alone remain, and afford conment; far removed from every thing folation for whatever may happen, even dear to me; the butt of all the enves for death itself; whilst nothing can helnomed shafts of an abused people, that ter men from their strokes. Marius

and

and Sylla proscribed thousands of knights, If you will be just, and read with ree numbers of senators, and a multitude of fle&tion what I write, my letter will not unfortunate wretches. But could they be useless to you, and in that case it Nifle the voice of history, which has may poslibly be of fervice to my coundevoted their memories to execration? 'try. 'Be that as it may, Robespierre, or could they taste the cup of happiness? I know, and you cannot but feel, that

Whatever fate be reserved for me, I a person, who has known me, cannot can submit to it in a manner worthy of persecute me without remorse. myself ; or anticipate it, if I think pro

ROLAND, formerly Philipon. per. After having received the honours Note. The idea of this letter, the of persecution, are those of martyrdom design of writing it, and the intention to crown the whole ? am I destined to of lending it, have remained in my mind languish in protracted captivity, expo- for four-and-twenty hours : but what fed to the first catastrophe, that it may effeci can my reflections have on a man, be judged requisite to excite? or am I who facrifices colleagues, of whose into be fentenced to nominal transporta. tegrity he is fully affured? tion, to experience, when a few leagues If my letter will do no service, it at fea, that trifling negligence on the would be ill-timed. It would only empart of the captain, which rids him of broil me to no purpose with a tyrant, the trouble of his living cargo, to the who may facrifice, but cannot debase profit of the waves ? Tell me which : me. I will not send it. for it is something to know our fate, and IVe swall lay before our readers some a foul like mine is capable of looking it interesting articles, from this celebrain the face.

ted work, in our next number.

LETTER 1.

LETTERS ON DUELLING*.

there is something so impious, so preFrom Thomas Gilles, Esq; to Andresu fuming in duelling; fomething so conCrisp, Eja.

trary to the laws of God and man, so DEAR SIR,

arrogant, in taking upon one's self to be THE concern I have for your wel- both our own judge and jury, that it is fare, as well for your own fake, as for an execrable action, and deserves puthat of my good friend your father, nishment here, in case of survival, as it who in some manner entrusted you to will very likely meet with it hereafter. my care, obliges me to send you these Wave iherefore, I beseech you, for few lines. I understand that you and God's sake, for your family's fake, for Mr Orme have had high words, and your own fake, for my fake, your rethat he has given you a challenge, and sentment on this occafion, and fubniit you are to meet next Saturday to de- the caufe between you to arbitration. cide the quarrel. Let me entreat you I have a respect for Mr Orme, and to consider what you are about ; and shall write to him pretty much to the how you are entering upon a measure, fame effcet ; and hope you will both of that may, if you overcome, give you you moderate your resentmenis, and everlasting ingeietude and remorse ; and submit the affair to some discreet friends; if you fall, muit destroy in one rash mo- and I am sure you will have cause to ment all the hopes of the beit of parents, rejoice, both of you, that ye have foland in all probability your own soul; lowed my advice, when reflection takes for a sudden death admits of no repent- place of the present heat, and will ence. I know what belongs to honour join to thank as well as any man, and can allow a Your truly affectionate great deal on this score ; but I think

and faithful friend

THOMAS GILLES. Said to be the genuine productions of Mr Richardfun, author of Pamela, &c.

LETTIR

LETTER II.

SIR,

der concern for me. It is true, I From Thomas Gilles, Esq; to John thought of nothing less than of meeting Orme, Ela

Mr.Orme to-morrow, according to his Sir, I understand by Mr Wood, who appointment. But if he has the same was present, that on occasion of high sentiments with which your kind and words between you and Mr Crisp, you affectionate letter has inspired me, I ain have sent him a challenge, and that next not averse to make the matter up with Saturday is appointed for the decision of him, for the sake of all the considerathe affair, I am heartily concerned for tions you so kindly mention. But as it; for I respect you both very much; he gave the challenge, I judge the mo. and must beg you, as I have wrote to tion must come from him. And as you him to the same effect, to reflect in time have wrote a letter to him, I cannot on this vindi&tive measure, in which say but I should be glad he has in this two angry young gentlemen think fit inítance (for I wish no other arbitrator to arrogate to themselves the province than yourself,) as much deference and that least belongs to them, no less than and respect to your kind interposition, assuming a power over one another's as has, dear good Sir, lives, and to be their own judge and Your most obliged humble servant, jury too. I have conjured Mr Crisp,

ANDREW Crisp by the duty he owes to God, to his

pi

LITTER IV. rents, to himself, and the regard I claim for my affection for him, to wave

From John Orme, Ejq; to Thomas this matter, and submit the affair to

Gilles, Efr. arbitration. I take upon me to do the fame by you; and beg you will let these

It is true I have desired a meeting considerations have their proper weight of Mr Crisp, for I think he has used with For why should ye, from a

me in such a manner as one gentleman you.

But if he is few rash words and misapprehension, fhould not use another. frecipitate yourselves on fo fatal a mea- willing to acknowledge his error, I shall fure, which may be equally pernicious not, for the sake of your kind interposito your souls and bodies? There is tion, and the motives you mention, demore true bravery in forgiving an injury cline putting it up. He may very safely than in resenting it. And I am sure leave his concerns to such a friend as you will both thank me for my inter- yourself ; and as I desire only a fatispofition, if you will cooly consider what faction for my honour, which I think Dext Saturday may bring forth, if you ceived from Mr Crisp, I am willing to

has suffered from the usuage I have reyears of life you may rob one another leave the matter to your arbitration, of; and even the survivor be haunted being we'l asured of your honour and with such remorse as may make all his impartiality, and desirous to convince future days unhappy. Once more, I fou how much I am, Sir, hope these friendly remonftrances will

Your humble servant, have their due weight with you; for

John Orme, they proceed from the honelt beart of the true friend of you both,

From Thomas Gilles, Esq; to John THOMAS GILLES.

Orme, Ljq.

DEAR SIR, From Andrew Crijp, Elg; 10 Thomas You have greatly favoured me by Gilles, Esa.

your kind confidence in nie, in chis the

most desirable instance which coult I am infinitely chliged to you for give of your confideration for me. Mr this fresh instance of your kind and tena Crisp has equally obliged me, by sub

mitting

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LETTER V.

LETTER 111.

GOCD SIR,

you

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