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but also pay
fimilar to those for which he inflicted certainly send them to the highest of all such ignominious deaths on others. Yet tribunals, that of the Omnipotent Bcing.” such is the fact: witness his amours To prevent all tedious litigations, with Dona Tereza Lorenza, by whom and the baneful consequences attending he had that illustrious character Don them, he purged the nation of attornies, John, the founder of Batalha.
and limited the procedure of counsellors Indeed, his manner of punishing o- in such a manner, that a suit was dether offences was less reprehensible. To termined in a few days. And when give an instance : a gentleman having the judge was found guilty of bribery, borrowed some filver utensils of a coun- as was the case in one instance, he imtryman, refused, after many solicitations, mediately ordered him to be hanged. to return the same; upon which the In short, his inexorable justice, and inlender. finding all other means ineffec. defatigable zeal to check the progress tual, appealed to the King, who made of vice, were such, that no considerathe gentleman not only return the goods tion of rank, or fortune, or particular to the owner,
times privileges, could screen the guilty from their value, the penalty to which thieves the sword of the law. The infinite ferwere then subject; and further, made him vice he rendered the country during the responsible for the countryman's life. ten years he reigned, have left a lasting
The clergy, who hitherto could not impression on the minds of the Portube tried for alleged offences but by the guese. They have still a saying among ecclesiastical court, he rendered amen- them, “ that Providence either should able to the common courts of justice, not have sent Pedro, or else not have and punished them with death when their taken him away.” crimes were capital. When solicited The two English tragedies that have once to revise the sentence of such cri- been formed from this melancholy hifminals, and to refer it to a higher tri- tory of Ignez de Castro, are entitled bunal, (meaning that of the Pope) he Elvira, and Inez de Castro. answered very calmly, “ I shall most
Murphy's Travels. THE DECAYED ENGLISH MERCHANT AND HIS DAUGHTER.
FROM PRATT'S GLEANINGS. A MERCHANT of considerable emi- fortunes. The care of her education nence in London, was reduced to the was his most certain relief from the situation of poor Bassanio, and from corroding reflections of the patt; and precisely the same run of ill luck in his the certainty of her possessing, at his Tea-adventures
death, sufficient to prevent a good mind The dangerous rocks, from the horrors of dependence, softenTouching his gentle vessel's side,
ed his thoughts of the future ; the preHad scattered all his spices on the stream,
sent was filled Enrob’d the roaring waters with his filks,
with the delights of
up And not one vestel oscap'd the dreadful touch seeing her ambition yet humbler than Of merchant-marring rocks,
her fortunes, and literally bounded by To these miscarriages abroad were the objects that surrounded her. To added similar calamities at home. Se. tend the flowers she had set with her veral great
houses broke in his debt; own hand, to nurse the shrubs she had and with the wrecks of his fortune, ga- planted, to sport with and feed the lamb thered together, he left the metropolis, she had domesticated, to see it follow and took refuge in the mountains of her in her rambles, and to listen to the Montgomeryshire. A little girl, then melodies of nature, as they murmured only nine
age, his only fur. the waters or echoed through the viving child, was the sole companion woods, were her chief amusements withof his retreat, and smiled away his mil- out doors, and by a thousand love-taught
duties to make a father forget that he thould ever pass a day, 'are yielded for had ever been unhappy or unfortunate, others, that it then would have been her deareft stady within. Of her per- thought as imposible even to have ensonal attractions 1 shall say little : a lin- dured. Our merchant would have gle line of Thompson's gives the truest deemed the
of a monarch an image of them, and of the unaffected intrusion; and the jargon of the Exmind by which th:y were illumined. change, which had for so many years Artless of beauty, she was beauty's self. been music to his ears, could not now It is not easy to be wretched in the have been borne.
I have here given constant fociety of perfe&t innocence : you fome of his own expreslions. At the company of a beautiful child, whol. length he fell fick : His daughter was ly uripollured by the world, affords one then in her eighteenth year; the disorthe idea of angelic association. Its der was of a gradual kind, that threatharmlessness appears to guarantee one ened to continue life after one has ceased from harm: we reflect, nay we see and to love it, and to close in death. He hear, almof every moment it is climb. lingered eleven weeks ; and the old doing our knees, playing at our fide, en. mestic being now fuperannuated and algaging our attentions, or reposing in most blind, his daughter was at once our arms, the words and acts of an un- his nurse, his cook, his consoler, and spotted being ; and we can scarce be might truly be said to make his bed in persuaded, any real ill can befall
his fickness. She wanted not the world while a companion fo like a guardian to teach her the filial duties. Her own cherub is near. When the babe is our pure heart supplied them all, and her owo_say, ye parents, how the sensa- own gentle hands administered them. tion is then exalted !-Which of you, 'But now, for the first time of her existhaving at your option the loss of the ence, she added to her father's anguilh. amplest fortune, or of the feeblest in. It almost kills me to look on you, my fant, would not cleave to the last, and only love, cried he, with an emphasis Tesign the former ? or, if
you of sorrow, and bursting into tears. · balanced a moment, would not one lisp. I am sure, (replied fhe, falling on ing word, one casual look, turn the scale her knees at his bed-side) it has almost in favour of nature, and make you think killed me to hear you fly so; and if it it a crime to have hesitated ?
would make my dearest father better, Such were the sentiments of the mer. I would kill myself this moment, and chant, and under their cheering influence trust in God's mercy to forgive me. he lived many years, during which, a Ah, my child : you mistake the cause few mountain peasants, an old relict of and motive of my regrets, resumed the his better days, as a servant, who had parent--the thoughts of leaving you bien nurse to the young lady, and his without protection, there is the bitterdaughter, were the only objects with ness. I am not going to be left, faid whom he conversed. So powerful is she, rising hasily : I have a prcsage you habi:, that we assimilate to perfors, will be well foon; and I am a great places, and things, that on our first in- prophetess, my beloved father. Be in troduction to them, we might imagine, good fpirits, for I am sure, you will neither philosophy, custom, nor religion, recover. I have sent to Montgomery could make supportable. We are fur- and Welch Pool; and to morrow, prised to find we attach to them, even to have the iwo best doctors in Wales. to endearment. In time, even our for- Your goodness is always a comfort, mer habits, no less strong in us, are my darling (replied the desponding merbut slightly remembered ; and those pur- chant:) but two thousand Wilch docsuits, diverfions, and societies, without tors could not fet me again on my legs. which it once appeared impoflible we
go on bler.
-If indeed I was in a condition to sing him to the hour of my death. O, procure--but that's imposible ! that I were a man to fetch him!
Procure what?-whom ?-Nothing The father pressed her tenderly in is imposible, answered his daughter his feeble arms, in acknowledgement with the most
of her affection ; but told her, that, I have an idle and romantic faith from a multiplicity of other claims, it in the only man in the whole world that would be as impossible for the doctor to knows my constitution; and he is as get down to Wales, as for himself to far beyond my reach, as if he were out go out of his fick bed to London. Do of existence. Good heaven! you mean not, therefore, let us think of it, my Dr exclaimed the daughter. I child, continued the father, since it is have heard you ofien speak of his having only the aggravation of a vain with, to twice before faved your precious life; know that it must end in dilappointment. for which I have had him in my nightly -l am resigned. prayers ever since, and shall
(To be coniinued.) ON THE DISADVANTAGES WHICH HAVE ATTENDED THE INTRODUCTION OF NERVES.
tainment like yours. But it is necessary IT may appear strange to you to re- to say, what I believe agrees with the ceive a letter containing a serious and experience of all grown persons, that fornal complaint against any part of the our ancestors knew them only by name, human body; because, as that is not of and that they are a very modern imour forming, and every part is given for provement, or addition, or what you the best purposes, it is at least a mark will, to our catalogue of corporcal quar of very great presumption in any one to lifications. A venerable aunt of mine find fault. However this may be, Sir, avers that there were no nerves in her I have my doubts whether the subject of day, that she has lived fixty-nine years the present complaint be any of the without them, and hopes to be carried works of nature, whether men and wo- to her long home without them. The men were not born originally without fame declaration, I am well assured, has i“, and whether it has not lately been been made by sundry ancient and fage introduced as a pretended improvement matrons of this kingdom. on the human frame, by certain persons, The question then comes to be, at who not being content with what nature what period nerves were first introduced, has allotted them, are even endeavour- and for what purpose? The latter part irg to supply the foppofed deficiency of this question will come to be confiwith something artificial.
dered hereafter. In the mean time, it The subject of my present complaint, is for our consideration at what period Sir, is what is, or are called the Norves; nerves were first introduced ? This is for 1 believe few people make a distinc. attended with some difficulties. It ap. tion whether they be plural or fingular. pears to me, that the construction of I thall not enter into an anatomical hi- nerves bears some analogy to the plantftory of them, por attempt to determine ing of oak timber. It is planted by one wleiher they proceed from the brain, generation, makes a progress in a second, er from the spinal marrow. I do not, a further progress in a third, and however, think the former probable, be- to perfection in a fourth. Nerves, therecause I have observed, that they who fore, were the work of a long time, buhave mcft nerves have fewest brains, and fore they arrived at the perfection in vice versa ; and as to their proceeding which we now find them, and before from the spinal marrow, the question they became so general, as to extend would be too intricate, and my language froin the palace of the prince to the but 10C technical for a miscellary of enter
of the peasant. Leaving this matter I have, in the first place, fir, a wife fomewhat undetermined as to the exact whom I married for love, for she had point of time, let us consider what is the not one penny of fortune, and yet notprobable cause of nerves, and how they withstanding this latter circumstance, she are constructed.
is in possession of a moft watchful and irA very eminert chemist, to whom I ritable collection of nerves, and enjoys applied on this occafion, chiefly on ac- a perpetual state of trepidation. I had count of his skill in anatomy, told me the curiosity to keep a register of her that it belongs particularly to his branch alarms for the last year, 1795, and of bufiness to determine this question. found they amounted to nine hundred * From anatomy," said he, you will re- and forty-fix, very nearly three per day, ceive very little satisfaction, but from a number almost incredible ; but your chemistry you may expect to have your wonder will cease, when I tell you that doubis pretty nearly removed. Nerves it is the peculiar nature of nerves to came in either with the distillery, or take the alarm at what occasions no with tea, and their advancement has been kind of uneasincfs to any thing, or any in a regular progreffion with the use of body else. The falling of a china-cup, the still and the kettle. It is, therefore, the fedden shutting of a door, the barkeither by boiling or distillation that peo- ing of a dog, or the scream of a cat, ple attain a sufficient quantity of nerves, whose tail happens to be trod upon, are to erable them to be neighbour.like, and all suficient for a most lovely trepidafurnih a constant theme of conversation. tion, and a charming paleness of colour. It is with great justice, therefore, that And yet, sir, she has the most careless Derves are reckoned no part of the hu- and unmanner!y servants, and is never niran body, but a modern addition drawn without lap-dogs and kittens in every from the sugar cane and fundry other part of the house, not to speak of a cola foreign vegetables, by means of fire. lection of parrots, canary birds, and True it is, it may not be easy to deter- linnefs, whose cries and disorders are mine whether a lady or gentleman owes regularly transferred into her frame, as her or his nerves more to one of these if by magic, physical sympathy, or causes than to the other ; but wherever philosophical affociation of ideas. Nor you find a proper assortment of genteel am I safe from the misfortune of bir.g Derres, you may certainly attribute them the innocent cause of much confusca ciher to the one or the other, either to among the nerves.
If I return foon boiling or distillation. This, indeed, from an engagement, she is shocked to creates a certain confusion in phrases think I am not well. If I stay late, she and terms, which is not easy to get over; is sure some accident has befallen me. the fact is, that when we introduce any Happy would it be were cur nights Loreley in art or science, we are oblig- quiet and peaceable ; but fire and thieves ed to speak a figurative kind of lan. are two misfortunes we are every night 2tage, by borrowing the terms of one exposed 10, and one or other of them at to express another. For example, has broke my first sleep for the last when a person complains that his spirits twenty years, although the rerer gos are low on Tuesday, we commoniy say to bed without seeing all the fires ont, 12. they must have been over.proof on and waiting till the stoves are cold ; Monday, and so on of many others, and as to robbery, it is almot physically with which I fall noc' at present trou. impossible in our situation. Were it We yoa.
otherwise, I should think fix or ciglit Sich is the substance of my learned months quiet very cheaply bought at Friends' communication on this subject, the price of a few fpoons and butterbetroth of which I have been enabled boats. cu confirın by pretty long experience.
But this is not all. Listle did I think
dear what may
I have been all this while propagating a was not very much alarmed at this acrace of nerves to plague future genera- count, it being nothing new ; for I retions. Our children
inherit a moit plen- collected I had been twice murdered in tiful commodity. They scream with the same manner some time before. their mther in unison, and if I but sud. “ But” said I, “ have
been denly hem three or four times in a morn- in the room ?” This was answered by ing to clear my pipes (a riglit ancient a No! expressive of the greatest horror, and wholesome cultom) they have such and some surprise, that I should expect palpitations! Not one of them will they would encounter so shocking a venture into a dark room or passage for figat “ It does not signify, my dear, the world, and when they ascend the if none of you have been in the room, stairs to bed, the servants guard them I must go : I will have no dead bodies on all fides, lest one thief should be be in this house, without providing decentfore, and another behind them. Should ly for them,” and was rising, when they bu: a cat jump hastily out of a room on all clung about me, begging for God's this occasion, we are all in fits, and fake I would not go unarmed. even the neighbours begin to complain, Why, what occasion is there for that there is more noise and frightful arms ? cries in our house, than in
You don't know, my the whole street. About a month ago, happen. we performed our respective parts in a What can happen, my dear, the man's very admirable scene. A cousin of mine dead, and there is an end to his power ; from the country took up his residence and if he is not dead, what can with us for a few days. One day, I fear from him ?? happened to breakfast abroad, and on Then we will all go with
I returning about twelve o'clock, found determined on that. my family in the utmost confusion; iny As you please, my dear ; but you, wife almost distracted, my daughters John, you cowardly blockhead, why and son, altogether so. For some time, did not you go? You know my cousin I could not lcarn the cause of this, but never Neeps with the door bolted. at length it turned out to be a very la- Why, my dear, it is not John's fault, mentable business indeed. Our cousin indeed: I would not let him go. had not come down at the usual hour to And pray why would üot you let breakfast. The maid had knocked again him? and again at his room-door; no answer; Because you know, my dear, people the mistress had krocked, my daughters might say it was him that did it. had knocked, and my son had knocked, Píhaw! come along. and John the footman had knocked, but The procession began, myself in front, all was as ftill as the grave. The con- my wife and children, supported on clusion therefore was, that he was dead, each lide by the servants; the door was and it was equally plain that he had been opened by my adventurous hand, when murdered. What confirmed them in lo! no coulin dead or alive was to be this opinion was, first, that he was a found! I know not how long their conyoung man, and had gone to bed in fulion and astonishment would have good health ; and, secondly, that day- lalied, nor whether they wonld not have light was seen under his door. The concluded that the devil had run away thief (for we are never without them with the murdered man, if my cousin on such occasions) had entered by the had not made his appearance, booted window, performed the bloody deed, and and spurred, and jult returned from an departed the me way, and they dare arly ride which
duced to Say had taken my cousin's watch and take from the fincress of the morning, money, and what else he could get. I and for that purpose had stolen out of