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ry with it the prejudices, paffions, and 22. Mr Grey opposed the third readinterests of mankind, in practice it would ing of the Vote of Credit for 2,500,000l. ever fail. The trade had been recogniz, as did also Mr Fox, on the grounds of ed by their ancestors ; and should they its being unusual to pass it at fo early thake off all the respect for the regula. a period of the Session, and its being etions which they had fanctioned in fup- normously great, beyond all former exporting it with bounties, and with the ample. It was also strongly urged, that profound it attention? He denied that it was the intention of the minister not the cause of humanity would be benefit- to cover the unforeseen expences of the ed, as the trade, if reiected by this coun. year 1796 with this vote, but to apply try, would fall into other hands, which it to the discharge of expences already would put it out of the power of that incurred. Mr Grey moved, that inHoufe even to alliit humanity. A gra- ftead of the word now, which stood as dual abolition was best, and this gracia- the original motion, this day three weeks, tion should take place by the ages of the be fubstituted, in order that the cause of negroes. Mr Dundas defcribed the passing. it so early might be enquired incruel attrocities exercised at Guadaloupe to. at St Domingo, and other inands, where Mr Pitt fupported the propriety of the negroes were let loose ; and akcd, paffing it now ; it was true, he faid, that what would be the fituation of those if- the Voie of Credit had been, in some lands, when Victor Hugues, with a de instancee, pafled at the end of the Sefctee of the Convention in one hand, and fion of Pariiament, but frequently bean British Act of Parliament in the o- fore the committee of supplies, particuther, told the negroes that the French larly when the the public services are decree had conferred liberty and support presling: upon them, when the English had made A division took place on Mr Grey's no provision for them, but exposed them amendment, when there appeared; to want.

For it, 25--Against it, 102--Majority, Mr Fox observed that the Right Hon. 77. the Chancellor of the Exchequer had so Mr W. Smith moved the order of the amply reviewed the subject, that little day for taking the report of the loan into fell to him now in reply. The question consideration. In a speech of great length now was not for emancipation, but abo. he inlisted on the disadvantageous terms lition leading :o emancipation; and a. procured for the public by the minister; mong other arguments he had heard, it his departure from the mode by comwas curious to remark those of the Right petition; the effects of the Kings mera Hon. Secretary of State, who told the sage, which he coniended must have House the advantages Victor Hugues been known by the gentlemen who subwould take of this act of emancipation. fcribed the present loan; the evils arising Mr Fox asked the Hon. Secretary what to the mercantile world from the system must be now the argument of Huguts, of loans; and concluded by moving the when he would tell the negroes what the reading of the resolutions of the comConvention had done for them, and what mitee, which was accordingly read: he the British Parliament had refused? The then moved the House on the first refoother argument was, the conduct of their lution. areeftors in fanctioning this trade; he Mr Pitt expressed his astonifhment to would call upon the mancs of those an- be thus taken, as it were, by surprizs, ceitors, and invoke their virtues; he with a charge of such a nature as avould not imitate their vices, but com- mounted to a high' misdemeanour, and penfate the want of their excellencies in wished that the confideration of it ínunning those very vices which were should be adjourned over to a future held up for imitation, Mr Fox preffed day. • upon the House the propriety and juf Mr W. Smith not wishing to press it, tice of passing the bill, and tranimitting the Speaker informed him that it would it to the other House of Parliament: the be regular to adjourn the debate on the world would then judge, that a British first resolution. House of Commons had done its duty.

The House then divided, when there March 1. The House resolved itself appeared

into a committee of the whole House on For the motion

93 the high price of corn-Mr Hobart in Against it

67 the chair. Majority -62

HIGH PRICE OF CORN.

Mr Lechmere, agreeably to the notice however clear to what exact degree the he gave, rose to make his motion rela- imagined evil of the moment extends. tive to the more effectual preventing the I am by no means certain, that the present exportation of corn ; two Itrong reasons, high price of Wheat is only equal to the aewhich made him more particularly de- tual deficiency of that article. On the confirous of bringing it forward this day, trary, if every farmer in the kingdom knew were, the dreadful alarm of the increas. how much of that grain there was at this ing price of bread, and the severity of time in the country, I have no doubt whatthe weather; he inveighed principally ever, but that the price it bears would be againit monopolizers and jobbers of e- much reduced. I am very far from entervery description, and against the expor- taining the least idea that the deficiency of tation of corn to Guernsey and Jersey, the stock in hand is such as to excite any athence to France. He concluded by larm concerning the quantity of supply, unmoving, “ That the chairman be re- til the ensuing harvest is got in ; and I am queited to move the House for leave to not without expectation, that those who now bring in a bill, more effectually to pre- withhold their grain from the market will 'vent the exportation of corn, and to pre- see the error of their speculation, and feel the vent felling it by the sample.”

loss long before the harvest arrives. On Several gentlemen on both sides of the such a trying occasion as the present, it House fpoke, few of whom seemed to is indeed important that we should let agree that there existed any real scarcity the country fee, that we are not inattenof corn ; they only differed as to the pro- tive to their wants and interests; but at priety of uling compulsatory measures the same time we must not spread idle to ascertain the fact. On this subject, and unfounded apprehenfions, which the servants of the Crown being called by exciting despair, may increase the eupon to explain :

vil, and deprive us of the remedy which Mr Pitt rose, and began by controvertis now within our reach. I therefore ing the position respecting the exporta- am anxious that the knowledge of this tion of corn either to Jeriey or Guern- fact fhould be disseminated, and that the sey, or elfewhere, which he infifted, country should know, that however such were the regulations made, could great and manifeft the evil is at present, not be productive of the evil ftated. If yet that by a spirited and manful perfeveany one (continued Mr Pitt) can suggest rance on our part, the remedy is near, at laws more effective, or means of excep- hand, certainly not further off than the cotion more perfect, í for one should re- ming harvest, and most probably much joice, and be among the most eager to nearer. -After a desultory debate, the adopt them ; but surely, under the pre- previous question was carried. fent circumstances, the public have full and satisfactory grounds to discharge all

HOUSE OF LORDS. suspicion upon the subject, and wholly to disbelieve those vague and mischie.

This was strongly opposed by the vous reports. Your committee, after e. Duke of Grafton, and Lord Lauderdale very inquiry which they have been able as a measure unprecedented and danto make, are fully satisfied that these in- gerous, violating the form and spirit of jurious surmises are wholly groundless the conftitution, uniting in ministers the and false. As to the scarcity of grain executive and legislative branches of the within the kingdom, fome gentlemen itate, and taking the power of the purse have thought proper to call upon go

from the hands of the people.. vernment for explanations and proofs,

It was justified by Lord Grenville both that certainly are not in their power to in point of precedent and propriety. give. It would indeed be desirable to The question being put, it paffed without know exactly the real state of the coun

a division. try, with respect to grain, if it were poffible to ascertain it; and determine with IRISH PARIIAMENT. accuracy and precision, how far the prefent (carcity is real, and how far exag Feb. 15. Mr Grattan rose to bring forgerated and artificial. But this, it must ward his promised motion, for the better obvious, is impossible, without very regulation of the Channel trade between violent and compulsive measures. Short Great Britain and this country, by ad. of such steps, every thing that can be mitting the nianufactures of each coundene has been fó already. It is not

try

VOTE OF CREDIT BILL.

HOUSE OF COMMONS.

try into the other, upon equal rates of tional duty on bills of exchange, and daty. He faid, this question, which had to include bills for small fums. He already been so repeatedly urged in this then moved, “ that a duty of 3d. eachi Hünfe, itcod now upen different grounds be laid on all foreign and in-land from those on which it had before been bills of exchange, under the sum of a red. Mr Grattan, afier urging at ten pounds: That a duty of 6d. be confiderable length, and much ability, laid on all such amounting to ten, and the neceflity of tome declaration from not amounting to fitty pounds: That a the Irish Parliament on this head, as a duty of gd. be laid on all sirch amountonde of procedure which had been al- ing to fifty, and not amounting to an tady successful, in obtaining for this hundred : And that a duty of is. be laid country every political and commercial on all such amounting to one hundred advantage the had obtained from Great pounds and upwards:"-Which motions krtain for the last twenty years, propo- were severally agreed to. hd a refolution, “ That it is highly just and equitable, that the manufactures of Ireland be adınitted into the ports of

HOUSE OF LORDS. Great Britain on terms not less favourable than thofe of Great Britain are ad. Feb. 12. On the order of the day for mitted into Ireland ;” which resolution, the first reading of the indemnity bill if carried, he proposed to follow up by being real, a Pother, “ That an humble addrifo be Lord Dillon rose and said, that from presented to his Majesty, laying before the fyltem of rapine and outrage that win the said resolution, and befetching pervaded the lower orders in fome parts Eis Majesty to recommend the fame to of the nation, it was now in a very am the confideration of his Parliament of larming ftate; and the murders that had Great Britain, with the adoption of such been recently committed upon persons incasures as should tend to this effect.” who were to give information against the

The first resolution being moved by violators of the law, fhened that it was Mr Grattan, and feconded by Mr Van- daily growing worse or more alarming. deleur, was opposed by

He said, that if some strong measures The Chancellor of the Exchequer, who were not adopted before the rising of faid, he admitted that the principle was Parliament, he feared that to wait till strictly just and cquitable, and differed the next sesion would be too late. As in nothing from the right hon. gentle to the adoption of military law in thote man but in the inexpediency of the time, places, le did not conceive it would le when Great Britain was involved in a effettual ; his Lordship thought the exwar, and when her minister had preju. ecutive power should be invested with dices to combat in the manufacturers of fome new authority, for inediately Great Britain on this head, which no. suppressing that fpirit of anarchy and thing could overcoine but a little time rcbcllion that degraded the nation. and experience, and in a period of peace, Lord Glent worih iaid, he had been o. but which could not at this moment bliged to be in a part of the country be attempted, without exciting alarms where these excefies were perpetrated, there. The other ground on which he that had been spoken of by the noble Cifered, was the mode proposed of Par- Viscount, where a fettled fyftem of mursiamentary diclaration, when he on the der and rapine freined to have been nontrary thought the right hon. gentle- formed by insurgents, in violation of 114 well knew, that the end' might be every kind of law. Theie offenders had attained, perhaps much better, by re- formed associations that were indiffolLociation. He concluded by moving the uble; they had taken oaths, and they 6! der of the day.

firmly adhered to them. So many had The question being put on the Chan- been put to death by them, who abhor(tlior of the Exchequer's motion, the ed their diabolical proceedings, that the Lufe divided : Ayes 82. Noes 16. well-affected now become their adhe

17. The House resolved into the Com- rents, to save their lives. These offenders mittee of Ways and Means, Mr M. Ma- would fiy to the people, “ You may ion in the chair.

escape the laws, but you cannot escape The Chancellor of the Exchequer faid, og verigerce. If you join us, and you that be intended to move for an addi should happen to be appicheneded, why VOL. LVIII.

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it

it is only suffering a little confinement, this purpose fhould be adopted before
for no onę now dare inform against or the session closed, otherwise the ensuing
profecute us. If you go against us, summer would be more diftinguished
death will be your fate.” In this part of with enormities, by those infatuated
the country contributions were raised a- people than the last.
mong the people, for secret purposes, The Earl of Clare (Lord Chancellor)
to the amount of a guinea and half each agreed with the noble Lords who had
a-year; all which proceedings evinced a spoke before him, 'that the country was
fettled system of revolt, that required in a moft alarming situation ; andi faid,
every exertion to be used now to coun- that if some kind of summary power was
teract. They were too weak 'at present not given to magistrates, by the legif-
to carry any of their diabolical schemes lature, before the session of Parliament
into execution ; we ought therefore, in terminated, the summer would produce
time, to prevent them from attaining that as many crimes as distinguished the
Atrength they wished for. Measures for year 1641.

F

MONTHLY REGISTER.

FRANCE.

HOLLAND. Feb. 18. The council of Five Hundred decreed that the sum of ten mil

Hague March 1. This morning, by relions of specie should be at the disposal tors assembled in the hall to fee the in

ven o'clock, a great number of spectaof the minister of the home department. itallation of the representatives of the

17. A message from the directory Batavian republic. The deputies made was read, informing the council, that

their the plates, the gravers, and other in- whole garrison were upon the parade,

appearance about eleven. The struments, for the fabrication of affig and the deputies were conducted to the nats, have been burnt and destroyed. hall by the national guard.

About Inserted in the Bulletin.

22. The Council adopted the plan of twelve, a commission from the States a national bank fimilar to those of Am. General was read, by which that aliem

bly was declared to exist no longer. fterdam, Venice, and London.

During the installation of the convenIn a late proclamation of the directory it is stated, that the population of the national flag; each failor had half a

tion, all the ships were decorated with Paris is at this time 150,000 greater bottle of wine, a quarter of a pound of than at any former period.

tobacco, and two pipes. The labourStoffet, the celebrated Chouan chief, and a new tree of liberty is to be planted.

ers in the dock-yard had some gratuity, hath been lately seized in one of his re.

The consent of Friezland and Zeatreats, tried for breach of agreement land to the convocation of a National with the republican commanders, and Convention is at length obtained in due put to death. He was in high esteem a- form. The revolution at Lewarden was mong his party.

of short duration, as General DumonThe Executive Directory at Paris have taken the ftep of diffolving all the clubs ceau, with some troops som Groninin that city, in a message to the Coun gen, soon released the imprisoned repre

sentatives. cil of Five Hundred, they detail the evils to which they gave origin, and the

GERMANY. danger to the government from allowing Whatever may be the issue of the arthem to assemble. They request the mistice between the belligerent forces on Council to explain the articles of the the Rhine, the preparations for carrying constitution relative to the organization on the war are going forward on both of political assemblies, and to affix the 'fides with an unabated, and an almost penalty to each particular offence. unexampled ardour. The Emperor bas

The press is to be laid under consider., appointed the Archduke Charles to the able restrictions, and its liberty regulat-' fupreme command of the army, which ed according to a plan of the executive he hath taken from General Clairfayi, directory.

and bath intimated to the diet of Ratii,

bon

bon his wish, that he should be appoint- blood hounds have been procured from ed Generaliffimo over the united forces the Spanish Main, of which they have of the Empire.

strong apprehenfions, and which are SWEDEN.

useful in dislodging them from their

fastnefies, which are inaccessible to the The proposed matrimonial alliance of

European troops. the young King, without the advice or consent of the Empress of Ruisia, having been treated with improper respect LONDON GAZZETTES. by the latter, the former ifsued the following {pirited manifesto on the subject: Admiralty-Office, March 12. “ The King of Sweden thought it his A dispatch, of which the following is a duty, on the occasion of his lately agreed copy, has been received at this office, on marriage, to give a Princess (the Em from Sir William Sidney Smith. prefs of Ruffia), who is his near relation

Diamond, off Cage Frehel, March 18. and ally, the same proof of his attention Sir, Having received information that as he readily shewed towards his Danish the armed vesels detached by the Prince and Pruffian Majesties, to whom he is of Bouillon had chaсed a convoy, conlikewise attached by the ties of friend- fisting of a corvette, two luggers, four fhip and good neighbourhood. It was brigs, and two floops, into Herqui, I therefore with the utmost astonishment proceeded off that port, to reconnoitre that his Majesty saw this attention by no their position, and found the channel, means returned by the Emprefs of Ruf- which I found very narrow and intrifía. The King has accordingly resolved cate. I fuceeded, however, in gaining for the future, not to receive from the a knowledge of these points fufficient Russian Court any of these particular to determine me to attack them, in the missions, which concern family events; Diamond, without loss of time, and and which have ever before been in use without waiting for the junction of any between the two respective Courts, but part of the fquadron, left the enemy which the King has now abolished for ihould fortify themselves ftill further on ever."

our appearance. AMERICA.

Lieutenant M‘Kinley, of the Liberty In a meeting of the American Con- brig, and Lieutenant Goffet, of the gress, Jan. 4. in folemn parade the stand- Aristocrat lugger, joined me off the Cape, ard of the republic of France was prie handsomely offered their services, which

and, though not under my orders, very fented, and ordered to be deposited in the archieves of the republic. This

I accepted, as small vessels were essena tandard, the president informed the tially necessary in fuch an operation. tuie, had been presented to him by the fence of the bay are two battaries on a

The permanent fortification for the deFrench amhallador Citizen Adet, with a suitable address, which was read in Con. high rocky promontory. We observed gress, with the answer l'tturned by Ge. the enemy to be very busily employed neral Waibington, which is, indeed, in

in mounting a detached gun on a very the high tone of republicanisin.

commanding point of the entrance.

The enemy's guns, three twenty-four WEST INDIES.

pounders, being filenced and rendered JAMAICA.

useless for the time, we proceeded to atThe war with the Maroons is not like- tack the corvette and the other armed. ly to terminate, without the infliction of vefsels, which had by this time opened the utmost severities upon them. They their fire on us, to cover the operation entered into a truce with the Generals of hauling themselves on shore. The who were sent out against them, and enemy's troops occupied the high propromised, that by a certain day they jecting rocks all round the vessels, from would deliver themfelves up with their whence they kept up an incessant fire of whole party. But, from their future musquetry; and the utmost that could faithless conduct, it appeared that these be effected at the moment was to set fire overtures were made inerely to gain de. to the corvette (named L'Etourdie, of lay, and that they might have an oppor- 36 guns, twelve-pounders, on the maintunity to proeure ammunition and pro- deck) and one of the merchant brigs, vihons, of both which they stood in fince as the tide sell the enemy preffed great need. It is reported, that some down on the fands, close to the vefsels ;

Lieut.

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