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ry with it the prejudices, passions, and 22. Mr Grey opposed the third readinterefts of mankind, in practice it would ing of the Vote of Credit for 2,500,000l. ever fail. The trade had been recogniz- as did also Mr Fox, on the grounds of ed by their ancestors; and flould they its being unusual to pass it at fo early thake off all the respect for the regula. a period of the Seslion, and its being étions which they had fanctioned in fup- normously great, beyond all former exporting it with bounties, and with the ample. It was also itrongly urged, that profoundest attention ? He denied that it was the intention of the minister not the cause of humanity would be benefit- to cover the unforeseen expences of the ed, as the trade, if rejected by this coun- year 1796 with this vote, but to apply try, would fall into other hands, which it to the ditcharge of expences already would put it out of the power of that incurred. Mr Grey moved, that inHouse even to alliit humanity. A gra- ftead of the word n090, which stood as dual abolition was beft, and this grada- the original motion, this day three weeks, tion should take place by the ages of the be substituted, in order that the cause of negroes. Mr Dundas defcribed the pafling it to early might be enquired incruel attrocities exercised at Guadaloupe to. at St Domingo, and other inands, where Mr Pat supported the propriety of the negroes were let loose ; and aked, palling it now; it was true, he faid, that what would be the fituation of those if- the Voie of Credit bad been, in some lands, when Victor Hugues, with a de instances, pafied at the end of the ScfCtee of the Convention in one hand, and fion of Parliament, but frequently bean British Act of Parliament in the o- fore the committee of fupplies, particuther, told the negroes that the French larly when the the public services are decree had conferred liberty and support presling. upon them, when the English had made A division took place on Mr Grey's no provision for them, but exposed them amendment, when there appeared; to want.

For it, 25--Against it, 102-Majority, Mr Fox observed that the Right Hon. 77. the Chancellor of the Exchequer had so Mr W. Smith moved the order of the amply reviewed the subject, that little day for taking the report of the loan into fell to him now in reply. The question consideration. In a speech of great length now was not for emancipation, but abo. he insisted on the disadvantageous terms lition leading to emancipation; and a. procured for the public by the minister; mong other arguments he had heard, it his departure from the mode by comwas curious to remark those of the Right petition; the effects of the Kings mefHon. Secretary of State, who told the sage, which he coniended must have House the advantages Vi&or Hugues been known by the gentlemen who subwould take of this act of emancipation. scribed the present loan ; the evils ariling Mr Fox asked the Hon. Secretary wbat to the mercantile world from the system must be now the argument of Huguts, of loans; and concluded by moving the when he would tell the negroes what the reading of the resolutions of the comConvention had done for them, and what mitee, which was accordingly read : he the British Parliament had refused? The then moved the House on the first refoother argument was, the conduct of their lution. areeftors in sanctioning this trade; he Mr Pitt expressed his astonifhment to would call upon the mancs of those an- be thus taken, as it were, by surprize, ceitors, and invoke their virtues; he with a charge of such a nature as awould not imitate their vices, bui com- mounted to a high' misdeme mour, and pensate the want of their excellencies in wished that the confideration of it shunning those very vices which were should be adjourned over to a future held up for imitation. Mr Fox pressed day. • upon the House the propriety and juf- Mr W. Smith not wishing to press it, tice of pafhng the bill, and transmitting the Speaker informed him that it would it to the other House of Parliament: the be regular to adjourn the debate on the world would then judge, that a British first resolution. House of Commons had done its duty,

The House then divided, when there March 1. The House resolved itself appeared

into a committee of the whole House on For the motion

93 the high price of corn-Mr Hobart in Against it

67 the chair. Majority -62

HIGH PRICE OF CORN.

Mr Lechmere, agreeably to the notice however clear to what exact degree the he gave, rose to make his motion rela- imagined evil of the moment extends. tive to the more effectual preventing the I am by no means certain, that the present exportation of corn; two strong reasons, bigh price of Wheat is only equal to the aewhich made him more particularly de- tual deficiency of that article. On the confirous of bringing it forward this day, trary, if every farmer in the kingdom knew were, the dreadful alarm of the increas- how much of that grain there was at this ing price of bread, and the severity of time in the country, I have no doubt whatthe weather; he inveighed principally ever, but that the price it bears would be against monopolizers and jobbers of ė. much reduced. am very far from entervery description, and against the expor- taining the least idea that the deficiency of tation of corn to Guerntey and Jersey, the stock in hand is such as to excite any athence to France. He concluded by larm concerning the quantity of supply, unmoving, That the chairman be re- til the ensuing harvest is got in ; and I am quested to move the House for leave to not without expellation, that those who now bring in a bill, more effectually to pre- withhold their grain from the market will vent the exportation of corn, and to pre- see the error of their speculation, and feei the vent felling it by the sample.”

loss long before the harvest arrives. On Several gentlemen on both sides of the such a trying occasion as the present, it House fpoke, few of whom seemed to is indeed important that we mhould let agree that there existed any real scarcity the country fee, that we are not inattenof corn ; they only differed as to the pro- tive to their wants and interefts; but at priety of uling compulsatory measures the same time we must not spread idle to ascertain the fact. On this subject, and unfounded apprehenfions, which the servants of the Crown being called by exciting despair, may increase the eupon to explain :

vil, and deprive us of the remedy which Mr Pitt rose, and began by controvert, is now within our reach. I therefore ing the polition respecting the exporta. am anxious that the knowledge of this tion of corh either to Jeriey or Guern- fact fhould be disseminated, and that the fey, or elsewhere, which he infifted, country should know, that however such were the regulations made, could great and manifeft the evil is at present, not be productive of the evil ftated. If yet that by a spirited and manful perseveany one (continued Mr Pitt) can suggeft rance on our part, the remedy is near, at laws more effective, or means of excep- hand, certainly not further off than the cotion more perfect, I for one thould re- ming harvest, and most probably much joice, and be among the most eager to nearer. After a desultory debate, the adopt them; but surely, under the pre- previous question was carried. fent circumstances, the public have full and satisfactory grounds to discharge all

HOUSE OF LORDS. fufpicion upon the subject, and wholly

VOTE OF CREDIT BILL. to disbelieve these vague and mischie

This was strongly opposed by the vous reports. Your committee, after e. Duke of Grafton, and Lord Lauderdale very inquiry which they have been able as a measure unprecedented and danto make, are fully satisfied that these in- gerous, violating the form and spirit of jurious furmises are wholly groundless the constitution, uniting in minifters the and false. As to the scarcity of grain executive and legislative branches of the within the kingdom, fome gentlemen itate, and taking the power of the purse have thought proper to call upon go

from the hands of the people.. vern:nent for explanations and proofs,

It was justified by Lord Grenville both that certainly are not in their power to in point of precedent and propriety. give. It would indeed be desirable to The question being put, it passed without kuow exactly the real state of the coun

a division. try, with respect to grain, if it were poffible to ascertain it; and determine with IRISH PARLIAMENT. accuracy and precision, how far the prefent scarcity is real, and how far exag- Feb. 15. Mr Grottan rose to bring forgerated and artificial. But this, it must ward his promised

motion, for the better obvious, is impossible, without very regulation of the Channel trade between violent and compulsive measures. Short Great Britain and this country, by ad. of fuch steps, every thing that can be mitting the nianufactures of each coundone has been fó already. It is not

try

HOUSE OF COMMONS.

try into the other, upon equal rates of tional duty on bills of exchange, and dury. He said, this question, which had to include bills for small fums. He already been so repeatedly urged in this then moved, “ that à duty of 3d. each Huulfe, itcod now upen different grounds be laid on all foreign and in-land from those on which it had before been bills of exchange, under the sum of ar red. Mr Grattan, after urging at ten pounds: That a duty of 60. be einliderable length, and much ability, laid on all such amounting to ten, and the neceffity of fome declaration from not amounting to fifty pounds: That a ine Irish Parliament on this head, as a duty of gd. be laid on all such amountmade of procedure which had been al- ing to fifty, and not amounting to an ready successful, in obtaining for this hundred: And that a duty of is. be laid country every political and commercial on all such amounting to one hundred advantage she had obtained from Great pounds and upwards:"--Which motions krtain for the last twenty years, propo- were severally agreed to. hd a refolution, “ That it is highly just and equitable, that the manufactures of Ireland be adınitted into the ports of

HOUSE OF LORDS. Great Britain on terms not lets favourable than those of Great Britain are ad. Feb. 12. On the order of the day for mitted into Ireland;" which resolution, the first reading of the indemnity' bill if carried, he proposed to follow up by being read, apother, That an humble address be

Lord Dillon rose and said, that from prelented to his Majesty, laying before the fyftem of rapine and outrage that him the said resolution, and befeeching pervaded the lower orders in some parts bis Majesty to recommend the fime to of the nation, it was now in a very as the confideration of his Parliament of larming fate ; and the murders that had Great Britain, with the adoption of fuch been recently committed upon persons incasure, as should tend to this effect." who were to give information against the

The first resolution being moved by violators of the law, fewed that it was Mr Grattan, and seconded by Mr Van- daily growing worse or more alarming. deleur, was opposed by

He said, that if some strong measures The Chancellor of the Exchequer, who were not adopted before the rising of said, he admitted that the principle was Parliament, he feared that to wait till utricily just and «quitable, and differed the next session would be too late. As in nothing from the right hon. gentle. to the adoption of military law in thote man but in the inexpediency of the time, places, he did not conceive it would be when Great Britain was involved in á effettual ; his Lordship thought the exwar, and when her minister had preju. ecutive power should be invested with dices to combat in the manufacturers of fome new authority, for immediately Great Britain on this head, which no. fuppreffing that spirit of anarchy and thing could overcome but a little time rebellion that degraded the nation. and experience, and in a period of peace,

Lord Glent worih said, he had been o. But which could not at this moment bliged to be in a part of the country be attempted, without exciting alarms where these excesies were perpetrated, there. The other ground on which he that had been spoken of by the noble diffcied, was the mode proposed of Par- Viscount, where a settled system of murriamentary declaration, when he on the der and rapine fremed to have been contrary thought the right hon. gentle- formed by insurgents,, in violation of Pied well know, that the end might be every kind of law. These offenders had attained, perhaps much better, by me- formed asfociations that were indiffolsociation. He concluded by moving the uble; they had taken oaths, and they order or the day.

firmly adhered to them. So many had The question being put on the Chan- been put to death by them, who abhiortlior of the Exchequer's motion, the ed their diabolical proceedings, that the Blufe divided : Ayes 82. Noes 16. well-affected now become their adhe

17. The House resolved into the Com- rents, to save their lives. These offenders mittee of Ways and Means, Mr M. Ma- would fly to the people, “ You may ion in the chair.

escape the laws, but you cannot escape Tne Chancellor of the Exchequer said, ou vetigerce. If you join us, and you that be intended to move for an addi should happen to be appichen ded, why VOL. LVII.

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it is only suffering a little confinement, this purpose should be adopted before
for no one now dare inform against or the session closed, otherwise the ensuing
prosecute us. If you go against us, summer would be more distinguished
death will be your fate.” In this part of with enormities, by those infatuated
the country contributions were raised a- people than the last.
mong the people, for secret purposes, The Earl of Clare (Lord Chancellor)
to the amount of a guinea and half each agreed with the noble Lords who had
a-year; all which proceedings evinced a spoke before him, 'that the country was
fettled system of revolt, that required in a most alarming situation; and said,
every exertion to be used now to coun- that if some kind of fummary power was
teract. They were too weak at present not given to magistrates, by the legif-
to carry any of their diabolical schemes lature, before the session of Parliament
into execution ; we ought therefore, in terminated, the summer would produce
time, to prevent them from attaining that as many crimes as distinguished the
strength they wished for. Measures for year 1641.

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FRANCE.

HOLLAND. Feb. 18. The council of Five Hundred decreed that the sum of ten mil.

Hague March 1. This morning, by fea lions of specie should be at the disposal tors assembled in the ball to see the in

ven o'clock, a great number of spectaof the minister of the home department. itallation of the representatives of the

17. A message from the directory Batavian republic. The deputies made was read, informing the council, that the plates, the gravers, and other in- whole garrison were upon the parade,

their appearance about eleven. The ftruments, for the fabrication of affig. and the deputies were conducted to the nats, have been burnt and destroyed. hall by the national guard. About Inserted in the Bulletin. a national

bank fimilar to those of Am- bly was declared to exist no longer. 22. The Council adopted the plan of twelve, a commission from the States

General was read, by which that affemfterdam, Venice, and London. In a late proclamation of the direction, all the ships were decorated with

During the installation of the conventory it is stated, that the population of the national flag, each failor had half a Paris is at this time 150,000 greater bottle of wine, a quarter of a pound of than at any former period.

tobacco, and two pipes. The labourStoffilet, the celebrated Chouan chief, and a new tree of liberty is to be planted.

ers in the dock-yard had some gratuity, hath been lately seized in one of his re.

The consent of Friezland and Zeatreats, tried for breach of agreement land to the convocation of a ivational with the republican commanders, and Convention is at length obtained in due put to death. He was in high esteem a- form. The revolution at Lewarden was mong his party.

of short duration, as General DumonThe Executive Directory at Paris have taken the hep of diffolving all the clubs ceau, with some troops 3.om Groninin that city, in a mesiage to the Coun gen, soon released the imprisoned repre

sentatives. cil of Five Hundred, they detail the e

GERMANY. vils to which they gave origin, and the danger to the government from allowing Whatever may be the issue of the arthem to allemble. They request the mistice between the belligerent forces on Council to explain the articles of the the Rhine, the preparations for carrying conftitution relative to the organization on the war are going forward on both of political afsemblies, and to affix the 'fides with an unabated, and an almoft penalty to each particular offence. unexampled ardour. The Emperor bas

The press is to be laid under consider-, appointed the Archduke Charles to the able restrictions, and its liberty regulat- supreme command of the army, which ed according to a plan of the executive he hath taken from General Clairfayt, directory,

and bath intimated to the diet of Ratii,

bon

bon his wish, that he should be appoint- blood hounds have been procured from ed Generaliffimo over the united forces the Spanish Main, of which they have of the Empire.

strong apprehensions, and which are SWEDEN.

useful in disodging them from their The proposed matrimonial alliance of faftnelles, which are inacceslible to the

European troops. the young King, without the advice or consent of the Empress of Ruisia, having been treated with improper respect LONDON GAZZETTES. by the latter, the former issued the following spirited manifefto on the subject : Admiralty-Office, March 12. “ The King of Sweden thought it his A dispatch, of which the following is a duty, on the occasion of his lately agreed copy, has been received at this office, on marriage, to give a Princess (the Em- from Sir William Sidney Smith. prefs of Ruffia), who is his near relation

Diamond, off Cage Frebel, March 18. and ally, the same proof of his attention Sir, Having received information that as he readily fhewed towards his Danish the armed vessels detached by the Prince and Pruffian Majesties, to whom he is of Bouillon had chaсed a convoy, conbkewise attached by the ties of friend- ifting of a corvette, two luggers, four trip and good neighbourhood. It was brigs, and two floops, into Herqui, I therefore with the utmost astonishment proceeded off that port, to reconnoitre that his Majesty saw this attention by no their position, and found the channel, means returned by the Empress of Ruf- which I found very narrow and intrifia. The King has accordingly refolved cate. I fuceeded, however, in gaining for the future, not to receive from the a knowledge of these points fufficient Russian Court any of these particular to determine me to attack them, in the miffions, which concern family events; Diamond, without lofs of time, and and which have ever before been in use without waiting for the junction of any between the two respective Courts, but part of the fquadron, left the enemy which the King has now abolished for ihould fortify themselves still further on erer."

our appearance. AMERICA.

Lieutenant M'Kinley, of the Liberty In a meeting of the American Con- brig, and Lieutenant Gofret, of the Ertfs, Jan. 4. in folemn parade the stand- Aristocrat lugger, joined me off the Cape, ard of the republic of France was pret handsomely offered their services, which

and, though not under my orders, very the archieves of the repubiic. This I accepted, as small vefsels were effenftandard, the president informed the tially necessary in fuch an operation. Louie, had been presented to him by the fence of the bay are two battaries on a

The permanent fortification for the deFrench amhaiTador Citizen Adet, with a suitable address, which was read'in Con. high rocky promontory. We observed gress, with the answer riurned by Ge. the enemy to be very busily employed neral Washington, which is, indeed, in in mounting a detached gun on a very the high tone of republicanism.

commanding point of the entrance.

The enemy's guns, three twenty-four WEST INDIES.

poundtrs, being Glenced and rendered JAMAICA.

useless for the time, we proceeded to atThe war with the Maroons is not like. tack the corvette and the other armed ly to terminate, without the infliction of vefsels, which had by this time opened the utmost severities upon them. They their fire on us, to cover the operation entered into a truce with the Generals of hauling themselves on shore. The who were fent out against them, and enemy's troops occupied the high propromised, that by a certain day they jecting rocks all round the vessels, from would deliver themselves up with their whence they kept up an incessant fire of. whole party. But, from their future musquetry; and the utmost that could faithless conduct, it appeared that these be effected at the moment was to set fire overtures were made inerely to gain de. to the corvette (named L'Etourdie, of lay, and that they might have an oppor. 36 guns, twelve-pounders, on the maintunity to prveure ammunition and pro- deck) and one of the merchant brigs, vilons, of both which they stood in fince as the tide sell the enemy pressed great need. It is reported, that some down on the sands, clofe to the vessels ;

Lieut.

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