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doubts arisen, concerning their authen- ter of indifference, whether the heroes ticity. I shall probably hear more of were born in the little village of Angles the same kind after the present Poems in Juteland, or natives of the barren make their appearance. Whether these heaths of Caledonia. That honour fufpicions are suggested by prejudice, or which Nations derive from ancestors, are only the effects of ignorance of facts, worthy or renowned, is merely ideal. It I shall not pretend to determine. To may buoy up the minds of individuals, me they give no concern, as I have it but it contributes very little to their always in my power to remove them. importance in the eyes of others. But An incredulity of this kind is natural to of all those prejudices which are incident persons who confine all merit to their to narrow minds, that which measures own age and country. These are gene- the merit of performances by the vulgar rally the weakest as well as the most ig- opinion concerning the country which norant of the people. Indolently con. produced them, is certainly the most fined to a place, their ideas are very nar- • ridiculous. Ridiculous, however, as it. row and circumscribed. It is ridiculous is, few have the courage to reject it ; enough, to see such people as these are and I am thoroughly convinced, that a branding their ancestors with the def- few quaint lines of a Roman or Greek picable appellation of Barbarians. Sober Epigrammatist, if dug out of the ruins reason can easily discern where the title of Herculaneum, would meet with more ought to be fixed with more propriety. cordial and universalapplause than all the
“ As prejudice is always the effect of most beautiful and natural rhapsodies of ignorance, the knowing, the man of true all the Celtic Bards and Scandinavian taste, despise and dismifs it. If the Scalders that ever existed." poetry is good, and the characters na (To be concluded in our next.) tural and striking, to them it is a mat
THE LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM CHAMBERS. THIS Gentleman, whose fame will more than one voyage. On quitting Jast as long as the noble building of this employment, he determined to fol. Somerset House shall rear its majestic low the bent of his genius, which led head, was by birth a Swede. It has him to Design and Architecture. been said, that he was descended of His first refidence in London was in the ancient family of Chalmers in Scot. Poland street; but not, as has been afland, Barons of Tartas in France, and serted, in the business of a carpenter. that his father was a merchant, who He, at an early period, displayed the fuffered much by supplying Charles XII. talents he possessed, and soon was conwith money and goods during his wars, sidered as one of the best architects and for which he received only the base cop- draftsmen in Europe. His abilities inper coin of that monarch, ftruck for troduced him to the knowledge of the the purpose in his emergencies, and, late Lord Bute, by whose intereft he like the French assignats, afterwards was appointed drawing master to his depreciated ; by which means the hol. Majesty, the Prince of Wales. der was involved in ruin.
His first work of consequence was At the age of two years, Sir Wil. Lord Belborough's Villa at Rochampliam was brought over to England, and ton, which, from his conduct in that
a proper time, placed at Rippon business, procured him many other buildschool in Yorkshire, where it is believ- ings. He gave in his plan to Lord ed, he continued until he was appoint- Besborough with an estimate as an arted "chief Supercargo of the Swedish chitect; and, on that nobleman's applyfhips to China, In this situation he ing to him to know whether he would did not remain long, probably not build it himself for the money mention
ed in the estimate, he consented to un- roic Epistle.” Sir William Chambers' dertake it.
work was entitled “ A Dissertation on It was accordingly finished, and both Oriental Gardening,” 4to. which, in parties, the employer and the builder, the preface, he fays, was collected from were satisfied with their bargains, and his own observations in China, from each with the other.
conversations with their artists, and reThe intercourse which Sir William marks transmitted to him at different kad obtained with his Majesty, soon after times by travellers. A sketch of it had his Sovereign's acceffion to the crown, been published fome years before ; but procured for him the laying out and im- the performance itself appearing immeproving of the Gardens at Kew, which, diately after Mr Mason's English Garfrom the nature of the ground, he was den, it was invidioully suggested, that obliged to ornament in the Chinese the intention of our author was to detalte. In 1763, he published" Plans, preciate English gardeners, in order to Elevations, Sections, and Perspective divert his Royal Master from his plan Views, of the Gardens and Buildings of improving the gardens at Richmond, at Kew in Surry, the seat of her Royal as they are to be seen at this time. The Highness the Princess Dowager of horrible and strange devices described Wales; a magnificent work, in which to exist in the Chinese gardens have the archite&ural designs were drawn by been much ridiculed, but are no more our author, the views by Messrs Kirby, than had been before published by FaThomas Sandby, and Marlow, and the ther Attiret, in his account of the EmIngravings by Paul Sandby, Woollette peror of China's gardens near Pekin, Major, Grignion, and Rooker. In this translated by Mr Spence, under the name work, Sir William assigns the reasons of Sir Harry Beaumont, in 1753, and of bis adopting the Chinese Ityle in this fince re published' in Dodsley's Fugitive instance. « The gardens of Kew," Pieces. says he, “ are not very large, nor is Sir William Chambers' next work their situation by any means advantage. was on Civil Architecture ; and in the ous; as it is low, and commands no year 1775, on the building of Somerprospects. Originally the ground was set House, he was appointed to conone continued dead flat: the soil was duct that great national work. He was in general barren, and without either also Comptroller General to the works wood or water. With so many disad- of the King, Architect to the Queen and vantages, it was not easy to produce the Princess Dowager, Treasurer to the any thing even tolerable in gardening : Royal Academy, Member of the Royal Lu: princely munificence, and an able Academy of Arts at Florence, and of the director, have overcome all difficulties, Royal Academy of Architecture at Paris. and converted what was once a defart After a long illness he died, at a very into an Eden.” The difficulty of or- advanced age, the 8th of March 1796 ; namenting such a situation few persons leaving a son, married to Miss Rodney, will deny ; but as few will be inclined and three daughters, the wives of Mr. to defire the introduction of such exo- Cotton, Mr Innes, and Mr Harward, tics, in places where nature has been with a considerable fortune, acquired more bountiful.
honourably, and enjoyed with hospitaIn the year 1771, our architect was lity bordering on magnificence ; and, announced in the catalogue of the Royal what is still better, quitting life with Academy, as Knight of the Polar Star, the regret and concern of all those with and the next year he published the work whom he had been connected; esteemwhich has afforded much entertainment ed, loved, and lamented, by all with from itself, but more from the admir- whom he had any intercourse either as able piece supposed to be the produc- an artist or as a man. tion of Mr Mafon, entitled “ An He. On the 18th of March, his remains
were interred in the Poets Corner, ing to the Board of Works, who atWeitminister Abbey, being attended by tended unsolicited, to testify their rehis son, his sons-in-law, his executors, gret for the loss, and their efieem for the Dean of Lincoln, Minister of the the memory, of a man, by whom their Parish, Mr Penneck of the Museum, claims had ever been examined with and a few other friends, the President, attention, and decided with justice, and Officers, and Council of the Royal A. by whom themselves were always treatcademy, and the Clerks of the Board ed with mildness, courtesy, and affabiof Works.' In the Abbey they were lity. joined by the Malter-workmen belongAN ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE OF ABBE SIEYES.
(CONCLUDED FROM PAGE 159.) AFTER a certain length of time, which was, in fact, no more than the Sieyes had reason to suspect the prepara- oath of equality decreed fifteen months 'tives for a coalition of certain parties. before by the legislative body, subseThey spoke of the necessity of a second quent to the oth of August 1792. It chamber, in the English mode, rendered contained, besides, an engagement to more perfect according to a French fa- maintain the unity and equality of the Thion, which, they faid, ought necef- representation charged to vote the law; sarily to be the portion of the minority and that in all cases, not excepting that of the nobleffe, “because they were the of the motion already made for two effe &tive caule of the Revolution.” fections, if decreed by the Assembly.
Already had certain suembers of the It is to be remarked, that Sieyes reAfsembly, far from being leaders of the ceived, on all hands, the highest encouintention, but unacquainted with all the ragement, and the most presling instanintrigues, made a motion to divide the ces to the speedy accomplishment of his legislative body into two fecions; a design. motion admittedu.by many good depu. The writing, here mentioned, was ties, but very differéiit from the nobili- scarcely gone to press, before these men tary project of two chambers, though procured a copy. A most virulent de. calculated to facilitate its admission dur. famatory libel was put into the hands of ing the heat or the wandering of debate, a dangerous ignorant man, Salles, who It became Sieyes to consider the pro- was charged to commence the attack, ceeding with anxiety ; Sieves, who had by reading it at the Jacobins. first held out the distinction of orders previously adjusted, that this was to be in a state as a political moniter, and had received with the most violent applause. placed among the social principles, the Such measures being taken, then folunity and equality of the people, and lowed a maræuvre of the most extraorthe unity and equality of its legiflative dinary kind of calumny on the one part, vepresentation.
and gross ignorance on the other. The He addreffed himself to various chiefs declaration was not yet published, a few of the parties, to clear up his doubts. propfs only having been first intrusted They had the duplicity to assure, and to those only who had engaged to colto swear to him, that no with was en- lect signatures, when Sieyes was folemntertained to impair or diminish the prin- ly denounced, on the 19th June 1791, ciple of equality. He was not convin- from the tribune of the Jacobins, as ced, and therefore adopted the design to having formed the counter-revolutioncompel them to exhibit their sentiments ary project : A4, Of reviving the nobiliin more open day. He composed, with ty; 2d, of instituting two legislative another, a project of a declaration to chambers; and, 3d, Of having inunbe yoluntarily subscribed, the object of dated the 83 departments with a formu
lary for signature for this criminal pur. this, but the general inquietude on the pose. As a proof of this, a copy of the 21st June ; the delusion of the public, so Itill unpublished declaration was pre- easily led to act upon the nearest and sented, a declaration composed ex pro- most striking objects, the great mass of fello, against the two supposed projects. incidents and abominable attempts, still But it was the supporters of the nobili- little known, which filled that and the ty, and of the two chambers, who ma. following days ; the small, and almost naged this denunciation, and conducted imperceptible number of deputies who all the detail of this strange hoftilit; ! had remained faithful and pure; and, It must be especially remarked, that the lastly, the unsteady, shameless, and utKing was to take his flight the follow- terly unprincipled reign of the famous ing day, in the night between the 20th revising coalition, itfpired Sieyes with and zift, and that the masters of this his ultimate determinazion. It was 10 Jacobin convulsion were accomplices in fhut himself up decidedly in a philofothat act. Time, which has unveiled phical silence. the whole of this maneuvre, has equal Here ended, as we have already rely discovered the intention of the coali- marked, the second period of the career tionary leaders. They supposed they of Sicyes. could much more effectually insure the From this moment, during the whole success of their cdicus designs, if they sitting of the legislative assembly, till the could facrifice Sieyes, or at least render opening of the Convention, he remained him so far suspected, that it should be a complete straoger to all political acimpossible for him to gain attention at tion. This is the third interval, and the first eclat of this meditated fight; presents nothing remarkable, except for they were well acquainted with his his peaceable contempt for the fuppoopinion of the absurdity of acknowledg- fitions of which he has not ceased to ing, as representative, any one who be the object. But to return to the should not have been freely elected by facts : the body represented. This accounts At the first formation of the departfor the precipitation in denouncing a ment of Paris, he was elected adminiwork not yet published, and the page strator and member of the directory. of the libel, where the early mention The sketch of the useful operations ha is made of fending it into the depart. performed in this situation, is no pari
This anecdote, the develope- of the object of this writing, any more ment of which to the Jacobins, in the than the account of his speeches or midst of studied rage, laited thrce days, writings in the constituent assembly.',was so difguting to the few impartial It was also proposed to make him honest men of that focicty, that they bishop of Paris. He saw that he was returned thither no nicre. In its de- urged to this place by enemies as well tail
, as well as in the disavowals, both as friends : but his opinions alone made succesive and combined, of ñany of it his duty not to accept it. At the those who signed, and of fumeothers who moment of election, he wrote to the were not in the secret, it exhibits a mass electoral body, to acquaint them witha of little vile paffions, a combination of his intended efufal. wickedness and treachery.
The costituent affembly had carcely As to Sieyes, he was not aware of closed its fittings, before he resigned his danger. He prepared to reply. On liis place in the department, and rethe day after the 20th June, he had al- tired into the country, about a league ready annexed, in print, to the calum- from Paris. niated declaration, a narrative of the He had been on a visit to a friend, at extraordinary scene which had pafled at the distance of more than fixty Isagues the Jacobins. He was about to publish from Paris, and was ftill there when he
heard of the events of the Ioth of Au. timate. He applied to observation, guit. This great event gave hini no fur- while they urged the enterprize they had prise. It was naturally to be expected. formed to ranquish and destroy the He wrote to Paris, that if the infūr- Convention, already degraded by their rection of the 14th of July was the re- presence. volution of the French, that of the Several times he endeavoured to be 3 oth of August might be called the re- useful otherwise than by simple afliduity volution of the patriots ; but, at the · at the fittings. Among his perfectly fane time, he alied, whether the legis ineffectual attempts, we may quote bative body had seized the government, his report of the 13th of January 1793, and proposed to direct the fame with- upon the provisionary organization of out participation, till the new conven- the administration of war, a report at cion thould meet.
first received with the silence of inquiThe events at the end of August and sitive curiosity, afterwards calumniated beginning of September prove that the and ridiculed, and at last rejected by Tapiflative body wanted strength.
It all parties. durft not seize the reins og
government. He laboured to organize a new estaThe hopes of Sieyes for the public blishment for public instruction ; which welfare had been re-animated, though must not be confounded with the incur
ath, they ought to have been de- able madness of fixing dogmatically, prefied. He waited in expectation of and legiflatively decrecing the materials she carly fittings of the Conrenrion, of instruction. and proposed to retreat, during the win His plan was, at the time it appeared, der, to a place ftill more remote than the shortest, and is still the most comLuis refidence at that time.
plete of any which have been presented. In the midst of these reflections, he The Committee of Instruction, after halearned that he had been chosen deputy ving adopted, charged one of its mem. 10 the Convention, by three depart- bers, to whom the affembly was well
This was without his know, disposed, to report the same from the jedge, for he had no perfonal acquaint- tribune. ance in either of the three. Neither his It was not ill received. The Condifpofition nor his inclination could lead vention adjourried the discussion to a him to a poft, in which be no longer near day. The reporter, in conformity conlidered him?elf as enabled to serve to tlie prudence of the times, thought his country. But the circumstances of proper previously to submit it to the afthe times did not adnit of a refusal, fembly called La Reunion; where, which would surely have been milin- after some fight amendment, there re. qerpreted. He therefore flowly pro- mained no difference of opinion, excooded to Paris, where he arrived, and cepting on the manner of passing it, attended the Convention the same day, whether in tolo, or article by article. Sept. 21. From the objeéls, from the The following day, or the next day igures, which on all fides claimed bis but one, the name of Sieyes was mensiteneiro? and allonishment, as well as tioned, together with the plan of infrom the discourses he hcard, he might, fruction. It was carnestly demanded without deriliétion of mind, havcthought in certain groups, whether Sieyes was himself transported by magic to an un- the author ; aod, upon the afirmative krown country at the extremity of the answer, these dispositions were immecariis.
diately changed. They pretended to He lourd himself a stranger to all be mistrust his views and intentions. The mei, and particularly fo to the men in plan was serased, and re-perused, with power, viih whom his unhappy fate a ridiculous earneftnes, not unlike that icemedio command lim to become in- of the monkey inspecting a looking-olafs.