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the vessels went to fish for the bounty,

In 1786

68,328 and not herrings, and that it totally de

1787

29,866 ftroyed the fishing carried on by the poor 1789

68,907 but active and laborious race of fisher

1791

28,105 men, dispersed over the coasts of England

1793

20,071 and Scotland; those men, who by their 1795

17,992 labour procured a wholesome and cheap The quantity of herrings caught apfood for the poor, and by their strength, peår fo trifling, that it is a walte of pubin times of danger protected the State. lic money to bestow 5000l. a year on They could not compare them with the bounties for the encouragement of the Ruth fishermen, who, without the boun- .fisheries; it appears that it costs the naty, underfold them in the markets. The tion 48. td. for every barrel that is English Parliament saw the force of the caught. There is another circumstance reasoning, and adopted a new system of which I must mention, a remnant of the giving bounty, partly on actual produc- old colonial government, and which must tion; the sum was proportioned to the be altered ; I mean the bounty of 2s. 8d. labour. By 26th Geo. III. a bounty was given in England on the export of hergiven of 20s. a ton, and 45. a barrel for rings to this country, and which is met all herrings twice packed, provided they here by only a duty of is. id. You do not exceed two barrels and a half for will not permit your own fishermen, the each ton, and a further bounty of 1s. poorest and most industrious class of a barrel for every barrel caught by boats. your community, to be borne down by This system has succeeded, to the fatal foreign countries. It is evident they destruction of our fishery, as you will cannot sell the produce of their labour, fee by the returns which I shall now if the English filherman has an advanftate, and which is the best reason I can tage of is. 7d. in their own market. I adduce for adopting the plan of the Bric approve of the reduction of the duty on tish bounties. You will thereby give Swedish herrings; we must be satisfied employment to an active, industrious, with the home market for our herrings, and laborious race of men, and encou- and that share of the foreign which the rage the production of a wholesome and export bounty will procure them-but cheap article of food for your poor our foreign trade requires Swedish herindeed the only relish which the Irish rings; we cannot otherwise assort our peasant ever taftes with his potatoes.

cargoes for Vest Indies, in which You imported Exported herrings constitute a material part ; we

British. Foreign. Irish. Barr. may lose that trade fo advantageous and In 1782

1,816 1,801- 26,664 profitable, by obstructing the proper af1785 2,717 19,795 35,414

sortments for that market-even though 1790 4,402

9,980 our herrings were moderate in price, as 1794 29,566 23,695 1,390 I understand they are late in the season. Tous you observe in 1782 we export- From what I have stated, you must per. ed 26,000 barrels above our consump- ceive the progressive decline of your fishtion; and 1794, we imported 53,000 eries, and agree with me in the urgent barrels for our internal use, which makes necessity of altering the mode of your an absolute difference of 79,000 barrels bounties. I moves that it be an inin the ftate of our fishery. But that we ftruction to the Committee on the Fishery may know with more precision the state Bill to receive a clause to allow a bounof the fishery, we see by the return from ty of is. a barrel of herrings caught and the office, that in the year 1786, when cured by vessels under 20 tons.” the prefent fishery law was enacted, there The Bill was gone through, and orwere caught and entered, viz.

dered to be engroffed.-Adjourned.

MONTHLY REGISTER.

FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. account of the national domains unalieriFRANCE.

ated, as transmitted by the directory.

Agreed to. This account proves that Dufermont reporter of the commif. we have national domains to the value sion of Finances proposed to print an of eight thousand four hundred inillions, Vol. LVIII.

Q

whild

whilst the assignats, according to their could have been informed of its real
just value, do not exceed three thousand value.”
three hundred millions.

Charette, the celebrated chief of the The following is the exordium of the royalists, on the south of the Loire, has proclamation of the Executive Directory been at last taken, after the dispersion of relative to the Mandats.

his party, and almost incredible personFrenchmen,

al hardships suffered by himself. He “ Your Legislators have just created a was seized whilst making his efcape a-. new species of money, founded at once lone, and on foot, across the country; upon the justice and necessity of pro- being pursued by a republican patrol, viding for the immense wants of the he at last fell through weakness. · Two state; they have conciliated tie interest grenadiers took him on their shoulders of the Republic with the interest of in- to the next post. The following letter dividuals, or rather it is in this private from Adjutant General Travot to Ged interest even that they have found new neral Hoche, commander in chief of the and abundant resources for the Govern- army on the coalt of the ocean, will ment: and such will be always the cal- shew the previous steps which led to his culations of a true and only policy. In capture, and the distresses experienced short, after so terrible a war, after fo ma- by that unfortunate man: Pont de Vie, ny violent shocks, the nation is, all at 18 Ventose, March 8. Having received no once, lifted by the creation of territorial certain intelligence of the force and po. Mandats, to the fare state of fortune sition of Charette, fince his last moveand of means, which she possessed in ment, l, in the mean time, determined the first period of the Revolution. To to march on the 15th, in the hope of render these means fruitful, to recover procuring such traces of his retreat as the fame degree of opulence and fplen- would enable me to regulate my future dour, we must only have the same lati- progress. I had with me only a few catude of confidence in the Reprefentatives valry, and fifty mountain chasseurs. of the nation--the same obedience Having arrived near the Chateau Grosto the Laws-the same fraternal union fetierre, in the parish of Froide-fonds, I between Citizens.

met from between fifteen to twenty briYour fate, oh Frenchmen! is then en- gands on foot, who, as foon as they tirely in your hands ; let the law relative perceived me, without firing a single to territorial mandats be faithfully ob- fhoi, took to flight, and endeavoured to served, and France will come out from escape by the wood. After having tathe Revolution happy and triumphant; ken the necessary steps to cut off their if the law be despised, a profound abyss flight, I ordered the infantry to search will be immediately dug under all our the wood in different directions. Four feet. The territorial mandats have a of them were killed, and the rest disprecious advantage which the affignats perfed. Next day, one league further, had not-it was the want of it that oc- I took two more; I was then informed cafioned their depreciation. This ad- that Charette was one of the party, and vantage is, the faculty attached to the that he had efcaped from the wood with mandat of being realised in a moment, his confidential servant, and only one of tvithout hindrance, obstacle, or fale, by his followers. This circumstance the the immediate and inconteftible transfer more surprised me, as, under all his reof the national domain, upon which the verses, I never supposed that he had bearer of the mandats may have fixed' been compelled to walk on foot.-P.S. his choice in the whole extent of the re- Charette, after having escaped from two public. It is a territorial bank, with of our patroles, who had learnt the funds well ascertained, whose notes may place of his retreat, supposing him.elf to be excanged in open market, and whose be sold by the Curate of La Rabuteliere guarantee is fortified by the authority of dispatched him with his own hand! The law, which gives them the forced cur- servant, and a workman belonging to rency of money. It was necessary thus the unfortunate, shared the same fate. to prevent the criminal efforts of stock These wretched victims, however, were jobbing and diffection, which incef- perfectly innocent. S. Pol, a chief of tantly endeavcuring to convert the most the brigands, has delivered himself up: wholesome remedies into poison, would He is given in custody to the constituted have depreciated and monopolized the authorities at Fontenay." new money before the mass of citizens

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The resignation, or the dismission of the Genoefe fortress Della Peina, of the General Pichegru has taken place. It fortrets of Savona, and of a great part has been reported with confidence, that of the river. They have also demanded this celebrated commander was for pui permislion to put a garrison in the Geting an end to the war, and making noefe fort of Novi. By this means the peace with the allies. Those who pre- army of Italy is in polieflion of a fuffitend to know the secret of the dismission cient number of strong places to puth of Pichegru, say that it has been imputed the war with vigour in the Milanese and to him as a crime, that he made him- Montierrat, and to cover their retreat in self the channel of certain pacific pro- cale of misfortune. positions, and that he repassed the Rhine. It is thought that the presence of only to favour this system, and to en- 60,000 Frenchmen will also render the courage what is called the faction of the Genoefe very tractable, on the demand Ancient Limits !

which the French Government has made HOLLAND.

of a loan of 30 millions. Hague, March 6. In the first fitting of

SPAIN. the National Afiembly, Citizen Paulus The Court of Madrid has yielded to was unanimously elected President; the the remonstrances made by the Marquis number composing the National Af- of Bute, which has removed the suspicions sembly was 89. P. Paulus, in accepting entertained of its political conduct. The the poft, said, “ I declare, in the name Spanish ministry have fent orders to Caof the people of the Low Countries, that diz to dismantle 20 fail of the line lying this Afembly is the Representative Body in that port; and a French privatcer cf the Belgic people.” It was received which touched at Alicant, and had taken by the people with the cries of “ Vive some of our vessels, has been ordered la Republique !” Citizen Paulus then ha. from thepce to Toulon. rangued the Assembly, and proposed that the garrison of the Hague should be un

VIENNA. der the immediate orders of the Allem- On the presentation of the Princess biy and its President, and that the latter Royal of France, a particular circle was should have the watch-word and the ca- formed for this folemnity. The Court pacity of giving orders.

was equally crowded and brilliant. The 7. Camerling made a report upon the Princeis was presented by the Empress dress of the members of the National Al- herself to the Ambassadors and their fembly; he proposed that it be decreed, Ladies, and to the Ladies of high rank. ibat not only the members should wear Then the other Ministers and Noblemen a distinguithing dress, but that it should present were presented in their turn to be composed of a scarf of black velvet, her Royal Highness. on which ihould be embroidered, in let. The French Emigrants were then preters of gold, the words “Representative fented to her by the Marquis de Gallo, of the People;” that the fcarf should be Ambasador from Naples. They were to tied by national ribbands; that the Re- the number of fix. presentative fhould be distinguished by a common scarf, and that the troops of GAZETTE INTELLIGENCE. the line should be directed to pay mili

Admiralty-Office, March 24. tary bonours to a member so decorated.

Extract of a letter from Capt. Draper, 22. The national assembly have named a Commission for forming a new Consti

of his Majesty's fhip Porcupine, to tution for the Republic.

Evan Nepean, Esq; dated in Mount's Peter Paulus, the president, is dead.

Bay, March 21. The Dutch National Convention have Sir, I beg you will be pleased to acpublished a proclamation to excite their quaint my Lords Commillioners of the countrymen to engage in their navy, to Admiralty, that on the 20th inst. about humble the pride, and chastite the info. 7 A. M. tlie Lizard bearing N. N. E. lence of England, and to support the thrce or tour lagucs, I received intorglory of the Batavean fag.

mation from the Fox Excifc cutter, that

a French privateer had that morning cap. ITALY.

tured an English brig, then bearing The French have taken possession of $. S. W. I accordingly gave chace to

292

both,

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pean, Esq.

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both, and about nine o'clock retook the Horse Guards, March 31. Diamond of Aberdeen, George Killar Dispatches from Major Gen. Stuart master, and sent a petty officer and men commanding his Majesty's and the Eaft on board, with orders to make the near- India Company's troops in the Island of eft port, and then stood after the priva, Ceylon, dated Trincomale, October 10. teer. About twelve o'clock she carried 1795, have been received by the Rt away her main-top-mast, owing to her Hon. Henry Dundas, one of his Majesty's being over-pressed with sail; about one principal Secretaries of State ; by which took poffeffion. She proves to be Le it appears, that the fort of Batticaloe, Coureur brig, of 144 tons, and 80 men, in that isand, surrendered on the 18th of pierced for 14 guns, has but 10 on board. September to a detachment, under the

command of Major Fraser of the 72d Admiralty-Office, March 26. Extract of a dispatch from Sir John Bor- regiment. That on the 24th of the said

month, Gen. Stuart einbarked from lase Warren, Bart. K. B, to Evan Ne- Trincomale, with a conliderable detachSir, I beg leave to inform you, that the Centurion man of war, the Bombay

ment of troops and artillery on board of on the 15th instant, in consequence of frigate, the Bombay store-thip, and the my letter to their Lordships from Fal: Swallow and John packets, and on the Inouth, I stood over to the French coast

27th disembarked the troops at Point in search of the Artois, who joined me Pedo, about 24 miles from Jaffnapatam, on the 18th; and on the 20th,

day- of which important place he took posbreak, having discovered from the maft- session on the following day. That on head several fail of vessels, I made the the first of Oktober, Captain Page, of his signal to the squadron under my com- Majesty's ship Hobart, with a part of mand, consisting of the following thips, the 32d regiment, under the command Artois, Galatea, and Anson, for a gene of the Hon. Capt. Monfon, (on their reral chace, and upon our nearer approach, turn from Point Pedro to Trincomale,) perceived them to be a' convoy of the took poffeffion of the factory and milienemy steering in for the land. At ten tary post of Molletivoe ; and that on the A. M. being up with part of the mer- sth of the fame month, the fort' and chant ships, I captured four, and order. inand of Manar furrendered to Captain ed the Valiant lugger to proceed with Barbutt, whom Gen. Stuart had detachthem to the nearelt port. I continued ed on that service, with the flank comin pursuit of the men of war, who I foon panies of the 22d regiment, and two perceived were endeavouring to preferve companies of Sepoys, immediately on their

distance from us, and to avoid an his having obtained poffeffion of Jaffnaaction; but being at length arrived with

patam. in half gun-shot to leeward, the two squa

A letter from Col. Bråthwaite, dated drons engaged, and passed each other Mradras, Oct. 17.1795, announces the upon opposite tacks.' Perceiving them surrender of Malacca, and its depenrallying round the Commodore close in dencies, on the 'rath of August, to the shore, and 'beginning to form again, I

troops fent on that service, under the made the signal for ours, in close order,

command of Major Brown. to endeavour to break their line, by cută

By dispatches from Bengal it also apting of the rear ships, and directed the Galatea to lead down for that purpose; dencies have been taken, and that the

pears, that Chinsurah and its depenbut the enemy bore away, and made all Dutch forces at those settlements are fail poflible from us, and food into the prisoners of war. narrow part of the Raz de Fontenay among the rocks; I was, however, ena. Admiralty-Office, April 5. bled to cut off their rear ship, the Copy of a letter from Rear-Admiral L'Etoile, of 30 guns, and 160 men.- Rainier, dated on board his Majesty's Night approaching, and being unac- ship Suffolk, in Madras Road, the quainted with the passage, I did not 15th of October 1795, to Evan Nethir:k it' proper to continue the pursuit pean, Esq; Further, at the risk of losing some of our

Sir, Yesterday, on the point of sailthips in so difficult a pass. I have the ho- ing, I received the inclosed letter and nour to remain, &c. (Signed John BORLASE WARPEN, an account of his proceedings, and parpapers from Captain Newcome, giving

ticularly

1

1

ticularly of the success of the expedition, Dutch Indiaman run into the mud), under his own and Major Browne's or- which the returned by firing two guns ders, of the Hon. Company's infantry, and then striking her colours. From the. against Malacca, this place being now great atitance afforded me by the boats in the pofieflion of the British troops. from the China fleet, &c. I was enabled

I feel a more than oruinary satisfac. to land all the troops, with two fix pountion in announcing this event for their ders at the same time. They left the Lord ships' information, as, on account thips at feven P. M. on the igih, and of the original :orce deitmed for that reached the thore by nine P. M. At strvice being reduced, my expectations half past nine P. M. an officer came on were less sanguine; and also of its great board the Orpheus from the Governor, importance, from the fecurity thereby to surrender the place on our terms; afforded to the trade of his Majelly's they then delivered over St John's post, subjects in the Straits of Malacca and a commanding work well furnished with the Chinese feas.

cannon, about 1300 yards froin the fort, On the success of his Majesty's arms and 200 from the place of conference, at Trincomale and Fort Ooitenberg, and to a subaltern with a party of our greon receiving the account of the fame nadiers, and we entered the fort with the from Malacca, I took upon me to order remainder of the British detachment. faluies to be fired by mis Majesty's ihips The garrison being thus completely in then in port; and on the 13th instant, our power, and unconditiona'iy, further at the fuggeltion of my Lord Hobart, I than the securing of property, the Dutch directed Captain Lambert, of his Ma- guards were permitted to remain armed jetty's Dip Suffolk, to fire feventy-eight at their posts, until the Governor, whom guns, funeral-wife, on the melancholy we then accompanied to his house, occation of the death of his Majesty's gave, in his own hand-writing to Major faithful ały his highness the Nabob of Browne, a detail of the guards, which Wallajah, iate Nabob of the Carnatic were then relieved by the British troops. (the tort of St George, by his Lordihip’s From the anxious detire of complying ordeis, paying the lamc honours), that with his Majetty's orders, we have aparticular number of guns being ap- greed to the inciofed capitulation, and pointed as corresponding to those of the every thing now appears perfectly quiet, years of his tatt Highness' age; which' and ail parties reconciled. I trust their Lordihips will approve, and I have the honour to be, &c. notify, to the Board of Orunace, to be

(Signed) HENRY NEWCOME. allout in the several gunners monthly Orpheus, Malacca Roads, Aug. 25. 1795. expences.

(Then follow the articles). Picaie to acquaint their Lordihips, that the residency here have ju. received

Admiralty-Ofice, April 15. accounts of the iurrender of Manar, in Extract of a letter from Sir Edward Pelthe gulf of the iame name.

lew, Bart. to Mr Nepean, dated off I have the honour to be, &c. Quiberon, the oth of April 1796.

PETER RAINER. On the 20th ultimo, we chaced three To Peter Rainer, Esq; Commodore and corvettes, one of which, La Volage of

Commander of his Majesty's thips 26 guns, we drove on fhore under a batemployed in the Eait Indies.

tery in the mouth of the Loire, and dif

maited her, but he was afterwards got Sir, I arrived here on the 15th infant off. In this affair the Amazon had four with his Majeliy's thip under my com- meni wounded; the other two Mhips got mand, the Ewer and Carnatic transports, into the Loire. We have also captured and a part of the convoy, having parted and destroyed eleven thips and vessels. company with his Majesty's thip Relif

EDWARD PELLEW. tance, in the night of the 13th, between the Sandheads. Captain Pakenham join

Horse Guards, April 16. ed company again in Malacca road on A letter, dated Calcutta, has been rethe 17th in the morning.

ceived by the Right Hon. Henry DunBy the inclofed letters you will fee das, from Major General Sir Robert that we were obliged to commence boi. Abercromby, K. B. tilities, which began by the Refistance “ I have the honour to inform yoll, firing a few guns at the Conftantia (a that Major Petrie, soon after the furren

der

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