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April. 15. Mrs Cochran of Kirkfield, a At London, Lady Bridget Tollemache, daughter.

relict of the Hon. Mr Toilemache, brother to 18 Mrs Cathcart of G-noch, a daughter. the Earl of Dyfart

19. Mrs Major Maclean, Isle of Monk, a 13 Ar Edinburgh, Mrs Mary Congalton, fon.

George Street. At Drumpellier, the Lady of Andrew . -At Stewarton, the Rev. Thomas Max. Stirling, Efq; a fon.

well, minister of that parish. 23. Lady Margaret Maclean, a son. 14. Alberdeen, Mr Montague Beatric, DEATHS.

son of Dr Beattie, Proteffor of Moral Philo.

sophy in the Marischal College, Aberdeen. At Naples, Lieut. Duncan Forbes Mitchell, -At Edinburgh, Alexander Macrac, Esq; of his Majesty's ship Victory.

of the island of Jamaica. At Hydrabad, in the Eatt Indies, William -At Invereik, Archibald Christie, Efq; Steuart, youngest son of Mr James Steuart, late of Ratho. writer in Edinburgh.

16. it London, Thomas Smith, Esq; At Calcutta, Mrs Margaret Leslie, widow Banker. of John Rose, Eiq; and daughter of Charles - Richard Wilbraham Bootle, Esq; father Lellie, Efq; of Elgin.

of the Member for Westbury. Ac Berne, in Switzerland, the Rt Hon. --At Dalnotter-hill, Janies Hamilton, Efq; Spencer Compton, Earl of Northanipton. of Barns.

On his passage from Jamaica, Mr Charles IÓ At Bristol, Miss Ramsay, daughter of Hay, fecond son of the late Wm Hay, of Wm Ranısay, Eiq; of Barnton Newhall.

At Eainburgh, Alexander Maconnochie, In India, Captain Haig of the Woodcote, Efq; one of the Commiflioners of the Customs Indiaman. He was unfortunately drowned in for Scotland. Bengal river

At Hunterstown, Robert Hunter of that Lately, Mrs Susan Mills, aged 192. She Ilk, in the 86th year of his age. had lived the greater part of her days in one 17. A London, Mr Stephen Storace well house, calle.. the shipmeadow Locklouse, on known in the musical worlů. the Bungay navigation

At Guernicy, Lieutenant Governor At ica, on board his Majesty's ship Dicta. Small, in the 70th year of his age tor, Major Dundas, of the 26th light dra. -Ac Edinburgh, Mrs Ann James, spouse goons.

to Alexander Seton, Efq; of Preston. At Surat, in the East Indies, Mr George 18. At Inverness, Major George Monro, Paton, son to John Paton of Grandhome. late of the 68th regt. of foot.

Lately, at Dublin, in St Patrick's Hofpi. 19. At Birkhall, Charles Gordon, Esq; of tal, vanny M‘Daniel, aged 106. She was Abergeldic, aged 72. twice married, both times to a soldier. Her At Milton of Orr, in Galloway, Mr first husband was killed ar Fontenoy, and her Andrew Boyd, preacher of the gospel. fecond at the battle of Preston Pans, where At Birkhill, Mrs Katharine Wedderburn, The likewise loft a son.

widow of the late David Scrymgeour, Esq; of March 19. Mrs Elizabeth Dewar, of Las, Birkhill, Advocate. fodie, aged 87.

-At his feat at Vache, in Buckingham-Hon John Forbes, Admiral of the Fleet, shire, Sir Hugh Palliser, Bart. Adniral of and General of Marines. He was the oldest the White, Governor of Greenwich Hospitala officer in the Navy, being appointed a Poft and Scarborough castle, and an Elder Brother Captain in 1736.

of the Trinity House. He commanded the -At Stirling, Mrs Wright, of Loss, in her rear division of the British Fleet on the 27th 87th year.

of July 1778, in the engagement between Mrs Seton, Lady of Governor Seton, of Admiral Keppell and Compte D'Orvilliers, the island of St Vincent's.

and preferred a charge against Admiral Kep-At London, the Most Hon.the Marchio. pell, on which he was tried by a court mar. pess of Winchester.

Thal, and acquitted. Sir Hugh was likewise Il. ot Dublin, the Countess Dowager of tried, and was acquitted. Aldborough, in the goth year of her age 22. At Edinburgh, Capt. James Hamilton

At Edinburgh, Mrs Beatrix Simpson, of Broomhill Spouse of the Rev. Dr Kemp, one of the 24. At Edinburgh, Miss Jean Murray, ministers of that city.

daughter of the late James Murray, Kíq; of -At Glasgow, Mrs Ann Campbell, relict Cherrytrees. of Mr John Somerville, late of Park.

24 Ar Edinburgh, Alexander Stuart, Efg; ---4t Kirkcudbright, Elizabeth Mac- of Torrence. kenzie, daughter of the Hon. Colonel ilex. - At Glasgow, Niel Somerville, Esq; ander Mackenzie of Coningsby, in the 8ift -Mir Robert Robertson, merchant in Kirkyear of her age.

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27. At

March 24. At St Andrew's, Mrs Janct Theory and Practice of Physic in the Unie Lindesay, spouse to Dr Melville, physician versity of Glafgow. there.

Mr John Steel, to be Minister of the parish 25. At Edinburgh, Mrs Helen Simson, of Morham. reliš of the late Rev. David Plenderleath,

Mess. Andrew Jopp, Francis Gordon, Willate one of the ministers of Edinburgh

liam Carnegie, and Thomas Burnett, admitted -At Aberdeen,

Miss Turner, daughter to the Society of Advocates in Aberdeen. of the late George Turner, Esq; of Menie.

John Dunlop, Esq; to be Collector of the -At Norrie town, the Rev. Patrick Cald. Custom at Bo-ness. well, minister of the gospel there.

The degree of M. D. on Mr Charles Grace, 26. At Edinburgh, Miss Barbara Douglas, surgeon in Cupar, by the University of St daughter of the late James Douglas of Dor- Andrew's. nock.

The degree of D. D. on the Rev. Paul -At Broughton near Edinburgh, Mrs Fraser, minister of laverary, by the University Helen Seton, widow of the late Rev. Robert' of Sc Andrew's Paton, minister of Lesswade.

The degree of D. D. on the Rev. James, -Miss Jane Rattray, youngest daughter of Fraser minister of Drumoak, and the Rev. Capt. Rattray of Athurston.

David Cruden, minister at Nigg, by the -.At London, Henry Minchin, Efq; M. P. Marifchal College, Aberdeen.. for Bolliny, suddenly while fitting down to

Rt Hon Henry Dundas, to be Governor, dinner.

and Patrick Millar, Esq; to be Deputy-GoverSt Andrew's, the Hon. Mrs nor, of the Bank of Scotland. Katharine Ankruther.

His Grace the Duke of Buccleugh, to be 28. At Leith, Mrs Susan Dalrymple, re. Governor, and Gilbert Innes of Stow, to be Jią of Dugald Maxwell, Esq; of Cowhill, in Deputy.Governor, of the Royal Bank of the 94th year of her age.

Scotland. 29. At South Kiscadale, in the idle of Ar.

William M‘Dowall, Esq; of Garthland, ran, Lieut. George Walker Stuart, of the Governor, and William Tod, Efq; of London, 82d regt.

: merchant, to be Deputy-Governor, of the 29. At Glasgow, the Rev. Dr John Gillies, British Linen Company, fenior minister of that city.

The University of Edinburgh, conferred 30. Duncan Robertson, Elq; of Kindro- the degree of D. D. on the Rev. William chet, in the 92d year of his age.

Greenfield, Professor of Rhetoric, and Belles 31. At Kilmarnock, Mr John Muir, se- Lettres, anđ also elected him their represcanior, merchant, aged 86.

tative to the ensuing General Assembly. 31. At Edinburgh, Thomas Tod, Esq; merchant in Edinburgh, Treasurer to the

SEQUESTRATIONS. Orphan Hospital, aged 77, who, at his own March 30. David Jamie & Co. merchants defire, was interred amongst the Orphans at

in Montrose. the Hospital, to whom he had been a large April 4. John Stedman, merchant in Kin Benefactor, and faithful Steward,

rofs.

18. Sinclair & Williamson, merchants in PREFERMENTS.

Leith. Robert Lifton, to be his Majesty's Envoy

--David Ewing, manufadurer in Glasgow. Extraordinary to the United States of America.

22. Charles Phin, haberdasher in EdinEdward Thornton, Esq; to be Secretary of

burgh. Legation to the United States. Rt Hon. Richard Larl Howe, to be Ad.

25. John Ewing, senior, shipmáster in

Limekilns. miral of the Fleet, and General of the Marines, vice Admiral Forbes, deceased.

Prices of Grain at Haddington, April 29. Rt Hon. Lord Bridport, to be Vice-Admiral

Wheat, 405. Barley, 263, of Great Britain. Hon. Wm Cornwallis, to be Rear-Admiral

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Oats, 235,

Pease, 228. 6d. Beans, 215. 6d. Tares, 38s. of Great Britain,

Edinburgh, April 30. Oat-meal, 15. 7d. Sir Edward Pellew, Knt Captain in the Bear-meal, ss. 24d. Pease-meal, 1s. Id. Navy, and Wm Bellingham, Efq; the dignity of Baronets of Great Britain.

PRICES OF STOCKS. Charles Mitchell, Esq; Captain in the Navy,

April 27. and Wm Watson, Efq; the honour of knight-y Bank Stock 170

1631 hood.

3 per cent red. 68

6511 Lord Hood to be Governor of Greenwich 3 per cent. conf 6o

661 Hospital.

New 4 per cent. 831

813 82 Major General Sir Hew Dalrymple, to be India Stock shut

2005 Lieutenant-Governor of Guernsey,

India Donds 45. disc. Dr Robert Freer, to be Profeffor of the

April 70

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of Arc

298

303|| Dog Tax

308

311|| France

348

CONTENT S.
Pag. 11

Pag New Invention-Pasigraphy 292 Epilogueto Vortigern

34% To obtain a Spirit from Carrots 292 A Picture of Peacefui Humble Life, Account of the Life of Robert Henry and Defcription of the Person and D. D.

293 Habitation of Despair, from Joan Character of Louis XVỊ. by Mad.

343 Rolland

296 The Shepherd's Song to May, by 7. Interesting Particulars of the Govern- Butterworth

344 ment of Russia, &c. concluded A Scotch Grand Vifier-An Anec.

BRITISH PARLIAMENT. dote

302

HOUSE OF COMMONS. A Sketch of the History of Sugar, in

Slave Trade

344 the early times

345 The Good Friar of Augsburg

305
Ways and Means

. 345-7 The Lost Emperor

HOUSE OF LORDS. Of some of the Effects of Respiration Legacy Tax, &c.

347 on the Animal body

310 Cursory Remarks on Dedications

MONTHLY REGISTER. Upon the Means of War as conducive to our happiness

315

FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. On the Inefficacy of Advice

Louis XVIII ordered to quit Verona 349 Thoughts on the Varieties, both in

America

350 the Animal and Vegetable Crea

GAZETTE INTELLIGENCE, tion

320 Containing dispatches from Lord Minutes of Agriculture-Survey of Balcarres, Major Gen. Leign, Adthe Central Highlands

325 miral Parker, Sir Edward Pell w, Topography and Natural History of Sir J. B. Warren, Brig, Gen, NiScotland

329 cols, &c. On the Trade of Great Britain

LONDON,
REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

Trials of Crossfield, and Mr Reeves 356 Portrait of Mad. Rolland by Herself 338 Account of the death of Lord Charles Winterbotham's Account of the Chi

Townshend

357 nese Empire

Incidental Occurrences

356-7 339 New PUBLICATIONS

339-41

EDINBURGH.

Incidental occurrences
POETRY
Spring, by Miss Seward

Appeal and Circuits
The Sigh, by Mr Coleridge

342 Report of the Weather, &c.

34% Prologue to Vortigern

342 | LISTS- Mirriag, s, Births, &c. 360-23

318

351-6

336

358 358

3.59

EDINBURGH:
Sold by JÁMES Watson & Co. No 40. South Bridge ;
And by the Principal Booksellers in Town and Country

By ALLEN & West, No 16. Paternoster row;
And MARTIN & Bain, No 184. Fleet-street, London.

NEW INVENTION.

PASIGRAPHY. The following are set forth as the outlines of this Art, by the inventor

M. Chaumereix. THIS Art, its innumerable advantages, and the importance of its consequences, are submitted to the mature reflections of enlightened minds, to Itatesmen, merchants, bankers, printers literary and learned men, as well as to the curious of all countries. The result of this discovery will be, that if two correspondents, French and English for instance, knowing only their maternal language, learn to write in Paligraphy, from that moment the Frenchman will read and understand in French what the Englishman could only write and express in inglish--and the Englishman will read and comprehend in English what the Frenchman could only write and express in French. The same line may be read and understood at once by an Englishman, a German, an Italian, a Spaniard, and a Russian-although the writer had only traced it in his own language, and although he knew not a single word of the others. Thus, at the end of a very few hours, any intelligent person may pasigraph his own idiom, by consulting the method, characters, and the twelve invariable rules—which exercise will place in

his memory

ر

TO OBTAIN A SPIRIT FROM CARROTS. ACCORDING to a notification in the second volume of the Edinburgh Philosophical Transactions Dr Hunter of York found that fpirit may be advantageously procured from the fermented juice of this root. Dr For. fter gives the process employed at Halle for the purpose, and the proportion of spirits obtained." 211 21bs. of carrots were plucked, and spread to dry for three days; they were then freed from their green tops, fibres, and points : the bodies were then boiled for about three hours with :16 Pruffian quarts of spring water: the carrots were next pressed, and the juice, together with the liquor of the first decoction, was boiled for five hours with some hops. When the temperature of the liquor was reduced to 66 degrees of Fahrenheit, six quarts of yeast were added to it. The fermentation was continued for forty eight hours, when the liquor stood at 58 degrees of Fahrenheit, and the grounds subsided. 48lbs. of fermented carTi t-juice were then warmed and poured into the fermented liquor ; this operation heated the whole to 66 degrees ; a second fermentation ensued, and lasted about twenty-four hours; the liquor, after this time stood at 58 degrees Fahrenheit, and was now barrelled, which excited a third fermentation of three day's continuance. The liquor thus prepared yielded 48 quarts of Grong fpirit. Dr Forster thinks that this process would answer in the Pruffian states, in times of scarcity and dearness of grain. it is for our own distillers to conclude how far it may at any period be preferable to the ordinary method practised in this country,

SCOTS

MAGAZINE,

For MAY 1796.

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ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE OF ROBERT HENRY, D. D.

EXTRACTED FROM VOL. VI. OF HIS HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN,
R Rourt Henry, author of the from that time till November 1776:

“ History of Great Britain, writ- and then became colleague-minister in twu on a new plan,” was the son of the Old church, and remained in that James Henry, farmer at Muirtown in station till his death. The degree of the parish of St Ninian's, North Britain, Doctor in Divinity was conferred on and o. Jean Galloway, daughter of him by the University of Edinburgh in Gally way of Burrowmeadow in Siir- 1570; and in 1774 lie was unanimoully Ighine. He was born on the 18th chosen moderator of the general aflembly of Fibruáry 1718, and having early re- of the church of Scotland, and is the folied to devote himself to a literary. only person on record who obtained that proteshon, was educated firit under a distinction the first time he was a memMr John Nicholson at the parash school ber of the affembly. of sc Ninian's, and for some time at Soon after his removal to Berwick, the grammar school of Stirling. He he published a scheme for raising' a' fund completed his course of academical study for the benefit of the wi'ows and orphans at the university of Edinburgh, and of Protestant diffenting minifters in the afterwards became master of the gram- north of England. 1 his idea was promar-School of Annan. He was licensed bably suggested by the prosperity of the to prach on the 27th of March 1746, fund which had almost thirty years beand was the first licentiate of the pret fore b-en established for a provision to bytery of Annan after its erection into Ministers' widows, &c. in Scotland. a teparate presbytery. Soon after, he But the situations of the clergy of Scott received a call from a congregation of land were very diffrent from the circ Prefbyterian diflenters at Carlitls, where cumstances of diffenting minifters in he was ordained in November 1748. England. Annuities and provisions In this station he remained twelve years, were to be lecüred "to' the families of and on the 13th of August 1760 became diffcnters, without fubjecting the india paitor of a diffenuing congregation in viguals (as in Scotland) to a proporBerwick upon Tweed. Here he mar- tional annual contribution, and without ried in 1763 Ann Balderstone, daughter such means of creating a fund as consid ot Thomas Balderitone, surgeon in Ber- be the subject of ait act of parlianient to wick ; by whom he had no children, 'secure the annual payments. The a but with whom he enjoyed to the end cuteness and activity of Dr Henry furof his life a large share of domestic hap mounted these difficulties ; and, chit-fly proels. He was removed from Ber- by his exertions, this ufeful and benewick to be one of the ministers of Edin- volent institution commenced about the burgh in November 1763 : Was ministır year 1762. The management was enof the church of the New Grey Friars trusted to him for several years; and Vol. LVIII.

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