« ZurückWeiter »
Mr Dundas calier ou no
Parliament. Where never shines the fun, but all is dark, THE SHEPHERD'S SONG TO MAY. Dark as the bosom of their gloomy king."
BY J. BUTTERWORTH*. So saying he arose, and by the hand
HAIL, sweet nymph of dear delight, The Virgin seized with such a death cold, touch
Loosely clad in mantle green ; As froze her very heart; and drawing on,
Hail, sweet goddess, ever bright,
Love and laughter-moving queen.
Round my cell thy frolics play;
Thro' the broken lattice peep;
With the bleating of the sheep.
The merry lark sings o'er my head.
Then on yonder hillock green,
While my little lambkins play ;
chester. BRITISH PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF COMMONS.
Mr Francis then continued. He did SLAVE TRADE.
not impute to him direct infincerity, but April 11. Mr Francis, having prayed it would have been fortunate for the the indulgence of the House while he right hon. gentleman, in point of fame, went into a detail of the business which if he had ended his political life after his he was about to lay before them, and fpeech on this subject in 1792, but ever having requested that they would not since he had been continually temporianticipate those conclufions which he fing. He proceeded then to give an outmeant to draw, as by these means they, line of his plan, which was as follows, would be led into hasty deductions of viz. That each negro Nave should have a their own, proceeded to give a general certain portion of land allotted him, outline of the business; he lamented the which the master could not deprive him absence of an họn. gentleman, (Mr Wil- of; that certain laws and regulations berforce) whom he was sure the world should be framed for them; and that would acquit of any negligence on his magistrates, made independent in cirpart, though he had failed in his bene- cumstances, should be appointed both volent intentions. He had even, he said, in the West Indies, and on the coasts of reason to expect the concurrence of those Africa, to see that those laws were prowho opposed the abolition, who could perly enforced. His intention, therenot be hostile to regulations for the bet- fore, was to move for leave to bring in a tering and improving their condition. bill this fellion, and that it should be If there was in that House no other ad printed, and lie over until next feffions vocate for this measure but himself, he of Parliament. He concluded by movwould never defift, nor ever fuffer the ing for leave to brivs in a bill “ for the fubie& to die. He would, he said, not better regulation and improvement of offend, but he meant to provoke a right the saves in his Majelly's Weft India lon. gentleman opposite (Mr Pitt) who islands, and in the colonies
in America.” had told him in 1792, that this trade Meffrs Fox, M. Robinson, and w.
ficuld be aboliled in 1796. His doübts Smith fpoke for tliemotion : Mr Dunwers, that Mr Pitt had not been lincere das, Mr Manning, &c. against it; after in the support he gave the bill. which Mr Prancis replied; when the faid, that it v was disorderly and without
a division, parliamentary to bring forward charges Mi fox wished to know whether the of such a nature in that Houfe.
DOG TAX BILL.
deste May 1796. British Parliament : Ways and Means. 345 right hon. gentleman (Mr Dundas) meant ditional facility to commercial credit to propose, on any future day, any mo- whose demands had lately increased. tion agreeably to his former declaration, These were the points on which it was of confining the traffic of Naves to thofe his intention to dwell, In regard to the under a certain age.
first, viz, the duties on printed cotrons, Mr Dundas replied, certainly not, du- which was calculated to amount to ring the continuance of the present war. 135,000l. as a substitute to this, he would
propote what a few days since he had al15. Mr Pitt said, that he wished that luded to, viz, the tax on dogs, which there should be fome distinction in laying would produce a fum amounting to on this tax : that houses not subject to 100,000l. the remaining sum he would the assessed taxes, which kept a dog, make up by a new regulation in the dushould only pay one shilling, which ty on hats. This duty had been, he Thould be applied to the poor rates, and said, declining this fome time past, as it that is. out of the three, which he had had been evaded. The mode, then, proposed on a former day, should be ap- which he proposed was, that instead of plied to the same purpose. He thought being collected by a loose stamp, the linbesides, that he ought not to suffer the ing of each hat should be stamped, fo as bill to pass into another stage, without to render it impossible to be evaded. giving notice to the hon. gentleman who The amount before, when first laid on, introduced the bill, that it was his inten. was stated at 100,000l. the first year it tion that part of it should be applied to had yielded 30,000l. and last year but the purpose of revenue : and it was his boool. he could not say to a certainty intention, that where there were more what it might yield under the new reguthan one dog kept in any family, that låtion, but would state it at 40,000l.; all above one should be subject to a tax this, with the other, would amount to of 5s.; that the public had a claim on 140,000l. 5oool. above the supposed prothis tax, and it was his intention that 45. duce on cottons; besides, this, there had out of the 5s. should be appropriated to been such increased charges fince Chriftthe use of the public. This tax, he was mas, not including the amount of ferconfident, would amount to 100,cool. vices, and the mode of paying them, Sterling
which was connected with the object of
giving credit, by taking out of the marIn a committee of the whole House, ket the unfunded debt. Since DecemMr Hobart in the chair.
ber laft, there had been incurred of exMr Pitt rose. He said, that confider- traordinaries 535,000l.; for the ordnance ing the extent of public burthens, and 200,000l.; and the expence of barracks the care that ought to be taken to make 267,00ol. This last subject he proposed the pressure as little felt as possible un- discusling, if gentlemen thought proper, der the collateral circumstances of hav- on another day; besides, there had been ing lately received an account of the dif- iffued out of the civil lift 100,000l. for pofition of those that exercise the powers foreign services; 25,000l. for the emiof government in France; he was aware grated clergy of France; together with that the subject was a subject of the 127,00ol. further issued for the army exgreatest magnitude and importance that traordinaries, in addition to the vote' of ever arrested the attention of that House, credit, which amounted to 2,500,000l. as it comprehended the ultimate destiny which had been voted before Christmas. of this and all other countries of Europe. Another provision was, for funding such After baving accurately examined the part of the unfunded navy debt as had subject on all sides, approached the not been provided for, fo as to leave no House with that of confolation burthen, the intereft of which would not which every friend of this country must at least be provided for. Allowing, then, feel, and which must finally disappoint that the whole unfunded navy debt, the ambitious views of our enemies. The since the 31st December 1791, to be fubject comprehended several objects: 1,640,000l. a provision was to be made first, a substitute for a provision for that for future navies, supposing the war to tax which he thought proper to relin. last to the 31st of December 1796; the quish on printed cottons; together with sum appropriated for that purpose would other new services, which must be pro- exceed the calculation by 1,500,000l. vided for; and thirdly, a means of ad- out of the 4,000,00pl. of the navy debt
WAYS AND MEANS.
to be provided for; he had already pro- fing, that this, added to the reasons avided for 1,200,000l. and there was bove mentioned, had caused a circulat2,000,oool. to be provided for over and ing medium. The evils arising from this above the vote of credit. The only other had been great, but had, no doubt, been charge of diminishing the unfunded debt greatly exaggerated; for these he would would be to take out of the hands of the propose certain measures of relief, and bank the 3,5000,000l. and for this pur- take the whole of the responsibility on pose he would propose to the committee himself. He proposed an additional du. to borrow a certain sum of money, and ty on wine. By the late duty laid on to give it to the bank. He here stated wine, of 201, per top, it had produced. the different sums he had borrowed from the annual sum of 600,000l, there was, the bank, and their interests, and that in each year, an importation, on an ain 1796, an interest for 4,000,000 would verage, of 30,000 tons of wine, and the be to be provided for. There was, he last year, notwithstanding the duty, had said, another charge for the year 1793 exceeded that average, and the confumpCertain Exchequer bills had been issued, tion was nearly equal to the importa which had been provided for, and the tion-his intention was therefore to prointerest for 19,000,000l. instead of eigh- pose an additional duty, which would teen, 'which would be provided for by be another advance of 6d. per bottle, the money now raising for the bank. which would be col. additional per ton, Another charge had been made before and which would amount to 600,000l. Christmas of 1,000,000l. as bounties on more. He then laid before the committhe importation of corn, which had, he tee the terms of the loan, the total of said, produced those advantages, which which, on an average, amounted to the he was proud to mention without regret. contractors only to 1ol. 198. 9d. per cent. The money to be applied to that pur.. 1o that the increase over the sum given pose would not amount to a sum great. was but il. 198. 9d. Mr Pitt now en. er than 300,000l. which would be more tered into a calculation of the prosperous than defrayed by our acquisitions in the state of our commerce in the years 1793, Eaft Indies, and there would confe- 1794, and 1795, the three years of the quently be this reduction of charges to war, to which no former period had the country.
The whole additional been equal. What more then could we fum to be provided for amounted to desire, if we were obliged to make great 7,000,000l. and 500,000l. of navy debt exertions, than to find that the credit of to be paid to the bank. By paying the country was high, and its resources off the vote of credit of the last year, great, and to have a surplus unapplied, 2,500,000l. sooner than provided for, and for future and unforeseen fervices. Have hy paying it by the first operation, the ing taken a view of the increased comresult would be, that the bank would merce, wealth, population, &c. of this immediately receive this of the new loan, country, and having drawn a striking which otherwise it could not obtain un- picture of the decayed resources of the til the month of July next: befides, French nation, and of their last resource, granting these sums to the bank at pre- the ifsuing of territorial mandats, which fent, it was necessary that there fould he maintained would eventually fail be cash to the amount of 5,700,000l. them, he concluded by declaring, that 2,000,000l. of which belonged to the ex- if we were not wanting to ourselves, and traordinaries of the army. How this sum if we only had resolution to persevere, was to be provided for, he would shew having shewn to our snemies that our by and by. It was a fact generally known, resources were great, we would eventhat there was an inconvenience at pre- tually procure terms of peace, honoursent sustained from a scarcity of money, able and advantageous to ourfelves, and on account of the expences of the war, to the rest of Europe. and from the very considerable sums that Mr Grey rose in reply to the speech of * had been drained from this country to Mr Pitt, after which a defultory conver=' the Continent; but all these expences, fation took place between Messrs Pitt,when compared with the state of our Fox, Grey, General Smith, Sheridan, çommerce, which, fince the year 1792, and Dundas. had been in a continual ftate of progres.
The Chairman then put the question fion, was a matter of the highest exulta on the different resolutions, which being in tion ; nor was it to be thought furprio
agreed to, he brought up the report, former bill, to prevent pewterers buying which was received, and ordered to be melted pots. The annual lots to all the taken into further confideration on Wedi publicans of London was but soool. in nelday next.
fead of 100,000l. at which it had beers 19. Mr Hobart, the chairman of the stated. He concluded by inoving, that committee, brought up the report, which it be deferred for six months. being read, and the question being put on A divifion being called for, there apa ! them,
peared against the bill
27 Mr W. Smith could not, he said, agree
15 with the House in these resolutions. It Majority against the bill -12. was fresh in the recollection of the House, that he had moved a refolution of a different import to that now put, namely,
HOUSE OF LORDS. on the loan. In whatever point of view
LEGACY TAX_OCS we considered the terms of the loan of On the third reading of this bill, Lars last night, and the former loan, it became Lauderdale renewed the objections which a matter of difficulty to reconcile them. he made upon a former occasion, urging, Before, the terms of the loan had been that if carried into effect, it would in half a million against the public, as he process of time absorb all the capitals of had argued on a former occafion, and the country, and injure its commerce that another gentleman would have ta- moft effentially, by taking away those ken it at three per cent. less in favour of funds which, by tbeir re-production, the public. He went into a comparison conftituted the wealth and prosperity of of the terms on which both had been the nation. contracted for, and concluded by saying, The Bishop of Rochester defended the that he could not conceive why, on the bill, and maintained, that so far from present occasion, when the prospect of antwering the calculations of Lord Laupeace was banished, a better bargain derdale, in absorbing by degrees the encould be made for the public ; and on tire wealth of the country, it would rethis head he wished for some informa-- quire 220 years, paying the tax of 61. tion.
per cent. eleven times, to consume a caThe Chancellor of the Exchequer entered pital of 100l. into a justification of the torms of the Lord Grenville referred to the arguformer loan; he could not conceive why ments he made use of on a former dit this could furnith the hon. gentleman cussion, and shewed, that even admitwith any argument, because the former ting the extreme and extravagant calculoan was not so good as the present. lations of the Earl of Lauderdale, the On the former loan there was a probable result which he drew from them would falt of stocks, and for that reason he had by no means follow. This affertion hie given such a bonus as he thought that pledged himself to prove, when the bill fall required.
should be discussed, for extending this The resolutions were read and agreed tax to real property: to without a division, and the bills or Lord Lauderdale, in reply, controvertdered to be brought in on the said refo- ed the statements of the Bishop of Rolutions.
chetter, and infifted that the priociples 20. Mr Fox moved the order of the of this bill were different from thofe day for the second reading of a bill to which had been adopted in Holland, prevent purloining pewter pots. and that if such an act had passed-fopte
Mr Dent oppofed ir--there was not years fince, the whole of the fortune of any law, he said, to force publicans to the Duke of Norfolk would have been bring out their pots againit their inclina- consumed by it. tem mistul tion, besides it went to affect the reve 26. The order of the day for the ofer ? nues of the city of London, as there was cond reading of the debtor and creditor'). a duty paid on the ftamps of pewter bill being read, vidt moti ba 4) 1990 bis poiss it went to affect the revenues of Lord Moira enteredsinto an explada :: a certain great perfonage, (Prince of tion of the bill, which he repeated, wasil Wales,) as it would tend to leffen the founded on that which had been brought consamption of tin and pewter, which I in by the learned Lord on the woolfackl bis were produced in the Duchy of Corná during his absence in 1794; but which, wall. -Asclause might be added to a foppcu gitatly fort of vehat he thought..
necessary to be done. He hoped the was true, there might be particular cafes House would not think him guilty of on which the law, as it stood, might pertinacity, by thus repeatedly pressing press as a hardship; but, as far as his a subject, which, he could assure them, practice had gone, he had found it infiwas a very dry ftudy; yet the more he nitely less cruel to creditors than unworinformed himielf on it, the more he was thy debtors; and, besides knowing expericonvinced of the propriety of its adop- mentally that it was attended with much tion.
good, he did not feel himself bold enough The Lord Chancellor felt a particular to pull down the old fabric for the adobjection to this bill, as not only tend- vantage of a theoretical edifice. Objecting to alter a fundamental law of the ing as he did to the principle, it was unland, but one which the experience of necessary to go into the clauses. ages had proved to be beneficial. Un Lord Thurlow shortly disapproved of der the present laws commerce had con many parts of the bill, that which went tinually increased, and consequently with to compel debtors to give up their effects it credit ; but if they were once to take he should have approved, if it had gone away the compulsory power over the far enough. He thought iinprisonment debtor, which this bill went to do, he ought to be completely fo; namely, that apprehended it would be a fatal blow to they should have a goal attire, a goal al, credit. We were not now, like Solon, lowance, and in every respect feel it as a Lycurgus, or Plato, consulting what punishment. law would be the best to frame upon a The House dividing on the bill's being certain subject ; for we had one of ages ordered to a committee, Contents - 2 ftanding, and therefore ought not for
Non-Contents 9. theory to give up all our experience. It
the name of the author or authors, and COUNCIL OF FIVE HUNDRED. the name and place of abode of the April 16. Treilhard made a report printer.” from the committee appointed to exa 21. Bion read the following message mine the message of the directory, in- from the executive directory, respecting viting the council to pass a penal law the defeat of the Ausrians in Italy : against fuch men as should urge the re “ Citizens legißators, we haften to establishment of royalty, and of the con- announce to you, that the army of Italy ftitution of 1793 ; and against such as, has just opened the campaign by a signal in the feditious affemblages of the peo- victory. Two thousand Austrians killed, ple, Aould preach up the annihilation two thousand, of whom fixty are officers, of the republic,
made prisoners, many flags taken, seves 17. Camus made a report from the ral important" posts captured, more committee appointed to examine the specially that of Caro and the heights crimes resulting from an abuse of the of Carcaro, where the head quarters of prefs. He declared it was imposible to our army are now eftablished fứch are propose a general law, applicable to all the consequences of that glorious day. authors and printers, without invading It is the Austrian army of Lombardy, the liberty of the press. The committee, commanded by General Beaulieu in perhowever, were of opinion, that à law fon, that has been thus defeated. We of police might be pasied, relative to have reason to hope, that the Piediaonjournals, gazettes, periodical publica- tese will not make much resistance, and tions, and addresses to the public: he that we shall foon have to announce to therefore proposed fome resolutions, you new victories. The immediate one containing, among others, the following is due to the skilful dispositions of the regulation : "No journals, gazettes, nor commander in chief Buonaparte, wopperiodical publications, shall be printed; derfully seconded by Generals Laharpe, no addreffes to the public distributed; Maffena, and Servoni.” no bill printed nor fluck up; without Gossuin-" The army of Italy, has sise