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WAR IN ITALY.
ven- us the earliest success of the new exiles, and to the remains of the emigratcampaign. I demand of you to declare, ed royalists of France. that has not ceased to deserve well of its country.” -Adopted.
The campaign opened in this quarter 24. At the opening of the fitting the by the Auftrian General Beaulieu, who president caused to read the following attacked the position of the French armessage from the directory :
mies; and which, in many places, un. “ Citizens representatives ! the suc- able to keep their ground, were driven cessful engagement of Montenotte, of back with precipitation and loss. This which we apprised you by our mellăge was not only soon repaired by their comof the ad inft. was, for the invincible mander in chief, General Buonaparte, fearmy of Italy, merely the prelude of conded with the enthusiastic ardour and Atill greater successes. We have this day bravery of the republicans, but was fucto announce to you a decisive and for ceeded by the most fatal reverse of forever memorable victory obtained by this tune to the Austro-Sardinián arms, and army, at Mont Lezino, over the Pied by a career of success to the republicans, montere and Austrians united.”
which hath perhaps not been equalled 25. The council ordered the printing by their most brilliant victories since the of a plan of a resolution presented by commencement of the war. The Auf Savary, the object of which is, to celt- trians acknowledge the loss of 4000 men brate on the 13th Floreal, in all the in these engagements; the French accommunes and armies of the republic, counts ftate it to be 14,000 or 15,000, a national festival of victory in memory with an immense quantity of artillery of the glorious triumphs by which the and stores. The entrenched camp of army of Italy has just opened the cam- of Ceva, defended by 8000 Piedmontese, paign.
was taken by the republicans under Ge27. Thomas Paine, ci-devant member neral Angerau. A general engagement of the National Convention, presented took place near Mondovi; the Piedto the council a pamphlet of his writing, montefe were routed, and abandoned all on the decay and fall of the English fyf- their posts to the enemy; the separation tem of finances, translated into French of the Austro-Sardinian armies took by his friend Lanthenas.
place, and all communication between Defermont demanded, that it should Generals Beaulieu and Colli was cut off. be printed and distributed to all the The former, at this period, was fast flymembers of the council.--Adopted. ing towards the Milanese; the latter to
wards Turin. These advantages gainFOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
ed by the republicans, expofed the Sar
dinian monarch to the full effects of ITALY.
their vengeance. He folicited an armiIn consequence of the reiterated soli- ftice, which was granted, on condition citations of the French government, the of surrendering some of the most impor. Senate of Venice has at last ordered tant fortresses in his dominions to the Louis XVIII, to quit Verona, as well as French commander, who new beheld a the whole territory of Venice. The fate retreat fecure in case of disaster; or, what of this unfortunate Prince is truly dif- was more probably in his eye, beheld, tresling. At first obliged to quit the ready to be grasped, the rich plunder of court of his father-in-law, the King of the Milanese, and the possession of the Sardinia, he is now also expelled from beautiful and fertile plains of Lombardy. his last retreat. Thus banished from his
May 9. The rapid and successful caown dominions; driven out of those reer of the French armies, reduced the which belong to the Princes of his fami- Sardinian monarch to the humiliating ly ; and prevented from seeking Melter state of first foliciting an armistice, and in the provinces of the petty Princes of afterwards of accepting terms of peace Italy, by the fear of exposing them to dictated by the conquerors, and which the resentment of the French republic, nothing but the most urgent necessity where is he now to find an asylum ? On could make that power yield to them. a review of so many persecutions to The second article of the armistice which the descendents of the throne of follows: “The French army shall remain France have been exposed, the English in poffeffion of its conquests, that is to nation has felt a pride in granting an ho- fay, of all the country lituated between nourable asylum to those unfortunate the right banks of the Sture, and its con
Auence with tlie Tanaro, and from thence boundaries of the state, Paris was threat. along the right banks of that river as far ened with intestine convulsions, and the as the point where it joins the river Po, aweful confequences of a dreadful conas long as the French shall remain in the spiracy. The men denominated terro. possession of Aleflandria ; but after this rifts, the remains of Robespiere's faction, place shall have been restored to the King at the head of whom was Drouet the of Sardinia, in consequence of the for- post-mafter, who ftopped the King when trefs of Tortona being occupied by the. at Varennes, were concerned in it. French, the boundaries shall extend far. Their design was to afiasiinate the dither from the confluence of the Sture rectory and counfels, and to establish the and Tanaro, to the height of Arty, government of 1793. The detection and on the right banks of the said river: proceedings againit them, will be seen from this point, the high road which in the fittings of the counsel of Five leads to Nizza de la Paille, and from Hundred. that place to Cassigny, is to serve as a A revolt, to a certain extent hath ta. line of demarcation ; from thence cros- ken place in the interior of Corfica, ori. fing the Bormida under Cassigny, the ginating from some disputes about payFrench army shall remain in poffeffion ing taxes. The Governor had ordered a of the Bormida to its discharge into the force against them, which it was hoped Tanaro, and from thence to the conflu- would soon reduce them to obedience. ence of this river and the Fo."
AMERICA. The French General pursued his sucċess with the most indefatigable activity;
Philadelphia, April 14. he published an animating address to his In the House of Representatives, Mr soldiers, representing the glorious prize, Hillhouse rofe to bring forward three rethe riches of the Milanese, now ready to folutions which he had proposed some be grasped, after surmounting the dan- time before, but which were not then gers of passing the Alps. ' His heavy ar- attended to. They were as follow: tillery he received from Nice, and which I. Refolved, that it is expedient to pass arrived by sea at Savona, escaping the the laws necessary for carrying into effect vigilance of the British cruizers. He the treaty lately concluded with certain preffed forward against the flying army Indians, North-West of the Ohio. of General Beaulieu, who appears to
II. Resolved, that it is expedient to have prevented the enemy from accom- pass the laws necessary for carrying into plishing the passage of the Po. Several effect the treaty lately concluded with severe actions took place, but Austrian the Dey and Regency of Algiers. valour was compelled to yield to the III. Resolved, that it is expedient to ardour of the French. After a dreadful pass the laws necessary for carrying into engagement, the Austrians being routed, effect the treaty, lately concluded with the French effected the passage of this the King of Great Britain. river at Lodi, May 11.
When the resolution for carrying into The Italian States were alarmed with effect the treaty with Great Britain was the most serious apprehensions; and, by put, Mr Macklay rose, and spoke at offering terms of submission, wished to confiderable length against the motion : deliver themfelvès from the defolating he concluded his speech by propofing the vengeance of the republican armies, Pa- following resolution : via was evacuated. The Archduke of “ The House taking into consideration Milan Aled. The Prince of Parma ac- the treaty of amity, commerce, and pacepted of the terms of peace dictated to vigation, between the United States and him; and the King of Naples sent am. Great Britain, communicated by the bassadors to Paris to avert the resentment President in his message of the first day of the new republic against his dominions. of March last, are of opinion, that it is To repair his loffes, or to prevent greater in many respects highly injurious to dilarters, the Emperor of Germany or the interests of the United States; yet, dered large reinforcements from the were they poffefed of any informaRhine and from Hungary, to repair to tion that could justify the great fierifiItaly; the troops to be conveyed in wag. ces contained in the treaty, their firgons that they might be ready to act cere desire to cherism harmony and amiwhenever they should arrive in Italy, cable intercourse with all nations, and While the Republican armies were thus their earneft wish to co-operate in hafa gaining fresh laurels, and extending the tening a final adjustment of the differ.
ences fubfifting between the United States 1795, that I had entered into a treaty and Great Britain, might have induced of peace with the Trelawney Maroons. them to wave their objections to the Two of the articles were very importtreaty; but when they contemplate the ant, namely the surrender of themselves conduct of Great Britain, in persevering, and arms, and their giving up all the fince the treaty was figned, in the im- runaway saves who had joined them in pressment of American seamen, and the rebellion. Notwithstanding the treaty, seizure of American veffels laden with I had not the smalleft confidence in their provifions, contrary to the clearest rights fincerity, and every preparation was of neutral nations; whether this be view. made to continue the war with unabated as the construction meant to be given ed vigour. to any article in the treaty, or as contra- Three weeks having elapsed without ry to, and an infraction of the true mean- any apparent intention, on the part of the ing and spirit thereof, the House can- Maroons, to fulfil the treaty, I ordered not but confider it as incumbent on the Hon. Major General Walpole to them to forbear, under such circumftan- move forward, on the 14th instant, with ces, taking, at present, any active mea. a strong column of regular troops. fures on the subject; therefore resolved, He had only advanced some yards that, under the circumstances aforesaid, when a message was delivered from the and with such information as the House Maroon Chiet, begging that no further possesses, it is not expedient, at this time, hoftile step should be taken. to concur in paffing the laws necessary
As we had experienced much duplifor carrying the said treaty into effect." city and evasion, it was judged expe
A desultory debate took place ; those dient to move slowly on, and the line of gentlemen who opposed the British trea- march was so arranged as to give the Ma. ty, wished the committee to rise, as they roons an opportunity of coming in with were not prepared, and as there would safety. This had the desired effect. The not be time to go into a discussion of the Maroons, to the number of five hundred, subject. Others, who were in favour of surrendered themselves, and were conthe treaty, wished the committee not to ducted within our posts. Including those rife, but that the discussion might be en- whom I had formerly secured, I have tered upon, or the question then taken. in my poffeffion near lix hundred. ThirThe committee at length rose, and had ty maroon men and one hundred women leave to fit again.
and children still remain out: Of this It is faid that every thing is in confu- number several men are severely wound. fion at New York; what will be the ed, and others fick, consequence of the violent opposition The Maroon rebellion; I think, is in Congress respecting the British treaty, awing to a close ; and a substantial time alone can discover. The vote re. proof of my assertion is, that public creferred to has occafioned the most violent dit, which was destroyed by this revolt, ferment in every part of America. The is now completely restored. The genemerchants are, in general, for confirm- ral opinion is, that property has acquired ing the treaty, and preserving peace, a degree of security which it never herewhile the great body of the people are tofore had in this isand. loud and vehement for war, and retalia- His Majesty's forces, regulars and mition on the English government. Besides litia, have fought the rebels in more than New York, mectings of merchants of twenty actions. They have been impclother commercial places have been held. led by one sentiment, that of crushing a
most daring, unprovoked, and ungrateful
rebellion, GAZETTE INTELLIGENCE.
Our success, though great, is not withHorse Guards, April 23.
out its alloy. The Maroon rebels, like Letters have been received by the Rt raise rebellion than to quell it. Run-away
to other rebels, have found it easier to Hon. Henry Dundas, from Major-Ge. Naves are fill in the woods, to the numneral the Earl of Balcarres, Lieute- ber of nearly one hundred and fifty, ill nant-Governor of Jamaica.
armed, and with very little ammunition. 15. Sir, i'vt" Castle Wemys, January 30. Their reduction may take some time, 1. I had the honour to inform you, by and create further expence and uneafimy difpatch of the zoth of December ness to the country; but they merit the VOL. LVII.
less confideration, as I am happy to give I beg leave to acquaint you, for their the most unqualified assurances of the Lordships information, that the Hon. excellent and peaceable difpofition of Capt. Carpenter, of his Majesty's fhip the negroe Naves throughout the island. Intrepid, being stationed to cruize off I have the honour to be, &c. old Cape Francois for the reinforcements
BALCARRES expected from Cork, fell in with a French Horse-Guards, April 23.
frigate, which, after ten hours chace Dispatches have this day been received (the latter part being very light airs of by the Right Hon. Henry Dundas, from wind), the first anchored, and afterMajor General Leigh, dated at Marti- wards, by their cutting her cables,
drove on shore in a cove a little to the nique, Jan. 27. and Barbadoes, March 10.1796: By the former of which it ap- abandoned her, and she was taken pof.
ealt ward of Porto Plata, when the crew pears, that, 'on the 20th of January, the feffion of and got off, without damage, enemy at St Vincent's made an attack on the British poft at Millar's Riige, which by Capt. Carpenter. they continued with great violer.ce from called La Percante, commanded by the
It appears by the log-book that the is were finally repulsed, with considerable Lieutenant de Vaisseau, mounting twen
, lofs, after twice attempting to carry the redoubt. At the commencement of the ty nine-pounders, and fix brals twoa&tion, Licut. Colonel Prevost, having
pounders. advanced with a view of surprising an Admiralty-Office, April 26. advanced picket of the enemy, was twice Extract of a letter from Sir Edward Pelwounded, but is not thought to be in
lew, Captain of his Majesty's ship Inany danger. The behaviour of this offi.
defatigable, to Mr Nepean, dated at cer, of Major M'Leod of the 59th, who
Falmouth, April 20. 1796. comnianded at Millar's Ridge, and of the other officers, is mentioned by Gen.
I have the pleasure to inform their Leigh in the strongest terms of com: Lordships, that on the 13th instant, at mendation. The total loss of the British four P. M. we fell in with, and gave geduring the action was two ferjeants and neral chace to a French frigate to wind22 rank and file killed, one Lieut. Colonel ward, the Revolutionnaire being far a. (Prevost), two serjeants, and 31 rank and stern, was tacked by fignal to cut the file, wounded.
chace from the shore; and I had the By the dispatch of the toth of March pleafure to fee her, juft before dark, in it appears, that Major Wright, of the a fituation to weather the enemy upon 25th regiinent, who commanded at Pi- a different board, which obliged her allot's Hill, in the iland of Grenada, was
fo to tack. obliged to abandon that position, and
The night setting in clourly, we lost fall back to the post of Sauteur, on the right of the chace before nine o'clock, night of the 29th of February. It is when Mhe bore up, but not unobserved Rated, that the want of water, of which by that zealous and attentive officer Captrie supply had been entirciy cut off by her at half past eleven; and not being
tain Cole, who pursued and cloftd with the enemy, rendered this retreat necel fary, and that it was effefied in good able to prevail upon her Commander to order, with the loss of only two privates
surrender without refiftance, he opened badly wounded. Previous to the retreat, which was faintly returned; and after
a clofe and well-directed fire upon her, Najor Wright had been frequently attacked by the enemy without fuccefs. a fecond broadfide" the enemy struck, Ilis lofs on these occafions was—35th La Unite, from L'Orient to Rochfort,
and proved to be the national frigate regt.--% rank and file killed; 2. ditto wounded. Black rangers-8 rank and mounting 38 guns, twelve and fix poun. filę killed ; 10 ditto wounded; 2 ditto ders, and manned with 255 men, eight misliing.
or nine of whom were fain, and eleven Admiralty-Office, April 23.
or twelve desperately wounded. La Re
i vclutionnaire happily had no man hurt; Extract of a letter from Rear Admiral and it appears she was manæuvred by
Parker, Commander in Chief at Ja- Captain Cole in the most officer-likę zaica, to Evan Nepean, Ela; dated manner, and the attack made with great Swiftfure, at the Mole, 29th of Fe- gallantry. bruary 1796.
La Revolutionnaire, at sea, But above all other pleafui.
April 13. 1796. that of informing their Lordship:
Edw. PELEEW. I opened a closs and well-directed fire upon him. After we had sustained the
Admiralty-Office, April 26. fire of his stern chaces fome time, and Copy of a letter from Commodore Sir upon firing the second broadside, he cal- Borlafe Warrren, K. B. to Evan Neled out that he had ftruck.
pean, Lfq; dated on board his MaI cannot sufficiently express my own jesty's ship La Pamone, at fca, the good fortune in not having lost an officer
8th of April. or man, which is to be attributed to the
I beg you will inform their Lordships, enemy's firing at the mafts and rigging. that, on the oth instant, Le Bec da Raz I am, &c.
FRA. COLE. bearing N. E. by E. several fail were Sir Edward Pellew, Bart.
feen bearing in the N. E. quarter; and, &c. &c. &c.
upon the signal for a general chace beLa Unite, Citizen Durand, Comman- ing made, it was soon perceived that
der. Killed g--Wounded 11. they were a small convoy standing beIndefatigable, Falmouth, April 23. As the weather appeared settled and fine,
tween the Saints and the Continent. Sir, I have moft fenfible pleasure in I considered that it was a proper oppora defiring you to inform my Lords Com; tunity to obtain a knowledge of the par-miflioners of the Admiralty of my arrival fage, and continued working through, at this port, accompanied by the French with the tide in our favour, after them; national frigate, La Virginie of 44 guns, but the wind falling when we were in eighteen arid nine pounders, and 340 the bay on the other side, I found it wasmen, commanded by Citizen Bergeret, impossible to cut off the brig, who eCaptaine de Vaisseau, who failed from scorted them, as she stood close in to Breft fingly four days ago, to cruize off wards Camaret Point, at the entrance the Lizard in this favourite frigate, which of the Goulet, going up to Brest, and ais considered the finest fip and fastest
mong the rocks. The boats of the fquasailor in the French navy, and of the dron however captured four vefsels, who largest dimensions, being 250 feet longe are all laden with corn and four. A. and 43 broad, The superior failing of the Indefatiga with the corvette, which I understand
floop belonging to the convoy got off ble gave me the satisfaction of coming was Le Voltigeur; of 16 guns. rap with her, after a chace of fifteen
J. B. WARREN. hours, and running one burdred and fixiy-eight miles. A little paft midnight - Extract of a letter from Sir J. B. Warren I commenced action with the enemy, to Evan Nepean, Efq; dated on board which was closely continued, under a his Majesty's Mip La Pomone, off the, crowded fail, for one hour and forty-five Saints, the 16th of April 1796. minutes. The enemy, who fought gal- I beg you will inform their Lordships, lanıly, was by this time much crippled, that on the Igth instant, at eleven P. M. ler mizen-mart and main top-mast being a fail being discovered in the N. E. quarThot away; the Indefatigable was not ter, I immediately gave chace, and at nwuch less disabled, having lost her gaff three A. M. I caine up with her in this and mizen top-maft, the main top-fail fhip: She proved to be La Robufte ship was rendered useless by an an unlucky corvette, mounting 22 guns and 145 Tot cutting both leech-ropes. At this men, just come from Breft, bound to period La Concorde appeared in fight, L'Orient. close under her ftern; and, upon the e- The fquadron under my command alDemy seeing her, he fired a gun to leer su captured a brig loaded with salt, from ward, and itruck her light as a signal of Croife, on the 13th inftant. surrender.