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Amelia's. In despite of exertions the me such drugs as I thought could not everting passed heavily away; the morn- be readily procured in thy neighbouring did not rise without cafting clouds hood. They lie, however, in a small on every countenance. The hour, the compass, even in this little box; yet almost instant, that was to separate the being compounds of peculiar strength, cottagers from their preserver; approach they will last thee, I judge, for at least ed.

a year to come, probably more : -if “ Friend," said the Doctor to his pa. they should not, thou knowest where to tient, as he heard the wheels of the address the prescriber for a fresh supcarriage advancing, “ since I saw thee ply. There, friend, take it, but do not last in the great city, I have prospered open it till thou shalt seem to wish for exceedingly. All those families to something of a cordial nature. It will whom thou tookeft me by the hand, then, I have no doubt, do thee good.” were, more for thy fake than mine, on He received their tearful embraces, my lif. Some merit, however, or in- and departed. You are impatient to finite good fortune I must needs have lift up the lid of the box. When it was had, since from a yearly gain of one opened by the merchant and his daughhundred, I have increased my income ter, they discovered two separate pieces to several thousands per annum ; and of paper ; the one a present from a a phyyet I do not take fees for one in fortyfician in London, the other from the of my prescriptions. My house is too stranger who had given him an account large for my family. Wilt thou come of this little family. once again into the busy world with this I muft not deny you the gratification mountain blossom, and occupy some of of knowing, that the father recovered, my apartments ? This as thou wilt. At and the child added to his blesings and present I must give thee a few words of her owo many years, in the smiling parting advice, and must rely on this course of which, the young lady's virdamsel w see that it is adopted. Thou tues attracted the affections of a very art so much thy former self, friend, that wealthy and worthy gentleman, whose I fear not a relapse ; but to fortify and power and inclinations not only enabled Atrengthen thee in my absence, I have the merchant to make restitution of the written and made ap a prescription which generosity received from the physician, I am convinced hits thy case exactly. but to make also the residue of that Hearing something of thy maladies from man's life, from whom he derived the the friend who conveyed to me thy A. best and loveliest of wives, as happy in melia's message, and forming a judg, prosperity as it had been respectable in ment soberly thereupon, I brought with misfortune.

TOPOGRAPHY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF SCOTLAND.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 336.
EAST LOTHIAN.

nished annually 100 at a guinea each. HUMBIE parish borders with Fala The farms are in general large, bringin Mid-Lothian. It is nearly 9 miles ing from 300l, to sool. of rent. There square, and contains 670 inhabitants. is a considerable wood here of oak and 'Towards Lammermuir the grounds are birch, which woodcocks and pheasants enmployed in sheep pafture. The soil frequent. The arable lands bring from of the parish is very various ; in some 125..CO 30s. per arce.

The real rent parts it is a thin clay, in others mofy; of the parish is about 2700l. Sterling. ocker districts are richer, and have been From various appearances, there is very coltivated with nore care, attention, probably coal in this parish, though none and judgment. This parish has of has been wrought. There is abundance Paté supplied the Edinburgh market with of iron stone, and other accompanying early lambs ; one farmer having fur

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materials. There is a chalybeate spring was a fortified building, but is now moin this parish, which was much resorted dernised. The fine woods and estento about 60 years ago. The vestiges of live pleasure ground, make this one a Roman camp are to be traced here, of the fineit country seats in Scotland. and several relics of Roman art have in anyut tie celebrated Bishop Burnet, been found.

who was sometime rector of this parish, ORMISTOUN parish. The country here bequeathed considerable fums for eduis in general fat; the village is pleasantly caring and cloathing 30 indigent childsituated, and from the hedge rows and ren, for purchasing a liberary of books inclosures around it, approaches nearer foi the minister, and other charitabie to an Englith village than perhaps any purposes which has been attended in Scotland. The extent is about 5 with very beneficial consquences. This miles long, and 31 broad, consisting parish is remarkable for the first introchiefly of a clay foil, which makes it duction of making pot.barley, and wearrather wet. The inhabitants are about ing of the cloth called Holland, about 864, between 500 and 600 of whom live the beginning of this century, by the in the village. The country here is patriotic Lady of Henry Fletcher of much beautifyed by the woods belong. Salton. She, for this end, travelled ing to Lord Hopetoun and Sir Andrew into Holland, with two expert meLauder. lo Lord Hopetoun's gar- chanics as her servants, got models of den at Ormiston-hall, there is a yew the machinery, and brought home all tree, whose trunk is ! ı feet in circum- the secrets of the manufa&ure. In adference, and 25 feet in length, and dition to this, about the year 1750, the growing in full vigour. About 2 miles British Linen Company established their South of the Church, the remains of first bleachfield here, under the patrona Danish camp are to be seen. The age of Lord Milton. Dunbar, author river Tyne runs through this parish ; of the “ Golden Terge," and the there is abundance of limestone in this “ Thistle and the Rose,” was born in quarter, and one coal mine of excellent this parish in 1405. He was in the quality a-working. This parish gave early part of life a friar, but his poems birth to the Cockburns of Ormistoun, having attracted the Royal attention, one of whom was Lord Justice Clerk; he became a favourite at court, and rehis fon John was one of the representa- linquished the profession of a monk. tives of his county in the union par. This parish too gave birth to that celeliament, and afterwards one of the Lords brated statesman Fletcher of Salton, of the Admiralty. He retired with much who was fome years the pupil of Bishop honour, about the year 1740, to his pa. Burnet ; also to his nephew, the paternal estate, and contributed to erect triotic Lord Milton, to whom Scotland the first Bleach field in Scotland. was so inuch indebted, during the ture

Salton parish, about 4 miles: S. bulent crisis 1745. Besides situation, W. from Haddington, lies adjoining to Salton has other singular advantages, a Ormistoun. It contains about 830 in. a dry and temperate climate, being off habitants. The foil is, upon the whole, the sea breeze, so chilling in the lower fertile, confisting of loam, or a rich part of this country, and plenty of coal clay, though in many places this yaries and lime, with abundance of freestone. to a sandy or thin clayey bottom, but in the pleasure grounds of Salton there it is all,' in general, well cultivated. is a mineral spring, resembling a good Salton-hall, the feat of Gen. Fletcher, deal the Bristol waters.--Adjoining to

Salton on the north, lies
The common way of distinguishing a
Danish or English camp from a Roman one

PENCAITLAND, being nearly 4 nailes is, that the former are round or oval, the latter in length and 3 in breadth, having a Squars,

branch of the Tyne running through it,

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runs

It contains about 1030 inhabitants, and half of the parish is moorish, the soil produces of real rene something more being a thin clay, but the rest is good than 3000l. Sterling. The soil is, in and terrile. There is freettone in the general, clayey and wet, and farming pariih, but no other minerai has hither. but indifferently performed; the high- to been discovered.-S. East from Moreit rent is 36s. per acre. Coal and lime ham, the parish of abound in this district. There is also GARVALD Itretches along the foot of abondance of free stone, and in many the Lammermoir hills for nearly 9 miles; places mineral springs, but which have the breadth is from 3 to 4, containing never been properly analyzed.--In go- about you inhabitants. Towards the ing eartward, we meet with

hills the ground is a thin gravel coverBOLTON parish, stretching near 6 ed with heather. The low grounds are miles, but whose breadth is only 1: lt either a light arable soil, or a deep and contains only about 235 inhabitants, fertile clayey bottom, yielding fine crops. and yields nearly 1400l. of rent yearly. It rents at from 1os. to 255. per acre. The gross number of acres may be 2303, There is great abundance of red sandof which 170 are plantation. The ground. Itone here, but no other mineral has is not naturally fertile, except on the been discovered. The face of the covobanks of the Tyne ; the greater part is try is very rugged and uneven in this clayey and late. There have been no quarter. ---Eastward from Garyald lius, minerals discovered here; some attempts WHITTINGRAM parish, which were made to find coal, but in vain. so into the Lammermuir huis. Its length Almost the whole of the parish is the is between 10 and 11 miles, and greatproperty of Lord 'Blantyre.-Next to est breadth from E. to W. about

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and Bolton, lies

contains 655 inhabitants. The moor Yaster parisn, being about 3 miles here is bleak and barren, but the low long and a broad, and containing near- ground is fertile and well cultivated, ly 800 fouls. The real rent of this pa- Traprane law rising in the middle of an rish amounts to about 2000l. per an extensive plain, commands a noble num.

The soil of this parith is, in ge- prospect. Near the foot of it' stands neral, poor and unproductive, and what Hailes Castle, noted for the residence is somewhat remarkable, the belt land of Mary and Bothwell. The remains lies at the foot of the Lamermuir hills, of a Danish camp are fhown here, and but is by no means a deep foil. There may be distinctly traced. . Free stone is a good deal of fine wood belonging is the only mineral met with. Whit, to the Marquis of Tweeddale in this tingham is the family seat of Hay of parish, and the water of Gifford, a branch Drummelzier. Adjoining is of the Tyne, runs through it. There STENTON parish, nearly 31 miles in is abundance of freestone in this parish, length, and 3 in breadth, independent a great part of which is of a deep red of a wing which stretches into the Lancolour. Dr John Witherspoon, Prefi- mermuir hills. It contains 624 perdent of the College of New Jersey, ard fons. The soil is, in general, good, Dr Charles Nilbet, President of the Col- part being clayey, and part light and lege of Carlisle, in Anerica, are both fandy, mostly all covering gravel or natives of this parish. Yester house, fand-stone, of which there is great the residence of the Tweeddale family, abundance here. The country is open is a handsome mansion.-A little to the and beautiful.-Going in a south-east north of Yester lies

direction, we find the parish of Mosham parish, the smallest, per SPOTT, extending into the Lammer. haps, both in point of extent and po- muir bills ; it is about 10 miles long pulation in Scotland. It contains about and 5 in breadth, containing about 620 140 acres, rented at about 8ool. Ster- inhabitants. The lower part of this paling, and 190 inbabitants. Nearly one

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extent.

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that much admired poem, was written eastward of the burgh, that Parliament by Mr Blair, minister of this parish, and was conveened July 7th 1548, during father to R. Blair, Esq; his Majesty's the siege of the town, which gave conSolicitor General for Scotland. It is sent to Queen Mary's marriage with the well known that the author of the Tra- Dauphin, and to her being educated at gedy of Douglas was several years pass the court of France. Every Friday tor here. Gilmerton, the property of there is at Haddington one of the bet Sir G. Kinloch, is the only seat of note corn-markets in Scotland. There bas in this parish.

been no coal discovered in this parith, HADDINGTON, the county town of though there is abundance of fandEast Lothian, lies 17. miles east of E- stone, and both lime and coal within dinburgh, and is the first ftage on the miles of Haddington. great post road from thence to London. GLAVSMU IR, about twelve miles from It is a neat well built town, situated Edinburgh on the eart road to London. on the river Tyne. The greatelt extent The ground here forms a fort of ridge, of the parish is nearly 6 miles both ways. gradually floping towards the Frith of It contains 12,000 acres of land, and a. Forth on the north, and the river Tyne bout 4000 inhabitants. The ground is on the south ; the summit of which, is very, muirish toward the western part, a stiff barren, clay, but becomes fertile though the whole parish is arable, ex as you descend on either side, pantigua cepting a few particular spots of little larly on the north. This parish comia

The greater part of this parish prehends about 6000 acres, one is well inclosed, and in a high state of of which only is in tillage. The reng cultivation. The real rent is about is about 4500l. sterling, and it contains, 8oool. Sterling ; the ground near the 1380 inhabitants. There is great og town sets from 59$. to 31. per acre. bundance of coal in this quarter, This The towo is very ancient; the parish parish gave birth to the noted George church is a venerable ftructure, and Heriot, founder of the hospital : deu appears to have been built in the 12th Dr William Robertson, the historian of or 13th century. It is only in the west Scotland, and Principal of the Univere end that worship is performed; all the sity of Edinburgh, was pastor of it, and rest is a ruin. In a corner of this struc- composed his History of Scotland while ture there is the burying place of the fa- here. mily of Maitland, who for many ages

TRANENT is about 8 miles from Epossessed Lethington, now the seat of dinburgh, also on the East London road; Lord Blantyre. In this aifle there are the length is about 6, and the breadth feveral marble ftatues of the Dukes of about 3 miles, containing nearly 2,496 Lauderdale, as large as life, lying ia io habitants. The whole of this

Parish beds of state. There are foveral agree- may be reckoned arable, though part is able seats in this parish ; the most re- still lying in a walte. Itacea The Josy markable is Amisfield, belonging to ground towards the sea lets at from the Earl of Wemyss :: In the gallery 40s. to 508. per acre, and the higher there are many fine paintings, by the ground, which is a clayey soil, at from first masters, particularly Vertumnus 155. 10 203. the whole producing about and Pomona, by. Kubens, valued at 5:$70l. per annum. There are three 800 guineas, "The beautiful estates of confiderable coalieries in this sparifh; Adderstone, Lethan, and Clerkington, the largest feam is 9 feet, and lies abort are all in the immediate vicioity at the 30 fathoms below the surface. :e Not town. The famous John Knox the Rer far from Tranent staod the ruins of Seformer was a native of this parish s ton-house, the once princely residence the house where he was born in Gif- of the Earls of Wintown. 3 d. 289 fordgate, is fill fhown. It was at (To be continueds)ba: 1031" the Abbey of Haddington, about a milę

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FROM

MINUTES OF AGRICULTURE.
SURVEY OF THE CENTRAL HIGHLANDS," BY MR MARSHALL,

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 329. MANAGEMENT OF ESTATES. to make room for a greater number of Under the feudal System. The ma- soldiers, and were thus frittered down nagement of estates, as landed property, to the atoms in which they are now could be but little attended to: the pos- found, and the country burdened with session itself depended too often on force a load of tenantry, which has hitherto of arms, rather than on legal right, and been considered as a bar, even under a it was more necessary to train the tenan- change of circumstances, to the profecutry to war than to rural improvements. tion of any rational plan of management.

On the large estates of the Chieftains, The larger estates are divided into an officer under the name of Chamber Officiaries, each consisting of an ancient lain, was at once minister, general, and barony, cr of an arbitrary modern dimanager of the estate.

vision, better suited to the present ciro Under these circumstances, and par- cumstances of the estate. licularly in the times of disturbance, On the banks of Loch Tay, these

the tenants might be said to be in full officiaries contain from one to three poffeffion of their respective holdings; square miles of valley lands each, with neither their chieftain nor his chamber- their proportion of hill, comprising lain dared to remove them, nor even from teo to twenty « towns” or farms; to check their evil practices ;-such as each farm, or petty town-ship, being cutring down timber and other wood; subdivided into farmlets; generally from pot only for building and implements, two to fix or eight in number; or in but for its bark, (it being recently the some few instances the farms remain enpractice for every man to tan leather for tire, or have been brought back to their his own consumption,) leaving the dif- original entirely. barked wood perhaps to rot in the place In each of officiaries resides a of its growth; circumstances in them. Ground Officer, generally a principal selves sufficient to account for the de- tenant, whose office is somewhat similar cay of forests, and the present naked- to that of the bailiff of an English 'maness of the country, in places remotenor, but more extensive and more usefrom the residences of chieftains ; where ful : he not only distributes orders or respect, if not fear, might check such notices, from the lord or factor to the baneful depredations.

tenants, but sees the services performed Nor, under these circumstances, could (from which he is himself exempt,) any plan of improvement be prosecuted, the roads kept in repair, the removal even during times of greater tranquillity, of tenants, the settling of disputes, the for the length of the day of peace was forwarding of dispatches, &c. uncertain ; and a good soldier, or a Also, in each officiary are Birley fool-hardy desperado, was of more va- men, sworn appraisers or valuers ; who lue than a good husbandman. Indeed are called in by the ground officer (at the works of agriculture in those war- the request of the manager) to, fetele Eke times, were neceffarily carried on disputes between the landlord and the in a great measure by the womeo : a tenants, or between tenant and tenant. circumstance which accounts for their These petty inquests are extremely present habits of labour and industry. convenient upon an extensive estate, and

And another neccffany consequence might be well introduced in their preef those extraordinary circumstances fent, or in an improved form) upon the was ftill more subversive of improve- larger estates of the island in general. pienis, and more lasting in its effects. The feveral officers being resident withThe farms were divided and subdivided in their respective officiaries, know the

Vol. LVIII.

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