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Amelia's. In despite of exertions the me fuch drugs as I thought could not evening passed heavily away; the morn- be readily procured in thy neighbouring did not rise without casting clouds hood. They lie, however, in a small on every countenance. The hour, the compass, even in this little box; yet almoft instant, that was to separate the being compounds of peculiar strength, cottagers from their preserver; approach. they will last thee, I judge, for at least ed.

a year to come, probably more :

-if “ Friend," said the Doctor to his pa- they should not, thou knowelt where to tient, as he heard the wheels of the address the prescriber for a fresh supcarriage advancing," since I saw thee ply. There, friend, take it, but do not last in the great city, I have prospered open it till thou shalt seem to wilh for exceedingly. All those families to something of a cordial nature.

It will whom thou tookeft me by the hand, then, I have no doubt, do thee good.” were, more for thy fake than mine, on He received their tearful embraces, my lift. Some merit, however, or in- and departed. You are impatient to finite good fortune I must needs have lift up the lid of the box. When it was had, since from a yearly gain of one opened by the merchant and his daughhundred, I have increased my income ter, they discovered two separate pieces to several thousands per annum; and of paper, the one a present from a phyyet I do not take fees for one in forty sician in London, the other from the of my prescriptions. My house is too stranger who had given him an account large for my family. Wilt thou come of this little family. once again into the busy world with this I muft not deny you the gratification mountain blossom, and occupy some of of knowing, that the father recovered, my apartments ? This as thou wilt. At and the child added to his blesings and present I must give thee a few words of her own many years, in the smiling parting advice, and must rely on this course of which, the young lady's virdamsel to see that it is adopted. Thou tues attracted the affections of a very art so much thy former felf, friend, that wealthy and worthy gentleman, whose I fear not a relapse; but to fortify and power and inclinations not only enabled Atrengthen thee in my absence, I have the merchant to make restitution of the written and made up a prescription which generosity received from the physician, I am convinced hits thy case exactly. but to make also the residue of that Hearing something of thy maladies from man's life, from whom he derived the the friend who conveyed to me thy A. best and loveliest of wives, as happy in melia's message, and forming a judg- prosperity as it had been respectable in ment foberly thereupon, I brought with misfortune.

TOPOGRAPHY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF SCOTLAND.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 336.
EAST .LOTHIAN.

nished annually 100 at a guinea each. Humble parish borders with Fala The farms are in general large, bringin Mid-Lothian. It is nearly 9 miles ing from 300l. to 500l. of rent. There square, and contains 670 inhabitants. is a confiderable wood here of oak and Towards Lammermuir the grounds are birch, which woodcocks and pheasants employed in sheep pasture. The foil frequent. The arable lands bring from of the parish is very various ; in some 125. CO 30s. per arce.

The real rent parts it is a thin clay, in others moly; of the parish is about 2700l. Sterling. orker districts are richer, and have been From various appearances, there is very cultivated with nore care, attention, probably coal in this parish, though none and judgment. This parish bas of has been wrought. There is abundance Paté supplied the Edinburgh market with of iron stone, and other accompanying early lambs; one farmer having fur

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materials. There is a chalybeate spring was a fortified building, but is now moin this parish, which was much resorted dernised. The fine woon's and estento about 60 years ago. The vestiges of five pleasure ground, make this one a Roman camp are to be traced here, of the finest country feats in Scotland. and several relics of Roman art have In 1991 the celebrated Bishop Burnet, been found.

who was sometime recior of this parish, Ormistoux parish. The country here bequeathed conliderable fums for eduis in general fat; the village is pleasantly cating and clothing 30 indigent childftuated, and from the hedge rows and ren, for purchasing a liberary of books inclosures around it, approaches nearer foj the minister, and other charitabie to an English village than perhaps any purposes which has been attended in Scotland. The extent is about 5 with very beneficial consquences. This miles long, and 31 broud, confisting parish is remarkable for the first introchiefly of a clay foil, which makes it duction of making pot.barley, and wearrather wet. The iphabitants are about ing of the cloth called Holland, about 864, between 500 and 600 of whom live the beginning of this century, by the in the village. The country here is patriotic Lady of Henry Fletcher of much beautifyed by the woods belong. Salton. She, for this end, travelled ing to Lord Hopetoun and Sir Andrew into Holland, with two expert meLauder. In Lord Hopetoun's gar- chanics as her fervants, got models of den at Ormiston-hall, there is a yew the machinery, and brought home all tree, whosë trunk is ! feet in circum- the secrets of the manufacture. In ada ference, and 25 feet in length, and dition to this, about the year 1750, the growing in full vigour. About 2 miles British Linen Company established their South of the Church, the remains of first bleachfield here, under the patrona Danish * camp are to be seen. The age of Lord Milton. Dunbar, author river Tyne runs through this parish ; of the " Golden Terge, and the there is abundance of limestone in this 6 Thistle and the Rose," was born in quarter, and one coal mine of excellent this parish in 1405. He was in the quality a-working. This parish gave early part of life a friar, but his poems birth to the Cockburns of Ormistoun, having attracted the Royal attention, one of whom was Lord Justice Clerk; he became a favourite at court, and rehis for John was one of the representa. linquished the profesfion of a monk. tives of his county in the union par. This parish too gave birth to that celeliament, and afterwards one of the Lords brated statesman Fletcher of Salton, of the Admiralty. He retired with much who was fome years the pupil of Bishop honour, about the year 1740, to his pa. Burnet; also to his nephew, the paternal estate, and contributed to erect triotic Lord Milton, to whom Scotland the first Bleach field in Scotland. was so inuch indebted, during the ture

Salton parish, about 4 miles: S. bulent crisis 1745. Besides situation, W. from Haddington, lies adjoining to Salton has other singular advantages, a Ormistoun. It contains about 830 in. a dry and temperate climate, being off habitants. The soil is, upon the whole, the sea breeze, so chilling in the lower fertile, consisting of loam, or a rich part of this country, and plenty of coal clay, though in many places this yaries and lime, with abundance of freestone. to a sandy or thin clayey bottom, but in the pleasure grounds of Salton there it is all,' in general, well cultivated. is a mineral spring, resembling a good Salton-hall, the feat of Gen. Fletcher, deal the Bristol waters.-Adjoining to

Salton on the north, lies * The common way of distinguishing a Danish or English camp from a Roman one

PENCAITLAND, being nearly 4 miles is, that the former are round or oval, the latter in length and 3 in breadth, having a Square.

branch of the Tyre running through it.

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It contains about 1030 inhabitants, ånd half of the parish is moorish, the soil
produces of real rent something more being a thin clay, but the reft is good
than 3000l. Sterling. The foil is, in and fertile. There is freettone in the
general, clayey and wet, and farming parish, but no other minerat has hither.
but indifferently performed ; the high- to been discovered. -S. East from Mor-
eit rent is 36s. per acre. Coal and lime ham, the parish of
abound in this district. There is also GARVALD Itretches along the foot of
abundance of free itone, and in many the Lammermoir hills for nearly 9 miles;
places mineral springs, but which have the breadth is from 3 to 4, containing
never been properly analyzed.--In go- about you inhabitants. Towards the
ing eastward, we meet with

hills the ground is a thin gravel coverBOLTON parish, stretching near 6 ed with heather. The low grounds are miles, but whose breadth is only 1: lt either a light arable soil, or a deep and contains only about 235 inhabitants, fertile clayey bottom, yielding fine crops. and yields nearly 1400l. of rent yearly. It rents at from 105. to 255. per acre. The gross number of acres may be 2303, There is great abundance of red sandof which 170 are plantation. The ground stone here, but no other mineral has is not naturally fertile, except on the been discovered. The face of the counbanks of the Týne ; the greater part is try is very rugged and uneven in this clayey and late. There have been no quarter.—Eastward from Garyald lics minerals discovered here; some attempts WHITTINGHAM parish, which runs alwere made to find coal, but in vain. so into the Lammermuir hils. Its lengida Almost the whole of the parish is the is between 10 and 11 miles, and greatproperty of Lord Blantyre. Next to est breadth from E. to W. about 4, and Bolton, lies

contains 655 inhabitants. The moor YESTER parisn, being about 3 miles here is bleak and barren, but the low long and 2 broad, and containing near- ground is fertile and well cultivated. ly 800 fouls. The real rent of this pa- Traprane law rising in the middle of an rish amounts to about 2000l. per an. extensive plain, commands a noble

The soil of this parish is, in ge- prospect. Near the foot of it stands neral, poor and unproduttive, and what Hailes Castle, noted for the residence is fomewhat remarkable, the best land of Mary and Bothwell. The remains lies at the foot of the Lamermuir hills, of a Danish camp are shown here, and but is by no means a deep foil. There may be distinctly traced. . Free stone is a good deal of fine wood belonging is the only mineral met with. Whitto the Marquis of Tweeddale in this tingham is the family seat of Hay of parilh, and the water of Gifford, a branch Drummelzier. Adjoining is of the Tyne, runs through it. There STENTON parish, nearly 31 miles in is abundance of freestone in this parish, length, and 3 in breadth, independent a great part of which is of a deep red of a wing which stretches into the Lancolour. `Dr John Witherspoon, Prefi- mermuir hills. It contains 624 perdent of the College of New Jersey, ar.d sons. The soil is, in general, good, Dr Charles Nisbet, President of the Col- part being clayey, and part light and lege of Carlisle, in America, are both fandy, mostly all covering gravel or natives of this parish. Yeller house, fand-stone, of which there is great the residence of the Tweeddale family, abundance here. The country is open is a handsome mansion.-A little to the and beautiful. Going in a south-east north of Yester lies

direction, we find the parish of Morham parish, the smallest, per- SPOTT, extending into the Lammerhaps, both in point of extent and po- muir hills ; it is about to miles long pulation in Scotland. It contains about and 5 in breadth, containing about 620 140 acres, rented at about 8ool. Ster- inhabitants. The lower part ling, and 190 inhabitants. Nearly one

num.

of this pa

rith “ law.”

rish is a rich loamy soil, and is well The castle, situated on the west side of cultivated. The country here is beau- the harbour, is a venerable ruin, but the tifully variegated with wood and water*, date of its building is uncertain ; it stands In the eastern extremity of the county within sea-mark, and before the use of lies

artillery, must have been impregnable. It OLDHAMSTOCKS, 6 miles east from was to it that the Earl of Bothwell fled, Dunbar, extending about 6 miles in leaving the unfortunate Mary in the length, and from 2 to 3 in breadth, hands of the associated Lords at Car. and containing about soo inhabitants. berry-hill. The famous defeat of the The

country here is broken and hilly; Scottish army, under General Lefly, on the coast the soil is pretty fertile, but by Cromwell, was at Daverhill, near barren in the higher parts. On the Dunbar. In this parish there is plenty coast there is a considerable fishing, as of Lime. Near the Harbour there is the ocean here furnishes, in general, a rock of martial jasper, which takes considerable quantities of haddocks, cod, an exceeding fine polish. Some beauherrings, and lobsters. The Castle of tiful pebbles have been occasionally Dunglass, where now stands a good found on the shore. The gentlemen's modern house erected for the residence seats in this parish are Broxmouth, beof Sir James Hall

, famous in Scot- longing to the Duke of Roxburgh; tish history, is in the parish.

Lochend, to Sir Peter Warrender; DUNBAR parish extends about nine Ninewar, to Mr Hamilton ; Belton, miles in length, along the coast, in to Mr Hay; and Winterfield to Mr breadth it is only two, and contains Anderson. 3700 inhabitants.

The soil is a rich PRESTON-KIRK lies about 5 miles light dry mould, perhaps the most from Haddington, on the London road fertile in Scotland, and, in general, it by Berwick. It extends about 7 miles is also the earliest. In this situation, from north to fouth, and 4 from east to and having the advantage of abundance west, and contains nearly 1200 inha. of sea-ware and lime for manure, the bitants †. The river Tyne runs thro' yearly rent is very high, the burgh acres the parish, and empties itself into the give about five guineas, and the farms sea, about 3 miles below the church. are rented at from 30s. to z guineas ; The country is finely variegated, and the rent of the whole parish is about the fields very fertile ; the prevalent foil L. 80cu Sterling. The country here being a rich clayey mouldt Smeaton, is finely adorned with gentlemen's seats, an elegant commodious modern house, and the town of Dunbar is one of the the property of G. Buchan Hepburn, pleasantest and neatest in Scotland. Esq; is the only one of note in this Situated on the German ocean, it has parish. long been a place of trade, particularly WHITEKIRK and TYNNINGHAM.

The herring and whale fish- These united parishes extend from S. ings have also been long a part of the to N. 6 miles, and from E. to W. occupation of the inhabitants. Dun. about 4; and contain about 1000 inhabar, at a very early period, was a place bitants. The country is on the whole of strength ; but there was no harbour for ships till Oliver Cromwell began the

+ This parish contains about 4990 acres, construction of the present one, which. L. 4700 Sterling.

the rent of which may be computed to be is mostly formed out of the solid rock.

| Mr John Walker of Beanston, in this There is the following entry in the re. parish, had the honour of setting the first cords of this parish : “ October 1705- example of fallowing ground, in this part

Many witches burnt on ihe top of Spott of the island.

for corn.

2

flat

flat here, and the soil a rich loam, on in Scotland which are frequented by a gravelly bottom. Whitekirk hill rises the Solan Goose. The Bass is also to a very moderate height, only afford- frequented by numberless other birds of ing an elevation for a beautiful and ex. various denominations. It is acceslible tenGive view. The most remarkable only on one side by a narrow passage, thing in this parish is the very extensive and there is a well of fresh water near and thriving woods of Tynningham, its top. It had been formerly inhabited, planted the beginning of this century by and during the reigns of Charles II. Thomas, the 6th Earl of Haddington. and James II>it was made a state priAlthough planted apon barren Links, son ; some ruins of houses are Itill to the very brink of the ocean mark, standing. Now the only inhabitants they have grown with uncommon vi- are a few sheep. gour. Tynningham house is beautifully DIRLETON lies

upon

the Frith of situated at the estuary of the river Tyne, Forth, and extends almost 6 miles and the gardens were amongst the ear- square. The lower ground upon the liest in the country in the modern coast, consisting of about 3000 acres, is style. Newbeith, the residence of Mr links ; but inland to the south, there are Baird, is also in this parish.

about 5000 acres extremely fertile. The North Berwick.. Situated near gross rent is about 6oool. Sterling; the the mouth of the Frith of Forth, it ex- number of inhabitants is about 1200. tends along the coast about 3 miles, The only feat in the parish is that of being in breadth from N. to S. nearly Mr Nisbet, the proprietor of about two2 miles, containing about 1300 inha- thirds of the whole. There is still the bitants. The whole parish, containing romantic ruin of an old castle standing nearly 4000 acres, is arable, being a on the east end of the village. rich loamy soil, with the exception of ABERLADY parish lies also on the the hill, and some linky ground; and shore, westward. The flat part is, in is well cultivated. The rent varies general, light and sandy, but farther infrom 16s, or 17s. per acre, to near 31. land, where the land rises, it is rich and The ruins of the castle of Tantallan fertile. The parish contains 800 souls ; stand about miles from North the village of Aberlady 386. The Berwick, it was

place of Earl of Wemyss is building a very ele. great strength. The beautiful conic gant house at Gosford in this parish. hill called North-Berwick Law, and The only other seat of any note is Balina which is seen at so great a distance, crieff the property of Lord Elibank. rises from a level plain to about 400 feet, ATHOLSTONFORD. This parish is and overlooks a very fertile country. nearly an oblong square, 4 miles long The famous sea-rock Bass lies about a and from 2 to 3 broad, containing am mile from the shore*. This rock, and bout 4000 acres. The foil is, in geAilsa and St Kilda, are the only places neral, a rich loam, and very productive,

though, as in other places of a similar * This part of the country is thus describe extent, there are partial exceptions, yet ed by Mr Hume, in the tragedy of Douglas : it has all been occasionally ploughed * “ A nimble courier

From the small Inform'd me, as he past, that the fierce Dane

of Garleton hills,

range Had on the eastern coast of Lothian landed,

which bound this parish on the south, Near to that place where the sea rock immense there is an extensive plain 4 miles broad, Amazing Bass, looks o’er a fertile land.”.

having a sinall and gradual inclination -“ If impairing time

to the sea, and containing a track of Has not effac'd the image of a place, Once perfect in my breast, there is a wild

country not inferior in beauty and ferWhich lies to westward of that mighty rock, tility to any in Scotland. “ The Grave," And seems by nature formed for the camp Of water wasted arinies, whose chief strength

* In this parish there are abount 950 in. Lies in firm foot, unflank'd with warlike habitants. borse."

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