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and drink, the common Neapolitans, they have occasion to address the goand indeed all Italians, are very tem- vernment. He prefents himself, on perate. They would rather forego the these occasions, to the Eletto del Popolo, conveniencies of life than earn them by a popular magistrate, or tribune of the labour. This appears to be natural. people, as far as such a one can exift In a hot country, what can vie with under an unlimited monarch. Some rest in the shade ? The repeated astonish- times he applies to the king in person. ment of travellers at the indolence of The claims of the Lazaroni are modethis people favours of a superficial, if rate. They have an internal sense of not of an ill-tempered obferver. That right and wrong, which the multitude the consequences of indolence may be feidom wants when left to itself. It corruption, may, perhaps, be true ; but would be dangerous to flight a just rethat the man, who, in order to procure presentation from this quarter, or to himself some artificial conveniencies of refuse their demands without affigning life, works several hours the longer, a reason. They love the present King, fhould be preferable to another who and would, I am affured, in case of fatisfies the most natural of all tastes, need, lend him the support of their the love of repose in the heat, is what arms : but he has no such pressure to I cannot discover. Whatever the Nea- fear. politan wants is thrown into his lap by Last year, before the king set off on the bounty of nature, almost without his journey to Germany, Nicolo Sabhis stirring a finger. Moderate in eat- bato, the present chief of the Lazaroni, ing and drinking, needing few clothes addressed him to this effect : He laand no fuel, he scarcely covets a house. mented that the King should be about to The number of Lazaroni (fans cullottes leave his people for a time, but saw no or blackguards,) who fleep in the open reason to object to a tour, which had air, and, in bad weather, under a por- for its end the amusement of a monarch, tico or a penthouse, is said to amount who willingly saw his people made glad. to forty thoufand. They do not will. “ We are," faid he, " thirty thousand ingly undertake any work while they of us, who meanwhile will watch over have a halfpenny Jeft. For tomorrow the tranquillity of the land. You have they take no thought. The same mild certainly nothing to apprehend: but, iky, which here fertilizes the lap of the should any one have the raihness to beever-teeming and ever-fuckling earth, tray rebellious deligns, we have swora bestows also a chearful spirit. A light to tear him into as many pieces as weblood flows in their veins, and they are person's, and we will each smoke a know no care. Propose to such men a mammock of him in our pipes." Dujobb, when they are not pressed by want, ring the King's abfence, this Nicolo they whisk the back of the hand across Sabbato used to call on the Princes and the chin, and throw back the head in Princesses, in order, as he said, to have sign of rejection, too lazy even to speak. 'news of the King's welfare to carry to If any thing stimulates them, (I do not his people. He also frequently called mean their passions, which, like straw. upon the prime minister Afton. Once fires, blaze up and extinguish, but some he went to him in a great ferment, and feebler motive,) no men are more lo- required an audience": I have seen," quacious or gesticulative. These peo- faid he, “ a man' clad as a pilgrim in ple have wives and children. There the market-place, who distributes French is a man among them, of considerable hand-bills, which I and my fellows do' influence, whom they call Capo degli not understand ; and who offers a stone Lazaroni, chief of the Lazaroni. He to be kiffed, which is a remnant of the goes barefoof, and in tatters like the Bastile. No doubt he means to excite others. He is their spokesman, when infurrection, We were about tosling


him into the sea ; but I chose to hear received law of nations, his life was your opinion first: it will be right, won't forfeited : but the government was conit, to fling him into the sea?”—The tented to banished him to the island of minister had some difficulty in convinc- Maritima, off the western coast of Sicily. ing him that examinations would first be To the present fovereign the Lazanecessary. He persisted in the propriety roni are much attached. A troop of of hurling the iosurgent into the sea. many thousands, who have nothing to When the minister said, that he would lose, may be very formidable ; may fend soldiers to conduct the man to keep a tyrannic prince in wholesome prison, Sabbato answered, “ That I awe. A despotic constitution needs take upon myself,” and, in fact, the such an antidote to counterpoise the foreigner was led to gaol by Lazaroni. danger of its blind force, by a force The hand-bills were full of incendiary equally blind : but a free constitution matter ; and the distributor of them was requires order; for freedom can be one of those missionaries whom the over: found in order only. In a nation truly weening zeal of the French clubs sent free, there are no attroopents of houseless out to enlighten, to ameliorate, to bless Lazaroni, as at Naples; nor of Megathe nations : he had assumed the dif- ra-like fishwomen, as at Paris. guise of a pilgrim. According to the From Count Stolberg's Travels.

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PRESENT STATE OF THE FINE ARTS. IT was long the fate of this country The Poets Gallery, in Fleet-street, to admire the Arts rather than to culti. which has been a short time closed for vate them. At an enormous expence the arrangement of the paintings, &c. we imported the productions of foreign &c. was about the middle of last month Sculptors, foreigo Painters, and foreign again opened for the inspection of the

Engravers, without seeming to consider Subscribers and the Public, with the adthat the only way to encou


the Arts dition of six new and very capital picin this country, was to raise an English tures by Loutherbourg, Opie, and Northschool for their advancement. This has cote. Of the spirit which the proprieat length been done, and a few fpirited tor has exerted in the prosecution of this individuals have projected, and in these great and arduous undertaking, and of times of difficulty and danger they have the talents which the Artists who have perfected, fuch plans, as in other coun- painted the pictures have displayed in tries, and more peaceable periods, were their different productions, much might deemed too mighty for the grasp of be said ; but as the whole collection is Princes.

open to the Public, and arranged in such As first in time, and in the object of a stile as renders it the most picturesque its establishment, the scenes of the great- exhibition we ever saw, the Public will est poet

of any age, delineated by the judge for themselves. It completely rebest painters of this, The Shakespeare futes the absurd and nonsensical cant of Gallery claims the first notice. those visionary writers who have dogma

This grand and national tribute to tically pronounced the air of this counthe memory of our great Bard, has try unpropitious to the cultivation of the brought into practice and into notice Fine Arts. Neither the air nor the foil much merít, which without it might have are unfit for ripening the seeds of Gelain dormant, and been unknown to the nins, which are scattered, abundäntly world, and perhaps to the Artist him- scattered, in every province of Great self. Great occasions call forth great ta- Britain ; but uusil very lately they fel lents, and the very name of Shakespeare dom experienced the fostering dew of enkindles the spark of enthusiasm in the couragement; the want of that, and that bosom of a Briton.


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only, bas bitherto retarded their growth. figned by that great artist, and which, But now

to collectors and admirers of his works,

must prove highly interesting, was pubFrom climes where Slav'ry's iron chain Has bound to earth the foaring mind;

lished last month. It is entitled Eno Where Genius mourns her blaited plain, thusiasm Delineated, and displays the

To want and indolence resign'd; powers of Hogarth in a new point of From fair Italia's once lov'd thore, view. (The land of Freedom now no more) The history of the original print is Disdainful of each former seat,

rather curious.

While the original enThe Arts, a lovely train, retreat ; Still profpering under Freedom's eye,

graving was in this early state, there With her they bloom, with her they fly; were only two impressions taken from And when that powertransferr'd her imile the plate. Under one of them is the To Albion's ever-grateful ifle,

following inscriprion, in the hand-writThe lovely Fugitives forgot to roam, ing of the artist : “ The intention of But rais'd their altars here, and fix’d their this Print is to give a lioeal representalafting home.

tion of the strange effects of literal and From the pictures in these two great low conceptions of Sacred Beings, as alNational Repositories of Genius, many so of the idolatrous tendency of Picof our first artists have engraved prints tures in churches, Prints in religious that do great honour both to themselves books, &c. Humbly dedicated to his and their country. As they are before Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Public, it is not necessary to enu by William Hogarth,” merate them. To shew our superiority It is probable, that some friend, to in this branch of the Arts, it is only whom the Artist shewed this produce necessary to compare the productions tion, fuggested to him, that the object of England with those of any other of his fatire might be mistaken, and it country.

· would be supposed he was ridiculing the The print of The Death of Major realities, instead of the absurd reprePeirfon which has been so long delay- fentations delineated by ancient painted, is now published, and comes in the ers ; his own mind might change ; or very first class; which indeed it ought, he might act from reasons which canfor the whole, including the picture, &c. not now be developed. Be that as it has cost the proprietors five thousand may, he entirely changed the print, epounds! an expence unparalleled in the rased, or effentially altered, every figure history of engraving.

except two, and on the same piece of Mr Browne has finished, and Messrs copper engraved the plate of The MedBoydell have published, the largelt land- ley, now in the possesion of Messrs Boyscape ever engraved in this kingdom, dell

. One of the original prints bas from a capital picture by Booth. been left at the Shakespeare Gallery,

Two of the prints engraving by Ear. (that those who chuse it may compare lom, from Hogarth's inimitable series it in the first and second state) by Mr of The Marriage à-la Mode, are near. John Ireland, who had it from Mrs ly ready for delivery; and a copy of a Lewis, the executrix to Hogarth's wiprint, perhaps the most singular ever de- dow. LETTERS which passed between CHARLES Waller, Chaplain to OLIVER Cromwill, and FRANCES, one of the Protector's favourite Daughters.

who has once confessed his error, acFrom Charles Waller to Frances. Crom- quires boldness from it; or that despe

ration gives a courage unknown to naod UMANAM, Ul!!

ture, I know not ; but although I have WHETHER it be, that a man, offended you beyond the posibility of



rs to v well.

forgiveness, I cannot help aggravating ed to get over it by entering into our your displeasure by another mark of my usual chat; but I could not make so sashness and folly.

fudden a transition from apprehension Your filence has plunged me into a to tranquillity, and he left me in the ftate of torture, not to be conceived but most agonizing doubt. by a demon. I am confident my

letter I had almost prevailed upon myself came to your hands ; for I am convin-, to have sufficient fortitude to speak to ced of the faithfulness of the person you yesterday in the great chamber, who delivered it: yet suspense rends when we were for a moment left alone my heart ten thousand different ways ; by our attendants ; but my voice died and I am really lost with fear, misery, away upon my tongue. You witnessed and terror.

my distress, and saw my sufferings ; 1. Sometimes I suppose that, upon re- learn to pity and forgive them. ceiving my billet, you instantly unfold I do not hope for any thing but pied its contents to your father, who, ty; justice I know must condemn me ; frocked at such an instance of ingrati- yet recollect, that though justice may Tude, helitates in what manner he shall shine in all the fevere pomp of majesty, punish me in proportion to my offence;' that mercy, in whatever garb' it may and yet I wonder the effects of his be beheld, never fails to captivate the wrath have not overtaken me. At o- good. O! tortare me not thus : inther times, I conceive my punishment deed, indeed, were I to attempt to is delayed merely to make it the more paint my fufferings, you would think iremendous. When called to do the me guilty of exaggeration. A certainduries of my function before the Pro- 'ty of evil is a trifle, compared to the tector, I scarcely know what I do. horrors of doubt. Deign to write me Now I acquire greater courage, and but one line to express your disapproventure to scrutinize his looks, and bation of my conduct, and say that you Watch every motion of his eye with the do not despise me, and I will defcend moft painful folicitude ; but this I too to the cold manfion of peace, while my well know is vain. His looks never dying breath shall murmur a bleffing on betray the secret of his heart ; and his your name. I can endure your recouncils can be compared to nothing proaches, let them be ever so keen but the stillness before a storm, and his but do not hold me in contempt :-the execution to the instantaneous effects of first will, indeed, confirm my wretcha thunder-bolt, always happening when ednefs ; but the latter will rouse me to lealt expected.

madness. When alone in my rooms, I am a Let not my memory' be ever hateful prey to the most dismal apprehension, to you if I say I should not have betrayever expecting I know not what.--Now ed myself, had I not conceived I was 1 imagine the angry Protector entering not indifferent to you. my apartment, and sealing my misery. My intellects are certainly impaired. by some terrible vengeance, and tremble. Heaven knows what I may ejaculate.' when I hear a fooistep croffing the gal-, -O! for the sake of mercy, put an liry. This very morning, as I was end to my fufpense; left I should betrayu walking with my eyes fixed upon the both you and myself.--Save-mé andus ground, your father called me unex- yourself from such a terrible discoveryoks pectedly-Had the earth yawned be- ) may rave ; for my brain is on firear. fore my feet, -I could not have shewn: -I do not hopes all I ask for is cera greater furprise and dismay. Scarcely tainty.

is 10 Ti could I muster up resolution to answer What shall I say? In what language: him in the tremulous tone I did. He shall I implore you to satisfy me? Alas! took notice of my confusion. I attempt I am compelled 100 ufe repetitions

you for it.


ty, to ask

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Writewrite but one word, and I have said to a return of affection. I may the Father of all charity reward would wish, however, to relieve you,

and therefore I cannot finish this token

of my imprudence without adding some From Frances Cromwell to Charles Wal- efforts to advise you ; yet how Thall I ler.

attempt it, when you have declared, that YOU have alarmed me beyond mea- you have struggled, and in vain--that sure by your last letter : indeed the agi- you have combated with your uohappy tation into which it threw me was so disorder, and have at laft tranquilly regreat, that I have not yet recovered it; figned yourself to fate? How can a nor do I perfectly know what I am now weak female hope to say any thing to writing, such is the hurry of my spirits. move you to another effort, when your I am conscious 1 ought not to have an- fuperior understanding has fo often efswered either of your letters ; but I fayed it without success ? And yet I choose to do so for two reasons : first, have often heard my father fay, that the because I think it a question of humani- mind is sometimes persuaded by ano


from what action of mine, ther's reasoning, although it advances you first thought I could return your no argument, but what has been already paffion ; for this you seem to hint at thought of and rejected, Nevertheless And I entreat you to answer me can. I hope not to convince, I only with to didly : doing so, you may, per- actuate your conduct by my most ear: haps, not only clear up a mystery to me nest prayer. Rouse, fir, from the fatal at present ; but also, when you find it lethargy which has so benumbed your was a trifle from which no possible in- better reason, nor think to find an esa ference could be drawn, except by a cuse by railing at destiny ; for I have person who wished to be deceived, you frequently heard you tell me, that no may be enabled the better to combat such thing existed; and that we our. with

your love, lince you find that it felves are the deifyers of a principle that was never returned. Write me, then, hath no existence but in the minds of the circumstance that hath caused such the weak and idle. You owe this ata misfortune to you, and which has tempt to God, honour and morality, to been the source of such terror to me. I yourfelf, and to me. cannot help requesting you to gratify my

LETTER IV. curiosity thus far; although I am well From Charles Waller to Frances Cromacquainted with the dangers of such a well. correspondence. My second motive is I AM ignorant in what terms to ex

this, your saying you were just going to press my gratitude for your kindness, in lo

speak to me in the great chamber. My taking notice of my request. Your letGod! how could such an idea enter in- ter brought me so much consolation, to your imagination ? Sure some mali- that I have now calmness enough to cious demon must have inspired you to appear with some degree of composure do an action, likely to be attended with in doing my duty; yet have you impoffuch tremendous consequences to us ed a talk upon me that I would willingboth! You say you love me :-have, ly have avoided. Indeed I hoped to then, at least, the difcretion and chari- carry the secret, you demand, buried ty not to utterly destroy me.


bosom, till I had been in no conI have not had a moment's relaxa- dition to have uttered it :--but -as you tion from fear, fince I perused your have made the request, I cannot, with. letter: det nat desperation carry you so out ingratitude, withhold a relation, far as to make such another resolution ; which may possibly make you despise and calm the transports of your madness. me; but should any part of it

Be cantious not to impute any thing“ vain and presumptuous, have the canMotion Vol. LVIII.



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