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reprelling fedition and civil tumult, and for time. Under the pressure of the new and restraising the progress of principles subver- unprecedented difficulties arising from such a five of all established Government.
contest you have shewn yourselves worthy of “ The difficulties arising to my subjects all the bleflings that you inherit. By your from the high price of corn, have formed a countels and conduct, the Constitution has principal object of your deliberation; and been preserved inviolate against the designs your afliduity in investigating that subject of foreign and domestic enemies ; the honour has itrongly proved your anxious desire to of the British name has been asserted; the omit nothing which could tend to the relief rank and station which we have hitherto of my people, in a matter of such general con- held in Europe has been maintained ; and
I have the greatest satisfaction in ob- the decided superiority of our Naval Power serving, that the pressure of those difficulties has been established in every quarter of the is in a great degree renioved.
“ You have omitted no opportunity to * Gentlemen of tbe House of Commons , " I must, in a more particular manner, prove your juft anxiety for the re eftablishreturn you my thanks for the liberal fupplies able terms: but you have, at the same time,
ment of General Peace on fecure and honour. which you have granted, to meet the exi- rendered it manifest to the world, that, while gencies of the War. While I regret the extent of those demands which the present cir. compatible with that object, neither the re
our enemies shall persist in dispositions ivic cumstances neceffarily occasion, it is a great sources nor spirit of inglishmen will be confolation to me to observe the increaling Jefources toy which the Country is enabled wanting to the support of a just cause, and to support them.
to the defence of all their dearest interests. These resources are particularly manifested in the state of the several
“ A due sense of this conduct is deeply im. branches of the Revenue, in the continued pressed on my heart. I trust that all niy and progreslive extension of our Navigation subjects are animated with the fame fentie and Commerce, in the fteps which have ments, and that their loyalty and publie Ipirit been taken for maintaining and iniproving mutual confidence between me and my Par.
will ensure the continuance of that union and the Public Credit, and in the additional pro- liament, which best promote the true dignity vision which lias been made for the reduction and glory of my Crown, and the genuine of the National Debt.
happiness of my people.” “ My Lords and Gentlemen,
Then the Lord Chancellor, by his Ma. " I shall ever reflect with heart-felt fatis- jesty's command laid-faction on the uniform wisdom, temper, and My Lords and Gentlemen, firminess, which have appeared in all your “ It is his Majesty's royal will and plea. proceedings since I first met you in this place. sure, that this Parliament be prorogued to Carird to deliberate on the public affairs of Tuesday, the sth day of July next, to be then your Country in a period of domestic and here holden ; and this Parliament is accorfreign tranquillity, you had the happiness dingly prorogued to Tucsday, the 5th day of of contributing to raise this Kingdom to a July then next." state of unexampled prosperity --You were
The Speaker addresTo-d his Majesty in a suddenly compelled to relinquish the full advantages of this situation, in order to resist concise speech, in which he took a retrospect the unprovoked aggression of an enemy, whose
of the Sefion : paid a compliment to the hoftility was directed against all civil society, loyalty of the late Prliament, and bestowed but mere particulary against the happy union
a panegyric on the mildness of his Majesty's of Order and Liberty established in these reign, and then retired. kingdoms. The nature of the system intro- Two proclamations were issued, one duied into France afforded to that country, diffolving the Parliament—the other for in the midst of its calamities, the means of the election of the fixteen Peers for Scotexertion beyond the experience of any former land.
fident, You will find subjoined the artiOn the 20th ult. a suspension of hofti- cles of the fuspension of arms that I have lities was agreed upon between Buona- agreed to with the Duke of Parma. I parte ard the Duke of Parma, as appears will send you, as soon as poslible, the Gom the following letter: “ Citizen Pre- finest pictures of Corregio; among o
thers, one of St Jerome, that they say is body of 6000 men and 2000 horse to his master-piece. I hope you will give meet us, to oppose our debarkation, and this faint a place in the museum. I again to attack us before we should be formed. requelt you to send some intelligent ar. He deceived himself in kis calculations, tists, who will take upon them the choof- At noon, apprised that a division of the ing and conveying the rare things that enemy was near us, we marched; the we may think it our duty to send to enemy had 20 pieces of cannon, and Paris.
BUONAPARTE.” were entrenched in the village of Fom. Since then the following events have bio. Gen. Dallemague, with the grenataken place : Beaulieu again attempted diers, made the attack on the right; the to try the fate of a battle ; he has been, adjutant-general Lanus on the road ; the however, completely beaten at Lodi on chief of brigade Lasne on the left. After the 9th of May, and driven from that a smart cannonade and a vigorous refiftplace; he puffed the Adda, and entrench- ance, the enemy began to think of reed himself with 10,000 horse and foot. treating; we pursued them to l'Alcida ; Buonaparte in person marched through they lost a part of their baggage, 300 a Mower of grape shot, and at the head horie, and 500 killed or prisoners, a. of 4000 grenadiers attacked and carried mong whom are many officers. During the bridge at the point of the bayonet. the night, another body of Austrians of Buonaparte's corps killed and took 3000 5000 men, who were at Cafal, departed Austrians; he also took 20 pieces of can- at four, to go and assist those at Fom. non, and 400 horfes. Night faved the bio, arrived at Codogno the head-quarremains of the Austrian army.
ters of Gen. Laharpe, which place they 18.The directory received the following reached at midnight; they sent forth letter from Buonaparte.-" I announced some men, who put our centinels to to you, citizens directors, in my last let- flight. Gen. Laharpe mounted his horse ter, the retreat of the Austrian army, to know exactly what was the matter. which repassed the Po at Valence. It He made a half brigade advance; the efortified itself along the Loggona, from nemy were put to the route and disapTerdoppio and Tefin, on purpose to de- peared; but by an irreparable misfor. fend the entrance of the Milanese. After tune for the army, Gen. Laharpe, struck different marches and movements, to by a ball, fell instantly dead. Gen- Bermake him think I wished to pass at Va- thier went instantly to Codogno; he pute lence, I went by a forced march to Caf- sued the enemy and took Catal, and a tel Sť Gioamei with 3009 thousand gre- great quantity of baggage.” nadiers and 1500 horse. At is o'clock May 24. Buonaparte writes to the di. at night the chief the battalion of artil- rectory, that after the combat of Fomlery, Andreoffy, and the adjutant-gener- bio, we pursued the enemy as far as al Frontine, marched with 100 cavalry Pizzighitune, but were unable to cross along the banks of the Po to Placenza, the Adda.. After the battle of Lodi, and stopped five boats laden with rice, Beaulieu retired upon Pizzighitone, and officers, 500 fick, and all the medicines on the 22d Floreal, fell back to Cremoof the army. At nine in the morning we The former place we invested, and arrived on the Po, opposite Placenza. after a smart cannonade, they opened On the opposite fide there were two their gates; we made 300 prisoners, and fquadrons of nuffarting who appeared de. took five pieces of brass cannon. Our termined to dispute the paffage. We cavalry is fent in pursuit of the enemy. leaped into the boats, failed across, and The city of Cremona has opened its after some charges of musquetry, the gates, and all Lombardy now belongs to enemy's cavalry retired. The chief of the republic. brigade, Lafue, was the first who put 25. Letters of this date state, that the foot on earth. The divisions of the ar- city of Bologna, belonging to the Pope, my, who were all at different distances, the largest, after Rome, in the Ecclequickened their march the moment they fiaftical States, is in the poffeffion of the saw this movement take place, and passed French. The French advanced posts peat the same time. Beaulieu, informed netrated as far as Urbino, to which place of our march, was convinced, too late, the Pope has sent deputies to make reof the inutility of his fortifications at monstrances again't these hostile proceedTesin, and his redoubts at Pavia, that ings in his dominions, and to declare his the French republicans were not fo fil- pacific sentiments. The French General ly as Francis the first. He ordered a
Massena has laid siege to the citadel of timents, and to resume hostilities, in or.
der to put a period to an unfortunate Conditions of the suspenfion of arms con- war, which so much hurts his feelings.
cluded between the French army and In consequence hereof, I have the hothe Duke of Parma a
nour to acquaint you, that pursuant to Art. I. There fhall be a suspension of the ftipulated conditions of the armisarms between the army of the French tict, the officer who delivers this letter republic and the Duke of Parma, till a is ordered to remain with you until the peace can be concluded between the two expiration of the term of ten days, to be ftaies. The Duke of Parma mall send computed from his arrival at your adplenipotentiaries to Paris, to the execu- vanced pofts; and that the suipenfion of tive directory:
arms is to cease the moment when that II. The Duke of Parma shall pay à mi- term is to elapse. You will be so good litary contribution of two millions of as to certify the arrival of the said offilivres of French money ; to be paid either cer, and the receipt of this notification. in bills of exchange on Genoa, or in I have the honour to be, &c. &c. ready money. Five hundred thousand May 21, 1796. “ BARON DE KRAY." livres shall be paid in five days, and the The French papers announcethat three remainder in the following decade. actions have taken place on the Rhine.
III. Twelve hundred draught horses, The tirft action appears to have happenharnaffed, with their collars, shall be ed on the 31st of May, in the Hurdsruck, fent; also 400 for dragoons, harnessed, between the army of the Sambre and and 100 saddle horses for superior of. Meusi, commanded by Gen. Jourdan, ficers.
and the Austrians. This in the French IV. There shall also be sent 20 pictures, accounts is more fightly íroken of than to be chosen by the commander in chief, the others. Jourdan took the first opfrom among those now in the duchy. portunity of attacking the enemy's ar
V. Ten thousand quintals of wheat, my, and according to the official report, and 5000 of oats, shall be sent to the the Austrians were driven from positions magazines of the army at Tortone, with- which they in vain attempted to recover in 15 days; and at the same time there the following day. The next is menshall also be sent 2000 bullocks for the tioned as the more brilliant. This was service of the army.
the victory obtained by Gen. Kleber on VI. Provided the above contributions the ist of June. are made, the dominions of the Duke Another engagement happened on the of Parma shall be treated like neutral 4th of June, at Altenkirchen, between ftates, till the conclusion of the negotia- the forces under Gen. Kleber and the tions about to be entered into at Paris. Austrian army, which he had defeated BUONAPARTE.
on the ift. This is briefly described as ANTONIO PALLAVICINI. a victory, no less decisive than the for
Filipo DALLA Rosa. mer. When these accounts came away, Head-quarters, Placenza, ad Floreal. the official details had not been publish
June 6. Intelligence have been receiv- ed at Paris ; but it was stated, on the ed at Paris, of an insurrection having authority of private letters, that General broke out in Lombardy against the Kleber had attacked an entrenched camp French, particularly at Pavia, Milan, and of the Austrians, and completely routed Placentia.
them, making 3000 prisoners, and taking
12 pieces of cannon. May 21. The following letter was de
PARIS. Jivered to the Commander in Chief of June 10. At this city there is some the advanced pofts of the French army. ferment, but not of sufficient consequence “ GENERAL,
to alarm the government. The direc“ His royal Highness, Archduke Char. tory, supported by the legiNature, and Jes, General in Chief of the Imperial ar- popular, from the energies displayed by my, as well as of that of the Empire on its members, and the brilliant victories the Lower Rhine, has acquainted me, gained by the armies, is acquiring strength that notwithstanding his Imperial Ma- daily. The Louis has fallen, and the jesty's most ardent desire to relieve suf- mandats have risen in value, in confefering humanity from the evils attendant quence of the victories on the Rhine and on another campaign, the untractable in Italy. All the Swiss cantons have redifpofition of the French Directory forces cognized the French republie. his Majesty to suppress his peaceful ien.
LONDON GAZETTES. 12th inttant, I discovered a frigate and a
brig standing in to the feet, making the Extract of a letter from Major-General private figual to speak with -me; they --Earl of Balcarres, to the Duke of Port- proved to be his Majesty's ship Pegasus land, dated Jaimaica, March 26. and Sylph loop, whom I had ordered
I Have the fatisfaction to inform your to cruize off the Naze of Norwxy. Capt. Grace of the termination of the Maroon Donnelly came on board, and informed
me, that in consequence of the informaThirty-fix Trelawny Maroons, and all tion he had received on the 8th instant, the runaway negroes who had joined of the Dutch frigate Argo and three them in rebellion, surrendered their arms national brigs having left Frickeroe on the 17th and 21st of March.
the day before I immediately dispatched The Marrons to windward, who had Capt. Halfted in the Phenix, together Mero a most refractory and disobedient with the Leopard, Pegasus, and Sylph, fpirit fince the commencement of the to proceed to the northward of the rebellion, have made their submission, Texel, and spread the rest of the fqua. and on their knees, in the presence of dron. All the ships had just made fail commissioners, have sworn allegiance to about five o'clock, when the signal was bis Majesty, I shall, by the packet, in- made for seeing the Dutch frigate and close the commision, and the return up- brigs; made the signal for a general chace,
it then blowing strong at W.N. W. with The most perfect internal tranquillity very hazy weather. At a little before is restored to the island: The Naves on nine o'clock the Phænix got up with every plantation are obedient, contented, the Dutch frigate Argo, mounting 36 and happy.
guns, and manned with 237 men, and, Our operations against the rebels have after a smart action of about half an been carried on with unremitting vigour. hour (during which time she made every In following the enemy into their new effort to get off), the struck to the Phæreceffes, the troops have undergone nix's superior fire; for the particulars of fatigue hardly to be credited; the last which, muft beg to refer their Lordships to column which moved again it them were Capt. Halfted's letter herewith inclosed, five days without one drop of water, who, I have the pleasure to say, has on except what they found in the wild pines. this, and every other occafion, whilft
The rebels, worn out with fatigue, under my command, shewn himself to continually harrassed and disturbed in be a most active, zealous and excellent every new settlement, have been con- officer. quered in a country where no European We continued in chace of the brigs, had ever thought of penetrating. leaving the Powerful to affift Capt. Hala
The very fortunate close of this war is fted in shifting the prisoners, &c. At to be ascribed to the activity and good ten o'clock we saw the Leander and Pes couduct of Major-Gen. Walpole, and I gafus near two of the brigs (which I most humbly recommend him to his have fince found to be the Echo of 18 Majesty's favour.
BALCARRES. guns, and the De Gier of 14 guns), but In the same Gazette Capt. Cayley, of it was so hazy, and blowing so hard, we his Majesty's ihip Invincible writes, that foon loft sight of them; however, by the on the in instant April he captured the inclosed letter I received from Capt. Alexander French privateer of 10 guns Donnelly, their Lordships will be inand 66 men, out ten days, which had formed they were both run on shore near captured the Signior Montcalm, from Basch, about ten leagues to the eastward Lisbon, bound to the Brazils, which ship of the Texel. was also recaptured.
The Leander I find, stood as near the Extract of a letter from Adam Duncan, shore as she could with safety, and saw
Esq; Admiral of the Blue, and Com- one of the brigs a.ground; and from the "mander in chief of his Majesty's fhips report of the master of the cutters I sent: and vessels in the North Sea, to Mr in shore ofter, find one of them was Nepean, Secretary to the Admiralty, completely loft ; the other had beat over dated Venerable, at sea, May 16. At a thoal, and got to an anchor, but as it noon, Texel, S. E. by E. distance 15 blew a perfect storm the next day on leagues.
shore, have reason to helieve she is loft. Be pleased to acquaint'the Lord: Com- We stood after the other brig, and a millioners of the Admiralty, that, on the little before eleven she track to the
3 M 2
Sylph: She proves to be the Mercury or from Amsterdam, of the 24th inftant, 16 guns (all of which, except two, the that, in consequence of the late difturhad thrown overboard during the chace), bance in that city, the French General and manned with 85 men. The day fol- Bournonville had thought it adviseable lowing, was rejoined by the Powerful, to propose putting a confiderable numPhænix, and Brilliant, together with the ber of French troops in garrison in that Dutch frigate, and the Duke of York city; that the measure had at first met bye boat from Yarmouth to Hamburgli, with much opposition on the part of the which had been captured by the Aigo burgbers of that city, who had claimed the day before, and retaken by the Phce to themselves the right of settling their nix on the 12th. The frigate is in excel. own dispute, without the interference of lent condition, and in a few days might the French military; that, however, they be got realy for sea, and made a com- had been obliged to yield, and that a plete cruizer. I am, &c.
considerable body of French troops had Adam DUNCAN. actually marched into Amsterdam. Then follows a letter from Capt. Don
Whitehall, June 11. nely; and another from Capt. Haltted, gi- By a dispatch from Major General ving the particulars of the action with the Gordon Forbes to the Rt Hon. Henry Argo, which concludes, “It is with infinite Dundas, one of his Majeity's principal pleasure, I assure you of the very steady Secretaries of State, dated Mole St Niand cool behaviour of the officers and cholas, St Domingo, April 10. 1796, it fhip's company I have the honour to appears, that a division of British and command, it being such as to merit colonial troops from the garrison at Portevery thing I can say in their praise. au-Prince were embarked, on the 17th
Our lofs consists of one man killed and and 18th March, in order to proceed awounded; that of the enemy fix killed gainst the town and fortress of Leogane and twenty-eight wounded, some of in the same island. The troops were them dangerously.
landed on the wift, and a firing was om The fails, standing, and running rig. pened on the following day from a temgiug received some damage, as did the porary battery, which had been constructenemy's, but not of so much confe- ed. The enemy having brought their quence, but was soon put to rights. The heavy artillery to flank this battery, it frigate and brigs were from Norway, was obliged to be abandoned, with the bound to the Texel; the cutter which loss of one fix-pounder disabled, and awe retook is the Duke of York packet, nother spiked and left behind. On this from Yarınouth to the Elbe, taken by occasion, Lieutenant Bingham, of the them the day before. I have the honour artillery, loft his arm, and that corps, to be, &c.
L. W. HALSTED." which behaved remarkably well, sufferMay 31. This day's gazette contains ed some triling lofs. A very heavy fire a letter from Capt. Thomas Freemantle, had been maintained during the greatest of his Majesty's ship Inconftant, dated part of the 22d, from the thips of war, April 23, giving an account of his cap- against the town and forts; but no imture of L’Unite, a corvette of 34 guns preffion whatever having been made by and 258 men.--Alfo from Capt. N. Tom- them, and the plac, appearing much linton, commander of his Majesty's Noop stronger than it had been reprefented, La Suffisante, containing intelligence of the forces were judged inadequate to the the capture of the brig Revanche, pier, enterprize, and the troops, ftores, guns, ced for 14, and mounting 12, long four and ammunition of every kind, were, pounders, with 85 chosen men.And of therefore, re-embarked, without further the capture of La Fantasie, mounting 14 lofs or accident. guns, with 75 men, by Sir J. B. Warren. Admiralty-Office, June 11.
June 7. This gazette contains the in- Extract of a letter from Rear-Admiral telligence of Capt. Mowat of his Ma- Parker, Commanderin Chief of his Majefty's thip Refiftance, having taken Le jesty's fhips, &c. at Jamaica, to Mr Challeur privateer, pierced for 12 lix Nepean, dated Swiftfure,' at Port-aupounders, but having only 4, and
Prince, March 27.3796. on board, near New York.
For their Lordships information, I beg Downing Street, June 8. leave to acquaint you, that, agreeably to Extract of a Dispatch from Mr Fraser to my letter of the 28th ult. I proceeded to Ld Grenville, dated Hamburg, May 27. Port-au-Prince with Gen. Forbes, where,
Information has been received here upon our arrival, a meeting was called of VOL. LVIII.