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there were old barracks for holding made a motion for the removal of his 20,000 men, and the new would con- Majesty's ministers, if they merited the tain no more than 15,000. He repro- epithets bettowed on them." bated the argument of Lord Lansdowne, Lords Hawkesbury and Grenville defenda in contemning precedents. He admired ed their conduct, which was also attack an observation which he had often heard ed by Earl Lauderdale, Marquis Lanffrom Mr Fox, “ that the constitution downe, and others. When the House was a practical one, and there were ma- divided, there were for the motion, u ny things to blame in it in theory. It

Contents was not a constitution made by a nation.

Non Contents al assembly, but growing out of practice

Majority-90. to its present perfection." He next ad Earl Lauderdale called the attention verted to the revival of the office of of their Lördihips to the subject upon third fecretary of state, and said it was which he had moved, that the House more beneficial to the country than any should be sum:noned--the state of the other he could name. He vindicated the finances of the country. Upon no occacreation of the new transport broad, on fion had he entered upon any discussion the very statement of Lord Lansdowne, with so much awe as on the present oCas to the difficulty of procuring trans- casion, nor had he any difficulty in difports. He also vindicated the Westmin- covering the source of his feelings, lince Iter police bill, and the act empowering the magnitude of the undertaking, the the Bank of England to lend money to alarming aspect which it presented to Government. In a word, he combated him, the want of habit which he conthe multifarious propofitions of Lord feffed he had in the discussion of quesLansdowne one by one.

tions of finance, and standing opposed The Earl of Lauderdale supported the in his ideas on the subject to noble lords motion, in a speech of considerable whose lives had been spent in such inveslength; in the course of which, he de. tigations, it was natural that he should clared he could not, in his conscience, say approach the subject with seriousness and the country was at this moment free.

In his mind, it was the most imThe Lord Chancellor. faid, that the portant discussion upon which he ever words of the motion called on the House presented himself to their Lordships. He to assert the very thing that was to be explained how this task fell to his lot, made out, by the inquiry, which the and paid a high and most merited comNoble Marquis demanded. It called up- pliment to Lord Lansdowne, for the part on them to affert this, in contradiction of the subject which he had so ably taken to the uniform language and resolutions up. The noble Marquis had difcuffed they had held on the subject. --The the abuses which had taken place in the Houfe then divided :--Contents 9 administration, and had developed the


foundations of expence. The noble Non-Contents 72

Lord had traced and exposed the causes; Proxies

32-104 it fell to his lot to display the effects :

Majority---92. and this he should do in as short and pera 10. Earl Guilford rose to make his pro- fpicuous a way as poffible. Here his mised motion, regarding the state of the Lordship had recourse to his figures, nation. In his speech he took a review of which he pursued in minute detail, but the war from its commencement, and ex- which are greatly too long for insertion, patiated on its ruinous consequences. He Lord Hawkesbury rose to controyert arraigned the conduct of ministers in its the principles of the noble Lord, in his management, and pointed against them reference to the customs, and alleged his the most severe reprehenfions for their at- mode of calculation was disguised. The tempt at negotiations for peace lately at way in which he proposed to controvert Bafle. He concluded by a motion, (in these principles, was by looking at the length 13 pages) for addressing his Ma- taxes, and taking the average of the perjeity to declare, that minifters had for- manent revenue. First, the distilleries, feited their confidence, and praying his although they were not then restrained Majesty to bring about a radical reform by act of Parliament from working, had in his councils.

in a great meafure ceased to do so, on The Lord Chancellor remarked, that it account of the high price of grain Sam wow have been more confitent to have condly, the malt-breweries were checked

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by the same cause, and thirdly, the im- prived of these resources, ftill our commense diitress of the community, oc. merce had encreased, and by the woncafioned by the excessive high price of derful activity and energy of our mer. provisions in general, had a bad effect chants, although it was shut out of one on the revenues, though at the same time source, it bad forced a passage to another, he bestowed his commendation on the Instead of being blamed, he thought that people, for the temper and the spirit with minifters should be commended for exwhich they struggled through these un. pofing to view the whole of our burderis foreseen inevitable difficulties. These as they did, and for providing the capi. were the reasons, he observed, why the tal of one per cent. They had morerevenues of last year ought not to be over anticipated a provision for fund. compared with those of 1791. To these ing 4,000,000l. more of nary debt, and the draw-backs upon sugars, being a con- had adopted such measures, that the fiderable fum, might be added, and of all 27,000,000l. of the unfunded debt for the new taxes in 1794 and 1795, few, peace was now provided for. This apexcept the duty upon wine, were subject peared to him to be the real state of our to pay duties. He now came to the in- finances. If he deceived their Lord. teren of the debt, and the i per cent ca- Tips, he was deceived himself. It appital. The amount of the taxes and the peared to him also, that fo far from being estimate, in the first year of the war, depreffed, the country was likely to conwere nearly cqual. In the second year tinue in this prosperous situation, and of the war the taxes were more than the on that account he moved the previous estimate, though some did not begin till question. March, till April, and July, and what 18. Lord Lauderdale presented a bill for the produce of the taxes of the present the purpose of suspending the personal year might be, could not be yet precisely estate collaterai fucceflion bill, till the told, though he had every reason to be. Ist of January 1797. His Lordship prolieve they would be both competent and posed it, on the grounds that the real productive. As to the estimate of the and perional estate fucceflion bills being peace establish::ent in 1791, he remark- founded on the same principle, and it ed that it was not the declaration of a having been intended that they should committee in the usual way, but of a go together. It therefore appeared to committee fitting in judgment upon one him, that the one should not be allowed that bad preceded it-What the peace to have effect, since the other had been eftablishment after the present war would given up. His Lordship then recapitn. be, it was idle to prognosticate, because lated several of his former arguments ait depended on the security and perma. gainst the perfonal fucceffion bill, and nency of the treaty; but whatever it moved, “ That the act for suipending it might be, the, finking fund would conti- for a limited time be received." nue to be paid, together with the interest The question was put and negatived of 39700,000l, at 4 per cent. amounting without a division. to 140,000l. more. He had great plea 19. At three o'clock the King arrived at Turc in observing the strength and nerve the House of Lords; when the Commons of our resources. One per cent. was were commanded to attend his Majesty As paid less for intereft last year than during soon as the Speaker, with the Commons, had former wars. All public works conti- entered, his Majesty delivered the following nued and increased their vigour. In 1792, Speech from the Throne :the year before the war, no more than

“ My Lords and Gentlemen, nine and twenty navigation bills were

“ The public business being now concluded passed, and last year there were forty. I think it proper to close this Seffion, and at feven, and but one hundred and nine in the same time to acquaint you with my inclofure bills were passed in 1992, and last tention of giving immediate directions for year there were 217. Our commerce, calling a new Parliament. contrary to experience, had encreased, « The objects which have engaged your atalthough we had no commerce with tențion during the present Seffion, have been France, which formerly amounted to of peculiar, importance; and the measures 800,000l. although our commerce with which you have adopted have manifefted Flanders was impeded, which formerly your continued regard to the fafety and welamurinted to 1,100,000l. and although fare of my people. our commerce was destroyed with Hol “ The happiest effects have been experiland, amounting to 1,600,000l. De cnced from the provisions you have made for



represling sedition and civil tumult, and for time. Under the pressure of the new and restraining the progress of principles subver- unprecedented difficulties arising from such a five of all established Government.

contest you have shewn yourselves worthy of “ The difficulties arising to my subjects all the blessings that you inherit. By your from the high price of corn, have formed a counsels and conduct, the Constitution has principal object of your deliberation; and been preserved in violate against the designs your afliduity in investigating that subject of foreign and domestic enemies ; the honour has strongly proved your anxious desire to of the British name has been afserted; the omit nothing which could tend to the relief rank and station which we have hitherto of my people, in a matter of such general con- held in Europe has been maintained; and

have the greatest satisfaction in ob- the decided fuperiority of our Naval Power serving, that the pressure of those difficulties has been established in every quarter of the is in a great degree renioved.


“ You have omitted no opportunity to " Gentlemen of the House of Commons, * I must, in a more particular manner, prove your juft anxiety for the re establishreturn you my thanks for the liberal supplies able terms: but you have, at the same time,

ment of General Peace on secure and honour. which you have granted, to meet the exi- rendered it manifest to the world, that, while gencies of the War. While I regret the extent of those demands which the present cir

our enemies shall persist in dispositions ilia cumstances necessarily occasion, it is a great sources nor spirit of inglishmen will be

compatible with that object, neither the res confolation to me to observe the increaling resources by which the Country is enabled wanting to the support of a just cause, and

to the defence of all their dearest interests. to support them. These resources are parti

“ A due sense of this conduct is deeply im. cularly manifested in the state of the several

I trust that all my branches of the Revenue, in the continued

pressed on my heart. and progressive extension of our Navigation subjects are animated with the fame fentis and Commerce, in the steps which have ments, and that their loyalty and publie fpirit been taken for maintaining and improving mutual confidence between me and my Par.

will ensure the continuance of that union and the Public Credit, and in the additional pro- liament, which best promote the true dignity vision which has been made for the reduction of the National Debt.

and glory of my Crown, and the genuine

happiness of my people.” “ My Lords and Gentlemen,

Then the Lord Chancellor, by his Ma. " I shall ever reflect with heart-felt fatis- jesty's command laidfaction or the uniform wisdom, temper, and “ My Lorils and Gentlemen, firminels, which have appeared in all your “ It is his Majesty's royal will and plea. proceedings since I first met you in this place. sure, that this Parliament be prorogued to Caird to deliberare on the public affairs of Tuesday, the sth day of July next, to be then your Country in a period of domestic and here holden; and this Parliament is accorforeign tranquillity, you had the happiness dingly prorogued to Tucsday, the 5th day of of contributing to raise this Kingdom to a July then next.” state of unexampled prosperity --You were suddenly compelled to relinquish the full ad

The Speaker addressed his Majesty in a vantages of this situation, in order to resist concife speech, in which he took a retrospect the unprovoked aggression of an enemy, whose of the Selion: paid a compliment to the hoftility was directed against all civil society, loyalty of the late P'rliament, and bestowed but mare particulary against the happy union

a panegyric on the mildness of his Majesty's of Order and Liberty established in these reign, and then retired. kingdoms. The nature of the system intro Two proclamations were issued, one dured into France afforded to that country, diffolving the Parliament--the other for in the midst of its calamities, the means of the election of the fixteen Peers for Scotexertion beyond the experience of any former land.

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fident, You will find subjoined the artiOn the 20th ult. a suspension of hofti. cles of the fufpenfion of arms that I have lities was agreed upon between, Buona-, agreed to with the Duke of Parma. I parte ard the Duke of Parma, as appears will find you, as soon as possible, the from the following letter: “Citizen Pre- finest pictures of Corregio; among o


thers, one of St Jerome, that they say is body of 6000 men and 2000 horse to his master-piece. I hope you will give mect us, to oppose our debarkation, and this faint a place in the museum. I again to attack us before we should be formed. requelt you to send some intelligent ar- He deceived himself in his calculations. tists, who will take upon them the choof- At noon, apprised that a division of the ing and conveying the rare things that enemy was near us, we marched ; the we may think it our duiy to send to enemy had 20 pieces of cannon, and Paris.

BUONAPARTE.” were entrenched in the village of Fom. Since then the following events have bio. Gen. Dallemague, with the grenataken place : Beaulieu again attempted diers, made the attack on the right; the to try the fate of a battle ; he has been, adjutant-general Lanus on the road ; the however, completely beaten at Lodi on chief of brigade Lalne on the left. After the 9th of May, and driven from that a smart cannonade and a vigorous refiftplace; he passed the Adda, and entrench- ance, the enemy began to think of re. ed himself with 10,000 horse and foot. treating; we pursued them to l'Alcida; Buonaparte in person marched through they lost a part of their baggage, 300 a shower of grape shot, and at the head horse, and 500 killed or prisoners, aof 4000 grenadiers attacked and carried mong whom are many officers. During the bridge at the point of the bayonet. the night, another body of Austrians of Buonaparte's corps killed and took 3000 5000 men, who were at Cafal, departed Austrians; he also took 20 pieces of can- at four, to go and assist those at Fom non, and 400 horses. Night saved the bio, arrived at Codogno the head-quarremains of the Austrian army.

ters of Gen. Laharpe, which place they 18.The directory received the following reached at midnight; they sent forth letter from Buonaparte.-" I announced some men, who put our centinels to to you, citizens directors, in my last let. flight. Gen. Laharpe mounted his horse ter, the retreat of the Austrian army, to know exactly what was the matter. which repassed the Po at Valence. It He made a half brigade advance ; the efortified itself along the Loggona, from nemy were put to the route and disapTerdoppio and Telin, on purpose to de- peared; but by an irreparable misforfend the entrance of the Milanese. After tune for the army, Gen. Laharpe, struck different marches and movements, to by a ball, fell instantly dead. Gen- Ber. make him think I wished to pass at Va- thier went instantly to Codogno ; he put. lence, I went by a forced march to Caf- sued the enemy and took Catal, and a tel St Gioamei with 3000 thousand gre. great quantity of baggage." nadiers and 1500 horse. At ii o'clock May 24. Buonaparte writes to the di. at night the chief the battalion of artil- rectory, that after the combat of Fomlery, Andreolsy, and the adjutant-gener- bio, we pursued the enemy as far as al Frontine, marched with 100 cavalry Pizzighitone, but were unable to cross along the banks of the Po to Placenza, the Adda. After the battle of Lodi, and stopped five boats laden with rice, Beaulieu retired upon Pizzighitone, and officers, 500 fick, and all the medicines on the 22d Floreal, fell back to Cremoof the army. At nine in the morning we The former place we invested, and arrived on the Po, opposite Placenza. after a smart cannonade, they opened On the opposite fide there were two their gates; we made 300 prifoners, and fquadrons of hussars, who appeared de. took five pieces of brass cannon, Our termined to dispute the passage. We cavalry is sent in pursuit of the enemy. leaped into the boats, failed across, and The city of Cremona has opened its after some charges of musquetry, the gates, and all Lombardy now belongs to enemy's cavalry retired. The chief of the republic. brigade, Lafue, was the first who put 25. Letters of this date state, that the foot on earth. The divisions of the ar- city of Bologna, belonging to the Pope, my, who were all at different distances, the largest, after Rome, in the Ecclequickened their march the moment they fiaftical States, is in the poffeffion of the saw this movement take place, and pafled French. The French advanced posts peat the same time. Beaulieu, informed netrated as far as Urbino, to which place of our march, was convinced, too late, the Pope has sent deputies to make reof the inutility of his fortifications at inonftrances against these hoftile proceed"Tefin, and his redoubts at Pavia, that ings in his dominions, and to declare his the French republicans were not to fil- pacific sentiments. The French General ly ax Francis the first. He ordered a





Massena has laid fiege to the citadel of timents, and to resume hoftilities, in orbeh Milan.

der to put a period to an unfortunate Conditions of the suspension of arms con- war, which so much hurts his feelings.

cluded between the French army and In consequence hereof, I have the hothe Duke of Parma

nour to acquaint you, that pursuant to Art, I. There fhall be a suspension of the ftipulated conditions of the armis

arms between the army of the French tice, the officer who delivers this letter they republic and the Duke of Parma, till a is ordered to remain with you until the night

peace'can be concluded between the two expiration of the term of ten days, to be ftates. The Duke of Parma shall send computed from his arrival at your adplenipotentiaries to Paris, to the execu- vanced pofts; and that the fufpenfion of tive directory.

arms is to cease the moment when that ich II. The Duke of Parma Mall pay a mi. term is to elapse. You will be so good

litary contribution of two millions of as to certify the arrival of the said offi. livres of French money ; to be paid either cer, and the receipt of this notification. in bills of exchange on Genoa, or in I have the honour to be, &c. &c.

ready money. Five hundred thousand May 21, 1796. “BARON DE KRAY," ufiri

Jivres shall be paid in five days, and the The French papers announcethat three , remainder in the following decade. actions have taken place on the Rhine.

III. Twelve hundred draught horses, The tirft action appears to have happenharnassed, with their collars, shall be ed on the 31st of May, in the Hundsruck, fent; also 400 for dragoons, harnessed, between the army of the Sambre and and 100 saddle horses for superior of Meufc, commanded by Gen. Jourdan, ficers.

and the Austrians. This in the French IV. There shall also be sent 20 pictures, accounts is more slightly spoken of than to be chosen by the commander in chief, the others. Jourdan took the first opfrom among those now in the duchy. portunity of attacking the enemy's ar

V. Ten thousand quintals of wheat, my, and according to the official report, and 5000 of oats, shall be sent to the the Auftrians were driven from pofitions magazines of the army at Tortone, with which they in vain attempted to recover in 15 days; and at the same time there the following day. The next is menshall also be sent 2000 bullocks for the tioned as the more brilliant. This was service of the army.

the victory obtained by Gen. Kleber on VI. Provided the above contributions the ift of June. are made, the dominions of the Duke Another engagement happened on the of Parma shall be treated like neutral 4th of June, at Altenkirchen, between ftates, till the conclusion of the negotia- the forces under Gen. Kleber and the

tions about to be entered into at Paris. Auftrian army, which he had defeated de BUONAPARTE.

on the ift. This is briefly described as ANTONIO PALLAVICINI. a victory, no less decisive than the for

FILIPO DALLA Rosa. mer. When these accounts came away, Head-quarters, Placenza, ad Floreal. the official details had not been publish

June 6. Intelligence have been receiv- ed at Paris ; but it was stated, on the ed at Paris, of an infurrection having authority of private letters, that General broke out in Lombardy against the Kleber had attacked an entrenched camp French, particularly at Pavia, Milan, and of the Austrians, and completely routed Placentia.

them, making 3000 prisoners, and taking

12 pieces of cannon. May 21. The following letter was de

PARIS: livered to the Commander in Chief of June 10. At this city there is some the advanced pofts of the French army. ferment, but not of fufficient consequence 6 GENERAL,

to alarm the government. The direc“ His royal Highness, Archduke Chartory, supported by the legislature, and Jes, General in Chief of the Imperial ar. popular, from the energies displayed by my, as well as of that of the Empire on its members, and the brilliant victories the Lower Rhine, has acquainted me, gained by the armies, is acquiring strength that notwithstanding his Imperial Ma- daily. The Louis has fallen, and the jefty's most ardent desire to relieve luf- mandats have risen in value, in consefering humanity from the evils attendant quence of the vi&ories on the Rhine and on another campaign, the untractable in Italy. All the Swiss cantons have redisposition of the French Directory forces cognized the French republie. his Majesty to suppress his peaceful ion


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