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are of the Catabaw tribe of Indians; that they refided about 70 miles from Charleftown, South Carolina; and employed themselves in growing corn and making baskets, which they carried to Charlestown for fale; that, about 17 weeks ago, they went on board a veffel along with a man named Millan or Miller, who carried them to London, where they were exhibited in public. From thence he brought them in a veffel to Dundee, where he deferted them. Redhead is about 30 years of age, of ftout athletic make, 5 feet 6 inches high, or thereabout, of a copper colour, long black hair hanging loofe. His head is bound round the upper part with a black filk handkerchief tied behind. Round his neck he wears a collar of beautifully plaited beads of wampoon ;-his jacket or frock is of American fabric, ftripped printed cotton, and hangs loofe. He has corduroy breeches; but a little above the knees and downwards, he wears a fort of red nankeen trousers, with a beaded garter under the knee, fringed with yellow and green taffels. These trousers are laced down the front of the leg, and ornamented with various coloured beads, which branch out into a variety of figures on the upper part of his mocuffens, or shoes, which are made of a foft leather resembling fhamoy. He wears a broad filver breaft plate, and a bracelet of filver on each arm, tied with green ribbon. John Cappe, the youngeft of the two, feems to be about 20 years of age; is flender made, has an effeminate appearance, fweet face, and poffeffes a very bashful and modeft manner. He fpeaks no English; his dress is nearly fimilar to that of the other, only the back of his jacket is ornamented with the figure of a woman on it. His trousers are red cloth, and he has common fhoes above his mocuffens, wears neither breaft-plate nor bracelets. They both wear fhirts of coarfe linen, painted red on the neck and breaft, The eldeft one expreffed a ftrong defire to be fent home, and the magiftrates ordered a bed to be provided for them, and two tick ets taken out for the fly to carry them to Glasgow in the morning; from thence it is thought they will go on to Greenock, and, if poffible, obtain a paffage



May 21. The Affembly agreed on an anfwer to his Majefty's letter. An ad

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drefs to his Majefty on his late providential prefervation was alfo agreed to;and an addrefs on the happy delivery of her Royal Highnefs the Princefs of Wales. To be tranfmitted to his Majefty by his Grace the Commiffioner.

23. The Affembly proceeded to confider the reference from the Synod of Aberdeen, refpecting ministers of Chapels of Eafe being elected members of church judicatories. After reafoning upon it, it was moved and seconded, "That the Ge neral Affembly fhall declare, that it ap pears to this Affembly, that ministers of Chapels of Eafe being in the habitual exercise of the functions of the minifterial office, are thereby difqualified from fitting as lay members in the judicatories of this church." And another motion was made and feconded, "That a committee fhall be appointed to prepare an overture on this fubject, to be tranfmitted to the different prefbyteries of the church."


24. The Affembly proceeded to the confideration of the cause of Mr Gillanders, minifter of Fern, tranfmitted to them by their committee of bills. Parties being called, there appeared Mr Gillanders, the appellant, with Mr Robert Corbett, Advocate, as his counfel. For the synod of Angus and Mearns, Mr Ferney at Kinnettles, Mr Macvicar at Dundee, and Mr George Cook at Laurencekirk. Parties being fully heard, upon a motion made, The General Affembly reverfe the fentences of the Prefbytery of Brechin, and Synod of Angus and Mearns; difapprove of the manner in which the Prefbytery have conducted their visitation in the parifka of Fern; remit this caufe to the Presbytery, and ordain them, at their first ordinary meeting, to pronounce judgment on the accufation brought against Mr Gillanders by Martha Lighton; and thereafter to fummon the other perfons, accufers of Mr Gillanders, to come forward, in terms of the form of procefs, with fuch of their charges as they fhall think proper, in form of a libel-on which libel the Prefbytery are to judge; enjoining the Prefbytery, notwithstanding any appeals that may be taken from their fentences, to pronounce judgment, on the relevancy of the libel, if any fuch fhall be offered, before the meeting of the fynod in April next."

25. The Affembly had under confideration the report of the committee


appointed by laft Affembly relating to Chapels of Eafe. The report bears "That in future, when a petition fhall be laid before any prefbytery of this church for the erection of a chapel of eafe, fuch prefbytery fhall cite the minifter and kick-feffion, and the heretors of the parish, and if there is a burgh in it, the magiftrates of the burgh, to attend the next meeting of prefbytery, and to appear for their intereft in the fubject of the petition, if they fhall fee caufe: That fuch prefbytery, after having heard the parties, fhall fufficiently afcertain the circumftances on which the petition is founded; the facts ftated as reafons for the neceffity or expediency of the chapel intended;-the general plan of the chapel itself;-the estimate of the expence to be incurred in completing it ;-the scheme laid down for difcharging the debts which it may be neceffary to contract-the plan on which it is proposed to difpofe of the collections; the names and defignations of the perfons in whom the property is to be vefted;-the mode propofed for the election of the minifter; the ftipend to he provided to him, and the fecurity offered for the regular payment of it :-That such prefbytery fhall thereafter report the whole circumftan ees of the cafe from their minutes to the next General Affembly; and fhall not pronounce any final judgment on the petition till they fhall have received the fpecial directions of the Affembly thereon; and that it fhall be competent for the petitioners, and all parties having intereft, to be heard on the fubject at the bar of the Affembly." After agreeing to an amendment, the Affembly unanimously adopted the whole refolutions of the committee except the concluding claufe, which, upon a vote, was alfo adopted. From this judgment Dr Erskine diffented, as it deprived pref. byteries and fynods of their radical power of judging in an important matter.

26. The Affembly, in pursuance of their refolution of the former day, proceeded to confider the form that might be most competent for enacting the regulations adopted refpecting Chapels of Eafe. After long reasoning, the Affembly unanimoufly ordained, that in future, if any petition shall be laid before any prefbytery of this church, for the erection of a chapel of eafe, the faid prefbytery thail strictly observe the regulations

adopted by the Affembly, and that the faid regulations be transmitted to prefbyteries as an overture, on which they are required to fend their opinions to next Affembly.

The Affembly unanimously agreed to difmifs the overture from the fynod of Perth and Stirling, refpecting profeffors in Univerfities being minifters of parishes where they cannot conveniently refide, as unneceffary, on account of the enact. ting laws in Church and State on the fubject of refidence.

27. The thanks of the Affembly were given to Sir Harry Moncrieff Wellwood, Collector of the Widows Fund, for his diligence and attention in the manage ment of it.

The Affembly proceeded to confider the overture from the fynods of Fife and Moray, relative to the diffufion of the Gofpel. After long reafoning, the Affembly, upon a vote, agreed to difmifs the fame; but recommended to all the members of the Church, in their different ftations, to take every competent method of promoting, within the sphere of their influence, the knowledge of the gospel, and a just sense of the ineftimable bleffings which it conveys.

28. The report of the committee appointed to draw up a diftinct state of Orkney grievances (they confist of a want of churches, public fchools, &c.) being read and confidered by the Affembly, they did approve thereof, and au thorised the Moderator to tranfmit copies of the said statement to the princi pal heretors of the different parishes concerned, accompanied with a respectful letter; and appoint him to report to next Affembly any anfwers which he may have received. And the Affembly enjoin "the prefbyteries within the bounds of the fynod of Orkney to lay before next Affembly a fate of the churches and parochial schools within their bounds.

30. The Affembly having finished all the public bufinefs before them, after going through the usual forms, was this day diffolved.


April 9. The Circuit Court was opened at Perth by the Right Hon. Lord Juftice Clerk and Lord Craig, and proceeded to the trial of Andrew Kellock, journey. man weaver, accufed of ftealing a num ber of webs of cloth from the warehouse of Andrew Melville, manufacturer in Kend



Kennoway, at fundry times. He was and John Rolle, weavers, Margaret Laufound guilty upon his own confeffion, rie, and Margaret Murray, all refilling and was fentenced to transportation for in Stonehaven, were accused of being life, under the pain of death in cafe of concerned in a riotous mob, which col his return. James Loudon, late keeper lected at the mill of Cowie in the month of the tolbooth of Cupar of Fife, and Ja- of February laft, and affaulted George net Taylor his wife, were indicted for Philp in Meagrave, and his fervant, for állowing the preceding criminal to ef- the purpose of compelling them to fell cape from prifon; but the Court found meal at a reduced price. Evidence was that no specific facts were charged fut produced that John Brand was confined ficient to conftitute a crime against James by a fever, and therefore could not ap Loudon, and therefore difmified the li- pear to stand trial, fo that as to him the bel as to him; but as to Janet Taylor, diet was deferted pro loco et tempore; and remitted to the Sheriff of Fire, to inquire the trial having proceeded against the into her conduct, and to inflict fuch pu- others, the Jury found, that a number nishment as the same shall appear to de- of perfons did affemble at the said mill ferve.-William Brand, thread miller, on the day libelled, and, in a riotous David Low, fervant to John Shand wea- manner, wounded and affaulted Mr ver, and Jofeph Petrie weaver, all in Philp, for the purpose above mentionMontrofe, indicted for being concerned ed, and attacked and prevented his ferin a mob collected for the purpose of vant from procuring affiftance to him; feizing grain; but, owing to fome par- found it proven, that the pannels were ticular circumftances, the diet was de- prefent at the meeting, and art and part ferted pro loco et tempore, and they were in committing the affault; but, from the difmiffed. peculiar circumstances of the cafe, unanimously recommended the pannels to the mercy of the Court. They were fentenced to imprisonment for three months, and to find caution to keep the peace for one year, under the penalty of two hundred merks each. John Donaldfon, barber, Joseph Kynoch, fhoemaker, William Rofs, fon of Charles Rofs woolcomber, Fanny Rofs his fifter, and Hugh Maclean, failor, all in Aberdeen, were accufed of being concerned in a riotous mob, which happened in Aberdeen upon the night of Saturday the 13th of February last, and of breaking into the fhops of William Rae, mealfeller in Aberdeen, and James Smith, mealfeller there, which they demolished and deftroyed, and carried away therefrom all the articles of goods therein contained. Hugh Maclean having failed to appear, sentence of fugitation was pronounced against him; William Rofs and Fanny Rofs confeffed their guilt; John Donaldson also confeffed his being concerned in the proceedings at one of the shops; but Joseph Kynoch having denied his guilt, the trial proceeded as to him, and the Jury found it proven, that he was prefent at the proceedings which took place at the hop of W. Rae; the Jury, confidering the fituation of W. Rofs and Fanny Ross, and the confessions made by them, unanimoufly recommended them to the mercy of the Court. Jofeph Kynoch was fentenced


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16. The Circuit Court was opened at Aberdeen by the Right Hon. Lord Juftice Clerk and Lord Craig, and proceeded to the trial of James Grant and James Graham, who were accused of breaking into the shop of John Lyall in Damhead of Fordown, upon the night between the 4th and 5th January laft, and ftealing a quantity of yarn and other goods therefrom. They were both found guilty upon their own confeffior. Grant was fentenced to transportation for life. And Graham, who is a young man, was banished Scotland for fourteen years.James Caffie, twift miller, Alexander Monro, fon of John Monro labourer, Margaret Monro, daughter of the faid John Monro, and John Hendrie, late fheriff-officer, all in Peterhead, were accufed of being concerned in a riotous mob at Peterhead, collected for the purpofe of refcuing John Greig, weaver in Peterhead, who was then in cuftody under examination before the Sheriff of the county. Alexander Monro having failed to appear, fentence of fugitation was pronounced against him ; Margaret Mon. ro confeffed her guilt, and fubmitted herself to the mercy of the Court; and Caffie and Hendrie were found guilty by the verdict of a Jury. Margaret Monro was fentenced to imprisonment for two months; and Caffie and Hendrie were banished from Scotland for life.William Watt, John Lambe, John Brand,




to be imprisoned for a month; William them, that their afterwards being brought Rofs and Fanny Rofs to be imprisoned to trial or not would much depend upfor two months; and the whole three on their good behaviour as peaceable were ordered to find caution to keep the fubjects hereafter.-The Judges having peace for a year; John Donaldfon was had occafion to mention the Aberdeen fentenced to banishment from Scotland Volunteers, they were pleased to exprefs for seven years.-Peter Sangfter, appren- their opinion of the utility of that inftitice to a manufacturer, John Graham, tution, and the important fervices which plaifterer, and David Smith, weaver, all that corps had rendered to the comin Aberdeen, were accused of being con- munity on a late occafion. cerned in a riotous mob in Aberdeen, upon an earlier part of the fame day with the preceding, who proceeded to the harbour, and unloaded a couple of veffels which were lying there, which contained meal and potatoes. Margaret Gellan, refidenter in Macduff, and Ifobel Minto, wife, of George Lumfden, weaver there, were accused of being concerned in a riotous mob which happened at Macduff upon Saturday the 2d of January laft, for the purpose of obstructing the fhipping of grain. Margaret Lenim, wife of William Mair, fhopkeeper, Elizabeth Nicol, wife of Lawrence Swan, failor, Janet Lyon, wife of James Smith, thread-miller, Janet Smith, wife of John Glashan, failor, and Margaret Urquhart, wife of William Lewis, alfo failor, all in Portfoy, were accused of being concerned in a riotous mob which happened at Portfoy on the morning of the 15th of March laft, for the purpose of compelfing James Reid, factor to the Earl of Findlater, to fell the Earl's oatmeal at one fhilling per peck. Catherine Shaw, fervant to George Shand, fhipmafter, William Wilfon, fisherman, Jean Wilfon, fifherwoman, Janet Alexander, wife of Henry Cruickshank, tailor, and Margaret Rofs, wife of John Farquhar, sai. lor, all in Macduff, were accufed of affaulting and deforcing a fheriff-officer and his affiftant, when apprehending Margaret Gellan and Ifobel Minto before mentioned. Catherine Shaw, W. Wil fon, and Jean Wilfon, having failed to appear, fentence of fugitation was pronouned against them. And his Majefty's Advocate, confidering that a number of perfons had already, in the proceedings of the Court, been fentenced to be punifhed for crimes of the like nature; that the offences of thefe perfons were not fo atrocious as thofe of the former; and that there were other particular circumftances in their favour; he was induced, from thefe confiderations, to defert the diets against these perfons pro loco et tempore: but at the fame time intimated to

21. The Circuit of Justiciary was o pened at Invernefs, by the Right Hon. Lord Craig; and proceeded to the trial of James Mackenzie, apprentice to John Frafer, weaver, Alexander Macgregor, wright, Thomas Frafer, gardener, Grizel Chisholm, fpoufe of Wil. ljam Fraser, carter, and David Morrison journeyman weaver, all in Inverness, accufed of being concerned in a riotous mob which happened in the town of Inverness in the month of March last, concerning the fcarcity of meal, and`affaulting the Magiftrates and Volunteers of that place. David Morrison having failed to compear, sentence of fugitation was pronounced against him; and the trial having proceeded as to the others, the Jury found that Thomas Fraser was very active at the commencement of the mob, particularly on the fhore, and in the manufactory of Mackintosh, Jamiefon, and Co.; but found it not proven that he took any part along with the mob after the elapfe of one hour from the reading of the riot act; and found the libel fully proven against the other perfons. In confequence of this verdicts Thomas Frafer and Grizel Chisholm were fentenced to four months imprisonment and to find caution to keep the peace for one year; and James Mackenzie and Alexander Macgregor were banished from Scotland for life.-Marion Henderfon from the parish of Dunroffness and county of Orkney and Shetland, accafed of child murder, was, upon her own petition, and the confent of his Majefy's Advocate-depute, benished from Scotland for feven years under the urual certification. James Mackintosh mafon, Janet Wilfon daughter of James Wilfon vinter, Mary Macphail, and Margaret Morifon, refidenters in the town of Nain were accused of being concerned in a riotous mob which happened in the town of Nairn in the month of March laft, collected for the purpose of feizing grain lying in a house in the neighbourhood, and of assaulting one of the Mà

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giftrates of Nairn. The jury found the pannels guilty of affembling themselves in a riotous and feditious manner as libelled; but found the other points of the libel not proven. In confequence of this verdict, the pannels were fentenced to three months imprisonment, and to find caution to keep the peace for one year thereafter, under the penalty of two hundred merks Scots each.-Dougal Cameron, tackfman in Barr, John Cameron tenant there, John Cameron, fon of John Bain More Cameron, tenant there, Dougal Cameron, fon of John Cameron tackfman of Inverthillivaulin, Angus Macphie his fervant, and Malcolm Macmillan tenant in Muirfhiarlich, were all accused of affaulting and beating a meffenger at arms in the execution of his duty; but the criminal indictment having not reached the Sheriff of Inverness in time to be regularly executed for bring ing on the trial at this Circuit, the diet was deferted pro loco et tempore; which ends the Northern Circuit.

THE weather has been sharp and cold for the season, with little rain. The range of the thermometer in the fhade has been from 48 to 56 or 57°. The hay crop has fuffered much, but grain of all kinds is likely to be a good crop, though there is much danger of its fhooting too foon on fome grounds, unless there comes rain and more heat very quickly. Markets have been plentifully supplied, though prices have been high. In the middle of the month they were as follows: New potatoes were fold at 58. the peck; green pease at 4s.-Strawberries 5s. the pint-at the end of the month is. 6d. each. Beef and mutton 6d. and 7d. per lb.; beft lamb 2s. per quarter. THE English report for May ftates, that the seasonable showers of rain which have fallen in the course of the prefent month, have had the happiest effects on the growing crops, and afford the prospect of a moft abundant harveft. Perhaps no feafon can be remembered, that has on the whole been more congenial to the spirit of agriculture. In the northern diftricts, and in Scotland, the cold and frofty winds at the beginning of the month have, however, had a fenfible effect in retarding vegetation, which, except in rich foils, and in fituations much heltered, has made little progrefs. The early fown wheats have been stationary for the last three weeks, lofing much of their colour, and spindling up as if comVOL. LVIII.

ing into ear. The late fown winter and fpring wheats have not fuffered in the fame degree. In the midland counties, the wheat is likely to be too big and too rank. In the weft, all the grains are, without exception, in the moft promifing ftate of verdure. The rain fell just in time to bring forward the barley and oats, which in confe quence wear every where the most healthy appearance. In the midland

and fouthern diftricts, the graffes come well; and there is the prospect of abundant crops. In the north, on the contrary, there is expected to be a very light crop of hay. The pasture grafs is worfe than it was three weeks ago, the stock eating it off, and the froft killing it. The preparation for turnips goes on without interruption, and is far advanced. In Scotland, where this plant is cultivated in a style of perfection and exactnefs unknown in the southern parts of the island, the weather, even its coldnefs, has been favourable to the fallows. The apple trees, which had been brought fo forward by the mildness of April, have been much injured by the late cold winds. The later blown forts alone promise to be productive. Cyder has in confequence rifen confiderably in price. The prospect of a good hay harvest, and the large demand for the navy, have raised the price of stock of all kinds, beyond all former example. Lean cattle have been gradually advancing, in fo exorbitant a manner, at all the spring fairs, that unless they fhould be fold out at a price that will render butcher's meat. inacceffible to the poor, they can afford little or no profit to the grazier. Every artifice is exerted to keep up and raise the prices of the corn-markets. The legal conviction and punishment of fome foreftallers, in various parts of the king dom, the continued importation, and the promifing appearance of the enfuing harveft, will, however, probably have their due effect and defeat the projects of mercenary speculators.

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