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deen in 1719. His father, the fore , him. They were an eminent patRev. Colin Campbell, was one of the tern of conjugal affection. ministers of that city. He was educat From this time, he enjoyed a remark. ed in his native city, and after passing able share of good health and spirits. the usual course of academical learning, He had, all his life, a rooted aversion he studied divinity, 'under the Rev. J. to medicine. He got the better of eChalmers, professor of divinity in the Ma- very ailment, by a total and rigorous rischal college. He was, in 1749, an abstinence from all kind of fuftenance unsuccessful candidate for the church of whatever, and it was not till he was Fordown, agaioft Mr Forbes. This is attacked by an alarming illness, about one of the benefices which are in the gift two years before his death, that he was of the Crown ; and it is a rule with perfuaded by his friends to call in mehis Majesty's Ministers to give the liv- dical aid. What oature could do, she ing to that candidate who has the had all along performed well, but her majority of land-owners in his favour. day was over, and something of art beIn this Mr Campbell failed by a very came neceffary. Then, for the first small number. In 1750, he was pre- time, he owned the utility of medical sented by Sir Thomas Burnett, of Leys, men, and declared his recantation of to the living of Banchary Ternan, on the very mean opinion he had formerly the Dee, about twenty miles west from entertained of them and their art. A Aberdeen : from this he was translat- few months before his death, he resigned to Aberdeen, in 1756, and no.ninat. ed his offices of Principal, Professor of ed one of the city ministers, in the Divinity, and one of the city ministers, room of Mr John Billet, deceased, a and was in all succeeded by Dr W. L. puritan of the old school, whose strict- Brown, lare of Utrecht, and from the ness and peculiarities are yet remember- fame and character of this gentleman, ed by many in that place..

it may be afferted, with some confidence, In 1759, on the decease of Principal that a more worthy successor could not Pollock, he was chosen Principal of well have been found. :) Marischal college, and succeeded to the He received the degree of Doctor of divioity chair in 1771, on Dr Alex- Divinity, and was elected a member of ander Gerard being translated to the the Edinburgh Royal Society, but at professorship of divinity in King's cold what time, has escaped the memory of

Before his settling in Aberdeen, the writer of this article. He died he maried Miss Grace Farquharson, on the 6th of April laft, in the 77th dwughter of Mr Farquharson, of White- year of his age; Horę, by whom he had no issue. This

Dr Campbell, as a public teacher, . LVIII.

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was long admired for the clearness and tions which ignorance, craft, and hypocopiousness with which he illustrated crify had introduced into religion, and the great doctrines and precepts of re- applied his talent for ridicule to the best ligion, and the strength and energy with of all purposes, to hold up to contempt which he enforced them. Intimately the absurdities with which the purest persuaded of the truth, and infinite con- and sublimest truths had been loaded. sequence of what revelation teaches, he Placed at the head of a public semię was strongly defrous of carrying the nary of learning, he felt all the imporfame convictions to the minds of his tance of such a situation, and uniformly hearers, and delivered his discourses directed his influence to public utility, with that zeal which Auws from strong His enlarged and enlightened mind, juftimpreffions, and that power of perfua- ly appreciated the extenfive consequence fion, which is the result of sincerity of of the education of youth. He anticiheart, combined with clearnefs of un- pated all the effects resulting to the derstanding. He was satisfied that the great community of mankind, from nummore the pure dietates of the gospel bers of young men issuing, in regular were studied, the more they would ap- fuccesfion, from the univerfity over prove themselves to the mind, and bring which he presided, and occupying the forth, in the affections and conduct, all different departments of social life. His the peaceable fruits of righteoclness. benevolent heart delighted to represent The unadulterated dictates of Christi. to itself the students under his direction anity, he was, therefore, only studious usefully and honourably discharging the to recommend and inculcate, and knew respective duties of their different properfectly to discriminate them from the feflions; and some of them, perhaps, inventions and traditions of men. His filling the most distinguished stations of chief study ever was to direct belief to civil fociety. With these prospects bethe great object of practice ; and with fore him, he constantly directed his puout these, he viewed the most orthodox blic conduct to their attainment. He profefron, as a founding brass, and a never suffered his judgment to be warptinkling cymbal.” But, besides the cha- ed by prejudice or partiality, or his heart ra&ter of a preacher of righteousness, he to be feduced by paffion or private inhad also that of a teacher of the science terest. Those mean and ignoble moof divinity to suftain. How admirably tives, by which many are actuated in he discharged this duty, and with what the discharge of important trusts, ap. effect he conveyed the foundeft and proached not his mind. A certain homost profitable instruction to the minds nourable pride, if pride it may be cal. of his scholars, let those declare, who led, diffused an uniform dignity over are now in various congregations of this the whole of his behaviour. He felt country, communicating to their fellow the man degraded by the perversion of Christians, the fruits of their studies un- public character. His understanding der fo able and judicious a teacher. also clearly showed him even personal Discarding all attachment to human fyf- advantage attached to such principles tems, merely confidered as such, he tied and practice, as he adopted from a sense his faith to the Word of God alone, of obligation, and those elevated conpoffeffed the happiest talent in investi- ceptions of real worth which were fo gating its meaning, and communicating congenial to his soul. He faw, he exto his hearers the result of his own in- perienced, esteem, respect, and influence, quiries, with a precision and perspicui- following in the train of integrity and ty which brought light out of obscurity, beneficence ; but contempt, disgrace, aand rendered clear and simple, what version, and complete infignificance, appeared intricate and perplexed. He closely linked to corruption såd felfofka exposed, without reserve, the corrup- ness. Little minds are seduced and

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Overpowered by selfish considerations, much affected by general character. because they have not the capacity to This was also the case with Dr Camplook beyond the present advantage, and bell. . In politics, he maintained that to extend to the misery that stands on moderation which is the surelt criterion the other side of it. The fame circum- of truth and rectitude, and was equally itance that betrays the perversity of their distant from those extremes into which hearts, also evinces the weakness of their men are fo apt to run on great political judgments.

questions. He cherished that patriHis reputation as a writer, is as ex. otism which consists in wishing and tentive as the present intercourse of endeavouring to promote, the greatest letters; not confined to his own country, happiness of his country, and is always but spread through every civilived na subordinate to universal benevolence. tion. In his literary pursuits, he aim. Firmly attached to the British constitued not, as is very often the case with tion, he was animated with that genuine men of distinguished literary abilities, love of liberty which it inspires and inmerely at establishing his own celebrity, vigurates. He was equally averse to or encreafing his fortune, but had chief- despotism and to popular anarchy, the ly at heart, the defence of the great two evils into which political parties cause of religion, or the elucidation of are so frequently hurried, to the destrucher dictates. At an early period, he tion of all that is valuable in governentered the lists as a champion for ment. Party-spirit, of whatever defChristianity, against one of its acutest cription, he coofidered as having an opponents. He not only triumphantly unhappy tendency to pervert

to the most refuted his arguments, but even con- pernicious purposes, the best principles ciliated his respect by the handsome and of the human mind, and to clothe the dextrous manner in which his defence most iniquitous actions with the most was conducted. While he refuted the specious appearances. Although tenainfidel, be spared the man, and exhibit- cious of those sentiments, whether in ed the uncommon spectacle of a pole. religion or politics, which he was 'conmical writer, possessing all the modera. vinced to be rational and just, he never tion of a Chriltian. But while he de- suffered mere difference of opinion to fended Christianity against its enemies, impair his good-will, to obstruct bis he was desirous of contributing his good offices, or to cloud the chearfulendeavours to encrease, among its pro- ness of conversation. His own confeffors, the knowledge of the facred versation was enlivened by a vein of writings. Accordingly, in the latter part the most agreeable pleasantry. He posof his life; he favoured the world with sessed an uncommon facility of paffing a work, the fruit of copious erudition, from the gravelt to the most airy subof unwearied application (for almost jects, and from the liveliest to the gravthirty years) and of a clear and com- est, without degrading the one or diprehensive judgment. We have only minishing the pleasure of the other. The to regret that the other writings on the infirmities of age abated not the chearNew Testament have not been elucidat- fulness of his temper, nor did 'even the ed by the same pen that translated the perfuafion of approaching diffolution, gospels. Nor were his literary merits impair his ferenity. confined to theology, and the studies The following is a list of his works : more immediately connected with it. 1752. A Sermon before the Synod Philosophy, and the fine arts are also of Aberdeen. indebted to his genius and labours ; and 1761. An Esay on Miracles, against in him the polite scholar was eminently Mr Hume. This treatise is well known joined to the deep and liberal devine. to the learned world. He obtained no

Political principles will always be Inail thare of reputation, not only from Vol. LVIII.

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the able manner in which he handled

1777. A Sermon on the King's Fast the subject, but from the liberal style in Day, on Allegiance, first printed in 4to, which he addresfed his antagonist. It and afterwards, at the expence of Gowas speedily translated into French, vernment, 6000 copies were printed in Dutch, and German.

12mo, enlarged with notes, and sent to 1771. A Sermon before the Society America, when the unhappy struggle for propogating Christian knowledge, had, however, put on appearances which Edinburgh.

prevented the effecc hoped for from this before the Synod of sermon. Aberdeen.

1780. An Address to the People of 1776. The Philosophy of Rhetoric, Scotland, on the alarms which bave 2 vols. 8vo. A work which discovers been raised by what is called the Poa clearness of discernment, and accura- pish Bill. This is a powerful disuasive cy of observation, which justly entitle from bigotry, and every species of rehim to be ranked among the most judi- ligious persecution. cious critics. He entered on this In

1793. His Magnum Opus. The transquiry in 1750, when a part of the work lation of the Gotpels, with preliminary was composed. The laws of elegant Differtations, 2 vols. 4to. composition and criticism are laid down with great perspicuity.

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TOPOGRAPHY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF SCOTLAND.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 374. PRESTONPANS extends along the fish of various kinds also caught in this Frith about 3 miles, on an average it neighbourhood. About a mile from is less than one in breadth, and con the town is the field where the battle tains somewhat above 2000 persons. of Preston was fought, in September Ravenshaugh-burn, the west boundary 1745, with so much unaccountable of the parish, divides the county of East success on the part of the rebel army. from Mid-Lothian. The soil here is Of the eminent men connected with this of a rich loamy nature, partly on a clay, parish may be mentioned James Erskine and partly on gravel. The ground is, of Grange, Lord Justice Clerk in the in general, well cultivated, and rents time of Queen Anne; Hugh Dalrymple, from two guineas and a half to L. 3 Lord Drummore ; William Grant of

The whole rental is about Prestongrange, Lord Advocate in L. 2480 Sterling The inclosures are 1746, and who conducted the arduous mostly dykes of stone and lime. In this duties of that office, during that turbulent neighbourhood there are thriving ma- period, with much honour and fidelity. nufactories of salt, stone, and earth. He was afterwards promoted to a Lord en ware; and of vitriol, spirit of salt, of Seson, and to a Justiciary gown. and glauber salts. The oyster fishing Coal abounds here, but none has been has been long an object of some impor. wrought for a period of 30 years, owtance here. Within these few years ing to a cheap supply from the neighthey have fallen upon a method of send- bourhood. ing the oysters to England, which has The parish of INNERWICK escaped us greatly reduced the quantity. from the when going round the east corner of scalps being over dredged * There are this county. It lies to the east of Dun

* The oyster spawns in May, and does bar, and extends from the ocean fouth. not recover till the end of August. Hence ward about 12 miles. Its breadth is the common observation, that an oyster is never those taken near the doors of the falt paw, good except in those month in which there as they always breed best in water that is is an R Pandore oysters are the best, i. e. brackish,

various,

various, from 2 to 6 miles, containing to the sea, occupy the north line of the about 960 persons. Excepting between county; they are bleak and barren, hay2000 and 3000 acres on the coast, the ing little or no timber. The grounds country is hilly and bleak. The low southward from this ridge are, in gene. grounds are light and sandy; the parish, ral, flat, fertile, and well cultivated. on the whole, may be supposed to bring The most remarkable rivers are the about quool. per annum of real rent. Tweed, which from Coldstream to BerThe rent of land for tillage is 21. os. wick separates this county from Northper acre, a high tack-duty for the

qua.

umberland. Whiteadd r and Blackad. lity of the soil, but it is owing chiefly der I take cheir rise in the Lammerto the great quantity of sare-ware got muir hills, and after joining their Itreams for manure.

Being in the way from near Allanbank, emply themelves into the border towards the capital, there are, the Tweed. The London road by as may be supposed, remains of encamp. Cornhill goes through the welt division meats here, and many beautiful tumuli, of the county from Channelkirk 10 Cold. fupposed to have been burying places. stream by Lauder and Greenlaw. The On the shore there is plenty of lime. east London road, by Berwick, passes stone, and some veins of coal also ap- through the east corner by the Peesepear, though none has been wrought; bridge, the Press, and Coldingham as usual, in such places, there is plenty muir ; and there is ano:her great road of freestone.

to Edinburgh from Berwick, by Danse,

which is kept in good repair. The COUNTY OF BERWICK, OR MERSE*.

minerals in this district, hitherto difcovered, are few.

Near Lauder, at This county has long been nominally the head of the district, various spedivided into three districts, viz. the Merse, cimens of copper ore have been found. Lammermuir, and Lauderdale. The In the parish of Boncle, a.copper mine first includes the fat part of the county, was worked some years ago on the stretching along the banks of the Tweed estate of Lord Douglas. There has to Berwick, 25 miles in length and a- been no discoveries of coal, but on bout 15 in breadth ; and being the most the coast near Eyemouth; though there important, gave its name to the whole is no limestone as yet found in the countyt.

whole county, in many districts there This county is of a quadrangular are pits of excellent marl, chiefly stune Go form, but all its fides are waving and and clay marl. The rich and fertile

unequal. On the north it is bounded strath from the foot of the Lammerby East Lothian ; on the east by the muir to the river ['weed had, scarcely German Ocean; on the south-east and 40 years ago, a very bleak and naked south by the river Tweed, the English appearance; now it is rich and highly border, and Roxburghshire; and on cultivated, well inclosed, and is one of the west by the shires of Edinburgh and the finest districts in the island. In no Peebles. Its greatest length, from west quarter has the use of lime been of more to ealt, is 33 miles, and from south to service, or more generally employed as north it is about 16 miles. The chain manure. Through almost the whole of of Lammermuir hills, from Soutra hill it, agriculture is carried on with much

* This is probably a corruption of March, spirit, industry, and success.

being on the march or boundary between On leaving East Lothian, or the counof England and Scotland.

ty of Haddington, travelling southward, + It is computed that above 80,000 bolls

we enter this county in the parisli of of victual are exported from this county at Berwick and Eyemouth, and an equal quan # A corruption of Whitewater, and Black

rity transported by land-carriage to Edine burgh, Haddington, and Dunbar.

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