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COCKBURNSPATH, consisting of be. country must have been the scene of tween 7000 and 8000 acres, part of much strife and bloodshed. The water which is hill and muir, that upon the of Whitadder is a small stream here; fea-coast is, in general, light and fandy, but well stocked with trout. Cranshaws · though some is of a rich clayey quality. is used as goat- whey quarters during It brings from zos. to 4os. the Scots the fummer months. acre, the whole yielding between 4000l. COLDINGHAM is an extensive parish, and 5000l, yearly ; there are about 884 between 6 and 7 miles long, and as mainhabitants. On the London road, ny in breadth, and containing 2391 inwhich passes through the parish, we habitants, but of an irregular figure. A meet with the Peaths, or Peese-bridge, very extensive moor extends to the as it is commonly pronounced, planned weit; on the fea-coast the ground is and executed by Mr Henderson. It was rich and productive ; St Abb’s Head thrown over a ravine in the year 1786, is situated on this coast. The town of cut by the Peefe-burn; the bridge is 300 Coldingham, containing nearly 720 perfeet long, and 15 feet wide ; from the fons, stands about a mile from the sea, bottom of the burn to the top of the and appears, from various circumstanrailing, it measures 123 feet. About ces, to have been very ancient, and a quarter of a mile from this bridge, much more extended than at present. stands the Old Tower ; it is the ruins The shores afford excellent fishing for

ancient castle of considerable cod, turbet, haddock, and strength ; being near the boundary of white fish. Besides fome natural wood the two kingdoms, many vestiges of on the banks of the river Eye, there is camps of various kinds are visible on a good deal of planting lately made in the rifing grounds į in the glens and this parish. Several ruins may be trapaffes many military operations may be ced, but none of any eminence. traced, The ruins of the old church EYEMOUTH was once a part of the of Auld-Cambus, formerly united to priory of Coldingham; it is a very small this parish, are still standing. The parish, about a mile square, and conschistic rocks which compose the Lam- taining about 1000 inhabitants. The mermuir hills, terminate on the sea- ground is a rich loam, inclining to sand, coast here; it is gratifying to the mi- and is almost wholly arable and inclofneralogist to trace the line of separa, ed. There

may

be reckoned in whole tion of the primary and secondary Itra- 800 acres, which yield from 25s. to ta; they are distinctly laid bare, at a 405. per English acre. There is a good place called Sickar Point, by the wash. harbour here, lately erected at the ing of the sea. The schiltus stands nearly mouth of the river Eye where the town in a vertical position, and the sandstone {tands, and which is daily receiving imjoins it, and lies close upon it, in hori. provements ; the coast abounds with fish. zontal Itrata. Though no other mine. On a small promontory which stretches sals have been discovered, yet in the out into the sea, there are the remains gravel it is not uncommon to find also of a regular fortification. The rock whinstone, granite, porphyry, and even which composes this promontory, is a limestone.

coarse pudding-stone; the rocks on the CRANSHAWS lies further west in the coast are, in general, whinstone.--Next middle of the Lammermuir hills, and to this lies is a very small parish; xcontaining only Ayton parish is nearly 4 miles square, 164 inhabitants. "Crandaaw's Castle is containing 1146 inhabitants, of which a small fortified tower very entire ; this, nearly one half reside in the village. with the ruins of similar edifices in this The south-east part is billy; the feapart of the country, and the remains of shore is high and rocky. The soil in many encampments, all show that this the middle is rich and fertile, produ

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cing all kinds of grain. On the banks which project from the Lammermuir of the Eye, there is a paper mill, and hills, Chirolide-hill is one of the most 4 flour mills. Several vestiges of en. remarkable, and commands a fine view campments are shown here ; urns and of a fertile and well cultivated country.. broken pieces of armour are occalional. In this parish, beautified by many gentlely found in the ground. The manfion men’s seats, some vestiges of ancient house of Ayton is pleasantly situated, camps are shown. There is plenty of and has a great deal of thriving planta. marle wrought, and lately a species of tions around it.

gypsum has been discovered on the Mordington, in the south east cor. banks of Whitadder. On the estate of ner of the county, is a parish between 3 Ninewells is a plane tree supposed 150 and 4 miles in length, and from 1 to 2 years old, which measures 17 feet of in breadth, containing only about 340 folid wood below the boughs. This is inhabitants. The soil is various ; on the family seat of the Humes, of which the banks of the river Whitadder it is the celebrated David

Hume was a a stiff clay; towards the coast light and younger brother. fandy. The rent

to about

POLWART) parish is of a triangular 2000l. At Lammerton stands the cha- form ; its greatest length is 3, and its pel where James IV. of Scotland was greatest breadth 2 miles, and contains married to Margaret, daughter of Hen- 288 persons; the real rent is about ry VII. of England, in 1503. Though L. 1000 Sterling, and the Earl of neither coal nor lime are wrought in Marchmont is fole proprietor of the this county, we find vestiges of both in parsh. The soil is various, the greatseveral places on the shore here, small est part is clayey. ; in some places it is veins of ironstone, of coal, and of lime. gravelly, in others fandy. In the midstone may be traced, and abundance dle of the village there are two old of fine freestone. The east London Thorn trees, around which it was the road passes through this parish, and also cuftom for every new-married pair, with the Berwick road by Dunse to Edin- their company, to dance in a ring: burgh. The remains of a Danilh camp, hence the song Polwarth on the Green. Edington Castle, situated on the top of LADDYKIRK parith extends along the a steep rock, and the Witches Know, banks of the Tweed 2 miles, and ! where, so late as the present century, mile in breadth, containing about 3500 several unfortunate women were burnt acres English, The inhabitants are in for witchcraft, are objects worthy of the number about 60o. In general, the traveller's notice.

soil is a deep loam, sometimes with a Foulden is a small parish, nearly 21 clay, and sometimes with a gravelly miles square, and contains 344 inhabi- bottom ; the rent is from 155. to 3os. tants. In general, the soil is good ; on per acre, and the farms produce from the south a clayey foil prevails";. in the L. 300 to L. 6co per annum. The centre of the parish it is loamy, but ground is, on the whole, flat here, with more light towards the north.

a few gentle risings, and is well cultiried banks of the Whitadder make this vated. The improvement of their sheep quarter pleasant.

stock bas been of late much attended to CHIRnside parish is of an oblong fie in this quarter. gure, about 41 miles at the greatest SWINTON and SIMPRIM. These uni. length, and 3 where broadeft, contain- ted parilhes extend about 4

miles from ing about 6523 acres, which rent from cait to west, and 3* from north to 12s. to 3os. per acre.

The number of fouth, and contain near 900 inhabitants. inhabitants are y61, 609 of whom re- The soil is, in general, a deep clay; fide in the village of Chirnside, which the surface is varied by rising grounds, is a presbytery feat. Of the eminences and gentle elevations, in long ridges

and

The va

and flats, which make it in general very and contain about 8900 acres of fit for improvements. The rent is from ground; the number of inhabitants is 8s. to 255. per acre, yielding, in whole, 622. The ground towards the Lamupwards of L. 4,000 Sterling. The mermuir hills is thin and poor, but in only stream of any conf.quence is Leet, the low parts, on the banks of the which abounds in pike. No minerals, Whitadder, it is chicfly a rich loam, except fanditone, have been discovered and almost the whole is inclosed, which here. The antiquity of the family of contributes much to the beauty of the Swinton* deferves notice. It appears, country. There is pleniy of freestone, that 22 proprietors, including the pre- and clay-marl on the banks of the river feni, have occupied this eltate, during Whitadder.

About 12 years ago a a period of 73' years. This is the copper mine was wrought on a small more remarkable, when we recollect farm called Hoardweel, the ore is said the turbulence and frequency of feuda! to have been rich, but the working was Broils and border wars, during great was given up, owing to the vein having part of this long period.

failed. HUTTON. The ground of this DUNSE parish is an oblong square, parish is flat and very fercile, being îi. 8 miles from north to fouth, and 5 tuated on the banks of the Tweed and from east to west, and contains 3324 *Vlitadder. The soil in general, is inhabitants, 2324 of whom reside in what is called a deep Joam, but in fome the town. Lunse town formerly stood places, towards the middle of the pariih, on the top of that beautiful hill called it is a thin clay, and all inclosed. The Dunse Law ; but was afterwards re. number of inhabitants is about 420. built at the foot of the hill. The fi.

WNITSOM and Hilton are about tuation is grand, being at the head of 41 miles in length, and 25 miles in a plain 25 miles long, in the very centre breadth, containing 590 inhabitants. of the county, encompassed on three The ground in culture is, in general, a fides by the Lammermuir hills, the rich clayey foil, a great part being fat river Whitadder running by it. The there is a good deal of marsh and wet fat ground of the parish is in some land in the parish.

places a rich deep loam, in others a Edrom is a large parish, extending strong clay, and is in general inclosed. to 10 miles in length, and 6 in breadth, Besides Dunfe Castle, the family feat of containing 1336 inhabitants. The ap. Hãy of Drumelzier, which had former. pearance of the country is flat here, and ly been a place of strength, there is the the ground is tolerably good, excepting remains of an old tower, called Edwin's towards the Lammermuir hills, where Hall. It consists of three concentric it is thin, moorish, and unproductive ; circles, the diameter of the innermost the rent is various, from los.

to 30s.

is 40 feet, the walls are 7 feet thick, per acre-the amount of the whole is and what is remarkable, the stones are towards L. 6500 Sterling per annum ;

not cemented with mortar of

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kind, alıoft the whole is inclosed. Both they are chiefly whin, and made to lock Whitadder and Blackadder run through into one another, by groves and prothis parish.

jections, executed with vast labour. Its Boncle and Preston. These uni- is supposed to be Pictish. The hill upted parishes are about 6 miles fquare, on which this is built is called Cock

burnhill ; it is goo feet above the level This family is said to have originally of sea, and affords a fine land-mark to obtained a grant of these lands for cleaning the sailor on the German Ocean. There the county of Swine, which at that time is a chalybeate spring in this neighbourmuch infefted it. Tradition, the name, the beurings of the arms, and other circum- hood, called Dunse Spa, nearly of a fances seem to corroborate the opinion.

similar quality to the Tunbridge ; being

an excellent tonic, it proves very ef- ed and beautifyed this quarter much. ficacious in stomach complaints* The remains of military stations and There is abundance of sandstone and encampments are also pointed out here, whivstone here. The celebrated meta- and, at different times, earthen urns, physician and theologist John Duns. containing human bones, have been dug Scorus, was born at Duose in 1274. up. The site of the house where he was COLDSTREAM. This parish extends born is still shown.

along the Tweed, which divides it frora ABBAY OF ST BATHANS is a small England, between 7 and 8 miles; from parish, situated in the heart of the Lam. N. to S it is about 4

miles. The towa mermuir hills ; it is from 6 to 7 miles is small, there being no manufacture long, and about 3 broad, and contains carried on; a very neat bridge over the 145 inhabitants. On the banks of the Tweed unites the two kingdoms here. Whitadder the soil is fertile, but the The face of the country is flat, and the great proportion of the parish is hill and grounds well cultivated. Towards the pasture ground, the rent is only about river the soil is a rich loam ; farther L. 600 per annum. The Earl of north the ground rises a little, and inWemyss has put down a neat hunting clines to clay. The number of inhabiquarters in this neighbourhood, called tants

is about 2193.

Hirse!, the the Retreat, which gives life and beautiful feat of the Earl of Home, is beauty to other ways a very dreary in this parish. The river Leet runs quarter.

into the Tweed here. Some shell mari, LONFORMACUS stands in a situation and abundance of stone marl are found very similar to that of St Bathans, but in this parish. is a larger parish, extending 12 miles GREENLAW is an extensive parish, 7 long, and 6 broad, and containing a or 8 miles long, about 2 broad, conbout 450 inhabitants. The rent is a. taining 1910 inhabitants. Being at a bour L. 1700 per annum. Dirington great distance from coal and lime, the and Laws are two beautiful conic hills. ground rents low, from 1os. to 215. Specimens of copper ore, of a pretty per acre, but the soil in many places rich quality, are found here, but it has is good, being a deep rich clay. Tho' never been wrought. The proprietor it is the county town it is but a poor has probably been discouraged by the place, as they have no manufactures of distance from fewel.

any kind established there; though one LANGTON. The mean length of of woolen cloth is lately begun. A this parish is 4s, and the mean breadth little to the south east of "he town 31 miles, containing 435 inhabitants. stan is the elegant house of Marchmont. It is almost all well inclosed and sub Eccles. This is a very extensive and divided, consisting of about 7200 acres highly cultivated parish. Of 11,000 acres English ; the rent of ground for cul- which it contains, scarcely one is waste ture, is from 155. 10 425. per English or useless. In extent it is 8 miles from acre, producing, in whole, nearly 266ul. E. to W. and ahout 6 from N. to S. Sterling yearly, the whole, except containing nearly 1780 inhabitants. L. 600, belonging to the proprietor of The soil is various ; in some places a Langton. The foil, in the lower part deep clay, in others a rich loam ; and of the parish is a good loam, yielding in others it is gravelly. In general, all kinds of crops ; the higher grounds the surface is flat, and the grounds are are well adapted for sheep pasture. The all inclosed. The size of the is nis is late Mr Gavin of Langton improv. from 800 to goo acres, and the real

* From an Analysis of it published by Dr rent amounts to about 1, ooi. StarHome, it appears to contain: iron, calcareous ling. The inclcfurrs, hedge-rows, and tarth, common salt, and fixed air.

number of gentlemens seats, give the

country

per annum.

country

the appearance of a rich and face of the country is rugged and unweil cultivated garden, to a spectator at even here, but scarcely rilus to what is a diltance.

denominated a hill. A good deal is NENTHORN. . This parish is nearly moss and bog, though there is fome 4 miles square, and contains about 1900 good ground of a clayey, and some of acres; the number of inhabitants is a a fandy quality, 'which bear good bout 350. In general the soil is good, crops; the best rents at 21s. per acre. and well cultivated. Blue whin-stone The river Eden runs through this paprevails here ; and on the banks of the riih. Sandítone of a reddish colour is Eden, there is abundance of red land- the only mineral discovered here. Itone.

WESTRUTHER lying on the side of Stitchel, and Hume, lie partly the Lammermuir hills, is a parish about in Roxburghshire. They extend from 5 miles long and 3 broad, containing the north to south about 6 miles, and be. 730 inhabitants. The foil in the high tween 3 or 4 from ealt to weit, and con- grounds is a thin clay :; in many places tain about 1000 inhabitants. The soil is, it is wet and marshy, and is on the in general, a stiff clay, and is well cul. whole but indifferent. The London tivated. The total rent is about 3000l. road by Coldstream paffes through it.

The remains of Hume Legerwood, this is a small parish, Castle *, noted during the contentions about 3 miles long and 2. broad, it lies on the borders, Itands in this parish. on the south-west extremity of the This castle has a most commanding Lanmermuir hills; it is on the whole prospect over almost the whole of the rugged and hilly, the nuniber of inhabiMerse and Roxburghihire. The rising tants is 422. In the vales, and on the ground called Lundie Craigs, is com- banks or the water Leader, the soil is posed of basaltic columns, from 5 to 6 commonly a deep blackish mould, comfeet in height, and 16 or 17 inches posed of the remaios of decayed vegeta

The small river Eden separates ble matter, and the fragments of the Stitchel from Nenthorn.

rocks adjacent. The hills are covered GORDON T This parish is 7 miles with heather, and abound in peats. long from W. to E. and of unequal The parish of breadth, from 2 to 4. The London EARLSTON lies amongst the hills on road by Cornbill runs through it ; it the banks of the Leader; it is about 6 contains about 920 inhabitants. The miles long, and from 3 to 4 broad, and * It is reported, that when Oliver Crom

The fa

contains 1351 inhabitants. well was at Haddington, he sent a fummons mous THOMAS THE RHYMER, who live to the Governor, ordering him to furrender. ed in the 13th century, was born in the The Governor returned for answer,

village of Earlston ; part of his houfe “ Chat he, Willie Wastle, stood firm in his called Rymer's Tour is still standing, castle :

There is a stone built in the forewall That all the dogs of his town, ihould not of the church, having this infcription, drive Willie Waltlc down.”

“ Auld Rhymers race, lies in this This seems to be the origin of that play a

place,” his real name and title was Sir

Thomas Learmont. On the banks of † Several persons of the name Gordon came to Britain with William the Conqueror,

the Leader, Itands the houfe of Cowden one of whom having fortunately kirled a wild Knows, which is an old building, near boar that infeited this neighbourhood, re- which are the Knows covered with ceived certain lands here to which he gave broom, celebrated in the old song of his own name. From him the Dukes of that name.

Near this lies Blainfie, Gordon are descended, and the boar will fo long famous for the production of makes a part of the family arms, of this gallant action. The Duke of Gordou excellent oats, and the handsome vila is still superior of some lands in the parish. lage of Carollide.

(To be continued.)

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