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and flats, which make it in general very and contain about 8900 acres of fit for improvements. The rent is from ground; the number of inhabitants is Us. to 255. per acre, yielding, in whole, 622. The ground towards the Lamupwards ot L. 4,000 Sterling. The mermuir hills is thin and poor, but in only stream of any conf.quence is Let, the low parts, on the banks of the which abounds in pike. No minerals, Whitadder, it is chicfly a rich loam, except fandiłone, have been discovered and almoit the whole is inclosed, which here. The antiquity of the family of contributes much to the beauty of the Swinton* deferves notice. It appears, country. There is plenty of freestone, that 22 proprietors, including the pre- and clay-marl on the banks of the river feni, have occupied this eltate, during Whitadder. About
12 years ago a a period of 73' years. This is the copper mine was wrought on a small more remarkable, when we recollect farm called Hoardwell, the ore is faid the turbulence and frequency of feuda! :o have been rich, but the working was broils and border wars, during great was given up, owing to the vein haring part of this long period.
failed. Hutton. The ground of this Dunse parish is an oblong square, parish is flat and very fercile, being fi
. & miles from north to fouth, and 5 Guated on the banks of the Tweed and from east to west, and contains 3324 Vlicadder. The foil in general, is inhabitants, 2324 of whom reside in what is called a deep Joam, but in some the town. Dunfe town formerly stood places, towards the middle of the parish, on the top of that beautiful hill called it is a thin clay, and all inclosed." The Dunse Law; but was afterwards renumber of inhabitants is about 120.
built at the foot of the hill. The fiWNITSOM and Hilton are about tuation is grand, being at the head of 41 miles in length, and 2 miles in a plain 25 miles long, in the very centre breadth, containing 590 inhabitants. of the county, encompassed on three The ground in culture is, in general, a fides by the Lammermuir hills, the rich clayey foil, a great part being flat river Whitadder running by it. The there is a good deal of marsh and wet flat ground of the parish is in some land in the parish.
places a rich deep loam, in others a Edrom is a large parish, extending strong clay, and is in general inclosed. to 10 miles in length, and 6 in breadth, Besides Dunfe Castle, the family feat of containing 1336 inhabitants. The ap. Hiy of Drumelzier, which had formerpearance of the country is far here, and ly been a place of strength, there is the the ground is tolerably good, excepting remains of an old tower, called Edwin's towards the Lammermuir hills, where Hall. It consists of three concentric it is thin, moorish, and unproductive ; circles, the diameter of the innermoft the rent is various, from 1os.
is 40 feet, the walls are 7 feet thick, per acre-the amount of the whole is and what is remarkable, the stones are towards L. 6500 Sterling per annum ;
not cemented with mortar of any kind, alıof the whole is inclosed. Both they are chiefly whin, and made to lock Whitadder and Blackadder run through into one another, by groves and prothis parish.
jections, executed with vast labour. It Boncle and PRESTON. These uni- is supposed to be Pictish. The hill upted parishes are about 6 miles square, on which this is built is called Cock
burnhill ; it is goo feet above the level * This family is said to have originally of sea, and affords a fine land-mark to obtained a grant of these lands for cleaning the sailor on the German Ocean. There the county of Swine, which at that time is a chalybeate spring in this neighbourmuch infestd it. 'Tradition, the name, the bearings of the arms, and other circum- hood, called Dunse Spa, nearly of a fances seem to corroborate the opinion.
similar quality to the Tunbridge ; being
an excellent tonic, it proves very ef- ed and beautityed this quarter much. ficacious in stomach complaints*. The remains of military stations and There is abundance of sandstone and encampments are also pointed out here, whivstone here. The celebrated meta- and, at different times, earthen urns, physician and theologist John Dans. containing human bones, have been dug Scotus, was born at Dunse in 1274. up. The site of the house where he was COLDSTREAM. This parish extends born is still shown.
along the Tweed, which divides it froma ABBAY OF ST BATHANS is a small England, between 7 and 8 miles; from parish, situated in the heart of the Lam- N. to S it is about 4 miles. The towa mermuir hills ; it is from 6 to 7 miles is small, there being no manufacture long, and about 3 broad, and contains carried on; a very neat bridge over the 145 inhabitants. On the banks of the Tweed unites the two kingdoms here. Whitadder the soil is fertile, but the The face of the country is flat, and the great proportion of the parish is bill and grounds well cultivated. Towards the pasture ground, the rent is only about river the soil is a rich loam; farther L. 600 per annum. The Earl of north the ground rises a little, and inWemyss has put down a neat hunting clines to clay. The number of inhabiquarters in this neighbourhood, called tants is about 2193. Hirfel, the the Retreat, which gives life and beautiful feat of the Earl of Home, is beauty to otherways a very dreary in this parish. The river Leet runs quarter.
into the Tweed here. Some shell marl, LONFORMACUS stands in a situation and abundance of stone marl are found very similar to that of St Bathans, but in this parish. is a larger parish, extending 12 miles GREENLAW is an extensive parish, 7 long, and 6 broad, and containing a- or 8 miles long, about 2 broad, conbout 450 inhabitants. The rent is a- taining 1910 inhabitants. Being at a bout L. 1700 per annum. Dirington great distance from coal and lime, the and Laws are two beautiful conic hills. ground rents low, from 105. to 215. Specimens of copper ore, of a pretty per acre, but the soil in many places rich quality, are found here, but it has is good, being a deep rich clay. Tho" never been wrought. The proprietor it is the county town it is but a poor has probably been discouraged by the place, as they have no manufa&ures of distance from fewel.
kind established there ; though one LANGTON. The mean length of of woolen cloth is lately begun. A this parish is 41, and the mean breadth little to the south east of "he town 2} miles, containing 435 inhabitants. stan's the elegant house of Marchmont. It is almost all well inclosed and sub- Eccles. This is a very extensive and divided, consisting of about 7200 acres highly cultivated parish. Of11,000 acres English ; the rent of ground for cul- which it contains, scarcely one is waste ture, is from 15s. 10 425. per English or useless. In extent it is 8 miles from acre, producing, in whole, nearly 266ul. E. to W. and ahout 6 from N. to S. Sterling yearly, the whole, except containing nearly 1780 inhabitants. . L. 600, belonging to the proprietor of The soil is various ; in some places a Langton. The soil, in the lower part deep clay, in others a rich loam ; and of the parish is a good loam, yielding in others it is gravelly. In general, all kinds of crops ; the higher grounds the surface is flat, and the grounds are are well adapted for sheep pasture. The all inclosed. The size of the lus nis is late Mr Gavin of Langton improv. from 800 to goo acres, and the real
* From an Analysis of it published by Dr rent amounts to about 11, ooi. SturHome, it appears to contai. iren, alcareous ling. The inclofurrs, hedge-rows, and tarth, common salt, and fixed air.
number of gentlemens seats, give the
country the appearance of a rich and face of the country is rugged and unweil cultivated garden, to a spectator at even here, but scarcely rilcs to what is a diltance.
denominated a hill. A good deal is NENTHORN. . This parish is nearly moss and bog, though there is fome 4 miles square, and contains about 1900 good ground of a clayey, and some of acres; the number of inhabitants is à sandy quality, 'which bear good bout 350. In general the soil is good, crops ; the best rents at 21s. per acre. and well cultivated. Blue whin-stone The river Eden runs through this paprevails here ; and on the banks of the rih. Sanditone of a reddish colour is Eden, there is abundance of red land- the only mineral discovered here. Itone.
WESTRUTHER lying on the side of STITCHEL, and Hume, lie partly the Lammermuir hills, is a parish about in Roxburghshire. They extend from 5 miles long and 3 broad, containing the north to south about 6 miles, and be. 730 inhabitants. The foil in the high tween 3 or 4 from ealt to weit, and con- grounds is a thin clay ; in many places tain about 1000 inhabitants. The fuil is, it is wet and marshy, and is on the in general, a stiff clay, and is well cul. whole but indifferent. The London tivated. The total rent is about 3ocol. road by Colditream passes through it. per annum.
The remains of Hume LEGERwood, this is a small" parish, Castle *, noted during the contentions about 3 miles long and 2 broad, it lies on the borders, ftands in this parish. on the south-weft extremity of the This castle has a most commanding Lammermuir hills ; it is on the whole prospect over almost the whole of the rugged and hilly, the nuniber of inhabiMerse and Roxburghihire. The rising tants is 412. In the vales, and on the ground called Lundie Craigs, is com- banks of the water Leader, the soil is posed of basaltic columns, from 5 to 6 commonly a deep blackish mould, comfeet in height, and 10 or 17 inches posed of the remains of decayed vegeta
The small river Eden separates ble matter, and the fragments of the Stitchel from Nenthorn.
rocks adjacent. The hills are covered GORDON T.
This parish is 7 miles with heather, and abound in peats. long from W. to E. and of unequal The parish of breadth, from 2 to 4. The London EARLSTON lies amongst the hills on road by Cornbill runs through it ; it the banks of the Leader; it is about 6 contains about 920 inhabitanis. The miles long, and from 3 to 4 broad, and
contains * It is reported, that when Oliver Crom
1351 inhabitants. well was at Haddington, he sent a fummons mous THOMAS THE RHYMER, who live to the Governor, ordering him to Surrender. ed in the 13th century, was born in the The Governor returned for aniwer,
village of Earlston ; part of his house “ Chat he, Willie Wastle, Ituod firm in his called Rymer's Tour is still tanding, castle :
There is a stone built in the forewall Thai all the dogs of his town, ihould not of the church, having this inscription, drivc Willie Walllc down."
“i Auld Rhymers race, lies in this This scenis to be the origin of that play a
place,” his real name and title was Sir
Thomas Learmont. On the banks of † Several persons of the name Gordon came to Britain with William the Conqueror, the Leader, Itands the house of Cowden one of whom having fortunately killed a wiha Knows, which is an old building, near boar that infeited this neighbourhood, re- which are the Knows covered witis ceived certain lands here to which he gave broom, celebrated in the old song of his own name. From him the Dukes of
that name. Gordon are descended, and the bour Bill fo long famous for the production of
Near this lies Blainslie, makes a of the family arms, of this gallant action. The Duke of Gordou excellent oats, and the handsome rila is still superiur of fome lands in the parifh. lage of Carollide.
(To be continued.)
REMARKS ON VOLTAIRE'S CREED*. A CONFESSION of FAITH from M. when the other inhabitants of the earth Voltaire is a very great curiosity. With do not, the former may, through his such a curiosity, however, great as it is, mercy, enjoy his favour and protection, we are presented, at the close of his while the latter are, by his justice, deletter to the Sieur Rousseau. I shall lay prived of them. For this reason he before the reader a faithful translation chose Abraham, and bestowed the bleflof this confellion from the French, ing upon his feed. Because of unbelief accompanied with some brief remarks and disobedience the Jews were rejectupon the several parts of it en passant. ed, and the Gentiles now stand, in the But, before I begin, I must drank a fame manner, .by faith and obedience. couple of bumpers of champaign, that I Let the Christians of every nation, may be a match for the little man. And and every sect, try themselves by this now, my dear philosopher have at you. rule; and let those answer for it, who
6 I adore one God, the Creator.” put unwarrantable limitations and rę. We should be glad to know more parti. Itrictions upon the goodness of their 'cularly, who this one God is, and in Maker. what manner you adore him ; because “ I love him and serve him as well a lively Frenchman, of your acquaint as I am able, in men, my fellow-creaance, is said, once upon a time, to have tnres, and his children." Videlicet, by facrificed a buil to Neptune ; and some breaking his laws and blaspheming his take a man's practice to be the best in- revelations ; by setting a glorious exdex of his principles. But as Jupiter, ample of infidelity and profligacy, and -Neptune, and Pluto, agreed to divide encouraging all nations and languages the world between them, they may as to follow it. well draw straws for their votary. And
“ But I do not believe that he premuch good may it do the winner. fers one people or feet to another." He
“ A Being of infinite wisdom, that may have the liberty, it is hoped, to will punifh and reward.”- The attri- prefer certain principles and practices bute of wisdom cannot, one would ima- to others, and to prefer those of his gine, recommend any Deity to you, creatures, who adhere to 'what is right, fince the more he knows of you, the before those who follow what is Jess, of course, he will like you. And How he can do this, without preferring as to the article of punishment, it is some people and some fects to other wonderful how you could permit a grain people, and other feets, we must have of that ingredient to enter into the com- one more confession of faith to explain. pofition ; for surely no man can have any No man is made acceptable to God by thing to fear from a God who rewards profesing himself a Christian, who lives Voltaire.
Otherwise than a Christian ought to do. “ An universal God, and not the His profession, in such a case, instead of God of one particular nation, or pro. justifying him, would only enhance vince, or feet.” If the people of one par- his guilt, and increase his punishment. ticular nation, province, or rect, believe “ Earthly princes, who have their foiin God and keep his commandmenis, bles, like you or re, prefer those who
can flatter them witi most address. God * This curious Paper was written, many
defires not that we should Aatter him years ago, by the late excellent Prelate, Dr in our services.” How can he be flatHorne, Bishop of Norwich. Beside the cir- tered, to whom we can ascribe no percumstance of its not being in any of his fection, of which he is not possessed? published Works, and its intrinsic merit, Or what Christian, of the lowest form, it will, probably, be not the less acceptable to our Readers from its being highly sea- ever thought of doing it? Against fonable.
whom, therefore, is this bolt fhot? It Vol. LVIII.
is thrown into the air, merely to try fix different booksellers ? &c. &c. &c. the strength of our long bow?
Be not deceived, my dear. philofopher, '" His true temple is the heart of a nor attempt in vain to deceive us. It good man.” The inference here sug- will puzzle your own dear self to frame a gested is, that therefore all other tem. law, fit to appear in public, which will ples are needlels, and the use of them not condemn you. What then will be. absurd. But-allowing that God visits, come of you, when 'tried by the allând, as he himself is pleased to express perfect law of the Most High! it, 46 takes
his abode in the hearts “ Vice, knavery, and flander, are the of is faithful people, does it follow only impieties I know of.” And yet herce, that they are not to worship him there in not a man in Europe, whose in naterial temples, while they are here knowledge in that way is more extenbelow? How many links of this chain five. These are bad things to be sure are wanting?
but none of them are properly styled “ We are more concerned to imitate impieties ; a word appropriated to those his goodness and mercy, than to assem- fins which are committed immediately ble on certain days for the purpose of against God, such as irreligion, ipfideliInforming him, in a song, that he is good ty, and blafphemy. and merciful.” The duties of devotion “ I firmly believe that every just man and charity are by no means incompat believes in God.” This point cannot ible. The truth is, we are concerned be well settled, till we know what is to do both, and one in order to the here meant by a just man, and what by other, as we are then in the belt difbelieving in God; as also whether a position to imitate the goodness and man can believe in God, who has not mercy of God, when our minds are heard of him ; and whether he is likefilled and our hearts warmed, with the ly to be a just man who has not first glorious ideas of them contained in the done both. As it stands, at present, divine' psalms and hymns. These are it is one of the most extraordinary arfung, not to inform God, but to express ticles of faith that ever was believed by our gratirnde. And when we say that an infidel. he is good and merciful, we do not I believe that God is a good king, Hatter him, but speak the truth as well who desires his subjects to be honest men, as we are able ; though we must always and nothing more.” So, reasonable a fall infinitely short in our manner of request should have been better complied doing it.
with by some people, than according to “ Every one who loves mankind and all accounts, it hath been. But who his country, who cherishes his wife, who authorized M. Voltaire to tell the world, educates his children wisely, who does to a tittle, what the great King of heajustice, who comforts the miserable, who ven and earth requires of his subjects ? relieves the poor, who is no bigot, serves We know he hath required all this, and God as he himself requires, and fulfils a great deal more. the law.” That is, if you have the “ I stedfastly believe that our Com. making of it. The law of God requires mon Parent will save honest Catholics, many other things beside these to be honest Protestants, honest Turks, honest
done, before a man can fulfil it. But Indians, the Swiss vicar, and John. fuppofe, for once, we were to try you James Rousseau, if he repent him of his by your own law. One might ask, how follies and his calumnies.” What God i love to mankind and one's country intends to do with “ honest Turks and was fhrwn by writing books against re- Indians,'?- he hath no where told us, ligion? Or a love of truth, by disown because it concerneth' us not to know. ing them when written? Or a love of One thing we are sure of that he will justice, by selling the copy of a work to do nothing with them but what is just