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and right. But what he will do with " And in the Christian religion with wicked and apoftate Christians he hath all my might.” I am afraid, my dear told us, because it highly imports us to philosopher, you have spent your strength know and lay it to heart. I have not in believing what is falfe, and have now heard that the “ Swiss picar,” is ex- no power left to believe what is true. cluded from grace, unless M. Voltaire's But try again yet once more: divelt decree concerning his writings be fuf- yourself of paifion and prejudice ; reform ficient to reprobate his person. And so your manners ; cease to do evil ; learn far am I from denying the salvability to do well ; consider you are now well of John-James, if he repent, that I stricken in years ; death is near, and doubt not but Voltaire himself might judgment will follow. Repent, and you be saved, upon the same terms. Whether will soon believe, take my word for it. after sinning with a high hand, till see “ Man, who seems the most unhappy venty, he will, or can repent, is another being in the creation, is born, lives, and question.

dies in pain.” One would be glad to “ I admit of final causes in the system know, as he proceeded originally froni of Providence.” A


kind' con- the hands of a good and gracious Cream cession, and Providence is much obliged tor, how this comes about, unless, since to you for it.

that time, fome alteration hath been “ And I humbly believe, that for made in his condition, through his owa some good end, of which I profess my- fault. But I cry you mercy. He owes felf to be ignorant, highwaymen are per. all his wretchedness to the pricits. mitted to rob, wasps to sting, and John- • Priests and doctors corrupt his ins James to write.” With regard to this: fancy, embitter and delude his fans article, I profess the same faith but not the hood, and beliege him in his old ages same ignorance. I conceive that John- they make him die in a sneaking, cow. James, and another person who shall be ardly way, and pursue him even in the nameless, have been permitted to write, other world. Some call this religions in order to thew us how far it is posfible for my part, I call it madness. So for authors to misapply, in different do l. It is a pity but the principles of ways, those talents with which God toleration could be suspended in their hath entrusted them ; that men of ge- operation, just while we might cut the nius may hear and fear, and be upon throats of the same priests and doctors their guard.

that the poor world might enjoy itself a “ I am of opinion, that it is my pri- little. But men of strong passions and vilege to examine with modesty what is brisk imaginations, especially if tney are called revelation,” You believe, my poets too, have a way of representing dear philosopher, a great deal more than things very different from the common this ; or else your practice outstrips your one. To instruct children early in the faith at a strange rate. For if there be knowledge of God, and of their duty, any modesty in your method of examins is, in the language of genius, to ing revelation, modesty is a very different rupt their infancy.” To teach them, thing from what the world hitherto hath as they grow up, the art of denying and taken it to be.

subduing their unlawful desires, of re" And I pity those governments that gulating their wills and affections, and burn either men or books ;" so do I of keeping heaven in light, while they from my soul ; because seose, learning, walk upon earth, is to * embitter and and wit, properly applied, would soon delude manhood.” To prepare fick make any country too hot for an infidel, and dying people for their departuria without fire or faggot.

the faith and fear of God, is to," be“I believe in God with all iny heart.", fiege, make cowards of hem, and pure! The more shame for you, that you obey fue them in the other world.” When him no better.

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they, who undertake the clerical office, the Indians about the Ganges, or ftuck execute it properly, “ I, for my part,” with nails like the Bramins.” Learn esteem them to be," the salt of the ing is a fine thing ; it enables a man to earth; and the light of the world. set the miserable devices of the besouted May such be my attendants, guides, , pagans upon a level with the institutions and comforters in my life, and at my of God, in order to laugh them all out death! And I wish M. Voltaire no of the world together. The cow dung worse luck, than to have a faithful die and the nails we readily give up; and rector of this sort near him, when he the purest water is, without all doubt, comes to die.

as to any virtue of its own, equally in“ Priests are not made to render us effe&tual for the purpose mentioned. happy either in this world, or the next.” But the point to be proved is this, that: Omnipotence itself cannot render beings God cannot, by his grace

and mercy, happy, while they continue to hate the do away fin, upon the application of only source of happiness. That blessed an outward fignificant facrament, or. Priest, who brought life and salvation dained by himself to that end. Till this from heaven with him, was formerly is satisfactorily made out, we must beg. asked, “ Art thou come to torment us leave still to think, that remission of fins before the time?' And nothing is more may be conferred in baptisnı, notwithcommon than for gentlemen to express standing that one Indian daubs himself themselves differently, when they mean with ordure, and another is pierced from the fathe thing.

head to foot, like the man in the alma- I hope to die nobly, and with nack. confidence. My dear philosopher, “ But a good man shall see God and have you ever been lick, and in danger be happy, though he have worshipped of death? How did you feel, and what all the amulets of the Negroes, or the were your thoughts then? They say, divine marmosets of the Bonzes." In that many as your wits are, you have other words, " Good people, l, for been frightened out of them all upon my part, worship one God, the Creasuch occasions. Do you recollect how tor, though it is in a way very much it has been with you ? because so, or my own. But this is only a fancy of worse, it will be with you again, when mine ; and, in these trifling matters, the time arrives.

every man as he pleases, say I. I would « None but a vile slave would fear. have you give yourselves as little trouble to meet a good master.” Yes, any ser- about the objed, as about the mode of vant would, who has used him as you adoration. Be baptised with water, or have done yours. The goodness of the patch yourselves over with cowt--d, master is an aggravation of the servant's it makes no difference: And whether crime, who, if he had any thing gene. you worship one God the Creator, or a rous in his nature, would, by that very monkey, it comes to the fame in the consideration, be led to repentance. end. Be but good men, as you But of this there appear, as yet, no to be. Believe as you like, biit act as signs in the Sieur de Voltaire. I do; and in due time you will find

“ I. esteem mine, too highly to fear yourselves in heaven, if there be any his presence.” Do you? 1 question such place": and so I bid you heartily that. I am much mistaken if your heart farewell. Only, as a play is succeeded did not give you the lie when you pen- by a farce, my confession of faith, should ned this bravado.

end, in the orthodox stile, with a prayer. “ No external expiation can justify And the very mention of a marmoset the finner, though he were plunged and a Bonże, throws me into a ft of over head and ears in consecrated wam devotion.' ter, or spvered with cow-dung, like Here followeth the prayer, with a


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running comment.-" O God, who no other proof, than that a person, seest my heart,” which I have used living in a Christian country, should every means to corrupt, " and my un- write such a Confession of Faith as that derstanding," which I have employed, we have been considering. Such as it for many years, against thee who gave is, however, it expresses the sentiments

pardon my offences,” (not of the Voltaires, the D'Alemberts, and that I have any thoughts of repentance others, on our own side of the water.. and reformation,) “ as I pardon those For which reason, it is hoped, she reof that coxcomb Rousseau ; and grant marks made upon it will not be without that I may always serve thee in my their use. It is published with M. Vol. fellow creatures ;' as I have hitherto taire's name; taking it therefore to be done, and do at this present writing. his, I have treated it accordingly; and Who can read Thomas à Kempis after can only say, as an honest gentleman this?

said to a sharper at cards, after having Finally, I believe that the fun with a fork nailed his hand to the table may shine at noon-day, and a blind man “ Sir, if you have not the knave under know nothing of the matter." Of the your hand, I aik your pardon.” truth of this article, I think we need

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Dear Miss,

they are innocent, may prevent the shame:
YOU are now going from the com- and anguish of being reproved or up-
pany, the conversation, and amusements braided after they are guilty.
of children, into a scene of life which Great


of the happiness of every affords more rational pleasures, and will individual depends upon the opinion and engage you in more important pursuits : actions of others : it is therefore desire the world is opening before you, a wil

. able to gain and to preserve the goodderness in which many have been lost; will of all: nor would I have you think i and in which, among a thousand broad any person either so mean in their state i ways, there is but one marrow path that of life, or so undeserving in their cham’s leads to bappiness and honour. If this racter, as that their good-will is of no: path is missed at setting out, it is very consequence to you. Every one who difficult to recover it; it is therefore of thinks you love them will love you ; for great consequence to be directed into it this reason be always ready to show at first; and though I hope you will be your good will to all, by such acts of long under the protection and guidance friendship as are in your power, still of parents in whom there is all that can taking care to avoid a partiality which be wished in the relation, yet I fall may lead you to do any thing in favour give you a few plain instructions, which of one person at the expence of anoI hope will allait you in fulfilling your ther, or of yourself. duty to them, in obtaining the good-will There are many acts of friendship to of others, and promoting your own wel. mankind in general, which are neither. fare.

difficult, troublesome, nor expensive : As my affection to you first led me the priocipal of these is speaking well, to this design, my knowledge of your or at least not speaking ill, of the abcapacity encouraged me to pursue it. sent. Do not imagine that I think you inclin- If you see a fault in another, don't ed to all the faults and follies that I make it the subject of conversation Thall warn you against ; must re. File it with as much care as if it was member that all men have faults and your own. Do not think yourself juftifollies, and that to caution persons while fied by saying that what you report to


but you

another's disadvantage is true : if all the and excessive instances of favour and
failings which are true of the best of us zeal to serve you.
were to be told to our dearest friend, But the constant steady esteem and
perhaps all our virtues could scarce fe- friendship of a person, Jong tried and
cure his esteem. But this rule must not well known, who has obtained a repu-
extend to the concealing any thing by tation for virtue and sincerity, is an in-
which another may be injured in his valuable treasure : if you find it, pre-
property or character, if by revealing it serve it with a religious care, and re-
the evil may be prevented; and this is turn it with fidelity and zeal.
the only instance in which you are al- In this place I would caution you
lowed to speak of the faults of others. never to be trusted with the secrets of

Be always punctual in returning what others, if you can by any means avoid the world calls civilities. The failing it with decency.; reject it as an enemy in this, however trifling, is often taken to your peace, and as a snare for your for contempt, or at least for want of good name. Whoever tells you a secret, esteem ; and I have known the omitting tells it as a secret to twenty more ; at to return a visit, or to answer a letter in length it is betrayed ; and as this breach due time, attended with coldness, indif- of faith is always denied by the guilty, ference, and worse consequences. That the innocent are always suspected. It perfons ought not to set such a value on has been thought good advice not to these trifles is true ; but if they do, it reveal your own secrets, but I would behoves us to act as if they ought: rather advise you to have none : do nohowever, as the resenting a breach of thing that if known would wound your these punetilios is really a fault, take reputation, or fill your own bofom with care that you are not betrayed into it. shame and regret. To lie at the mercy Let it be a rule with you never to re- of accident; to be obliged constantly to fent

any thi.d that was not intended as watch over our words and actions, left an affront ; mere negligences should be what we wish to hide should be discobelow your resentment ; though, for vered ; is the life of a Nave, full of the sake of the infirmities of others, fear, fufpicion, and anxiety: those who you should guard against them in your- have nothing to fear but falfhood and self.

detraction enjoy their own innocence, There are two ways of gaining the have an open look, a noble confidence, good-will of the world, which weak native cheerfulness, and perpetual peace. people practise because they know no If, upon any difference, you fhould other ; one is flattery, the other is lavish happen to lose an intimate acquaintance, professions of friendship, which begin don't be eager to relate the circumltanand end on the lips. Never stoop to ces of the quarrel, in order to justify either of these low and infamous arts ; your conduct and condemn their's : whatever is thus gained is bought too those stories, which a thousand little dear. To refrain from this fault is easy, circumstances make of importance to but to guard against the ill effects of it you, and warm your mind in the recital, in others difficult; it is not however are insipid to every other person ; and more difficult than necessary. Always while you think you amuse them, and suspect that a person who commends are rising into a person of consequence you to your face endeavours to gain a by a detail of your own prudent manageconfidence that he intends to betray. ment, you will become tiresome, imRemember, that whoever makes pro. pertinent, and ridiculous. If the party fessions of friendship which are not merit- with whom you have differed should ed is an hypocrite, and beware that yo. pursue this method, the wiser part

of own vanity does not encourage you to mankind, will rather conclude them to think that you have merited uncommon be in fault, from their zeal to defend


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your filence; ration, and give orders to the maid rafor it is a consciousness that others will ther in her name than your own ; you condemn us which makes us so eager will then be beyond, without seeming to to anticipate their judgment. This rule assume a command, or to value yourlelf extends to the talking of yourself and upon it. of your private affairs on every other If f your papa or mamma should at any occasion, except when it has some per time express a disapprobation of your tinent relation to the discourse of the conduct, immediately resolve to amend company, or when it is neceffary to ob- it, apologize for the past, and promise taip some valuable purpose.

for the future ; never seem in haste to As to your behaviour at home, keep justify yourself; and though you should yourself always above the fervants : your think their displeasure unmerited, in itation is above them as their malter's which it is a thousand to one but

you daughter, while they are your father's will be mistaken, yet be sure to avoid fervants; and every one should act suit- all.pert and self-sufficient replies on the ably to their station. But do not think one hand, and on the other sullen looks I mean that you should treat them haugh. and dumb resentment. If it should haptily, or look upon the meanest of them pen that an harsh expression escapes with contempt ; that you should put on them, when their temper is . ruffled by a commanding air, or speak to them in the perplexing accidents and disappointa peremptory tone : this would be most ments of business, as it would be the effectually to lofe the superiority of your highest ingratitude and indecency in you ftation, and to become despiled and to express impatience and discontent, fo, hated by those who ought to regard as the reward of a contrary conduct, you with respect and esteem. My mean- their own reflections upon what is paft ing is, that you should treat them cour- when the mind is calm will be in your teously, but permit no familiarity. Ne- favour, and their affection will seek an ver suffer yourself to be made their con. opportunity of compensating, your un fidant in any thing that they would con- easiness. You should regard these ac. ceal from their master or mistress ; never cidents as opportunities of endearing, make yourself a party in their discourse ; yourself to them, and as tests of your and if they should address themselves prudence, duty, and affection. to you, decline the conversation with as What may not children expect from much address as you can, not to incur a father who is a friend to the whole the imputation of pride, or ill nature, circle of his acquaintance! It is your by frowning looks and harsh language. happiness to have such a father; think Avoid also the opposite extreme : do yourself secure of every thing that is fit not watch their molt trivial actions as a for you in his affection, and do not anspy, nor report every little misdemeanor ticipate his bounty by requests : the which falls under your observation with pleasure of both will be lessened if the low pleasure and petty officioufress receive because you ask, and he gives of an informer: never steal the know. because he cannot deny you. How

very ledge of what passes between them shameful, then, is the common triumph when they think they are alone, by se- of favourites for having gained by imcretly listening with a vain or malevo. portunity what is denied to merit, and lent curiosity ; what you over hear by withheld by prudence ! Whatever is such means may probably do you more thus gained from the hand is lost in the harm, than any thing which may be heart. I have seen with grief and rethus discovered can do you good. If sentment every tender moment watched, your mamma should delegate part of her to urge a request, and wrest a promise, authority to you in the management of from the generous weakness of unguardthe household affairs, use it with modes ed affection. How mean and selfinh is



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