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is a bridge over it; thence it passes by extensive. The environs of Kelso are Melrose, Dryburgh, and Kelso, afford. truly fine. Fleurs," the magnificent ing many piếtaresque"scenes. Having feat of the of the Duke of Roxburgh, given an account of the north fide of the with its extensive plantations, on the I'weed, situated in the cite of Berwick, banks of the Tweed, and Springwoodfouth side, where we description of the Park on the oppofite side, extending its
'; . on the east.-There is no coaf, and but Tome villa of Havanab, together with "little limestone hitherto Wrought in this Pinnacle-hill, and the fertile inclosures diftriæ ; peither have any other mine- 'aroand, give the whole an appearance rals of consequence, as yer,' been dif- of elegance, richness, and fertility. covered,"marl and fandfone excepted. The town is populous, neat, and thri* Palling from Stitchel, in 'Berwick Wing"; it is a burgh of barony. There Thire, the next parish that occurs is 2 is held here an excellent market, veek.
EDENHAM'Or EPNAM, "extending a- ly, for grain : du therer is an extensive long the banks of the Tweed, about 3 pablic library, and
a coffee-house, where miles in breadth, and 31 in length, con- the London and Edinburgh newspapers taining 600 inhabitants. This parish" are taken in. Part of the magnificent is highly cultivated, and rents from 40s. to Abbey, built by St David, King of
per acre.' It gave birth to Thomson, Scotland, in 1128, is still ftanding, the Author of the Seasons, whose father, and makes a very venerable appearance. Mr Thomas Thomson, was second mi- Roxburgh castle, famous in the history nister here after the Revolution. There of the border wars, cis almost a total is an annual meeting of 'noblemen and ruin. 1-1t was in hefiegiog this castle gentlemen, at Ednam hill, for celebrat thar: James II lost his life, by the ing the Poet's birth-day, and it is in- bursting of al camouli A canal has tended to ere&t a' monument there to been projected from Kelso to Berwick, his memory *. --Farther
the river is" which would be of vast consequence to Kelso which is of an irregular trio this part of the country. On the north angular figure, its greatest length and fide is breadth may be reckoned 4+ miles. MACKERSTON, extending between The soil is, in general, a deep loam upo 5 and 6 miles in length, and from on a gravelly bottom, and is very fertile. Dorth to fouth between 4 and 5. It Its situation is highly favourable, on the contains about 260 vinhabitants; the banks of the Tweed' and Tiviot. The total rent is from 1900l. to i8cal. . rent, per acre, is,
is, in general, from 40s. per annum: being at a great distance to 5l. amounting in whole to between from coal and lime, improvements are 7,000l. and 8.0001. per annum, and the not carried on with much spirit here. number of inhabitants is 4330. The The family residence of Sir H. Hay town is considerable, and pleasantly fi- M.Dougal is pleasantly situated on the tuated at the confluence of the Tíviot banks of the river. Going up the river and Tweed, over both which rivers '-We find there are two handfome bridges t ; ---- MERTOUN parish * extending 6 from that over the Tweed, consisting of miles in length, and from 2 to 3 in fix arches, there is one of the finest breadth, containing 560 inhabitants. views to be seen almost any where"; by The foil; upon the banks of the Tweed, ascending the banks to Pinnacle-hill, it is light and gravelly; the higher grounds varies a good deal, and becomes more are, in general, clayo upon a tilly, bot
its tom. The realnreat is about 24c0l. We believe the present Earl of Buchan Sterling. The extensive parks and planwas the first mover of this patriotic and its laudable festival.
* This parifh, we believe, lies in Ber. † Keifo bridge is go feet above the level wickfhire. of the sea at Berwick.
tations of Harden, the seat of Mr where ftand the handsome hoyses of Scott, add much to the beauty of this Drygrange and Kirkland. The Eildos quarter. The fine ruins of the Abbey hills, rising from an extensive plain to of Dryburgh*, dear which the Earl of the calt, are seen at a great distance. Buchan has built la peat modern house, They confift
, of 3 çonic, tops*, upon > are well worthy attention. dana, the summit of the most northerly are
Maxton parish-lies opposite to Mer- the vestiges of a Roman camp well fortoun on the south banks of the Tweed, tified, having a fosse of about it miles being about 4 inziles in length, and 3-10 in circumference. There appear fevebreadth, containing about 325 inhabi- ral other vestiges of camps in this neightants. The soit inclines to clay, and bourhood, all connected with this by is not productiven on the banks of the military roads. The Abbey of Mel. Tweed, about a mile from the village, rose, one of the largest and most ele. ftands the old tower of Liteledean.- gant in the island, need not be particuAdjoining is the parish of
larized here. We shall only give the ST BOSWELLS, or LESSUDDEN, dimensions of what is standing : It is being about a mile and a half broad, built in the form of St John's Cross, and 2 long, containing 500 inhabitants. the length is 258 feet, breadth 138, The foil is, in general, good; the rent and the circumference 944. The south is from 1700ka, to 1800l. per annum. window is 24 by, 16 : the east window, On St Boswell's Green is held an an- which is very elegant, 543 by 54; nual fair, formerly the best frequested Iteeple 74, but the spire is gone. The of any in the south of Scotland : sheep, niches, pedestals, canopies, &c. are cublack cattle, horses, and linen cloth, riously wrought, and of exquisite workare the chief commodities which are manshipt.-ngoing up the river, we fold. A little west from this is the meet with parish of
GALASHIELS, lying partly in RoxMELROSE; in length and breadth, burgh and partly in Selkirkshire, is of an where greatest, about 7 miles, and con- irregular triangular figure, about 6 miles taining 2450 inhabitants. The soil is in breadth, at an average, and containing various in quality : on the banks of the about 920 inhabitants. The face of the Tweed, which runs through this pa- country is hilly, but covered with good rish, it is light and gravelly ; in many sheep pasturef. On the banks of the river, places it is a stiff clay ; and a great parc the foil is a deep loam in many places ; is hill and muir. Agriculture, how- in others it is clayey, and wet.
In the ever, is advancing fast, and rendering village, which contains about 581 inhathe surface rich and beautiful. What i is worth notice here, is the site of Old The west top is 1319 feet above the leMelrofe, about a mile down the river, vel of the sea. faid to be the first abbey of the Coldees, t. In viewing this ruin, a circumstance latefounded anno 664; now reduced to a ly occurred to a gentleman worth being fingle house standing on a sort of..pro- delired him to go to the south east corner, to
made known. The person who shewed it, montory, peninsulated by the Tweed,
-:corn his back to the Abbey, and yiew it the bw.ks around arei lofty and wooded, through betwixt, dis legs, The effe& produvaried with perpendicular rocks jutting ged was astonishing the defects of the ruin out like buttresses: it commands a beau, were but indistindly perceived, and the whole tiful prospect down the river. Near this got a beautiful and novel appearance, not is the bridge of Drygrange, at the con. falling upon the eye' fomehow inverted, may
easily described or accounted for. The light flaence of the Leader with the Tweedt, be the cause. For an account of these, see Grose's Antiq.
Megs-hill, the highest, is 1480 feet above † This is 232 feet above the level of the fea, the level of the sea.
bitants, there has been for fome period through it. The ground is uneven, and a 'manufacture of coarse woollen cloth often rugged. The soil on the banks established, and well known by the name of the rivers is, in general, a rich loam of Galafhiels Grey, which fold at 2s. 6d. on clay or sand: in the higher grounds and 3s. per yard; of late, since the it is more or less a cold clay. Ancrum improvement of the wool, it is made of house, the residence of Sir John Scott, a higher price. The rocks here are is pleasantly situated, and commands a schistus and whinstone. In many charming prospect : the trees in his places, the red ockery foil evidently parks are the finest and oldest in this indicates the presence of iron. part of the country. There are many
BOWDEN ; the greatest length of this caves in the banks below the houses parish is 6, and the greatest breadth about which afforded shelter in times of trou41 miles, containing 6700 acres. The ble. The road to Jedburgh passes thro' number of inhabitants is about 860. The' the parish. Shell marl is found here, surface isi broken and uneren, extend- and there is plenty of sandstone. ing to the top of the Eildon hills. The BEDRULE. This parish extends in greater part of the soil is a whitish clay, length upwards of 4 miles, in breadth on a tilly bottom, but of various fertili- between two and three, containing about ty, some giving 155. other parts only 260 inhabitants. About one half may 55. per acre ; the whole amounting to be considered muir and pasture ground, about 23col. Sterling yearly. The re- the other is fit for cropping. The furmains of a Roman causey and a Roman face is unequal. On the banks of the rie camp, are traced here.
'The remains vers Rule and Tiriot, the foil is of a of Holydean, a strong fortification, once light. loamy nature, and bears good a residence of the family of Roxburgh, crops. The branch of one of the roads lies here. Near. this is a dyke which from Edinburgh to London, as well as inclosed a deer park of 500 acres, built the road from Berwick to Carlisle, país without lime, and which has stood up through this parish. The hill Duniao, wards of 300 years ; it had been ori- though only 1031 feet above the level ginally between 6 and 7 feet high, and of the sea, is seen at a very great difcaped with stone.
tance in almost every direction. The LILLIESLEAF lies partly in Sel ancient castle of Bedrule is situated 00 kirk, and partly in Roxburghshires : it a rising ground, equally remarkable for is 5 miles in length, and about 2 in prospect, safety, and for beauty. The breadth,.containing between 7000 and minerals here are worthy of the atten8ooo acres. The number of inhabi- tion of the proprietors. No coal hias tants is 630. The soil varies ; in the been discovered of workable dimensions low grounds, it is loamy upon a gravelly in the thires of Berwick, Roxburgh, boitom; on the high and outfield grounds oor Selkiik, over that valt tract of is chiefly clay. The best, rents at 40s. ,country from the Lammermuir hills to
The distance from lime and the English border, and very little lime. fuel is a great bar to inrprover.ent over In this parish the symptoms are flatter. ail this county. The family seat of Rid- ing : there is abandance of sandstone of dle of that lik, one of the-most ancient various' appearance, and in that families in Scotland, lies in this parish. opposite to Bedritle, there are different
ANORUM. This parish, which alfo ftratas of clay marl, and even specimens comprehends Lang-newton, Itretches of limestone found'; and, during a Night from s to 6 miles, in length, along the search lately made, fome seams of an north banks of the river Tiviot, and is inferior. coal were found. about in breadth, containing 1150 in- Rogerton is about 1 3 miles long and habitar.its. The water of Ale allo suns 6 broad, contaiðing only about 630 ind
habitants. The furface here is hilly, value of the fruit is calculated at zook though none are of great height, afford yearly. There are two chalybeate Springs ing excellent sheep pasture. The total in the neighbourhood, and abundance rent is above joqol. Sterling. The ri of sandstone.Still higher up the counvers Borthwick and Ale take their rise try we find on the borders of this parih, and are Cavers, a very: extensive parish, up well stored with excellent trout.
wards of 29 miles long, and from 7 Hawick. This is a very extenfive to 2 broad, containing 1.300 inhabitants. parith, being upwards of 15 miles in The furface is hilly, from the top of length, and 41 in breadth, containing the Wijp both east and weft feas are about 2910 inhabitants, The whole is seen. The rivers Tiviot, and Rule run hilly, but these not of a great height through it ; on the banks of which the
The rivers T'iviot and Slitridge furround foil is rich, producing wheat and all the town.
The soil on the banks of kinds of grain ; it rents from 158. 10 these is a light loam upon fand or gra- 30s. per acre.
The land rent of the vel. The hills afford excellent palture whole is about 4700l. Sterling. The for sheep, being almost all covered with remains of ancient fortifications may be grass. There is little natural wood traced, and occasionally. Roman urns, here. The total rent is about 2800l. coins, &c. are dug up here. Sterling per annum. The town is in a KIRKTON. This parish extends from very thriving condition, in which there east to west about 8 miles, its breadth is are 2 320 inhabitants. It enjoys all the froni i to 2, and contains about 340 privileges of a royal burgh, excepting inhabitants. The surface istuneven, and that of voting for a representative to pare mostly hilly; the soil is dry and grat liament. The manufactures of carpets, velly, producing, in whole, about 1oool. stockings, and narrow cloths, are car- per anuum of land rent. There is a ried on with great spirit*. Vestiges of great deficiency of timber in this quarcamps and fortifications are to be seen. ter, which gives a very bleak and bara in many parts over the country. Tho?. reu appearance to it, ibere be plenty of marl here, it is not
HOUNAM. This parish is 9 or 10 generally used as a manure.
miles long, and about 6 broad, and conJE DBURGH, a very extensive parish, tains only 365 inhabitants, yieldingabout about
13 miles long, and 6 or 7 broad, 4cool. Sterling per annum. It is of a containing about 3000 inbabitants. The hilly and mountainous aspect, affording greater part of this parish is hilly; on fine sheep pasture. Hounam Law is the flat ground and banks of the river the highest of the border hills, the CheJed, which runs through the parish, the viot excepted. foil is a light loam, and very productive. OxNÁM. This parish is upwards of The hill part rents at from 38. to 58.9 miles long, and from 2 to 4 broad, per acre ; the arable lands fron 1cs. to containing nearly 700 inhabitants. The 20$. per acre. Many vestiges of artifi- general appearance is bleak and hilly, cial caves are pointed out on the banks : with few or no inclosures. The low of the Jed; they were vsed as hiding grounds are tolerably productive, renting places in the time of the border wars. from 105. to cos. the pasture ground The town is a royal burgh, and plea- about 35. per acre, producing in whole fantly situated in a glen. The orchards about 36701. Sterling per annum. and gardens in and about the town are The rivers Jed, Oxnam, Coquet, and íamous for excellent pears; the medium, Kail, all water this parith, and are • The first winnowing machine, ôr čorn- well stocked with trou:;, but there is
little fanner, was invented and made by Andrew
or.no wood to vary the fcenery Roger, a farmer in this parish, an, 273,2• vir and delight the eyen zThere are here
the vestiges of military operations. Part which runs through the middle of the of the Roman Causeway, which runs parish, is deep loam ; towards the from St Boswells to Borough-bridge, high ground it is light and gravelly. in Yorkshire, may be traced. Here The land rent is nearly 2500l. Sterare seen, too, the ruins of the Tower of ling. Crailing is very plealantly fitusDolphington, and of some other forts. ted near the bottom of the tract called There is limestone on the banks of the Tiviotdale, that extends from Hawick Jed water, but the distance from coal to Kelso, along which the scenery is has probably prevented its being wrought. various, beautifully adorned with gentie
SOUTHDEAN. This parish is about men's seats. 12 miles long, and the greater part 7 ECFORD parish is about 6 miles long, miles broad, containing about 715 in. and 4; broad, containing nearly 950 habitants. The griater part of the pa- inhabitants, yielding of land-rent arish is in pasture, though not very hilly. bout 3700l. Sterling per annum. The The river Jed runs through it. As in rivers Tiviot and Kail run through it. the other parishes on the English border, The general appearance is flat with tumuli, vestiges of camps, and ruins of small rising grounds. The soil upon towers, &c. are conspicuous. There is the banks of the Tiviot, is, in general, abundance of fandstone and limestone in a light loam ; the high grounds are this parish, but no coal. There is also heathy, but almolt all are brought into a fine quarry of micaceous rock, which tillage, excepting Caverton Edge, reis used for chimney grates.
served for race ground. There are two HOBKirk parish is of an oblong marl pits in this parish. Freestone is in form, 12 miles in length, and about 3 abundance, and there is slate in the bed where broadest, containing 700 inha- of Kail water. bitants. The soil on the banks of the SPROUSTON. This parish is 6 miles river Rule, is; in general, a deep strong long and 4 broad, containing about 1000 clay, but light and gravelly as it ap- inhabitants. The surface is, on the proaches the hills. "The land-rent is a whole, flat, particularly on the banks of bout 28351. Sterling. The two bills the Tweed, but rises a little to the south. of Fann and Winbrough are of consider. The whole may be called a good foil, able height, but we do not know that but the banks of the river are very rich they have been accurately measured. and fertile. The land rent is about. The turnpike road to Newcastle runs 4350). Sterling per annum.-On the through the parish. From the funmit ealtern extremity of this county, lies of Winbrough both the east and west the parish of seas are seen, though equidistant from Linton, about 9 miles long and 3. each about 40 miles. On the lands of broad, containing about 380 inhabitants. Sir G. Elliot of Stobs, and of Harro, The surface is various ; the soil in the there are lime-kilns a-going. At a flats is rich, and the higher grounds are place called Robert's Linn, there is a well suited for turnip husbandry, which whin rock, from which beautiful peebles is much followed, and well understood are dug, and Gliceous crystals have been in this part of the country. The rental found in the bed of the river. General is about 21201. Sterling per annum ; Elliot, (Lord Heathfield,) the late gal- and the average rent per acre, for land Jant governor of Gibralter was born in in tillage, is one guinea. this parish.
two small lochs in this parish, the one CRAILING parish is of a circular abounding with trout, the other with form, about 4 miles in diameter, and eels. The water of Kail runs through contains about 670 inhabitants. The it. soil, upon the banks of the Tiviot (To be continued.)