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during the fiege by the Pruffians. All around the city battaries were erected with cannon pointed at the city, to keep it in fubmiffion, whatever event might happen.

Kofciufko had been all the time under furgical affiftance at Ufzeylack, where the Ruffians fhewed every attention to the cure of his wounds, Madame Chruozazow, wife to the Ruffian General of that name, who had herself been formerly fet at liberty by the orders of Kofciusko, was very serviceable to him by her kind and perfonal affiduities. He was now ordered to Petersburg, and the efcort appointed to convey him thither, confifted of two pulks of Coffacks, each pulk confifting of 500 men, one of which formed an advance, and another a rear guard to his coach, having two cannons each. In the coach with Kofciufko were one major and two other officers, and between the two pulks were conducted 3000 Polish prifoners, together with their officers. It is understood that this brave man is now confined in a fortress near the Ruffian capital.

It is not doubted that an application has been made from the national council at Warsaw, to the Ottoman court, for its interference to prevent the final dismemberment of Poland; but of the fuccefs of this application there is at prefent no probability. On the contrary, fome measures seem to have been already taken toward that defign; for about the middle of December, the Auftrian Captain Thel, was dispatched to Vienna by General Suwarrow, with an account of an arrangement made by the Ruffian Emprefs of the territories of Poland. The Houfe of Auftria having gained thefe poffeffions without the trouble of fighting, appeared fo well fatisfied with the difpofition, that Captain Thel, for having been the bearer of the intelligence, was advanced to the rank of Major, and Colonel Fleischer, of the etat major, is fhortly to fet out for Poland, in order to ascertain the line of demarkation. The Auftrian acquifitions, it is rumoured, are to confift of five provinces; the palatinates of Chelm, Sendomir, Lublin, Cracow, and Haliez, fometimes called Pokucie. One thing, however, feems to embarrass this diftribution, which is, that the Pruffian troops ftill remain poffeffed of the palatinate of Sendomir; or, if not actually in poffef

fion, are encamped upon its frontiers. It might reasonably have been hoped that the miseries of this diftracted country had been now at an end. The humble fubmiffion of the patriots to thofe who had robbed them of their lit erties, it might have been expected, would have disarmed them of their vengeance; but on the 20th of December, a courier arrived from the Emprefs to General Count Buxhoerden, Governor of Warsaw, with orders to arrest and send under a strong efcort to Petersburg, Count Ignatius Potocki: the former prefident Zakrezewfki; Kilinski, a revolutionary Colonel; Kapoftes, a merchant, member of the fupreme revolutionary council, and minifter of Finance; and Lebuchewiki. The fame meffenger brought also a letter from the Empress to the King, inviting (or, as fome accounts ftate, peremptorily commanding) him to quit his capital, and to repair to Grodno; and, on the 7th of January 1795, his Majefty fet off in obedience to the fummons. What her purpose is in this meafure, cannot certainly be known. There is an appearance of cruelty, however, independent of the mortification to royal dignity, in thus compelling a king, worn out with age, and an impaired conftitution, to the fatigue, at this inclement feafon, of fo long a journey. But, from every appearance, the life of this excellent man and monarch promises a short duration. The wretched state in which his country is involved, has deeply affected him, and will moft probably accelerate his departure to the tomb. A Literal Tranflation from the Original Greek,

of all the Apoflolic Epiftles; with a Commentary and Notes, Philological, Criti cal, Explanatory, and Practical. To which is added, a Hiftory of the Life of the Apoftle Paul. By James Macknight, D. D. Author of a Harmony of the Gospels, &c. 4to. 4 vols. 51. boards. Elmfley.

THIS work opens with an ample general preface; the chief objects of which are, to ftate the reafons which induced the author to undertake a performance of this fort, after the many verfions of the fcripture already published, and to explain the principles on which this tranflation is formed. An account is here given of several ancient translations of the New Testament, particularly the

Syriac 4.4

Syriac in the eaft, and the Latin, or Italic, in the west. This latter verfion, which is conjectured to have been made in the fecond century, after having paffed through correction by Jerome and others, was called the Vulgate, and was in high eftimation in the European churches. Dr M. in order to fhew the neceffity of a new translation, remarks, that moft of the fubfequent tranflators, copying the Vulgate, adopted many of its errors. That this must have been the cafe with our English translators, in particular, is proved by obferving that all of them, from Tindall downwards, implicitly copied Wickliffe's verfion, which was profeffedly derived from the Vulgate; making fcarcely any other alteration than that of changing fome of the obfolete phrases into modern English. Dr M. admits, that the Vulgate was a literal tranflation, faithfully made according to the skill of the translators; New Tranflation.


1 Cor. vii. 36, 37. But if any thinketh he acteth improperly towards his virgin, if he be above age unmarried, and fo needs to be married, (bλ OUT) let him do what he inclineth; he does not fin: but he who standeth firm in his heart, not having neceflity, and hath power concerning his own will, and hath determined this in his own heart, to keep his virgin, doth well.

1 Cor. x. 19-21. What then do I affirm? that an idol is any thing? or that an idol-facrifice is any thing? No; but that what the heathen facrifice, they facrifice to demons, and not to God. Now I would not have you to become joint partakers with demons. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons; ye cannot partake of the table of

the Lord and the table of demons.

and he contends, that every translation of writings acknowledged to be infpired, ought to be literal; becaufe a free tranflation can only be confidered as a paraphrase, in which the translator gives his own fenfe of them. For this reafon, he profeffes to have made his new verfion of the apoftolic epiftles as literal as the nature of the two languages would permit, without confidering what opinions, or fyftems, it might favour. We apprehend, that few perfons, who fhall perufe this work with competent judgment, and with a due refpect for the facred writings, will hefitate to acknowledge, that Dr Macknight is entitled to approbation and applaufe as a faithful tranflator, a learned and able commentator, an ingenious effayift, and a pious divine.

Our limits only permit the infertion of a fhort fpecimen of this very valuable work.

1 John v. 6. This is he who came by


I Cor. vii. 36, 37. As to your question concerning fathers who have virgin daughters: if any father is of opinion, that be acteth improperly towards his virgin daughter, if she be above age unmarried, and fo needs to be married, whether the neceffity arifeth from her confcience, or inclination, or her being fought in marriage, let the father do what the inclineth: he doth not fin in complying with her inclination; let fuch virgin daughter marry. But he who continueth firmly perfuaded in bis own. mind, that it is no fin in his daughter to remain unmarried, and is under no neceffity, front her opinion, or inclination, or circumstances, to give her in marriage, and hath the direc tion of his own will in that affair, being a freeman and not a flave, and bath determinad this in his own mind to keep his daughter unmarried, agreeably to her own inclination, doth what is preferable.

1 Cor. x. 19-21. What then do I affirm? that an idol is a real god, contrary to what I have always taught you? or that an idol facrifice is a facrifice to a real divinity. I affirm neither of these; but that what facrifices the heathen Now, I offer, they offer to démons, not to Gods. would not have you, by eating their facrifices, to become joint partakers with the votaries of demons, either in their worship, their principles, their practices, or their hopes. Besides, as the worship of God confifts of holy affections and virtuous actions, but the worship of demons in debauchery, ye cannot consistently drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons: ye cannot partake of the table of the Lord and the table of demons. 1 John v. 6. We have reafon to believe that


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tranflat water and blood, even Jefus the Chrift: einipinnot by the water only: but by the water and the blood and it is the Spirit who witneffed, because the Spirit is


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An Hißorical Differtation upon the Origin, Sufpenfun, and Revival of the Judicature and Independency of the Irif Parliament. With a Narrative of the Tranfactions in 1719, relative to the celebrated declaratory law; extracted from the papers of the late Lord Egmont; and a Comment on his Lordship's opinion upon the legislative union of thefe kingdoms. To which is annexed, the Standing Orders of the 'Transcribed from a copy printed by authority the 11th of Feb. 1790. quete Accurately compared with the leading cafes; the dates and caufes of their origin, conftruction; and application, extracted from the Journals of Parliament in Great Britain and Ireland. By Hervey Viscount Mountmorres, F. R. S. and M. R. I. A. 8vo. 3s. 6d. sewed. Debrett.

Houfe of Lords.

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Entator, dive


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Official Letters to the Honourable American Congrefs, written during the war between the United Colonies and Great Britain. By his Excellency George Washington, commander in Chief of the Continental Forces, now Prefident of the United States, 8vo. vols. 12s. boards. Cadell, jun. & Davies. Memoirs of the Medical Society of London, 4. Svo. 7s. boards. Dilly. A Review of the Governments of Sparta and Athens. By William Drummond. Svo. 6s. boards. Nicol.


The Maviad. By the Author of the Bavil. 4to. 38. Nicol.

The Cabinet. By a Society of Gentlemen. 3 vols. 12mo. 13s. 6d. boards. Jordan.

A Letter to the Earl of Lauderdale, containing Strictures on his Lordship's Letters to the Peers of Scotland. By John Gifford, Efq; 8vo. 33. 6d. Longman.

The pretended Tomb of Homer; drawn by Dominic Fivrillo, from a Sketch of M. Le Chevalier. With Illuftrations and Notes: By C. G. Heyne. 4to. with plates. 4s. 6d. fewed. Calell jun. Davies. Tranflations from the Italian of Petrarch and Melaftafio. By


M. A.


Fellow of New College, Oxford. 8vo. 35. fewed. Robinfans. The Caufe of the Prefent Scarcity of Corn, pointed out, and earnestly recommended to VOL. LVIII,


that Jefus is the Son of God. For this is be who was proved to be the Son of God by bis baptifm and death, even Jefus the Chrift; not by bis baptifm only, when he was declared God's Son by a voice from heaven, but also by his death, when the fame thing was demonftrated by his refurrection. And it is the Spirit who beareth witnefs by miracles, because the Spirit is a true witnels: he can neither be deceived, nor deceive.

the ferious confideration of the people, as being, at the fame time, a constant source of wretchednefs to many individuals. By a Phylician. Svo. Is.


A Review of Dr Price's Writings on the Fi nances of Great Britain. By William Morgan, F. R. S. Second edition. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Cadell jun. & Davies.

Vindication of the Character and Conduct of Sir William Waller, Knt. Commander in Chief of the Parliamentary Forces in the Weft; explanatory of his conduct in taking up arms against King Charles I. Written by himself. Now first published from the original manufcript. With an Introduction by the Editor. 8vo. 6s. boards. Debrett.

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A Letter addressed to the people of Piedmont, on the advantages of the French Revolution, and the neceflity of adopting its principles in Tranflated from Italy. By Joel Barlow. the French by the Author. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Eaton.

Obfervations on the Ventilation of Rooms; on the Conftruction of Chimneys; and on Garden Stoves; principally collected from the papers left by the late John Whitehurst, F. R. S. 4to. 3s. 6d. fewed. . Bent.

Conjectures on the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypfe of St John, in order to afcertain the periods when the vials of wrath will finifh, agreeably to the dates given in Daniel, Chap. 12. as they appear to refpect Ruffia, Germany, France, Conftantinople, and the Roman provinces in Afia. fmall 8vo. Is. 6d. fewed. Faulder.



A Collection of Hymns and Pfalms, for public and private worship. Selected and prepared by Dr Kippis, Dr Rees, Rev. T. Jervis, and Rev. T. Morgan. 12mo. 3s. boards. Robinfons, c.

Directions for warm and cold Sea-bathing; with Obfervations on their Application and Effects in Different Difeafes. By Thomas Reid, M. D. F. A. S. 8vo. 3s. fewed. Cadell, jun. & Davies.

Sermons, and Tracts upon various Subjects, Literary, Critical, and Political. Vol. I. By the Rev. Richard Lickorish, M. D. late of Lincoln College, Oxford. 8vo. 6s. 6d. boards. White.

Maternal Letters to a young Lady on her Entrance into Life. 12mo. 2s fewed. Debrett.

A New, Correct, aud much improved Hiftory of the Isle of Wight, from the earliest times of authentic information, to the prefent period; comprehending whatever is curious or wor


thy of attention in Natural History, with its civil, ecclesiastical, and military state in the various ages, both ancient and modern. 8vo. 8s. boards. Scatcherd & Whitaker.


Sermons by George Hill, D. D. F. R. S. E. Principal of St Mary's College in the University of St Andrew's, one of the Ministers of that city, and one of his Majefty's Chaplains in Ordinary for Scotland. 8vo. Os. boards. Bell Bradfute.

Medical Commentaries for the year 1795Exhibiting a Concife View of the latest and " most important Discoveries in Medicine and Medical Philofophy. Collected and Published by Andrew Duncan, M. D. F. R. & A. S.S. Edinburgh, &c. 7s. boards. Mudie Son.

The American Geography; or a View of the Prefent Situation of the United States of America. 7s. boards. R. Morrison & Son.



BY HENRY JAMES PYE, ESQ. POET LAUREAT. Where is immortal Virtue's meed,

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Th' unfading wreath of true renown,
Beft recompence by Heaven decreed

For all the cares that wait a crown;
If Industry, with anxious zeal,
Still watchful o'er the public weal;
If equal Juftice awful arm,
Temper'd by Mercy's feraph charm,'
Are ineffectual to affuage

Remorfelefs Faction's harpy rage?

But the fell dæmons, urg'd by hell's beheft, Threaten, with frantic arm, the Royal Pa triot's breaft!

Yet not, Imperial GEORGE, at thee
Was the rude bolt of malice fped,
Ev'n fiends that crown with rev'rence

Where Virtue confecrates th' annoint1 ed head

No at thy bofom's fondeft claim,
Thy Britain's peace, their fhafts they aim;
Palo Envy, while o'er half the world
War's bloody banners are unfurl'd,
Beheld our coafts from ravage free,
Protected by the guardian Sea,
Where Commerce fpreads her golden

Where fleets waft triumph to our fhores;
She faw, and fick'ning at the fight,

Wifh'd the fair profpect of our hopes to

Sought out the object of our dearest care, Found where we moft could feel, and tried to wound us there.

The broken ftaft that coward Malice rear'd

Shall to thy fame eternal luftre give, Infcribe on hift'ry's page thy name rever'd,

And bid it there with endlefs blazon live.

For there our fons remoteft race

In deathlefs characters fhall tracę, How Britain's baffled foes proclaim'd their hate,

And deem'd her Monarch's life the bulwark of the state;

Now ftrike a livelier chord-This happy day,

Selected from the circling year,

To celebrate a name to Britain dear. From Britain's Sons demands a feftive lay.

Mild Sov'reign of our Monarch's foul.
Whofe eye's meek radiance can controul
The pow'rs of care, and grace a throne,
With each calm joy to life domeftic

Propitious Heav'n has o'er thy head
Bloffoms of richer fragrance fhed
Than all th' affiduous Mufe can bring,
Cull'd from the honey'd ftores of Spring:
For fee, amid wild Winter's hours,

A bud its filken folds difplay.
Sweeter than all the chalic'd flow'rs
That crown thy own ambrofial May,
O may thy fmiles, bleft infant, proye
Omens of Concord, and of Love,
Bid the loud ftrains of martial triumph ceafe,
And tune to fofter mood the warbling recd
of Peace.


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That stripling there, all trowfers and cravat
No body, and no chin, is call'd a flat;
And he befide him, in the straight cut frock
Button'd before, behind a fquare cut dock,
Is, I would bet, nor fear to be a lofer,
Either a man of fashion or a bruiser.
A man of faftion-nothing but a quiz-
I'll fhew you what a man of breeding is.
With back to chair, flouch'd hat, and vulgar

He charms his miftrefs with this fweet ha
rangue :
"What lovely, charming Kitty-how d'ye
Come-fee my puppy ?"-No, Harry," tọ
fee you."

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