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feeble note--Tonthormo fighsm-Maid A. stallnymph of the frying imple. of the gurgling faucepan-Tonthormo ment, where wert thou then-a stailfighsb--for-thee!

as smaller ships in the great vortex The Thrill trumpet sounds—Tall as whelmed-his hand, ill-fated—his mighthe lofty cedar Giganta moveth-her ty arm to a basket clung-the stall fell head pierceth the heavens--her feet trip down. Farewell, thou nimble-fingered ping!y play on the well-frequented booth Scampo. His eyes are closed in dark-Say, shall she devour the all living ness.--- Fair bird of St Giles : I will fons of the rock--hall she ope the gates weep rivers. . I will make the parched that expand like the doors of the firma- earth an ocean. The trembling Blowment. Child of show, and sausage— zinda approach-Look! her fainting beardless nymph of the stall — Nowly eyes ! her lover's breathless trunk now moves the rush-compounded basket --swift as the doe, beloved by Look! ye natives of Milton-her ça- cits on Easter day—he flies over the vero mouth expands - The tall Gigan- pens of the half-fold sheep-gazes on ta! rival of the Oaks-devours-d- ill-fated Scampo, lifts the turdy, arm oyster.

on his gall-provoking foe-and-ns But hark! That groan--again ! No his eyes.

Son of Bow-street--thou diest Tipítaffo! where wert thou? Marwith a vietor's shout--Catchpollo the shal of citizens, why lingers thy flow great! thy glories shroud thy ftaff- arm? Scampo bites the ground.' His call as the Corinthian pillar-capped foe now triumphs, and spins the neverwith the arms of royalty.

ending ribbon. Fearless he swallows Scampo was an element in his green the devouring fire. Clouds come from youth-he grew like the Indian corn his mouth-the furnace top. his head majestic rose, between two Such were the words of Fločtono. brawney shoulders, Thus riseth the He raises the head of Puncho, glorious fpire between the adjacent wings. Scam- as the mountain-top. The clangour of po had a foe-they fought. Scampo arms is heard. The oyster gapes to be fell, as would the monumental pillar that devoured—the fleet courser into fausage marks the once all-blazing city-his jet- turned-Son of Longlano.! He strode black locks that seldom knew the insect- along—and as he went-devoured the disturbing comb, kiss the ground his cock-and-breeches. blood enfanguines the straw.girt pen!




DY DR CURRIE. AS it is an acknowledged fact, con- ceffive indulgence in the pleasures of firmed by daily observation, that the the table; want of exercise, lying too conftitutions of people of fashion are long in bed; respiring confined air ; and exceedingly delicate, and easily dif- vexation of mind. Diet, rendered exordered, and that very few of that def- quisitely stimulating and relishing by the cription live to cld age, I hope it will art of cookery, has so pleasing an effect not be unacceptable, if I point out the upon the palate, as to tempt to indulcaufes thereof, and the remedies : and gence in much more than is really necefthough I may not advance a single idea fary for the support or nutrition of the that is new on the subject, there can be body; especially when wine, of the no disadvantage in recalling the atten- most enlivening quality and delicious tion, as occasion may require, to useful --flavour, is joined with the principal truths, which might otherwise be for- weals. This regimen, with the obgotten.

servance of regularity, it is true, inThe principal of these causes are cx- creases the bulk, fulness, and strength


of the body; and when exercise is free. ious effects of confined and stagnant air ly employed, no ill consequence may are too well known to need description. ensue, as the animal system has a power Air in circulation is absolutely necessary of accommodating itself gradually to al. for the support of both animal and vemost any impreffion, however foreign to getable life: motionless air is as defa its nature.

tractive to both, as stagnant and putrid But, such a mode of living, when waters are to fishes formed to exist in a little or no exercise is taken, is foon river. By fecluding ourselves from the productive of the most unfalutáry effe&ts. free and open air, we deprive ourselves When carried to excess, it always oc- of one of nature's choicest blessings, and casions repletion, and a quantity of blood foon become unfit for the valuable purdisproportioned to the capacity of the poses of life. It is very astonishing that vessels, and disposes the body to very men, who cannot exist a moment withviolent diseases. Every meal taken to out air, should be so afraid of it, and excess, creates drowsiness, fucceeded yet so little attentive to the quality of by feverilh symptoms, particularly pré. what he breathes. Confined and im. ternatural heat and restlessness. The pure air equally affects the health of the violence done to the stomach by preter- greatest beauty beneath her guilded raof, natural ftimuli and distention, at length the sheep in the fold, and the plant in relaxes and weakens; hence its diges- the green-house. Vexation or unealitive powers are enfeebled, and the same nefs of mind, whether proceeding from condition is communicated to the whole resentment, envy, discontent, or fora nervous system, and to all the functions row, has a relaxing and debilitating ef. of the body which depend upon it. feet, by destroying the appetite and These disagreeable effe&s are confirm- digestion, and preventing nutrition. Peoed by a sedentary life.

ple of wealth and fashion are more liable A found state of health depends upon to vexation than others; for having no firm. fibres, steady nerves, good digca necessary objects of pursuit, they become tion, regular circulation of the blood, satiated and difpleased with every thing: and regular evacuations. This state they are apt to engage in various procan only be preserved by temperance or jects, in hopes of obtaining that plenimoderation in diet (including drinks) tude of satisfaction they have fought exercise, pure air, and tranquillity of for in vain, in the haunts of diffipamind ; mother means may be of service; tion-some enter into schemes for aug. but these are indispensable. Want of menting their fortuae, and frequently exercise, alone, never fails to occasion meet with vexatious loffes ;mothers relaxation and a morbid sensibility of “ build enormous palaces, the fools and the nerves, a sensibility and irritability, architects to please;" and run ip debt of which the active and robust can have for ornaments and equipage. Some, in no idea.

order to kill time, ruin their estates at The same relaxed and debilitated games of hazard. Numerous are the condition is produced by lying in bed modes of embarralling a man's circum. all the morning, in the confiaed air of a stances, and as numerous are his causes chamber, fecluded from the cheering of vexation. But he that courts popurays of light.

larity, or considers a title as effential to Compare the pale and bloated visage happiness, is liable to a multiplicity of of a fashionable lounger, with the ruddy' vexations : he grows fufpicious and apa. and healthful countenance of the tem- prehensive of every one engaged in the perate and early-rising farmer, and the same pursuit, and discontent goaws the advantages of temperance in eating root of his felicity ; if he fails in his and drinking, and of early rising and pursuit, he becomes a dejected valetudiadivity, will be conspicuous. The

nox- nariao. It is certain that many of the Vol. LVIII.






complaints of the man of fashion are themselves. They cannot enjoy happi-
wholly imaginary ; they derive their ness who affect a disrelish for every
existence from fancy, humour, and an pleasure that is not both exquisite and
unmanly subjection to the opinion of new; who measure enjoyment, not by
· others; their distress is real; but its their own sensations, but by the Atandard
reality arises not from the nature of of fashion ; and who think themselves
things, but from that disorder of the wretched if others do not pay them
imagination which a small measure of homage. It is not from wants or for-
reflection might correct. Their fantas- rows that their co:nplaints arise, but
tic refinements, fickly delicacy, and from the languor of vcant life, and the
eager emulation to eclipse each other irritation occasioned by those stagnating
in ornament and figure, open a thou- humours which ease and indulgence
fand sources of vexation peculiar to have bred within them.


nary quality of the ruta baga is, that it * IN times of scarcity, and when the seems imposiibie to make it rot ; tho’ attention of fo great a part of the com- bit or trod upon by cattle or horses, it muniiy is turned to improvements in it never rots, but whatever part of the agriculture, the following account of root is left, nay, if scooped out to the the Swedish turnip, and Indian wheat, shell, it remains perfectly fresh, and in will no doubt be acceptable to many of spring puts out a new stem. It is need. your readers.

lefs to observe, that the opposite of this RUTA BAGA, OR SWEDISH obtains with the turnip. The culture

too of this valuable root is perfe&tly IN any country where stock occupies fimple : When first attempted, gentlemuch attention, and of confequence men observed the rules laid down in renders such benefit to the farmer, some the news paper, viz. Raifing the pļants root or plant seems wanting to give to in a hot-bed, and then transplanting the cattle, between the time that the them into the field. This method turnips begin to shoot, and of course, never answered; they rose to no size; to cease to afford nourishment, and the but on their trying them by the feed

coming in of the grass. The ruta baga sown in the field, and managed in e "Terms admirably calculated for that pur- very respect the same as turnips, - (only

pofe. For besides being later of shoot. sown a month earlier,) all their expecin than the turnip, it loses not its nu- tations were gratified, and good crops tritive qualities after it has shot, but re- followed. Both roots and leaves are tains all its juices and folidity : whereas also excellent for culinary purposes ; it is well known that a turnip, after it and for that cause, numbers of people has put forth its flower, becomes dry, in the country now raise a few in light, and reedy, and in every respect their gardens for the pot. But be. unfit for feeding either cattle or sheep. fore concluding this article, it is Horses, too, feem very fond of it; and . worth mentioning, as an example of it may be a with propriety, given to out- what feeding will do, when carried Jying young horses, who eat them with on according to the above fystem, by a great çagerness. A gentleman was led constant succession of green food: An to try this experiment, from observing, ox bred by one of the heritors of the pathat when his young horses broke out of rish of Mordington, which, though only

the field, they constantly fed on the ruta 4 years old, is allowed by all judges to haga, though in the same field there was a be above an hundred stones weight; large quantity of turnips, which they never i. e. the weight of the four quarters on

hered to touch, Another extraordi


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ly. He never has been housed, and regular rows round a white pithy sub-
never got any thing but turnips, grass, stance, which forms the ear.
and a little hay. His dam, when in contains from two to four hundred
calf of him, was bought for 61. Sterling. grains, and is from six to ten inchies
A PRACTICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CUL- blue, red, white, and yellow. "The

in length. I hey are of various colours, TURE OF INDIAN WHEAT IN ENGLAND,

manner of gathering them is by curring THE ground on which this grain down the stems and breaking off the fhould be planted must be a loamy fand, ears. The items are as big as a man's very

rich. In the beginning of April, wrist, and look like Bamboo cane ; and the grains should be set like hops, at the pith is full of a juice that tastes as two feet distance, fix or eight grains in sweet as fugar. The joints are about a hill, each grain about an inch deep in foot and a half distance. The increase the ground. The seed from New Eng. is upwards of five hundred fold. Upon land is the best. In the beginning of a large scale, to save the expence of May, the alleys should be hoed, and billing, the feed may be drilled in alleys the hills weeded and earthed up higher. like peas; and, to save digging, the At the latter end of that month, all the ground may be ploughed and harrowed, fuperfluous Italks should be taken away, which will answer very well. It will and only three stems of corn left in grow upon all kinds of land. The ears each hill. By the middie of June it which grow upon dry fandy land are. will cover the alley. It grows much less, but harder and riper. The grain like bulrushes, the lower leaves being is taken from the husk by hand, and like broad flags, three or four inches when ground upon French stones makes wide, and as many feet in length; the 'an excellent flour, of which it yields ftems shooting upwards, from seven to much more, with much less bran than ten feet in height, with many joints wheat does, and exceeds it in crust, calling off fag leaves at every joint. pancakes, puddings, and all other uses Under these leaves, and close to the except bread; but a sweetness peculiar

tem, grows the corn, covered over by to it, which in other cases makes it a. many coats of fedgy leaves, and to greeable, is here nauseous. It is exclosed in by them to the stem, that it cellent for feeding poultry and hogs, does not thew 'itself easily, till there and fattens both much better and foonburst out at the end of the ear a number er than peas or barley. The stems make of strings, that look like tufts of horse. better hedges for kitchen gardens than hair, at first of a beautiful green, and reeds do. It clears the ground from afterwards red or yellow. The item weeds, and makes a good season for ends in a flower. The corn will ripen any other kind of corn. Piso, and oin September ; but the sun at that season ther Spanish physicians, are fuil of the not having itrength enough to dry it, it medicinal virtues of this grain." It was must be laid upon racks, or thin open the only bread-corn known in America floors, in dry rooms, and frequently when first discovered by the Spaniards, turned, to avoid moulding. The grains and is there called Maize. are about as big as peas, and adhere in


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ON THE USE OF LIME AS A MANURE. AS agriculture has been followed to man, would have long ago arrived at from the earliest period, and in almost a high degree of perfection: This, howevery climate, we might expect that ever, is far from being the cale. the principles of it would be well un- most countries, it is followed only by derstood; and that an art fo extensively the ignorant, the poor, and the opprefpractised, and to indispenfibiy necessary fod, by persons little capable of protit

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a manure.

It was

ing by observation, and unable to make has already been derived from other those experiments which would lead to sciences, the intelligent farmer is now improvement.

preserved in some parts of his process, But even in those places, where it from acting so much at random, as in employs the attention of the rich and former times; the truth of this may be the intelligent, its progress to perfection shown, from the manner in which lime must be slow. In order to ascertain a has been used as Single fact, repeated experiments must long employed by the farmer, before be made, requiring a conliderable length philofophy could give any satisfactory of time, and liable to be interrupted by account of its operation ; it had often the seasons, and a variety of accidents, been observed to be useful, and fre. and, when the fact is at length establish- quently it was found to injure the land. ed, it cannot, perhaps, be extensively I'he farmer endeavoured to acquire a applied, from the difference of fituation, knowledge of its utility, by repeated of soil, of climate, &c.

and extensive observations, but, in at, Besides, agriculture, as an art, can tempting to enumerate the several kinds never be carried to perfection, until it of soil for which it was serviceable, he be studied as a science. The farmer was in danger of error and confusion, may collect a multitude of facts, which in specifying the almost endless variety. have been ascertained by others; some When Sir John Pringle, by his expeof these may, upon trial, be found to riments on feptic substances, ascertained, be applicable in his fields, while others that lime strongly promoted the putre. are not. Philosophy must step forward faction of those kinds of matter that to explain the reason, why the expe- were fubject to this process, philosophy rience of others has failed, or been con. soon carried the fact to the farmer, and firmed; the principles of the explana- taught him to account for one of the efţion can alone enable the farmer to a. fects of lime in his fields. Philofophy dapt his measures to the change of fitua. has not yet explained how the vegetation.

bles grow; but it points out to him the The branches of philosophy, which fact, that corrupting vegetable and aniare related to, agriculture, are not yet mal substances are highly useful to veDearly perfected; the proper pabulum getation, and informs him that the of vegetables is still unknown, the phi- fields, whose foil contains many uncorfiology of them is yet in its infancy, and rupted vegetable subltances, will be even the attaioments in universal che, profited by lime : that in those fields mistry, are not great. In such circum- where, from the nature of the soil, or stances, the application of philosophy heat of the climate, the putrefaction to this art, is in danger of creating hy- goes op with sufficient rapidity of itself, potheses, which are always injurious to lime, and other feptic substances, are true knowledge.

unnecessary; but, where this is not the But where the facts in philosophy case, they will be highly advantageous. are well ascertained, and are capable Though the phyhology of vegetables of being fairly applied to explain any has so lately begun to be studied by Girbranch of agriculture, we ought cera tanner and others, we already know so tainly to use them for promoting this much of it, as will, perhaps, enable us valuable art: by this, we shall enlarge now to proceed much further, in ex. and establish the knowledge of the fare plaining the action of lime as a n.anure. mer, and teach him to employ the en. There is reason, to believe, that a numcreasing light of general science, for ber of those stimuli which affect the conducting him to higher attainments living animal fibre, and excite it to ac. in his own particular branch.

tion, produce a similar effect on the In consequence of the afliltance which fibres of vegetables ; as light, heat, elec


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