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A Topographical Description of the Western This day John Stewart and I had a
Territory of North America: contain- pleasing ramble, but fortune changed ing a Succinct Account of its Soil, the scene at the close of it. We had Climate, Natural History, Population, passed through a great forest, on which Agriculture, Manners, and Customs. stood myriads of trees, some gay with With an ample Description of the fe. blossoms, others rich with fruits. Naveral Divisions into which that Coun. ture was here a series of wonders and a try is partitioned. By George Imlay, fund of delight. Here fhe displayed her a Captain in the American Army du- ingenuity and industry in a variety of ring the War, and Commissioner for flowers and fruits, beautifully coloured, laying out Lands in the Back Settle- elegantly shaped, and charmingly fiaments. Illustrated with correct Maps, voured ; and we were diverted with inand a Plan of the Rapids of the Ohio. numerable animals presenting themselves The Second Edition, with confider- perpetually to our view. In the decline able Additions. 8vo. 68. boards. of the day, near Kentucky river, as we Debrett.
ascended the brow of a small hill, a FROM this Work we shall give the number of Indians rushed out of a thick following Interesting Account of Col. cane-brake upon us, and made us priDaniel Boon the first settler in Ken. soners. The time of our forrow was tucky.
now arrived, and the scene fully opened, " It was on the first of May, in the The Indians plundered us of what we year 1769, that I resigned my domestic had, and kept us in confinement seven happiness for a time, and left my family days, treating us with common savage and peaceable habitation on the Yadkin usage. During this time we discovered River, in North Carolina, to wander no uneasiness or desire to escape, which through the wilderness of America, in made them less suspicious of us; but in quest of the country of Kentucky, in the dead of night, as we lay in a thick company with John Finley, John Stewart, cane-brake by a large fire, when sleep Joseph 'Holden, James Monay, and had locked up their fentes, my situation William Cool. We proceeded success not disposing me for reft, I touched my fully, and after a long and fatiguing companion, and gently awoke him. We journey, through a mountainous wild improved this favourable opportunity, erness, in a westward direction, on the and departed, leaving them to take their seventh day of June following, we found rest, and speedily directed our course ourselves on Red River, where John towards our old camp, but found it Finley had formerly been trading with plundered, and the company dispersed the 'Indians, and, from the top of an e. and gone home. About this time my minence, faw, with pleasure, the beau. brother, Squire Boon, with another adtiful level of Kentucky. Here let me venturer, who came to explore the observe, that for some time we had ex. country shortly after us, was wanderperienced the most uncomfortable wea. ing through the forest, determined to ther, as a prelibation of our future fuf- find me, if pollible, and accidentally ferings. At this place we encamped, found our camp. Notwithstanding the and made a shelter to defend us from unfortunate circumstances of our com. the inclement season, and began to pany, and our dangerous situation, as hunt and reconnoitre the country. We surrounded with hoftilc savages, our found every where abundance of wild meeting fo fortunately in the wilderness, beasts of all sorts, through this vast made us reciprocally sensible of the utforest. The buffalo was more frequent most satisfaction. So much does friendthan I have seen cattle in the settlements, fhip triumph over misfortune, that forbrowzing on the leaves of the cane; or
rows and sufferings vanish at the meetcroping the herbage on those extensive ing, not only of real friends, but of the plains, fearless, because ignorant, of the most diftant acquaintances, and substitute violence of man. Sometimes we saw happiness in their room. hundreds in a drove, and the numbers
Soon after this, my companion in about the falt springs were amazing. captivity, John Stewart, was killed by In this forelt, the habitation of beasts of the savages, and the man that came every kind natural to America, we prac
with my brother returned home by himtised hunting with great succefs, until felf. We were then in a dangerous, the twenty-fecond day of December helpless fituation, expored daily to perils following
and death amongst façages and wild
natural right of man; which if it does montrived by the all-wise Creator,
ears to be reverfed.
beasts, not a white man in the country object of government is, to produce the but ourselves.
discharge of those duties in cach, which Thus ftuated, many hundred miles shall ensure to all the enjoyment of what from our families in the howling wilder: they denominate their natural right. neļs, I believe few would lave equally Thefe duties, forming a part of that ab enjoyed the happiness we experienced, folute and indefeasible obligation with I often observed to my brother, you, which man is born, each one brings them lee now how little nature requires to be with him into society; 'nor can
artifatisfied! Felicity, the companion of ficial or incidental circumstance of social content, is rather found in our own life. whatever; exonerate" ang one froin brcaits than in the enjoyment of external that condition, to obtain the performance things; and I firmly believe it requires of which in all, is the very effence of but a little philosophys to make a man affociation, the immutable purpofe of happy in whatsoever state he is : This all government. Because if any are exconfifts in a full resignation to the will empted from the recessity of the obligaof Providence ; and a resigned foul finds tion, in that proportion the success of pleafure in a path ft:ewed with briars the scheme of government is rendered and thoras."
Every contrivance of government, Tbe Origin of Duty and Right in Man con- every artificial regulation that societies Nidered. 8vo. 25, 60, R. Wbite.
may introduce, is to be eftimated by it's SOME political writers have derived tendency to produce this general result. all civil power from God, and some To devise an arrangement that might moralists have traced all moral obliga- produce that result, was left to the lation up to the will and command of bour and industry of man in every fepaGod. It appears to be the design of the rate society. Different were the modes writer of this t: it to unite these two that each adopted, and accordingly as fyftems, and thence to deduce a new they were more or lefs apt to gain the theory of civil rights.
purposed end, they sụcceeded or failed, The author's ideas on the subject of they were continued or changed. The goveryment, we Niall give in his own progress of experience improved the prowords:
grels of civil polity; experimental good " The object of government being (as or evil guided each society in correcting has been hown) to obtain the discharge or varying that which had proved in of duty among mankind, in order to be efficient to, or destructive of, the great able to acquire the happiness that can interest of the union; and in proportion only be obtained by that process; if in as any system improved, the discharge of any given country, whose internal polity duty in every member of the society, be has contrived artificial ranks and classes, came more extended and more effc&ual, of subordination, ito be questioned, whe- ly ensured. ther such a contrivance, invades the na. In the great comprehensive scheme of täral right of mans, we are not to putt God, the discharge of duty is the end for the issue upon a general assent to, or which man was created; it is the rights diffent from the terms of the question, of God's sovereignty, which overrules a (which is the very matter in debate) but and determinesevery other confideration. we are to examine and determine whe- The happinefs to whichí by God's goodther in that given country, the govern- ness, that discharge leads; is* anticipated ment established defends and secures the
of , aird the particular regulations of a country, to-allure trím to that'discharge. But'in in which the natural right of man is fo the partial seheme of government, secured, cannot, cohliftently with coma!? ¢ hie operātion appeats rron tente, at the same time endanger The happinefs to which the nature of them.- For, if the means employed are nran tends'; 'that happiness which is prosuch as evidently produce the end of vided to be the result of the perforinance government, and
therefore fecure man's of duty, and to which he is entitled by viatural right, it is quite impossible they the difpenfation of the divine bounty Mould be at the Game tine deflruclive of the end designed by the inftitution, and the right they secure.
the means einployed to attain that end, Te cantoi too often enforce, that the are means calculated to produce the
discharge of duty, as instrumental to that pire. He could not deny the remarkable fact, happiness. Here again we discover the that a few unlearned men, of a despised nanecessary fubordination of man's hap- tion, conceived such ideas respecting the enpiness, to which he alleges a right, to lightening and reforming of the world, as God's purpose, in which he is conscious had never occurred to the greatest philofoof an obligation.
phers of the most celebrated nations, and The perfect and entire discharge of that they succeeded in the bold design, havduty, cannot be produced by the opera
ing propagated the new religion with unextion of any secondary and external caufes. ampled success in the learned and civilized as Near approximations are all that either of the world, and this notwithftanding the
well as the unlearned and uncivilized parts wisdom expe&s, or nature allows. He greatest sufferings to which they and their who would be at the labour of searching followers were universally exposed; so that for absolute perfection in human affairs, there could not have been wanting any mowould resemble the simple boy who tive to the most rigorous examination of the chased the rainbow; a meteor, the laws facts on which it was founded, and while they of whose being have nothing in common were all recent. He therefore thought it newith the laws of substantial existence. ceffary to give his ideas of the causes of this Perfection in government, muft ever be wonderful event; for he could not but be relative to the ability of procuring the sensible, that every effect requires an ade most attainable degree of happiness ac quate cause. But the lamenets of his account mong mankind, by means of the most betrays the most extreme prejudice, amountpracticable necessity to the discharge of ing to a total incapacity of forming a right duty.
judgment in the case."
Memoirs of the Lift, Studies, and Writings NEW PUBLICATIONS.
of the Right Reverend George Horne, D. D. late Lord Bishop of Norwich. To which is added
his Lordship’s own Collection of his Thoughts Observations on the Increase of Infidelity. By on a variety of great and interesting SubJoseph Priestley, LL.D. F. R. S. &c. &c. Svo. jects. By William Jones, M. A. F. R. S. 25. ód. Printed at Northumberland Town, one of his Lordship's Chaplains. Svo. 55. America. Jobnfon, London. The present boards. Robinfons. increase of infidelity, Dr P. is of opinion, may Elay on the Public Merits of Mr Pitt. By he fufh iently explained from circumstances Thomas Beddocs, M. D. 8vo. 35. 6d. Johnson independent of the evidences of revelation; A Summary of Geography and History ; both such, for example, as the specious analogies Ancient and Modery; containing an Account and superficial maxims, by which many perc of the Political state, and principal revolu• sons suffer their judgment to be determined tions of the most illustrious nations in ancient on a question of historical fa&, without give and modern times; their mannets and cusing themselves the trouble of an accurate in-, toms; the local firuation of cities, especially vestigation ; respect for popular names; the of such as have been distinguished by memowant of an habitual fenft of religion ; inat. rable events: with an abridgement of the fatention to moral subjects, and the interests of bulous history of mythology of the Greeks. a luture life; vicious propensities; and preju. Designed chiefly to connect the study of clasa dice. The objections which have been con- fical learning with that of general knowmonly made to divine revelation, Dr P. thinks ledge. By Alexander Adam, LL.D. Rector to be such as thew nu great degree of atten. of the High School of Edinburgh. 8vo. 98. tion to the subject, and as are inconsistent bound. Cadell jun. & Davies. with that accurace examination which histo Two Letters on the Origin, Antiquity, and rical evidence necessarily requires. Among History, of Norman Tiles, Itained with Ara the Do&or's illustrations of this observation, morial Bearings. 8vo. boards. Kirby. we meet with the following judicious remarks Plans, Elevations, Sections, and Views of the on Mr Gibbon :
Cburab of Batalba, in the Province of Estre“ The only unbeliever who appears to have madura in Portugal. To which is prefixed had any idea of the true state of the question an Introductory Discourse on the principles of between believers and unbelievers, is Mr Giba Gothic Archite&ure. By James Murphy, bon. Being acquainted with history, he saw Architect. Illustrated with 27 plates. No 5. no reason to entertain any doubt with respect and last. Superfine vellum paper. Imp. folio. to the circumstances in which Christianity is 155. Teylors. said to have been promulgated in the Gospels, Trulis upon India. Written in the years and the Ads of the Apostles, and consequent. 1779, 1980, and 1788. By Mr John Sullily the rapidity with which it spread through vad. With subsequent Obfervations by him. the most diftant provinces of the Roman cm. Svo. Ios. 6d. boards. Becket. VOL. LVIII,
perspicuity, and accuracy. By Lindley Mur- ted from various Angland; extrac
Minutes of the Sociely for Philosophical Ex- the Campaign of 1793, revised and enlarged periments and Converfusions, 8vo. Ss. boards. with the original letters from head-quarters; Cadell jun. & Davies,
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Guisciçardini's Armand of the Ancient Flemiyo.
" Yet for me, for thče nuptial bed. It
School of Painting, translated from his Descrip The Compafsion and Beneficence' of the Deity, a tion of the Netherlands, published in Italian Sermon. Preached before the Society incors at Antwerp, 1567. With a Preface by the porated by Royal Charter for the benefit of Translator. : 12mo, 3$ fewed. Herbert. the Sons of the Clergy of the Church of
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“ Silent, cold, and small, our bower,
“ Form’d of planks THRO' the stillness of the night
Lightly on the courser bound,
a Deck'd is now our bridal place, Now she hears the rider light,
“Guests expecting wait around.”
The two following fonnecs are given as spe
cimens of “Sorrows, sacred so the memory, * Rife my love the bar remove
of Penelope, by Sir B. Boothly." “ Dost thou wake or dost thou fleep?
SONNET 111!. “ Think'it thou of thy absent love?
THOUGH since my, date of woe long years Dost thou laugh or doft thou weep?"
have roll’d, William! Thou !-- From forrow's power
Darkness ne'er draws the curtains round my I have learn'd co weer, and wake..
head, Whence in midnight's gloomy hour,
Nor orient morning opes her cyes of gold, Whence his course does William take?
But grief pursues my walks, or haunts my far We can only ride by night.
hed. “ From Bohemia's plains I come,
Vifions, in sleep, their tristfuż shapes unfold; 56 Late, ah late I come ! but dight
Show Misery living, Hope and Pleasure dead, “ To bear thee to thy distant home.” Pale throuded Beauty, kiffes faint and cold, William! William ! hither hafte.
Or murmur words the parting angel said. Thro' the hawthorn blows the wind, Thoughes, when awake, their wonted trains In my glowing arms embrac'd
Rest, and warmth, my love shall find, With all their stings my tortured breast af 6. Thro' the hawthorn let the winds
fail; • Kcenly blow with broath severe,
Her faded form row glides before my view; < The Courfer paws, the spur he finds,
Her plaintive voice now floats upon the gale. Ah! I must not linger here.'
The hope how vain, that time should bring Lightly on the fable iteed
relief! “ Come, my love !--behind me spring.
Time does but deeper root a real grief, « Many a mile o'erpast with speed,
SONNET XVII, ILI :«. To your bride-bed fhall thee bring."'.
BRIGHT, crisped threads of pure, tramilucid Many a mile o'er dillant ground
gold! Ere our nnptial couch we reach?
Ye, who were wont with Ziphy'rs breath The iron bells of midnight sound, Soon the midnight fiends will serecch.
O'er the *os See how cicar the moon's full say,
Warm cheek and ivory forehead
fray; “ şoon the dead's (wift course is fped. Or clasp her neck in niany an' amorous folt; "Long, Olong ere dawn of day We ihall reach the bridal bed.""
hid Suivi Now, motionless, this little farine must hold; foy No more to wanton in the
of day. Who shall tend thy nuptial bower s Who thy nuptial couch fall spread? For ever still, inanimate, and cold!