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CONTENT S.

Pag.

Pag.

Anecdote of Sir Hugh Palliser 580 | Dirom on the Corn Trade of Great

American Recipe for the Rheuma- Britain

628

tism

580 New PUBLICATIONS

Character of Mr James Beattie

POETRY.

- Biographical Anecdotes of the Count

de Buffon

586 Lines written by Sir Richard Hill

63•

Anecdotes of Persons connected

An Effusion written in the manner of

with the French Revolution, conti-

Spencer

630

nued

589 The Menagerie of the Gods

630

On the Nature and Construction The Magpie, a Tale

631

of the Sun and Fixed Stars, con-

MONTHLY REGISTER.

cluded

591

Particulars in the Natural History of

Operations of the armies on the

Birds, concluded

Rhine, from the London Gazette,

597

Observations on Dancing as an Imi-

from Col. Craufurd, &c. 632-40

tative Art, by the late Adam Smith

Operations of the armies in Italy,

LL. D.

600

in dispatches from Colonel Gram

ham

Observations on the Objections a.

640-41

gainst using Machines to shorten

Dispatches from Sir John Jervis, and

Labour

602

other naval commanders 641-44

On Dwarfs and Giants

606

Account of the Army, &c. of Tip- Commotions in Paris

611

West Indies

AGRICULTURAL REMARKS, &c.

LONDON.

On Salt as a Manure

614 Incidental Occurrences

A new Species of Rye-grass 617 | Account of the blowing up ofthe Am.

Topography and Natural History of phion frigate, with a list of the

Scotland-Selkirkshire and Peebles-

survivors

646

Shire

DUBLIN.

Abstracts of New Acts passed during Several perfons apprehended for

last Session of lait Parliament treasonable practices

Dog-lax, Stamps on Hat-linings,

Partridge Shooting

622

EDINBURGH.

Incidental Occurrences

647

List of the gentlemen graduated at

REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

the University

648

Wallace's Prospects from Hills in Report of the Weather, &c. 648

Fife Extradis

Wollstonecraft's Residence in Swe- LISTS-Marriages, Births, Deaths,

den-Short account of Norway 627

Preferments, &e.

649-5

646

617

647

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TO THE EDITOR OF THE SCOTS MAGAZINE. SIR, THE following anecdote, which gave rise to the high duties imposed up

on Claret wine, I think is worthy of a place in your Miscellany.

IN the year 1754, the late Admiral Sir Hugh Palliser was commander of the Sea-Horse man of war, lying in the road of Leith. A man, under indentures as an apprentice, had been enlisted as a failor, on board this ship. On petition from his maiter, and on production of the inden. ture. Judge Philp, at that time Judge of the Court of Admiralty in Scotland, granted warrant to bring the man alhore to be examined. A macer of Court went aboard to apprehend him; but was told by Captain Palliser, that he confidered himself as subject only to the law.of Eng. land ; and that he would not suffer the man to go ashore. Upon this

, the macer, with his blazon on his breast, broke his wand of peace, and reported this illegal act of deforcement to the Admiralty court. The Judge then granted warrant to apprehend Captain Palliser himself, to bring him from aboard his ship, and to commit him to prison, which was accord. ingly done. Next day he was brought into court; and, on refusing to submit to its jurisdiction, because he held his commission from the Board of Admiralty, he was again remanded to prison, there to remain, till liberated in due course of law.

When the case was reported by the Earl of Findlater, then Lord High Admiral of Scotland, to Chancellor Hardwicke, (that great ornament of the law, and of human nature,) the Chancellor said, ti he was a bold judge who had done this ; but he had done what was right.” This just and high toned decision, from a man fo gentle and amiable as Mr Philp, was followed with the universal approbation of his country.

Captain Palliser, who had been often regaled with liberal potations of Claret at a small expence, in revenge for this treatment, which he confi. dered as a great affront, informed how well the people of this country fared by the low duties on Claret, on which a great addition was soon thereafter laid upon it.

A FAMOUS AMERICAN RECIPE FOR THE RHEUMATISM.

TAKE of garlic two cloves, and of gum-amoniac one drachm. Bruise them together; and make them into boluses with water.

Swallow one of them at night, and one in the morning. Drink, while taking this recipe, sassafras tea made very strong. This is generally found to banish the rheu. matism, and even contraction of the joints, in five times taking.

SCOTS MAGAZINE

For SEPTEMBER 1796.

D

as may

CHARACTER OF MR JAMES BEATTIE*.
R Beattie, after giving some in high veneration, and was also attach-

account of the life of his son, et to the church of Scotland, in which says, “ Of his character and opinions I he had been educated ; he knew, that, thall subjoin some further particulars, in respect of doctrine, the principles of which could not be conveniently intro- both are the same; and, as to the dif. duced in the preceding narative. I set ferent forms of eclesiastical discipline and them down as they occur, without at- worship, he did not think he had any tempting arrangenient.

right to affzet fingularity, or to moleft Piety and meekness were striking the peace of either church, by clamour. features in his character, habitual to him ing about matters of no effential imin infancy, and through life.

I find portance.

He wilhed to be, and to among his papers forms of devotion, be considered as, a Christian

; a title, composed for his own use, of which I which he thought infinitely more homay perhaps give a specimen. The nourable than any other. The words. Christian religion, and its evidences, he Lutheran and Calvinist he well underhad studied with indefatigable applica- stood, but set no value on them ; though tion ; and the consequence was such, he was ever ready to own his obliga.

be always expected in like cases, tions to those learned men, who had where the inquirer has candour and been instrumental in bringing about the sense : : no person could love his reli- 'reformation from Popery. gion more than he did, or believe in it Of modern divines his greatest fawith fuller affuránce of faith : But in his vourite was Dr Clarke. He studied behaviour there was no austerity or fin- all that author's works with his usual gularity. Even when he came to be a accuracy, and with much delight. Even man, he had, when in health, and in the controversy with Dodwell he ftudi. the company of his intimate friends, all ed; for he thought it strictly connected the playfulness of a boy. The effect of with what Baxter and others had taught religion upon his mind was, to make concerning the incorporeal nature of the him cheerful, considerate, benevolent, soul : the doctrine of which he was a intrepid, humble, and happy. Of the zealous defender; which he had excontracted principles and unamiable pre- amined as far, I believe, as human in. judices of sectaries he had no concep- genuity can examine it ; and on which tion. He loved all the human race ; he has left a great deal in writing, though he bore a particular love to all Chris- nothing finished. I need not add, for tians ; and he wished all parties to ex. after what has been said it will be naercise Christian charity toward each turally supposed, that he was a warnı other. The church of England he held admirer of Di Campbell's excellent

* See last vol. (1794) p. 158. 221.989. writings, and very judicious “. Trarılla357.

tion of the Gospels."

I Vol. LVIII.

4 M

I spoke of his playfulness. In con- went wrong by following his advice. versation with his particular friends, he The delicacy (I may even call it the would display an amazing exuberance purity) of his mind was greater than I of pleasantry and humour, His know- have known in any other man, at least ledge of nature, and extensive learning, in any other young man ; and, in one fupplied him with innumerable images ; fo young, (he died on 22) was truly adand his lively fancy, aided by simplicity mirable, and worthy of imitation. He of diction, and a ready eloquence, en- was aware of the danger of admitting abled him to combine them into the most indelicate or improper thoughts into his diverting forms that could be imagined. mind; for he knew that affociations of He had, what perhaps all people of ob- ideas, disapproved both by reason as infervation have, a Night tendency to congruous, and by conscience as imsatire ; but it was of the gentlest kind; moral, might in a moment be formed, he had too much candour

and good na- in consequence of inattention, even when ture to be either a general fatirist or a there was no settled propensity to evil. severe one. That taunting, gibbing rail. To give an example or two of this delery, which some people who mistake licacy, that my meaning may be underillnature for wit, are fo fond of, he stood (one cannot be very explicit on deípised and hated : he often, as his this subject) such a book as that most duty required, spoke in order to improve contemptible one called “Scotch Prefbyand amend others; but never uttered terian Eloquence displayed,he would a word with a view to give pain. Cha- not have looked into on any account racters, however, there were, of which whatever ; because he had heard, that he was at no pains to conceal what he passages of fcripture are introduced in it, thought. If persons, notoriously pro. for the purpose of raising laughter. Silly Aigate; or who in public office seemed tales and jokes of the fame nature he to bim to have betrayed their trust; or would fometimes hear in contpany, (they who, rendered impudent by immorality are too often heard from those of whom and ignorance, ventured to retail the better things might be expected) but wretched impieties of infidelity ;-if he always showed displeasure at hearing, such persons happened to be spoken of and never repeated them.

And nute in his hearing, it was eafy to perceive, withstanding his love of the talent called that his abstaining from general satire Humour, he could never read The was owing to the want, not of talents, Tale of a Tub;" because he had heard but of inclination.

me say, that there are in it gross inI mentioned that acuteness of intel- decencies; and that, by forming ludilect, which enabled him to enter with crous associations of the meanest ideas facility into the abftrufeft doctrines of with the most awful truths of religion, the abftract philosopher. He possessed a it could hardly fail, in fome degree, lo talent still more useful, in which men of disorder and debase the mind. I did acute minds are sometimes deficient; not tell him this, or any thing else, in and that was good sense. He could a dictatorial manner; nor

did I ever instantly, and almost intuitively, discern - forbid him to read that book. But his what in human conduct was right or attention was continually awake, to wrong, prudent or imprudent; not only learn, although from the slightest hint, in matters of morality and science, but or most trivial circumstance, what might is the general intercourse of the world. be useful in purifying his mind, regulatOf his fuperiority in this talent, I was ing his condu&t, or improving his underfo sensible, that, during the last four or {tanding. five years of his life, I seldom resolved Thus formed, thus enlightened, and on any thing that had difficulty in it, thus inured to conlideration, a mind without consulting him; and I never possessed of sensibility can never be de

facient

He was a

ficient in taste or critical fagacity. In simplicity of which delights me ; and this respect he was highly accomplished; with this impresion on my mind, I canof which, however, it is no proof to not just now relish the flowery descripfay, that at the age of eighteen he was tions of Fenelon.". He mentioned a better judge of composition than I other ebjections, which I need not rehad been at thirty. It may be thought, peat. I said, he might lay Telemaque that I would not neglect to explain to aside, till he found himself disposed to him the principles of good writing, as resume it, and in the mean time return far as I knew them; and this part of to his Homer ; for whose fimplicity and my duty I did oot negle&t: but my grandeur I was much pleased to find diligence in it bore no proportion to his that he had a true taste. proficiency; which I'impute to his na. bout fifteen when this little conference tural rectitude of understanding, aided paffed. It may give modish readers a by constantly reading the best authors, mean opinion of his judgment : on those and abstaining, as he fcrupulously did, who have conversed, as he had, with from such as fall below, or do not rise ancient authors, it may perhaps have a above, mediocrity. They, who may contrary effect. be pleased to say, that at this rate he Time was not allowed him for going must have kept at a distance from what deep into the literature of France : his I have attempted in writing, are at favourite authors of that nation were liberty to think so. To me,' and to Moliere and Boileau. Of Rousseau he every thing connected with me, he was knew little ; and such was his opinion partial, as I have acknowledged already; of Voltaire's principles and character, and they who understand human nature that he had no curiosity to inquire after will not think the worse of him, either his books. Of the French tongue he as a man, or as a critic, for having had seemed to think, that its want of barthis infirmity. A dislike of ambitious mony, and being almost entirely made ornaments, and what I might almost call, up of idiomatic phrases, rendered it unan abhorrence of oftentation, appeared fit for the higher poetry, and for elevatin him very early in life ; and were ed composition in general; but he did heightened and confirmed by studying not think himself sufficiently skilled in it those ancient writers, particularly How to pretend to judge of its merits. Italian, mer, Xenophon, Herodotus, Cæsar, which he would probably have found and others, who are distinguished by more to his mind, he meant to study, a severe and majestic fimplicity of style. but did not live to do it.

When he began to learn the French He was a master of Greek and Lalanguage, of which, under an experienc- sin; and in getting those languages was ed teacher, he acquired very exactly much aided by his skill in the grammathe elements and pronunciation, I, re- tical art : without which it is indeed immembering with what delight I had poffible (though projectors have thought in my youth read Telemaque, recom- Otherwise) to learn them with accuracy ; mended that work to his perufal, and and, if they are not accurately learned, told him he would be highly entertained the acquisition is not of great value. I with it. In this, however, I was mis. . find, by his papers, that he had exercistaken. After going through one half, ed himself a little in Greek composition, he begged I would not insist on his which I believe is not often done in reading the other, at least, at present. Scotland. Latin he spoke correctly “ I acknowledge,” said he, “the au- and readily : In that language, he and thor's merit as a politician and moralist, I sometimes conversed when we were and I believe he writes the French by ourselves ; and he soon became my tongue in its utmost purity ; but I have superior in this, as in every other talent. been studying Homer's Odyssey, the Most of the things I have published of Vol. LVIII,

late

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