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stone, on which he was then employed, is very orderly and exact.

" I burn lay on it.

(said he to me) every thing which I His example and his discourses coo- do not intend to use : not a paper will vince me that he, who passionately desires be found at my death." glory, is sure in the end to obtain it. I resume the account of his day. At The wish must not be a momentary bit dine, breaktalt is brought to him in the an every day emotion. Buffon said to study. It consists of two glasses of wine me on this subject a very striking thing, and a bit of bread. He writes for aone of those speeches which may be the bout two hours after breakfalt and then cause of a great man hereafter: “Genius returns to the house. He does not is only a greater aptitude to patience." love to hurry over his dinner; during Observe, that patience must be applied which he gives vent to all the gaieties to every thing patience in finding out and tries which suggest themselves one's line, patience in resisting the mo while at table. He loves to talk tives that divert, and patience in bear. smuttily ; and the effect of his jokes ing what would discourage a common and laughter are heightened by the na

tural seriousness of his age and calmness I will mention some facts of Buffor. of his character : but he is often so He would sometimes return from the coarse as to compel the ladies to withfuppers of Paris at two in the morning, draw. He talks of himself with pleawhen he was young.

A boy was or- sure, and like a critic. He faid to me, dered to call him at five, however late “ I learn every day to write ; in my he returned ; and, in case of his linger- later works there is infinitely mare ing in bed, to drag him out on the floor. perfection than in my former. I oftea He used to work till fix at night. "I have my works read to me, and this had at that time (said he) a mistress of mostly puts me upon some improvement. whom I was very fond : but I would There are, however, passages which I never allow myself to go to her till ex, cannot improve." In this openness even at the risk of finding her gone out." there is a something interesting, original,

He thus distributes his day. At five antique, attractive. o'clock he rises, dresses, powders, dic Speaking of Rousseau, he said, “I tates letters, and regulates his house- loved him much until I read his Conhold matters.

At fix he goes to the feflions, and then I ceased to esteem foresaid study, which is a furlong distant him. I cannot fancy the spirit of the from the house, at the extremity of the man; an unusual process happened to garden. There are gates to open and me with respect to him: after his death terraces to cliin by the way. When I lost my reverence for him.” not engaged in writing, he paces up and This great man is very much of a down the surrounding avenues. No one goslip, and, for at least an hour in the may iotrude on his retreat. He often day, will make his hair-dresser and valets reads over what he has written, and tell all the scandal of the village. He then lays it by for a time, “ It is im. koows every minute event that surrounds portant,”

never to be him. in a hurry: review your compositions His confidence is almost wholly enoften, and every time with a fresh eye, grossed by a Mademoiselle Bleffeau : a and you will always find that they can woman now forty years old, well-made, be mended.” When he has made many who has been pretty, and has lived with corrections in a manuscript, he employs him about twenty years. She is very an amanuensis

to

transcribe it, and then attentive to him, manages in the house, he corrects again. He told M. de and is hated by the servants. Madame Sthat the Etudes de la Nature de Buffon, who has long been dead, were written over eighteen times. He could not endure this woman. She

adored

» said he to me,

adored her husband, and is said to have stone, which fufpends his employments. been very jealous of him.

While I was at his house he had acute His works demonstrate materialism ; pains, shut himself up in his chamber, yet they were priated at the royal press. would scarcely fee his son, and not his

My early volumes appeared, (faid he) filter. He admitted me repeatedly. at the same time with the Spirit of Laws. His hair was always drelt; and he reWe were teazed by the Sorbonne, both tained his fine calm look. He comMontesquieu and I, and affailed by the plained mildly of his ill health, and critics. The president was quite fu- bore his pangs with a smile. He openrious : “ What shall you answer?” said ed his whole soul to me: made me read he to me. “ Nothing at all, president," to him the treatise on the loadstone, replied 1. He could not understand and, as he listened, would reform the such cold bloodedness.

phrafes. Sometimes he would send for I was reading to Buffon one evening a volume of his works, and request me some verses of Thomas on the immor to read aloud the finer efforts of style ; tality of the soul. Pardiéu, (said he,) such as the soliloquy of the first man, religion would be a noble present, if all the description of an Arabian defert in that were true.” He criticifed these the article camel, and a still finer piece lines severely: he is inexorable as to of painting (in his opinion) in the arstyle, and does not love poetry.

- Ne. ticle Kamichi. Sometimes he would ver write verses, (said he,) I could explain to me his system of the formahave made them as well as others: but tion of the universe, the genesis of I soon abandoned a course in which rea- beings, the internal mouids, &c. Some. son marches in fetters : she has chains times he would recite whole pages of enough already, without looking about his compositions ; for he knows them for new ones.

almost all by art. He listens gladly to Buffon willingly quits his grounds, objections, discusses them, and surrenand walks about the village with his fon ders to them when his judgment is con. among the peasantry. At these times vinced. he always appears in a laced coat. He Of natural history and of style he is a stickler about dress, and scolds his loves to talk, especially of the latter. son for wearing a frock-coat. I was No one better understands the theory of aware of this, and had taken care to style, unless it be Beccaria, who did arrive in an embroidered waistcoat and not possess the practice. “The style laced cloaths. My precaution succeed- is the man, (said be:) our poets have ed wonderfully: he shewed me repeated- no style; they are coerced by the rules ly to his son. “There's a GENTLE- of metre, which makes slaves of them.” MAN for you !" He loves to be called How do you like Thomas ? I asked. Monsieur le Comte.

“ Pretty well, (faid he,) but he is stiff After having risen from dinner, he and bloated.” And Rousseau ? “ His pays little attention either to his family ilyle is better : but he has all the faults or his guests. He sleeps for an hour in of bad educắtion, interjection, excla. his room; then takes walk alone; mation, interrogation for ever." Faafter which he will perhaps come in and vour me with your leading ideas on converse, or fit at his desk and look 0. style. “ They are recorded in my Difver papers that are brought for his opic course ai the Academy :- however, nion. He has lived thus these fifty two things form style, invention and years. To some one who expreffed expression. Invention depends on paastonishment at his great reputation, he tience : contemplate your subje& long : replied, “ Have not I passed fifty years it will gradually unrol and unfold-till at my desk ?" At nine he goes to bed. a sort of ele&ric spark convulses for a

He is at present amicted with the moment the brain, and spreads down

to the very heart a glow of irritation, and was no master of style.” He thought
Then are come the luxuries of genius, higher of Leibnitz than of Bacon. He
the true hours for production and com- fpoke of Montesquieu's genius, but thought
position-hours so delightful, that I his style too ftudied, and wanting evo-
have spent twelve and fourteen succes lution. “ This, however, (faid he)
sively at my writing-desk, and still been was a natural consequence of his frame
in a state of pleasure. It is for this of body. I knew him well; he was
gratification, yet more than for glory, almost blind, and very impatient. If
that I have toiled. Glory comes if it he had not clipt his ideas into short fen-
can, and mostly does come. This plea- tences, he would have lost his period be-
sure is
greater

if
you

consult no books : fore the amanuensis had taken it down." I have never consulted authors, iill I He spoke to me of the passion for had nothing left to lay of my own.” ftudy, and of the happiness which it

I asked him what is the best method bestows. He told me that he had voof forming one's self. He answered, luntarily fecluded himself from society; “ Read only the capital works, read that at one time he courted the compathem repeatedly, and read those in e. ny of learned men, expecting to acquire very department of taste and science ; much from their conversation, but he for the framers of such works are, as had discovered that little of value could Cicero says, kin-fouls, and the views be fo gleaned, and that, in order to of one may always be applied with ad- pick up a phrase, an evening was ill vantage in some very different branch squandered: that labour was become a by another, Be not afraid of the talk. want to him, and he hoped to conseCapital works are scarce. I know but crate to it much of the three or four five great geniuses--Newton, Bacon, years of life which probably remained Leibnitz, Montesquieu, and myself. New- to him; that he feared not death-that ton, (continued he,) may have disco- the hope of an imnxortal renowo was the vered an important principle, but he most powerful of death-bed consolespent his life in frivolous calculations, tions.

ANECDOTES OF PERSONS CONNECTED WITH THE

FRENCH REVOLUTION.

(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 513.) MARAT.

god! It has since been removed to a Termed by Dumourier, the Medu- more obscure fituation, and his characTa's head of the Revolution, and whose ter is now justly odious in France. To brutal wishes, and barbarous actions, the Royalists and Girondists, this man have been eminently differviceable to was equally detestable ; and the former, the cause of liberty throughout Europe, as usual, expressed their.joy, by means was not, as is generally imagined, a of puns, &c. inimediately after his death. Frenchman. He was born at Neuf. CHARLOTTE Cordet. chatel, the sovereignty of which, ever. The daughter of a man, attached by a since the diet of 1707, has appertained place to the court. 'i'he demoiselle Corto the house of Brandenburg. He was det was zealous for freedom; rich, therefore a Pruflian.

young, beautiful a womanIt is well known that he was a cow. nevertheless, a republican. An enthuard, who “ could speak daggers, but fiaft, but not a fanatic; the possessed the not use them,” yet it is not of such ge- warmth of the one character, without neral notoriety, that his hideous coun. the extravagance of the other. At the tenance was the exact counterpart of place of execution, the uttered not a his heart. His body was placed in the single world. Her face ftill possessed French pantheon ; for under the mo- an heroic calmness ; and the seemed parchy of Robespierre, Marat was a conscious of future glory, and approach

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ing happiness. Although filent, her erected by one of the most celebrated gesticulations were, however, eloquent, architects of that day; the marble busts jy impressive ; for she frequently placed and bas-reliefs, were cut by the chissel her hand on her heart, and seemed to of Couston ; the statues, by Adam and say, “ 1 rejoice in having exterminated Falconet ; the paintings are by Vanloo; a monster!

and as to the gardens, they were laid Brutus and Cordet both equally struck out by M. de Lise, the Capability Brown for liberty, and, alas ! neither of them of France. was happy enough to secure it; but the It was here that Pompadour, revelexecution of Robespierre seems to have ling in the wealth of plundered provineffected, for modern France, what the ces, presided over the revels of Comus, punishment of Antony, and the banish- and endeavoured to vary the pleasures, ment of Oétavius, could not perhaps and dissipate the satiety of her royal have produced in degenerate Rome. lover. At one time, she would sur

To this woman, Greece would have prise him with a theatrical exhibition, erected statues; Rome, temples. France in which she appeared as Venus, while may fome day insert her name in the he was the favourite Adonis of the dracalendar of her martyrs ;-the ancients ma: at another, by a kind of candlewould have placed her among their gods! light entertainment, on the recovery of Letter to her Father on the evening be- his son, in which an illuminated dolfore her trial.

phin, by a happy pun, represented the “ My dear respected Father, heir-apparent of the monarchy ; certain Peace is about to reign in my dear fiery monsters, his late disease ; and an native country, for Marat is no more! Apollo, with a torch in his hand, the Be comforted, and bury my memory god of phyfic, by whose intervention he in, eternal oblivion. I am to be tried was recovered. to-morrow, the 17th, at seven o'clock On the accession of Louis XVI. the in the morning. I have lived long e- daughters of the former monarch were nough, as I have achieved a glorious allowed to occupy this enchanting spot, exploit. I put you under the protec- formerly the residence of a father's mifa tion of Barbaroux and his colleagues, tress, and the scene of their expensive in case you should be molested. Let gallantries. Unlike that father, in enot my family blush at my fate; for re- very thing but in good-nature, they member, according to Voltaire, were constantly at the feet of their con

" That crimes beget disgrace, and not the fessor, or their crucifix, and the spot scaffold.”

which had so often blushed with the Fuly 16. 1793. C. Cordet. debauchery of its former, now edified MESDAMES.

the pious, by the devotion of the preThe aunts of Louis XVI. were the sent owners. first of the royal family that took the At the approach of the storm, they alarm, and emigrated from France. repaired to the centre of catholicisin for Belle Vue, the villa, or rather palace, shelter, and now share at Rome the bein which they resided, was one of the nedictions of the Pope, the prayers of most beautiful in the kingdom, being the Abbe Maruy, lately made a bishop, built by their father, Louis XV. for one by Pius VI. and the palace of Cardinal of his many mistresses. It is situated Bernis, heretofore ambassador from on a rising ground, between Save and France to the Holy See. Meudon, near the great road leading Good, charitable, pious, perhaps to from Paris to Versailles ; the river excess, they, in character, exhibit Seine winds along the bottom of the clofe affinity to their amiable mother, hill, and, by its ferpentine course, feems the daughter of the unfortunate Staas if desirous to linger in fo charming nislaus, king of Poland :-there is a faa. neighbourhood. The building was mily likeness, even in their misfortunes! (To be cantinued.)

ON

a

luminous part.

ON THE NATURE AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE SUN

AND FIXED STARS.

CONCLUDED FROM PAGE 522. August 26, 1792. I examined the ing margin, which was greatly below fun with several powers, from go to the surface of the sun, had, next to it, 500. It appears evidently that the black a protuberant lump of shining matter, a 1pots are the opaque ground, or body of little brighter than the rest of the sun. che fun ; and that the luminous

part

is About all the spots, the shining matan atmosphere, which, being interrupted ter seems to have been disturbed; and or broken, gives us a tranlient glimpse is uneven, lumpy, and zig-zagged in ad of the fun itself. My seven-feet reflec- irregular manner: tor, which is in high perfection, repre I call the spots black, not that they sents the spots, as it always used to do, are entirely fo, but merely to distinguish much depressed below the surface of the them; for there is not one of them, 10.

day, which is not partly, or entirely, September 9, 1792. I found one of covered over with whitish and unequal. the dark spots in the sun drawn pretty ly bright nebulofity, or cloudiness. This, near the preceding edge. In its neigh- in many of them, comes near to an bourhood I saw a great amber of ele- extinction of the spot ; and in others, vated bright places, making various seems to bring on a subdivision. figures : I shall call themi faculæ, with After stating many similar observar Hevelius ; but without assigning to this tions, regrading the appearance and disterm any other meaning than what it appearance of these spots, the Doctor will hereafter appear ought to be given goes on as follows: It will now be to it. I see these faculăe extended, on early to bring the result of these observathe preceding fide, over about one fixth tions into a very narrow compass. That part of the fun ; but fo far from re. the sun has a very extensive atmosphere sembling torches, they appear to me like cannot be doubted ; and that this atmosthe shrivelled elevations upon a dried phere consists of various elastic fluids, apple, extended in length, and most of that are more or less lucid and transthem are joined together, making waves, parent, and of which the lucid one is or waving lines.

that which furnishes us with light, seems By some good views in the afternoon, also to be fully established by all the I find that the rest of the surface of the phænomena of its spots, of the faculæ, fun does not contain any faculæ, except and of the lucid surface itself. There a few on the following, and equatoral is no kind of variety in these appearpart of the sun. Toward the north ances but what may be accounted for and south I see no faculæ ; there is all with the greatest facility, from the con , over the sun a great unevenness in the tipual agitation which we may easily surface, which has the appearance of a conceive must take place in the regions mixture of small points of an unequal of such extensive elastic fluids. light; but they are evidently an un It will be necessary, however, to be a evennefs or roughness of high and low little more particular, as to the manner parts.

in which I suppose the lucid Auid of February 23, 1794. By an experi- the fun to be generated in its atmosphere. ment I have just now tried, I find it An analogy that may be drawn from confirmed that the sun cannot be fo dif. the generation of clouds in our own tinctly viewed with a small aperture and atmosphere, seems to be a very proper faint darkeniog glasses, as with a large one, and full of instruction. Our clouds aperture and stronger ones; this latter are probably decompositions of some of is the method I always use.

the elastic fuids of the atmosphere itOne of the black spots on the preced- felf, when such natural causes, as in this Vol. LVIIL

40

grand

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