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of boot, with a fort pointed stick fast- agree in affirming the existence of a ened to each heel, which served as a race of giants upon these coasts; but, spur. The Commodore presented them during another century, a much greater with some beads and ribbands, which number agree in denying the fact, treatthey received with expressions of joy and ing their predecessors as idle fabulists. acknowledgement. These Indians had Barbenais speaks of a race of giants in a great number of dogs. Their horses South America ; and the Unca Garwere not large, but nimble and well cilaffa de la Vega, in his History of broken. The Patagonians, however, Peru, is decisively on the same side of were not wholly strangers to European the question. Torquemado records the commodities ; for, on close attention American traditions concerning a race Lo them, one woman was observed to of giants, and a deluge which happened have bracelets, either of brass or very in remote times in these parts. Magel. pale gold, upon her arms, and some lan, Loaisa, Sarmiento, and Nodal, abeads of blue glass ftrung upon two long mong the Spaniards, and Cavendish, queus of hair, which being parted at Hawkins, and Knivet, among the the top, hung down over each shoulder English, while Sebald, Oliver de Noort, before her : The was of a most enor- le Maire, and Spilberg, among the mous size, and her face was, if possible, Dutch, together with some French more frightfully painted than the rest. voyagers, all bear testimony to the facte All the inquiries, which could be made that the inhabitants of Patagonia were by signs, were ipeffe&ual to gain infor- of a gigantic height : on the contrary, mation whence these beads and brace. Winter, the Dutch Admiral Hermite, lets were obtained, as these people were Froger, in de Gennes' Narrative, and incapable of comprehending the drift of Sir John Narborough, deny it. To the inquiry. The bridles which they reconcile these different opinions, we used were made of leathern thongs ; have only to suppose that the country and a small piece of wood served for a is inhabited by distinct races of men, bit. Their faddles resembled the pads one of which is a size beyond the orused by the country people of England, dinary pitch, the other not gigantic, The women rode aftride, and both men though perhaps tall and remarkably and wonien without stirrups.
large limbed, and that each possess parts There is nothing about which tra. of the country separate and remote from vellers are more divided than concern. the other. That some giants inhabit ing the height of these Patagonians, these regions can now no longer be M. de Bougainville, who visited ano- doubted; since the concurrent testither part of this coaft in the year 1967, mony of late English navigators, parasserts, that the Patagonians are not ticularly Commodore Byron, Captains gigantic; and that " what makes them Wallis and Carteret, gentiemen of un. appear fo, is their prodigious broad questionable veracity, the two latter of thouders, the size of their heads, and whom are still living, establish the fact, the thickness of all their limbs.” Some from their not only having seen and contime before Mr Byron made this yoy- versed with these people, but even meaage, it was the subject of warm con- sured them. Mr Clarke, who failed test among men of science in this coun. with Commodore Byron, and who in try, whether a race of men upon the the last voyage of discovery succeeded, coaft of Patagonia above the common on the death of Captain Cook, to the ftature did really exist: and the con- command of the two ships, addressed à tradictory reports, made by occular wit- paper to the Secretary of the Royal Sonesses, concerning this fact, tended great- ciety, which was read in 1766, and by to perplex the question. It appears fully testified the gigantic beight of the that, during one hundred years, almost Patagonians. To these teltimonies, all navigators, of whatever country,
5 Q ?
Mr Pennant, actuated by that zeal for made Buffon alter his opinion, but he science which distinguishes him on all would have still maintained, that it was occasions, has been enabled to add an only an accidental variety of the inother, which is that of Father Falkener, dividual, not any difference of the a Jesuit, but a native of England, who race. was alive a few years since, and whom At Trinity College, Dublin, in the Mr Pennant visited for the express puro anatomical room there, is the skeleton, pose of gaining certain information con- between seven and eight feet high, of cerning the Patagonians, as he had been one Magrath, who was born near sent on a mission into their country a. Cloyne. This man was carried through bout the year 1742. The father (who various parts of Europe, and exhibited was very communicative, and about as the prodigious Irish giant; but such seventy years of age when he imparted was his early imbecility, both of body his information to our inquirer,) affert- and mind, that he died of old age in ed, that the tallest which he measured, bis twentieth year. in the same manner that Mr Byron The account of this prodigy is given did, was seven feet' eight inches high ; by a very sensible writer, and is as fol. the common height of the men was fix lows. In his infancy he became an feet, and there were numbers who were orphan, and was provided for by the shorter: the tallest woman did not ex- famous Berkley, then Bishop of Cloyne. ceed six feet. The particulars of this This subtile doctor, who denied the conversation Mr Pennant communicated existence of matter, was as inquisitive in a letter addressed to the honourable in his physical researches as he was Daines Barrington, which has fince whimfical in his metaphysical fpeculabeen printed at a private press, but only tions: when I tell you he had well. a few copies taken off to gratify the nigh put an end to his own existence author's friends.
by experimenting, what are the sensaNotwithstanding the concurring tef- tions of a person dying on the gallows, timony concerning the height of the you will be the more ready to forgive Patagonians, M. de Buffon does not him for his treatment of this poor oradmit the existence of a race of giants, phan. The Bishop had a strange fancy which Lord Monboddo ftrenuously con- to know whether it was not in the pow. tends for; in doing which, he relates er of art to increase the human ftature, that M. de Guyot, captain of a French and this unhappy infant appeared to him Ship trading to the South Sea, brought a fit subject for trial. He made his effrom the coast of Patagónia, a skeleton Tay according to his pre-conceived of one of these giants, which measured theory, whatever it might be ; and the between twelve and thirteen feet, pur consequence was, that he became seven posing to bring it to Europe ; but hap- feet high in his fixteenth
year. pening to be overtaken by a violent In the same letter follows an account form, and having the Spanish arch- of another skeleton which is preserved bishop of Lima on board, the ecclesias- in the college, of one Clark, a native iic declared, that the storm was caused of Cork, who was called “the offified by the bones of the Pagan then on man." Early in life his joints stiffened, board, and insisted in having the skele. his locomotive powers were lost, and ton thrown into the sea. His Lordship his very jaws grew together; so that it adds, “ The Archbishop died soon became necessary for his sustenance to after, and was thrown overboard in his pour liquids into his mouth by means turn. I could have wished that he had of a hole perforated through his teeth. been thrown overboard sooner, and He lived in this state several years, then the bones of the Patagonian would leaning against a wall, till at length the have arrived fafe in France, though I very organs of life were converted into ám persuaded they would not have bone.
ACCOUNT OF THE ARMY AND ESTABLISHMENT OF
THE following Paper was written valry that are well mounted, from whom
The corps of Abar, or regular caTIPPoo's ARMY.,
valry, and also the cavalry attached to Cavalry
18,000 the brigades, are called Tuffungeley, or Regular infantry, including artil- Carbineers ; their arms being only a
lery and followers that receive carbine and pistols. They are exercispay
70,000 ed both on foot and horseback, and atIrregular Do.called Cundachar 60,000 cend chiefly to the use of their firePikemen on foot, part of Tip- armis ; Tippoo being of opinion, that
poo's Sewary, or suite 1,100 the English will be most effectually opPioneers employed under the posed by those arms to which, he says, chief engineer
7,000 they owe their conquests in India. Most
of them, however, provide themselves Total 156,100 with swords.
The Moormen of rapk dislike serving Elephants for the heavy artil. in the regular cavalry, so that the four lery
20 Dustas of Bela Admy, formed after their Ditto for the general service of own manner, and armed as the men
his household and army, but chose themselves, are in all respects
700 In all cavalry a Femadar is allowed
to every twenty-two men. The officers Total 7291 of higher rank are Tripdars, or cap
tains ; Refaldars, or commandants of Camels
400 squadrons ; and Buckshys, who are in Mules for carrying treasure 300 general the commandants of corps. The
The bullock3 for the artillery and horses that are the property of Tipother services are in great numbers, poo are kept and fed at the immedistrong and of a large size, bred in his ate charge of the Cirkar or government, country.
and not by any fixed allowance given Tippoo, about two years ago, efta- to the officer or troopers. blished a corps of 500 camels, called The
pay of the Bela Admy differs acShuter Afber, with two men on each cording to the family and merits of the camel armed with blunderbusses. Most trooper. of the camels died last year on the other
pay. of a trooper in the Albar, coast, and it is imagined he has redu- and in the regular cavalry attached to
the brigades, exclusive of his horse, is The cavalry in which the horses are eleven rupees * per month, besides his the property of Tippoo, is in general cloathing. called Tawela, or Itable horses. The The Sair, or hired horse, are paid corps in which the men and horses are for by agreement with the chiefs who hired by the month, including the Bayed, command them, and according to the or marauding horse, are in general called quality of the men and horses. Sair or hired horse.
* The rupee is a Glver coin, worth about The corps of Bela Aumy, or Gentle. 25. 6d. Sterling men, is the only part of Tippoo's ca
ced the corps.
200 • 200
The Sair stationed in the country Rocketmen
400 The Bayed, or marauding horse, Artillerymen
50 called allo Looties, have forty rupees per Lafcars month, and account to the Cirkar for
250 half the plunder.
ift battalion of infantry greTippoo's army, and troops of every nadiers, composed of Moorkind, are paid by the month, and are men, or Hindoos of large always mustered at the time they are
500 paid; but the month is allowed to run 2d ditto of common ftature 500 from forty to fifty days, so that in fact 3d ditto of ditto ditto
500 they receive one third less than above 4th ditto of Chatigars or Arxil, stated, or only eight months pay in the men of low calts, called by year. The accounts of the cavalry of us Topafjes
500 the several denominations Tawela, Sair, and Bayed, are each kept in a separate Cuchery or public office, under which
Total 2850 they are mustered and paid.
There are only five pieces of cannon Tippoo, fearing that he has reduced at present attached to each cushoon ; his cavalry to too low an establifhment, viz. one cavalrin, or long twelve-pounhas lately sent Delil Dil Khan, Buckfby, der, and four short fix-pounders. or commandant and paymaster general The rocketmen, who form part of of his Sair cavalry, into the district of the cushoon as above stated, are not in. Sair, where he is to remain for three cluded in the establishment of a cushoon years, for the purpose of engaging 2000 in Tippoo's regulations for his army, Sair or hired horse, which are to con- probably from their belonging to the hift of people belonging to his own Cundasbar, or irregular infantry, which country.
are mustered and paid under different
Cucbery. The regular infantry consists of six- The cushoons march in the above teen cushoons or brigades, or perhaps order, except the artillerymen and Lafmore properly legions, being a regular, cars, who are of course attached to the body composed of different kinds of guns. The cavalrin, guarded by a comtroops, though chiefly infantry. pany of grenadiers, the cavalry, the fix
The following establishment of a pounders each in front of its respective cuflioon is taken from Tippoo's regula- battalion. The cushoons march from tions for his army, which he published their right by files, and are strictly en. about two years ago, and will not only joined to keep order on the march. shew the manner in which his cushoons, They can march about three miles an brigades, or legions, are formed, but hour, and have frequently made forced will also account in a very satisfactory marches of thirty miles a day. His manner for the exaggerated reports elephants and strength of cattle are the made of his army, in the strength of great means of facilitating the movewhich they include every man that is ments of his army. muftered and receives pay, although The infantry, or rank and file who. merely followers, instead of reckoning carry firelocks, according to this calcuonly fuch as carry arms.
lation of 2000 men in each cnshoop, Tippoo's culhoons at present are said would aniount to only 32,000; but there to consist of nearly the following oum- is reason to believe that Tippoo has at bers :
present twenty-four instead of fixteen
cushoons, and that his regular infantry, Head of the Merchants, and Trearank and file, may amount
surer of the Household
Companions or Lords in waiting Tippoo has appointed fix principal who live and eat with Tippoo 400 ftations for his infantry, called Cucheries, Arzbegy, or attendant in waiting where the cushoons are stationed in time by day
ICO of peace, and has ordered the people of Ditto by night different casts to be put into cushoons Daroga of the Treasury and Jewel by themselves, attached to Cucheries, Office, under Puruia
400 under the command of a Buckshy, or Physiciaos, each
400 general officer of their own casts. Vakeel, or Embassador for India 700
Embaffadors at Constantinople 1000 PAY OF THE INFANTRY AND ARTILLERY.
Embassadors who were sent to
month. Sipadars, or Brigadier Generals
300 Risaldars, or Commmandants List of the principal Officers of the Army.
of Battalions Towkdars, or Captains
Nabobs. Ditto, an allowance of a gold
Mah Mirza Khan, lately dead, fanam and half, about half a
Buddera Zimma Khan, rupee, for each man in his
Burham Ud Deen, lately degradcompany, according to its ac
ed to the rank of Buckshy. tual strength per month, about 40
N. B. Taken into favour again
50 Sirheels, or Lieutenants
at Travencore Lines, said to 14
killed in Floyd's action, Femadars, or Serjeants Deffadars, or Corporals
Maern Ud Deen Khan, formerly
Seed Saheb, each Private in the ift or Grenadier
The Generals command 30,000 Battalion Ditto 21 Battalion
horse and foot, and have the power
life and death in their respective comDitto 3d and 4th Battalion
mands. Artillerymen Lascars
Yaseen Cawn, a Moorman.
Mabomed Afgil, do.--Said to be Pikemen and Pioneers
7 Cundachar, or irregular infantry
killed in Floyd's a&tion.
4 Mabomed Tippoo, do. List of the Ministers and Officers of the Sheik Zyn al Abud Deen, do. each 500 Civil Department of the State. These four Ameers are officers of
Pay per month, rupees. great experience, who are always ia Puruia, Prime Minister, Grand Tippoo's fuite. In the field they are
Treasurer, and Jewel Keeper 1000 mounted on elephants stationed to obKisbin Row, Deputy
1000 ferve the motions of their own and the Both these ministers held the same enemy's forces. They are each attendemployments for many years under Hy- ed by two Orderlys on horseback. der. Puruia generally remains in Seringapatam, and his deputy attends the Tippoo Sultaun is a strong, active, army; when both take the field, Puruia robust man, somewhat above the middle has the command of the baggage. size, rather given to be lusty, of a taw Dewan, Grand Aumil, and Re- ny yellow colour, his neck and visage
ceiver General of the Revenues 1000 long, his features regular, his eyes large Deputy
300 and penetrating, has strong black while Moonsbies, or Secretaries under kers, but not much beard, his age 2Dewan