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with the cranes ; and however the poet In the reign of Charles I. a dwarf
might be supposed to exaggerate, Athe- named Richard Gibson, who was a
næus has gravely attempted to confirm page of the back stairs, and a favourite
this. If we attend to these, we must at court, was married to Miss Ann
believe, that in the internal parts of A Shepherd, a lady of equal height; the
frica there are whole nations of pigmy King honoured this singular wedding
beings, not more than a foot in stature, with his presence, and gave away the
who continually wage an unequal war bride. On this occasiun Waller com-
with the birds and beasts that inhabit posed the following lines :
the plains in which they reside. Some

Design or chance makes others wive,
of the ancients, however, and Strabo But Naiure did this match contrive :
in particular, have supposed all these Eve might as well have Adam filed,
accounts to be fabulous; and have been As The deny'd her little bed
more inclined to think this supposed To him, for whom · heav'n seem'd to
nation of pignies nothing more than a And meafure out this only dame.

fpecies of apes, well known to be nu-
merous in that part of the world. With

Thrice happy is that humble pair,

Beneath the level of all care ! this opinion the moderns have all con- Over whose heads those arrows fly curred; and that diminutive race, which Of fad distrust and jealousy ; was described as human, has been long Secured in as high extreme, degraded into a class of animals that re. As if the world held none but them. semble us but very imperfectly.

To him the fairelt nymphs do show The existence, therefore, of a pigmy Like moving mountains toppd with race of mankind, being founded in error, or in fable, we can expect to find and ev'ry man a Polypheme

Does to his Galetea feem : men of diminutive stature only by acci- None may presume her faith to prove; dent, among men of the ordinary size. He proffers death that proffers love. Of these accidental dwarfs, every coun- Ah, Chloris ! that kind nature thus try, and almost every village, can pro- From all the world had sever'd us; duce numerous instances. There was Creating for ourselves us two, a time when these unfavoured children As love has me for only you ! of nature were the peculiar favourites Each of them measured three feet of the great ; and no prince or noble- ten inches. This little pair were paintinan thought himself completely attend- ed at whole length by Sir Peter Lely. ed unless he had a dwarf among the They had nine children, five of which number of his domestics. These

poor attained to matority, and were well little men were kept to be laughed at, proportioned to the usual standard of or to raise the barbarous pleasure of mankind. Mr Gibson's genius led him their masters, by their contrasted infe- to painting, in the rudiments of which riority. Even in England, as late as art he was instructed by De Clein, masa the times of King James I. the court ter of the tapestry works at Mortlake, was at one time furnished with a dwarf, and distinguished by his drawings for fem a giant, and a jefter: these the King veral of the cuts to Ogilby's Virgil, often took a pleasure in opposing to each and Sandy's Translation of Ovid. other, and often fomented quarrels a Gibson's paintings in water-colours mong them, in order to be a concealed were well esteemed, but the copies spectator of their animosity. It was a which he made of Lely's portraits gainparticular entertainment of the courtiers ed him the greatest reputation. He at that time to see little Jeffery, for so had the honour to be employed in teachthe dwarf was called, ride round the ing Queen Anne the art of drawing, lists, expecting his antagonist, and dif- and was sent for into Holland to incovering in his actions all the marks of struct her fifter, the Princess of Orange. contemptible resolution,

5e Vol. LVIII.

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To recompense the shortness of their most. All this, however, being at last ftature, nature gave them an equivalent settled, dancing followed the dinner, in length of days, for he died in the fe- and the ball was opened with a minuet venty-fifth year of his age, and his wife, by the bridegroom, whose height was having survived him almost twenty years, exactly three feet two inches. In the died in the year 1709, at the great age end, matters were fo contrived, that of eighty-nine.

this little company, who met together In the year 1910, Peter, Czar of in glooniy disgult, and with an unwilRussia, celebrated a marriage of dwarfs, lingness to be pleased, being at last fawhich was attended with great parade. miliarized to laughter, entered into the Upon a certain day, which he had or- diversion, and became extremely sprightdered to be proclaimed several months ly and entertaining. before, he invited the whole body of A dwarf of the name of Coan was his courtiers, and all the foreign ambas- exhibited in almost every part of Engfadors, to be present at the marriage land, for some years. He was likeof a pigmy man and woman. The pre- wise brought upon the stage of one of parations for this wedding were not on- the London theatres, where he was ly very grand, but executed in a style of contrafted with a giant, each of whom barbarous ridicule.' He ordered, that fung for the entertainment of the auall the dwarf men and women, within dience. He died at Chelsea, March two hundred miles, should repair to the 28, 1764. capital ; and also insisted that they Concerning the reality of a race of should be present at the ceremony. giants the learned have been much diFor this purpose, he supplied them with vided. Ferdinand Magellan was the proper vehicles; but so contrived it, first who discovered such a race of

peothat one horse was feen carrying a do- ple, along the coast, toward the exzen of them into the city at once, while tremity of South America, in 1520. the mob followed shouting, and laugh- Commodore Byron 'touched at Pataing, from behind. Some of them were gonia, the country spoken of by Magelat first unwilling to obey an order, lan, in the year 1764, when he saw a which they knew was calculated to turn number of horsemen riding backward them into ridicule, and did not come ; and forward. The natives food col. but he soon obliged them to obey; and, lected near the shore, to the number of as a punishment, enjoined, that they five hundred, many of whom were on should wait upon the rest at dinner, foot, and made signs of invitation for The whole company of dwarfs amount- those on board to land. Byron accord. ed to about seventy, beside the bride and ingly went afhore in his twelve oared bridegroom, who were richly' adorned, boat, having with him a party of men and in the extremity of the fashion. well armed. These people are defcri. For this little company in miniature é. będ as a gigantic race, whose height is very thing was suitably provided ; a low general is not much less than feven feet. table, small plates, little glasses, and, Their only clothing was the fkins of in short, every thing was so fitted, as beasts thrown over their shoulders, with if all things had been dwindled to their hair inward : they paint themselves fo as own standard. It was his great pleasure to make a hideous appearance : but their to see their gravity and their pride; disposition is neither fierce nor rapathe contention of the women for places, 'cious. Each one had a circle of white and the men for superiority. This sound one eye, and of black round the point he attempted to adjust, by ordero 'other ; and their faces were streaked ing, that the most diminutive should with paint of different colours. Except take the lead; but this bred disputes, the skins, most of them were naked ; a or none would then consent to fit fore• few only having upon their legs a kind


of booty with a short pointed stick fast- agree in affirming the existence of a ened to each heel, which served as a race of giants upon these coats ; but, spur. The Commodore presented them during another century, a much greater with some beads and ribbands, which number agree in denying the fact, treatthey received with expreffions of joy and ing their predecessors as idle fábulifts. acknowledgement. These Indians had Barbenais speaks of a race of giants in a great number of dogs. Their horses South America ; and the Unca Garwere not large, but nimble and well cilassa de la Vega, in his History of broken. The Patagonians, however, Peru, is decisively on the same side of were not wholly strangers to European the question. Torquemado records the commodities ; for, on close attention American traditions concerning a race to them, one woman was observed to of giants, and a deluge which happened have bracelets, either of brass or very in remote times in these parts. Magel. pale gold, upon her arms, and some lan, Loaisa, Sarmiento, and Nodal, abeads of blue glass strung upon two long mong the Spaniards, and Cavendish, queus of hair, which being parted at Hawkins, and Knivet, among the the top, hung down over each shoulder English, while Sebald, Oliver de Noort, before her : she was of a moft enor. le Maire, and Spilberg, among the mous size, and her face was, if possible, Dutch, together with some French more frightfully painted than the rest. voyagers, all bear testimony to the facto All the inquiries, which could be made that the inhabitants of Patagonia were by signs, were ipeffe&tual to gain infor- of a gigantic height : on the contrary, mation whence these' beads and brace. Winter, the Dutch Admiral Hermite, lets were obtained, as these people were Froger, in de Gennes' Narrative, and incapable of comprehending the drift of Sir John Narborough, deny it. To the inquiry. The bridles which they reconcile these different opinions, we used were made of leathern thongs, have only to suppose that the country and a small piece of wood served for a is inhabited by distinct races of men, bit. Their saddles resembled the pads one of which is a size beyond the or. used by the country people of England, dinary pitch, the other not gigantic, The women rode aftride, and both men though perhaps tall and remarkably and wonien without stirrups.

large limbed, and that each possess parts There is nothing about which tra- of the country separate and remote from vellers are more divided than concern- the other. That some giants inhabit ing the height of these Patagonians. these regions can now no longer be M. de Bougainville, who visited ano- doubted; since the concurrent testither part of this coast in the year

, 1967, mony of late English navigators, parafferts, that the Patagonians are not ticularly Commodore Byron, Captains gigantic; and that “ what makes them Wallis and Carteret, gentiemen of un. appear so, is their prodigious broad questionable veracity, the two latter of fhonders, the size of their heads, and whom are still living, establish the fact, the thickness of all their limbs.” Some from their not only having seen and contime before Mr Byron made this voy- versed with these people, but even meaage, it was the subject of warm con- sured them. Mr Clarke, who failed teft among men of science in this coun- with Commodore Byron, and who in try, whether a race of men upon the the last voyage of discovery succeeded, coaft of Patagonia above the common on the death of Captain Cook, to the ftature did really exist : and the con- command of the two ships, addressed à tradictory reports, made by occular wit- paper to the Secretary of the Royal Sonesses, concerning this fact, tended great. ciety, which was read in 1766, and ly to perplex the question. It appears fully testified the gigantic beight of the that, during one handred years, almost Patagonians. To these testimonies, all navigators, of whatever country,

5 Q?


Mr Pennant, actuated by that zeal for made Buffon alter his opinion, but he science which distinguishes him on all would have still maintained, that it was occasions, has been enabled to add an only an accidental variety of the inother, which is that of Father Falkener, dividual, not

any difference of the Jesuit, but a native of England, who race.” was alive a few years since, and whom At Trinity College, Dublin, in the Mr Pennant visited for the express pur. anatomical room there, is the skeleton

, pose of gaining certain information con- between seven and eight feet high, of cerning the Patagonians, as he had been one Magrath, who was bora near sent on a mission into their country a. Cloyne. This man was carried through bout the year 1742. The father (who various parts of Europe, and exhibited was very communicative, and about as the prodigious Irish giant; but fuch feventy years of age when he imparted was his early imbecility, both of body his information to our inquirer,) assert- and mind, that he died of old age in ed, that the tallest which he measured, bis twentieth year. in the same manner that Mr Byron The account of this prodigy is given did, was seven feet' eight inches high ; by a very sensible writer, and is as fol. the common height of the men was fix lows. In his infancy he became as feet, and there were numbers who were orphan, and was provided for by the shorter : the tallest woman did not ex- famous Berkley, then Bishop of Cloyn. ceed Gix feet. The particulars of this This subtile doctor, who denied the conversation Mr Pennant communicated existence of matter, was as inquisitive in a letter addressed to the honourable in his physical researches as he was Daines Barrington, which has since whimsical in his metaphysical fpeculi. been printed at a private press, but only tions : when I tell you be had well. a few copies taken off to gratify the pigh put an end to his own existence author's friends.

" by experimenting what are the fenla. Notwithstanding the concurring tef- tions of a person dying on the gallows, timony concerning the height of the you will be the more ready to forgire Patagonians, M. de Buffon does not him for his treatment of this poor or admit the existence of a race of giants, phan. The Bishop had a strange fancy which Lord Monboddo strenuously con to know whether it was not in the por: tends for; in doing which, he relates er of art to increase the human ftaturi, that M. de Gayot, captain of a French and this unhappy infant appeared to hin Thip trading to the South Sea, brought a fit subject for trial. He made his el. from the coast of Patagonia, a skeleton Tay according to his pre-conceived of one of these giants, which measured theory, whatever it might be ; and the between twelve and thirteen feet, pur- consequence was, that he because seven posing to bring it to Europe ; but hap. feet high in his fixteenth year. pening to be overtaken by a violent In the same letter follows an account storm, and having the Spanish arch of another skeleton which is preferre bishop of Lima on board, the ecclesiaf. in the college, of one Clark, a natin tic declared, that the storm was caused of Cork, who was called " the offified by the bones of the Pagan then on man.” Early in life his joints stiffened board, and insisted in having the skele- bis locomotive powers were loft, ad ton thrown into the sea. His Lordship his very jaws grew together ; so that 1. adds; “ The Archbishop died soon became necessary for his sustenance to after, and was thrown overboard in his pour liquids into his mouth by

I could have wished that he had of a hole perforated through his teeth been throw'n' overboard 'sooner, and He lived in this state leveral years

, then the bones of the Patagonian would leaning against a wall, till at length the have arrived safe in France, though I very organs of life were converted into am persuaded they would not have bone.




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THE following Paper was written valry that are well mounted, from whom
during the last War with Tippoo Sul. he al points his Buckshys, and officers
taun, by a Lieutenant Ewan Bushby, for commands and places of trust ; they
who served with the Bengal detachment are armed as they please, chiefly with
all the campaign. It contains an ac- fabres, and are not subject to any parti-
count of Tippoo's army, and a short cular discipline.
fketch of Bangalore.

The corps of Abar, or regular caTIPPOO'S ARMY.,

valry, and also the cavalry attached to Cavalry

18,000 the brigades, are called Tuffungeley, or Regular infantry, including artil Carbineers; their arms being only a

lery and followers that receive carbine and pistols. They are exercifpay

70,000 ed both on foot and horseback, and atIrregular Do. called Cundachar 60,000 tend chiefly to the use of their firePikemen on foot, part of Tip arms ; Tippoo being of opinion, that

poo's Sowary, or fuite 1,100 the English will be most effectually opPioneers employed under the posed by those arms to which, he says, chief engineer

7,000 they owe their conquests in India. Most

of them, however, provide themselves Total 156,100 with swords.

The Moormen of raok dislike serving Elephants for the heavy artil. in the regular cavalry, so that the four lery

20 Dufas of Bela Admy, formed after their Ditto for the general service of own manner, and armed as the men

his household and army, but chose themselves, are in all respects only part of them trained to

Tippoo's best cavalry. use

700 In all cavalry a femadar is allowed

to every twenty-two men. The officers Total 729 of higher rank are Tripdars, or cap

tains ; Refaldars, or commandants of Camels

400 fquadrons; and Bucksbys, who are in Mules for carrying treasure 300 general the commandants of corps. The

The bullock3 for the artillery and horses that are the property of Tipother services are in great numbers, poo are kept and fed at the immedistrong and of a large size, bred in his ate charge of the Cirkar or government, country.

and not by any fixed allowance given Tippoo, about two years ago, esta- to the officer or troopers. blished a corps of 500 camels, called The pay of the Bela Admy differs acShuter Afber, with two men on each cording to the family and merits of the camel armed with blunderbusses. Most trooper. of the camels died last year on the other The pay of a trooper in the Albar, coast, and it is imagined he has redu- and in the regular cavalry attached to

the brigades, exclusive of his horse, is The cavalry in which the horses are eleven rupees

per month, besides his the property of Tippoo, is in general cloathing. called Tawela, or stable horses. The The Sair, or hired horse, are paid corps in which the men and horses are for by agreement with the chiefs who hired by the month, including the Bayed, command them, and according to the or marauding horse, are in general called quality of the men and horses. Sair or hired horse.

* The rupee is a Glver coin, worth about The corps of Bela Admy, or Gentle. 2s.6d. Sterling. men, is the only part of Tippoo's ca


ced the corps.

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