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The surface is hilly, but these are not of the whole is rugged and hilly. These high; they are covered with grass. The are mostly covered with grass and heath,

the whole, is light and gra with scarcely any rocks visible; the velly.' The land-rent is about 2000l, highest, Blackhouse, measures 2370 feet Sterling. The river Ale runs through above the level of the sea. The rivers it, and receives the waters issuing from Erterick and Yarrow run through the about 12 small lochs, all which are parish. stored either with trout, perch, or pike. ETTERICK, about 16 miles above

Selkirk parish also lies partly in Selkirk, is also a very extensive parish, Roxburgh shire; it is nearly a square of nearly 10 milcs every way, containing 10 miles, containing 1700 inhabitants ; only 470 inhabitants. li is likewise 1000 of whom reside in the town, which hilly and mountainous ; the most reis a Royal Burough. The land-rent is markable are Ward Law, which rises about 4230l. Sterling yearly. The 1900 feet, and Etterick Penn 2200 above. whole parish is hilly, but the soil about the level of the sea. The hills are, the town, and on the banks of the however, mostly covered with grass and rivers is light, and well fisted for green heath. crops, which now begin to be well understood here. There is no nufacture of any consequence. The

PEEBLES-SHIRE. rivers Etterick and Yarrow unite near From Mid-Lothian by Pennycuick the town, and empty their waters into we enter the shire of Peebles, 16 miles the Tweed about & mile and a half from Edinburgh, in the parish of below. The scenery on their banks is Linton, wbich contains about 25 romantic and beautiful. Newark Castle, square miles of surface, and about supposed the birth place of Mary Scott 1000 inhabitants. The greatest part is the Flower of Yarrow, stands on a hilly and bleak. The river Lyne runs peninsula, formed by the Yarrow, 2 through the parish, as does the North miles from Selkirk. Haining, with its Esk. There is great plenty of peat loch of silver waters, within half a mile in this quarter. There is also abunof the town, is worthy of a visit from dance of fand-stone, both of a white and the traveller : This is the seat of the red colour. Limestone is in plenty, Pringles, one of whom was Andrew, and shell mar). There is also on the Lord Alemore, a distinguished judge Carlops bill a stratum of stone-marl as and eminent scholar, Selkirk is beau- bove the limestone ; and a small seam tifully Gtuated, on the side of a hill, of fullers-earth near Bridgehouse bridge, but the houses are indifferent. The over the Lyne, on the east side of citizens of this burgh rendered them- the water. This mineral is by some selves fanious at the battle of Flowden, thought to be peculiar to England, in adhering to their sovereign James which is a mistake. It is much used as IV. One hundred of them, headed a detergent in the manufactories of by the town clerk, fought with con- woollen cloth. There is a mineral spicuous bravery. The corporation of spring here, which a good deal resemweavers are, to this day, in poffeflion bles the Tunbridge water. of a standard taken from the enemy. NEWLANDS. This parish also joins There are inexaultible funds of thell Pennycuick in Mid Lothian; it is pretty marl in this neighbourhood.

well diversified with hill and dale. Yarrow is a very extensive parish, There is little or no heath, the hills about 18 miles long and 16 broad, con- being mostly green. The arable land taining 1230 inhabitants *. The face is in general a clayey loam upon till.

* The land-rent of this parish is about The number of inhabitants is about 7ocol. and the valued rent no less than 890, and the gross rental 2,500l. per L. 31,377:9:8 Scots.

There is plenty of coal and

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4 miles

limestone ; and in the hills about Noble tv, bang nearly 9 miles fquare, house, iron-stone and iron-ore abouod; Dai contains only about 2 30 inhabitants of confequence there are many chaly. It is very willy and mountainous, but beate springs. The Wheam, belong these in general carry grafs even to the ing to Lord Chief Baron ; Lamancha, tops. The two highest are "Hartfield 10 the Hon. Capt. Cochrane ; and Mag- and Broadlaw, which are about 2,800 bit bill, to Mi Mongomery; are feats feet above the level of the sea. The which beautify this parish. There is a river Tweed has its rise in the South maoufacture for converting ochre into Weft corper of the parish. From the paint at Lamancha.

same hill the rivers Clyde and Annan KIRKURD. This parish from E, to also fow. The Tweed is joined in this W. is 51 miles, and from 3 to 4. in parish by the Core, Fruid, and Fala. breadth, containing 6,620 English a. The Clook and Bild, two stages on

The number of inhabitants is the Dumfries road, lie in the parish. only 310 ; the surface is pretty much Some ruins of ancient castles are seen diversified, there being a good deal of at Oliver, Fruit, and Hackshaw. flat ground in this parish, considering

Lyne and Megget are united paits situation, 600 feet above the level riches, though they do not lie together. of the sea. Upon the banks of the The former is between 3 Tarth, which is a small stream, the foil long, and 3 broad. Megget, situated is rich and loamy : in general it is light in the southern extremity of the counand gravelly From the hill called ty, is between 6 and 7 miles both in Hell's Clugh, there is a most extensive breadth and length. Together, they prospect; its height is 2,100 feet above do not contain above 160 inhabitants. the level of the sea. There is a fulphu- The water of Lyne runs from one exreous spring near Kirkurd house, which tremity of the parish to the other. On approaches in taste to Harrogate water. the low grounds, the soil is a sharp graTwo excellent modern houses, with vel the pasture on the hills about Lyne extensive plantations, decorate this quar- are good; those in Megget are bleaker, ter; the one, Kirkurd, belonging to and the grass much coarser. Near the Mr Carmichael ; the other, New Cairn- church of Lyne there is a famous Romuir, belonging to Mr Lawson. man camp, of about 6 acres extent. In

DRUMMELZIER. This parish ex. ploughing, many Roman coins were tends near 12 miles in length, chiefly formerly turned up. along the banks of the Tweed; its TRAQUAIR. This parish lies on the breadth is at an average only 3. The South banks of the Tweed, about 6 foil in general is light and gravelly, but miles below Peebles. Its lengi! is befertile ; in the low grounds it lets at 203. tween 8 and 9 miles, and its breadth per acre.

This parish is but thinly in- from 4 to 5 up to the source of the rihabited, containing only about 270 ver Quair. It is said to contain about perfons.

17,290 acres English ; the number of KILBUCHO. This parish lies in the inhabitants is nearly 450.


geneS. W. corner of the county, and is 41 ral appearance is hilly and mountainous. miles from E. to W. and about 3 from The hills afford good sheep. pasture, and S. to N. containing nearly 360 inhabi- the haughs are light and fertile. Gumstants, The land rent is little above cleugh, the highest hill in this parish, is joool. Sterling per annum. Of between about 2,200 feet, and Minchmoor, ly4000 and 5000 acres, which the parish ing on the road to Selkirk, is 2,000 contains, the greater part is pasture; feet above the level of the sea. There being at a distance from coal, peat is are some flate quarries wrought here. almost the only fuel.

Some specimens of lead ore have been TWEEDSMVIR. This parilh is ex- found, but no attempts have been made



Sept. 1796. Topography and Natural History of Scotland. 621 to 'work any mine. The old manfion water takes its rise in this parish, where of Traquair stands on the banks of the it is called Eddlestown water; at Cow"Tweed. A little above, on the S. E. ey's Linn it has a fall of 35 feet. The face of the hill, the Bush aboon Traquair South Elk rises out of a beautiful lake overlooks the la.

about 2 miles in circumference, within Crossing the Tweed "we enter the two miles of the village. From the parish of

top of Dundoich, or Druid's hill,
Iwwerleithen, which is pretty which is 2,100 feet above the level of
extensive, about 5 miles long, and 4 the sea, there is a very extensive prof-
broad. The greater part is hill and pect. The greatest part is hill ground.
fheep pasture. There is a small village in the vallies, however, the foil is light,
on the water of Leithen, where a mineral and produces good crops.
well has lately been brought into some re- STOBO parish is about 6 miles long,
pute. It is a faltish spring, and found effi- and from 3 to 4 broad, containing a-
cacious in fcorbutic and coutaneous


inhabitants. The hills afford tions. The opening at the junction of excellent sheep pasture; the low grounds Leithen water with the Tweed is a very are a sharp gravelly foil, and not unpretty spot, ornamented with the plan- productive. The land-rent of this patations of Traquair on the one side, and rish is about 1,250l. Sterling per anof Pirn on the other.

"There are two Nate quarries in Peebles is a very extensive parish, this parish, of excellent quality. They. about 10 miles in length, and st in have been much ofed in covering the breadth from East to Welt, containing houses in the New Town of Edinburgh. about 1,920 inhabitants. The face of The river Tweed runs through it. the country here is hilly and mountain- Manor parish is 9 miles in length, ous, though these are in general gravels and about 3 in breadth, containing ly, affording good sheep pasture. The nearly 18,110 acres of ground. The haughs on the Tweed and Peebles wa- number of inhabitants is about 230, and ter are a pretty rich loam, and fertile. the land rent 1,6851. Sterling per ana The lands near the town let from num. The parish is hilly, like most 403. to sos. per acre. Peebles is a others in this county ; but the ground Royal burgh, 22 miles from Edinburgh. on the banks of the river Manor is There are no manufactures carried on productive. From the hill called Dola in it : But its romantic and healthy fi- larburn, which is 2,840 feet above the tuation induces many families to reside level of the sea, there is an extensive there. The Castle of Neidpath, embo- prospect into the Lothians on the North fomed in wood, the property of the and East, and to the Cheviot on the Duke of Queensberry, stands adjoining South. There are the ruins of a watchto the town; and the castle of Horse. tower on a very commanding situation, burgh a few miles below. There are near which are the vestiges of a Roman the vestiges of many Roman and Bri- camp. tish camps in this neighbourhood. GLENHOLM. This.parish lies about

Peebles once was a royal residence ; 28 miles from Edinburgh, on the road it was there that James I. wrote his 'to Dumfries, extending upwards of 4 poem of “ Peebles to the Play,” in miles along the road, and containing which he describes a great festival of 300 inhabitants. The greatest part is diversions, feasting, and music. hill and pasture ground; on the banks EDDLESTOWN.

This parish lies 2. of Holm's water and the Tweed it is bout 17 miles South from Edinburgh, cultivated. It yields about 1,000l. on the Peebles road; it is about 10 Sterling of rent yearly. It lies high, miles in length, and 7 in breadth, con- and is much exposed to rain and damp taining above 700 inhabitants. Peebles On the banks of the Tweed, there are


several artificial mounts, which had been neither timber nor even thorn hedges in former times used as burying grounds. will thrive. Broughton parish is about 4

miles SKIRLING parish lies in the western long and 3 broad, and contains about extremity of the county ; it is nearly 265 inhabitants. The parish confifts z; miles both in length and breadth, of two ridges of bills, and the valley and contains 234 inhabitants. The foil between them. It is very bleak, hav. is in general light, but lying high, and ing no natural wood upon it ; the soil being much exposed to cold blatts, it is in general is a wet clay. There are not productive. the remains of several castles or towers Stow. This large parish extends here, in one of which Macbeth is said from the head of Gala water to the to have lived, which bears his name. banks of the Tweed below Inperleithen. There are no gentlemen's seats in the. It however lies chiefly in the county of parish. Lord Justice Clerk, (MʻQueen,). Mid Lothian ; its length is 15 miles, is the only proprietor.

and medium breadth about 5, making DOLPHINGTON extends about 375 square miles, and containing about miles from E. to W. and 24 from. N. 37,500 acres, producing in rent about to S. and contaias only about 200 in- 4,1 col. Sterling yearly. It contains habitants. The great road from Edin- about 1400 inhabitants. The face of burgh to Leadmills passes through it. the whole is hilly, but these mostly coThe face of the country is bleak and vered with good pasture for sheep. barren ; the soil is a blackish mouid up

(To be continued.) on till, very unproductive, and in which


compounding for the number of hounds EVERY person who shall keep any kept, and Mall give notice thereof to the greyhound, hound, poieter, setting-dog, collector, and pay 25l. within thirty days spaniel, lurcher, or terrier; or who shall after July 5. 1796 ; or 201. within thirty keep two or more dogs, of whatever de. days after April 5, in any subsequent fcription or denomination the same may year; such person shall not be liable to be, Dati be assessed annually with the be assessed in respect of any hounds by sum of 5s. for each.

him kepi in the preceding year; and, if And every person who fall inhabit they are kept in two or more parishes, any dwelling-house, assessed to any of he shall give notice in which parish such the duties on inhabited houses, or on composition is intended to be made. windows or lights, and shall keep one STAMPS ON HAT-LININGS. dog, and no more, not being a grey

It is enacted, by 36 Geo. III. c. 125. hound, hound, pointer, setting dog, ipa- that, after Ang, s. 1796, the duty of 3d. niel, lurcher, or terrier, thall be charge on every hat of 48. value or under ; 60. ed with the sum of 3s. for fuch dog, on every hat above 4s. and not exceed.

This duty not to extend to dogs not ing 7s. value ; 15. on every har above 7s, fix months old: proof to lie on the ow- value,and not exceeding 12s., and 2s. on

every hat valued at 125, and upwards, The first asseffment to be made for shall be calculated according to the full three quarters of a year, from July 5. price of the hat, and of all the mount. 1796; and afterwards for one year from ings and other ornaments, except gold April 5, every year.

and filver lace, fold therewith. Perfons liable to the duties, are to And every hat made wholly of felt, make out, and deliver to the alleffors, wool, stuff, beaver, or leather, or dry lifts and declarations of the number of mixture therewith, shall be liable to the dogs kept by them, in like manner as duties. they are, under former acis, to deliver And every such hat Mall, previous to lifts of horses.

the sale and delivery, be lined or coverIf any person hould be desirous of ed in the infide of the crown with filk,


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linen, or other proper materials, with a

PARTRIDGE SHOOTING. durable stamp affixed thereon to denote From and after the 26th April 1796, the above duties.

every person who shall wilfully take, kill, And if any perfon-other than licen- deftroy, carry, sell, buy, or have in his ced dealers buying hats from other li- or her poffeffion, or use, within that cenced dealers-shall receive on sale, or part of Great Britain called Scotland, any if any person shall, after April 3. 1797, partridge, between the ift day of Februwear or use any hat wherein no lining or ary and the 14th of September in any inside covering shall be affixed; or if the year, shall be liable to, and incur the lining or covering fhall not be stamped same penalties and forfeitures as preaccording to this act, or not have the scribed by the act of the 13th year of ftamp placed therein in a visible manner, his present Majesty. every such perfon Thall forfeit 1ol.


Prospects from Hills in Fife. By George Or browse in innocence the tender herb,

Wallace, Esq; 28. Bell & Bradfute. Or harmless gaze. Their music, wildly IN an advertisement, the Editor in

sweet, forms, that PROSPECTS FROM HILLS IN From rock to rock, harmonious, which Fire were mostly composed, many years

resounds, ago, to afford their Author an occasional According with the tuneful linnet's voice, relief from the aufterity and the vexa- The lark's mellifluous strains, the black. tions of a profeffion very remote from

bird's pipe Poetry: Forty copies of a large portion Sonorous, and the throstle's various song, of that poem, having been privately The Atockdove's plaint, and rook's afprinted, without any view to publica

fecting caw, tion, under the title of fragments of a Composes man into a penfive mood; Profpe&t from a Hill in Fife, were present. And lulls each angry passion to repose. ed to a select few, dißinguished by tafte The country's charms, resistless, touch and by talents; but as there was rea

the heart, fon to apprehend that an incorrect edi. And with their own serenity inspire tion would foon make its appearance : The pure ingenuous mind, by Nature That therefore the present impression

form'd was fent abroad under the eye of a par. To relish calm sincere refined delights. ticular friend.So much for the reasons Ambition's self, that lords it o’er mankind, of publication.

If haply cloyed with form and show of The Editor goes on and remarks,

state, that " the merit or demerit of poeticaí He steal successful with a chosen few, compositions depends not on the great Or unsuccessful fly in lone chagrin, or small number of lines of which they From bus’ness, noise, the town, and pubconfift. Beautiful imagery, tender sen

lic haunts, timent, strong description, harmonious Astonish’d, feels and wonders at their versification ; excellencies which, as well power ; as deep thought, or just observation, may

Envies obscurity and rural peace ; be found both in short and in long And, durst he, would abandon all his poems; conftitute their chief recom- pride, mendations."

To roam the woods, or tread the lonely We shall endeavour to present our

dale, readers with a specimen of the author's Or climb the mountain, and survey manner in each of these particulars.

Some rich extensive variegated scene, Top of the Hill from which the Prospect is Like that before me, spreading far a. taken, &c.

round.” Here, on the breezy fummit, let me rest Amid the rufticfurze, the scented brooms, Defcription of the Cock-Cockfighting, &c. And mingling flocks, that, scatter'd o'er “ In midft his fond and simple dames, the hill,

unknown VOL. LVIII.


with me

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