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A NEW SPECIES OF RYE GRASS.
firmed.-Salt without duty, would be that ingenious and intelligent farmer at from ten shillings to thirteen shillings Northleach, whose attention the
breed of Meep has made his name so
well koown to the public. It first atAs it is very material and desirable, tracted his notice by continuing among to bring palturage to perfection on a- fainfoin, which had stood seven years; rable lands, I shall beg leave, before the seed was therefore first selected for I quit the subject of graffs, to men- this fort, and from time to tine multition a new species of rye grass ; and plied, til the cultivator has been able though to do this, I must pass a lii. to accommodate many of his friends tle beyond the bounds of this county, and the public (who have now found I trust the digression will be excused, its value) with consid sable quantities on account of the importance of the oc. of the seed, but not so much as has casion; as I am fully convinced; from been lately required ; fifty quarters have repeated observations at various seasons, ing been sent for in one order in 1792, that the grass in question has a manifest when the whole that was raised that superiority over the common sorts. Ic year did not exceed sixteen quarters. should also be noted, that the spot It therefore seems to be of public utility, where I viewed this grass, at North that this valuable feed should be dispoleach in Gloucestershire, is of that shal. sed of in smaller quantities, in order low stone brush kind, with which a con- that it may be more universally dispersed, fiderable tract of Oxfordshire, abont and it has been the advice of several Burford, abounds.
gentlemen, well withers to improveThe excellencies peculiar to this spe- 'ments in agriculture, to raise the price cies of rye grass are the following: 1. to 10s. 6d. per bushel, including new That in the autumn, when the other facks to send it in ; which would have forts are become of a russet hue, withered the good effect of causing those farmers and decayed, and produce little feed, to save seed, who now feed it off, unthis is luxuriant and growing ; the der an expectation of procuring more tufts thereof spreading over more than feed from the same place, at the origitwice the space of ground than the con. nal price of 5s. per bushel: and the culmon fort does. 2. That it will remain tivator is undoubtedly entitled to such in the ground for seven or eight years, an advance, for his attention to the pubor more, depending on the quality of lic intereft, in selecting, cultivating, and the land; whereas the other sort will preserving the seed. One bushel is suf. not continue above one or two years, ficient to sow an acre ; and as the plant which is too short a time to give suffi- comes up weak the first year, it is adcient rest to the poorer sorts of land. visable to sow it among corn, in order 3. A particular advantage arises by its that the weeds may not get the better being hamed up about Michaelmas, or of it; or it may be fown with turnips, before, whereby it will grow at all open by first hoeing and then harrowing it in. times during the winter, and produce a But if the land is intended to be a pervaluable pasturage for the ewes and manent greensward, a mixture of the Jambs in the spring of the year, when dazylis glomerata, or rough cock's foot the turnips are gone.
grass, would prove beneficial, the seed of The merit of discovering and culti. which is now selecting also by the same vating this grass, is to be attributed to person, (To be continued.) TOPOGRAPHY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF SCOTLAND.
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 518.
4 R 2
santly situated, having the rivers Bow. of an arch, 2 feet 4 inches thick, to mont and Kale, beside smaller streams connect the hills on each side with one running through it. The vestiges of another. The total length is 55 feet, several camps, and the ruins of Whit. and the breadth 10 There is both ton castle and Corbet-house, show that coal and limestone here, and many of it must have been the scene of war and the streams iffuing from the lime rock Itrife in former times.
have the quality of petrifying the moss CASTLETOWN. This
extensive on their banks. parish lies at the head of the shire of Roxburgh, and connects it with Dam
SelKIR K-SHIRE. friesshire. It is 18 miles long, and 14 This county is of an irregular formt, in breadth, containing about 1420 in- 'mealaring about 20 miles from north to habitants ; ' but it must have been for- fouth, but where broadeft, only about merly more populous, for there are the 10 miles from east to west. It is boundruins of no less than 5 churches in this ed of the east by Roxburghshire, on the parish. It is very hilly and mountain- south by Dumfriesshire, on the west by ous, but the banks of the rivers are Peebles shire, and on the north by the beautifully skirted with wood, affording fire of Edinburgh. Over the whole it a great variety of picturesque scenes. is billy and mountainous. Besides the The river Liddal runs through great Tweed, which runs through this coun. part of the parish, and has
it has also to boast of thofe pastoral name of Lidderdale to this district. rivers Etterick and Yarrow. The The river Tyne, which runs by New. Tweed enters this county Dear Elibank, caftle, takes its rise from the fame source. and after a course of a few miles southThe river Hermitage, with several westward, during which it passes the 10smaller stream's, also water this tract. mantic seats of Yair and Fairnilee, it Dr Armstrong, who was a native of receives the united streams of the two this parish, celebrates the beauties of rivers above mentioned, near Sunder Liddal in his poem on Health land-hall, the seat of Mr Plummer. The
Such the stream, Yarrow arises from two contiguous On whose Arcadian banks I first drew air.
lakes, St Mary's and the Loch of the Liddal, till now, except in Doric lays, Tun'd to her murmurs by her love-fick fwains, Lows, about 20 miles above the town Unknown in fong; though not a purer stream of Selkirk. The Yarrow joins the Eta Through meads more fow'ry,-more roman- terick near the family seat of Philip tic groves,
baugh. This district is called Etterick Rolls toward the western main. Hail facred Forest, from the abundance of wood
flood ! May still thy hospitable swains be blest formerly on the banks of that river; In rural innocence! thy mountains still now they are mostly bare of timber. 'Teen with the fleecy race; thy tuneful woods These two rivers are famous in fong. For ever flourish, and thy vales look gay, Gala water is also celebrated by the With painted meadows, and the golden grain!
in rustic lays: it falls into the poet
Tweed a few miles above Melrose*. The highest of the mountains are This district is without both coal and Millenwoodfell and Windhead, each lime, and, excepting marl, no mineral more than 2000 feet above the level of substance of any consequence has been the sea. There are many ruins of castles discovered, if we except fand-stone. and fortified places here, and at different ASHKIRK lies partly in Roxburgh times a variety of coins have
been found. and partly in Selkirk shires ; it extends There is a natural bridge of stone over to about 7 miles in length and 3 in the river Blackburn, well worth visiting. breadth, containing 540 inhabitants, The water has forced a passage through the rock, by an opening of about 3.1 of the sea.
* This junction is 286 feet above the level Cet vide, leaving the rock in the form
The surface is hilly, but these are not of the whole is rugged and hilly. These high; they are covered with grass. The are mostly covered with grass and heath, soil, upon the whole, is light and gra with scarcely any rocks visible ;-the velly. The land-rent is about 2000l. highest, Blackhouse, measures 2370
feet Sterling. The river Ale runs through above the level of the sea. The rivers it, and receives the waters issuing from Etterick and Yarrow run through the about 12 small lochs, all which are parish. stored either with trout, perch, or pike. ETTERICK, about 16 miles above
Selkirk parish also lies partly in Selkirk, is also a very extensive parifb, Roxburgh shire ; it is nearly a square of nearly io miles every way, containing 10 miles, containing 1700 inhabitants; only 470 inhabitants. li is likewise 1000 of whom reside in the town, which hilly and mountainous; the most re. is a Royal Burough. The land-rent is markable are Ward Law, which rises about 42301. Sterling yearly. The 1900 feet, and Etterick Penn 2200 above. whole parish is hilly, but the soil about the level of the sea. The hills are, the town, and on the banks of the however, mostly covered with grass and rivers is light, and well fitted for green heath. crops, which now begin to be well understood here. There is no
PEEBLES-SHIRE. nufacture of any consequence. The rivers Etterick and Yarrow unite near From Mid-Lothian by Pennycuick the town, and empty their. waters into we enter the shire of Peebles, 16 miles the Tweed about a mile and a half from Edinburgh, in the parish of below. The scenery on their banks is Linton, which contains about, 25 romantic and beautiful. Newark Castle, square miles of furface, and about supposed the birth place of Mary Scott 1000 inhabitants. The greatest part is the Flower of Yarrow, stands on a hilly and bleak. The river Lyne runs peninsula, formed by the Yarrow, 2 through the parish, as does the North miles from Selkirk. Haining, with its Efk. There is great plenty of peat loch of silver waters, within half a mile in this quarter. There is also abunof the town, is worthy of a visit from dance of sand-stone, both of a white and the traveller : This is the seat of the red colour. Limestone "is in plenty, Pringles, one of whom was Andrew, and shell marl. There is also on the Lord Alemore, a distinguished judge Carlops bill a stratum of stone-marl de and eminent scholar, Selkirk is beau. bove the lime-Itone ; and a small feam tifully ftuated, on the side of a hill, of fullers-earth near Bridgehouse bridge, but the houses are indifferent. The over the Lyne, on the east side of citizens of this burgh rendered them- the water. This mineral is by some selves fanious at the battle of Flowden, thought to be peculiar to England, in adhering to their sovereign James which is a mistake. It is much used as IV. One hundred of them, headed a detergent in the manufactories of by the town clerk, fought with con- woollen cloth. There is a mineral spicuous bravery. The corporation of spring here, which a good deal resemweavers are, to this day, in poffeßion bles the Tunbridge water. of a standard taken from the enemy. NEWLANDS. This parish also joins There are inexaustible funds of theil Pennycuick in Mid Lothian; it is prettig marl in this neighbourhood.
well diversified with hill and dale. YARROW is a very extenfire parish, There is little or no heath, the hills about 18 miles long and 16 broad, con-, being mostly green. The arable land taiping 1230 inhabitants *. The face is in general a clayey loam upon till.
* The land-rent of this parish is about The number of inhabitants is about goool. and the valued rent no less than 890, and the gross rental 2,500l. per L. 31,377:9:8 Scots.
There is plenty of coal and
limestone ; and in the hills about Noble't adve, bang nearly 9 miles square, house, iron-stone and iron-ore abound; bai contains only about 2 30 inhabitants. of cunfequence there are many chaly. It is very willy and mountainous, but beate springs. The Whean, belong. these in general carry grass even to the ing to Lord Chief Baron ; Lamancha, tops. The two highest are Hartfield 10 the Hon. Capt. Cochrane ; and Mag- and Broadlaw, which are about 2,800 bie bill, to Mi Mongomery; are feats feet above the level of the sea. The which brautify this parish. There is a river Tweed has its rise in the South manufreture for converting ochre into Weft corner of the parish. From the paint at Lamancha.
same hill the rivers Clyde and Annan KIRKURD. This parish from E, to also flow. The Tweed is joined in this W. is 51 miles, and from 3 to 4. in parish by the Core, Fruid, and Fala. breadth, containing 6,620 English a. The Clook and Bild, two stages on
The number of inhabitants is the Dumfries road, lie in the parish. only 310 ; the surface is pretty much Some ruins of ancient castles are seen diverlified, there being a good deal of at Oliver, Fruid, and Hackshaw. flat ground in this parish, considering Lyne and MEGGET are united paits situation, 600 feet above the level riches, though they do not lie together. of the sea. Upon the banks of the The former is between 3 and 4 miles Tarth, which is a small stream, the foil long, and 3 broad. Megget, situated is rich and loamy ; in general it is light in the southern extremity of the coun. and gravelly. From the hill called ty, is between 6 and 7 miles both in Hell's Cleugh, there is a most extensive breadth and length. Together, they prospect; its height is 2,100 feet above do not contain above 160 inhabitants. the level of the sea. There is a sulphu- The water of Lyne runs from one exreous spring near Kirkurd house, which tremity of the parish to the other. On approaches in taste to Harrogate water. the low grounds, the soil is a sharp graTwo excellent modern houses, with vel the pasture on the hills about Lyne extensive plantations, decorate this quar- are good; those in Megget are bleaker, ter; the one, Kirkurd, belonging to and the grass much coarser. Near the Mr Carmichael ; the other, New Cairn- church of Lyne there is a famous Romuir, belonging to Mr Lawson. man camp, of about 6 acres extent. In
DRUMMELZIER. This parish ex. ploughing, many Roman coins were tends near 12 miles in length, chiefly formerly turned up. along the banks of the Tweed; it's
This parish lies on the breadth is at an average only 3, The South banks of the Tweed, about 6 foil in general is light and gravelly, but miles below Peebles. Its lengi! is befertile ; in the low grounds it lets at 203. tween 8 and 9 miles, and its breadth per acre.
This parish is but thinly in- from 4 to 5 up to the source of the rihabited, containing only about 270 ver Quair. It is said to contain about persons.
17,290 acres English ; the number of KILBUCHO. This parish lies in the inhabitants is nearly 450.
gene. S. W. corner of the county, and is 41 ral appearance is hilly and mountainous. miles from E. to W. and about 3 from The hills afford good sheep. pasture, and S. to N. containing nearly 360 inhabi- the haughs are light and fertile. Gums tants. The land rent is little above cleugh, the highest hill in this parish, is 1000l. Sterling per annum. Of between about 2,200 feet, and Minchmoor, ly4000 and 5000 acres, which the parish ing on the road to Selkirk, is 2,000 contains, the greater part is pasture; feet above the level of the sea. There being at a distance from coal, peat is are some flate quarries wrought here. almost the only fuel.
Some specimens of lead ore have been TWEEDSMUIR. This parish is ex- found, but no attempts hare been made
to 'work any mine. The old manfion water takes its rise in this parish, where of Traquair Itands on the banks of the it is called Eddlestown water; at CowTweed. A little above, on the S. E. ey's Linn it has a fall of 35 feet. The face of the hill, the Bufs aboon Traquair South Elk rises out of a beautiful lake overlooks the la 1.
about 2 miles in circumference, within Crosling the Tweed 'we enter the two miles of the village. From the
top of Dundoich, or Druid's hill, INNERLEITHEN, which is pretty which is 2,100 feet above the level of extensive, about 5 miles long, and 4 the sea, there is a very extensive profbroad. The greater part is hill and pect. The greatest part is hill ground. sheep pasture. There is a small village in the vallies, however, the foil is light, on the water of Leithen, where a mineral and produces good crops. well has lately been brought into some re Stolo parish is about 6 miles long, pute. It is a faltish spring, and found effi- and from 3 to 4 broad, containing as cacious in fcorbutic and coutaneous erup
bout 320 inhabitants. The hills afford tions. The opening at the junction of excellent theep pasture; the low grounds Leithen water with the Tweed is a very are a sharp gravelly foil, and not unpretty spot, ornamented with the plan- productive. The land-rent of this patations of Traquair on the one side, and rish is about 1,2501. Sterling per anof Pirn on the other.
"There are two late quarries in Peebles is a very extensive parish, this parish, of excellent quality. They about 10 miles in length, and si in have been much ofed in covering the breadth from East to Welt, containing houses in the New Town of Edinburgh. about 1,920 inhabitants. The face of The river Tweed runs through it. the country here is hilly and mountain Manor parish is 9 miles in length, ous, though these are in general gravels and about 3 in breadth, containing ly, affording good sheep pasture. The nearly 18,110 acres of ground. The haughs on the Tweed and Peebles wa- number of inhabitants is about 230,
and ter are a pretty rich loam, and fertile. the land rent 1,6851. Sterling per ans The lands near the town let from oum. The parish is billy, like moft 40s. to sos. per acre.
Peebles is a others in this county ; but the ground Royal burgh, 22 miles from Edinburgh. on the banks of the river Manor is There are no manufactures carried on productive. From the hill called Dola in it : But its romantic and healthy fi- larburn, which is 2,840 feet above the tuation induces many families to reside level of the sea, there is an extenfive there. The Castle of Neidpath, embo- prospect into the Lothians on the North fomed in wood, the property of the and East, and to the Cheviot on the Duke of Queensberry, stands adjoining South. There are the ruins of a watchto the town ; and the castle of Horse. tower on a very commanding situation, burgh a few miles below. There are near which are the vestiges of a Roman the vestiges of many Roman and Bri- camp. tish camps in this neighbourhood. GLENHOLM. This.parish lies about Peebles once was a royal residence ; 28 miles from Edinburgh, on the road it was there that James I. wrote his 'to Dumfries, extending upwards of 4 poem of “ Peebles to the Play,” in miles along the road, and containing which he describes a great festival of 300 inhabitants. The greatest part is diversions, feasting, and music. hill and pasture ground ; on the banks
EDDLESTOWN. This parilh lies 2. of Holm's water and the Tweed it is bout 17 miles South from Edinburgh, cultivated. It yields about 1,000l. on the Peebles road; it is about 10 Sterling of rent yearly. It lies high, miles in length, and 7 in breadth, con- and is much exposed to rain and damp taining above 700 inhabitants. Peebles On the banks of the Tweed, there are