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under Lieut. General Kray, marched by schaid. On the left of the Rednitz, Sultzbach to Hohenstadt, and a confi- Lieut.-General Hotze advanced to Burg derable column of the enemy's baggage Eberach, pushing forward his advanced was taken or destroyed in the defile guàrd under the Prince of Lichtenstein between that place and Velden. 'The to Eltman on the Maine. Lieut.-Genetroops which had encamped the prece- ral Staray's corps, which had followed ding evening near Amberg, followed General Hotze's march, advanced to General Kray's march, and the Arch- Clofter Eberach. Very early on the duketook his head-quarters at Sultzbach. morning of the 30th, Jourdan's army
On the 26th Lieutenant-General Kray that is, the heavy artillery, &c. began to pursued the enemy in the direction to cross the Mairie at Hallstat. wards Graæffenberg, and Lieutenant- During the whole of the operations General Hotze, advanced from. Lautfen which I have had the honour of describe towards Erlangen on the Rednitz; the ing to your Lordship in this and my last former having his right covered by Ma- dispatch, his Royal Highness' great aim jor-General Elsnitz, in the neighbour- has been to bring General Jourdan to a hood of Velden, Neuhang, Blech, &c. decifive battle, but the bad roads and as had the latter his left, by Major-Ge- defiles the troops had to pass between neral the Prince of Lichtenstein, who the Danube and Amberg considerably had passed through Nuremberg. The rotarding their march, gave Jourdan Archduke's columns marched from the time to get off; and he has since fuccamp of Sultzbach to Herschpruck on ceeded in avoiding a general engagement, the Pegnitz.
wherein he has been greatly favoured On the 27th Lieutenant-General by the nature of the country, which is Hotze, having crofied the Rednitz, mo- extremely hilly, woody, and interie ted ved towards Hochstadt on the Aisch, so as to make it impracticable io einploy Prince Lichtenstein's corps forming his the cavalry: advanced guard, Lieut. General Kray's Nothwithstanding it is much to be recorps marched to Graæffenberg, Bet- gretted that it was not poffible to bring zenftein, &c. and the army from Hersch- the enemy to a general battle, yet there pruck to Lauffen.
are strong reasons to hope that those On the 28th the Prince of Lichten- masterly manæuvres, by which the ftein's light troops' approached on the Archduke has forced them to so sudden left bank of the Rednitz, very near to a retreat, and has already driven them Bamberg. Lieut.-General Kray march- considerably out of the direction which ed to Neukirch, and the Archduke to Jourdan undoubtedly must have wished Heroldberg.
to take, may ultimately have as happy On the 29th, upon the approach of an effect upon the general issue of the the advanced guard, the enemy aban- campaign, as they, at all events, will be doned precipitately the strong fort of honourable to his Royal Highness. Forcheim, setting fire to the mill and I am not yet enabled to inform your bridges on the Wisent to cover their re- Lordihip of the number of prisoners treat. Their rear guard, consisting of made by the different columns: A conncarly a division, took post in the night considerable number were taken on the with its left to the heights of Egglesheim, 23d in the affair near Neumark; and in and its right to the Rednitz, on the the affair of Amberg there were between road from Forcheim towards Bamberg. nine hundred and a thoufand. Of what
The army encamped betwcen Baiersdorf has been taken since I shall have the hoand Forcheim.
nour to acquaint your Lordship in my Early on the morning of the 30th, next. Lieut.-General Kray moved forward to A corps under Major-General Nauenattack the enemy in their position near dorf was detached on the 25th inft. to Egglesheim, but they abandoned it fo reinforce General Tour, who is behind quickly that no serious affair. could be the Iser, engaged, nor could the column, which On the 27th Colonel Craufurd was had been fent through the mountains to left behind by the French, with a fafeturn their left, arrive in time to fail upon guard, at Betzenstein, they having found their retreat, so that their loss was not it imposible to transport' him any furconsiderable. Lieut.-General Kray pur- ther without endangering his life; they fued them towards , Bamberg, and the exacted his parole not to serve against Archduke took his head quarters at Hire the Republic will exchanged, which will, Vov. LVIII.
OPERATIONS IN ITALY.
I believe, take place immediately. He iry Lieutenant General Melas, between has been most severely wounded in the the lake and the Adige, was to force all head by a musket ball; but I have the the enemy's strong posts on Monte Balhappiness to inform your Lordship, that do ; the third was ordered to march, the Archduke's owie surgeon, whom his under the command of Lieutenant-Gen. Royal Highness (whose goodness on this Davidowich, by the great road from occasion has been great indeed) was plea. Alla, and, being separated only by the sed to send to him, as well as the other Adige from a part of the third division, surgeons who attend him, give me the was to support it, and join it as foon a greatest reason to hope for his recovery. bridge could be placed between Dolci
In case of my absence from the army and Rivoli; the fourth column, under for a few days, Capt, Anftruther of the the commaud' of Lieut. Gen. Mezaros, guards, who came lately from Berlin, will was defigned to turu the enemy's right have the honour of informing your Lord- flank, by marching from Bassano on ship of every thing that happens. Legnago. ROBERT CRAUFURD. Early on the 29th the enemy was at
tacked on their whole line of posts, and
were every where driven in. Lieut. Gen. Downing Street, July 30. Quafdanowich took 1000 prifoners at A dispatch, of which the following is Saloand marched on to Brescia. General
an extract, was received by Lord Melas attacked the post of Ferrara on Grenville, from Lieut. Col. Graham, the summit of Monte Baldo, covered by dated Roveredo, July 4.
an immense ravine ; his troops crofled On the 30th ult. I had the honour of it with the greatest intrepidity, and informing your Lordship, that the enemy drove the enemy from intrenchments, made an unsuccessful attack on Monte batteries, and redoubts: A part of his Baldo on the 28th ; since that, all has re- division attacked, with equal courage mained quiet. Marshal Wurmser ar- and fuccess, the narrow pass of Brentino, rived here this morning.
between the mountain and the Adige. Downing-Street, Aug. 27. The artillery of the third division supDispatches of which the following are ported this attack from the left bank of
copies, have been received from Col. the river; and the same corps, which Graham, by the Rt Hon. Lord Gren- acted under the command of Lieutenant ville :
General Sepotendorff, pushed on along
Wurmfer's Army, Valeggio, tant poft of Rivoli, where the enemy's
batteries commanded the passage of the My LORD, I have the honour to in. river. In these attacks nine pieces of form your Lordships, that the fiege of cannon and 1500 men were taken. The Mantua is raised, the French having re- other divisions advanced with little relif treated last night with the utmost preçi- tance. On the 20th the two center dipitation.
vifions being united, continued their I can now send only a very hafty ac- march in different columns on to Castle count of the operations of the Imperial Nuovo, and Peschiera ; at the defiles of army, which have been attended with Campora and Cavaggione the enemy such signal success. The great exertions were again driven, with loss, from strong the enemy were making against Mantua pofitions, and in the night they retreated determined his Excellency Field-Mar- by Peschiera. fhal Count Wurmser, to make dispofi- Major-Gen, Spiegel entered Verona, tions for attacking the enemy, without which the enemy abandoned. On the waiting for the arrival of further rein. zift Major-General Pittoni occupied forcements. Accordingly, on the 28th Villa Franca, and the head-quarters were ult. the different corps were assembled fixed here without opposition ; a corps at their respective destinations, the army of observation being left near Pesehiera, forming four divisions, which were to under the command of Major-General advance by different passes from the Bajolitz. These well-concerted and ramountains the Tyrol. The co. pid movements determined Gen. BuonaJumn, on the right of the Lago de Garda, parte to an immediate retreat across the under the orders of Lieutenant General Po and the Mincio. I have the honour Quasdanowich, was to march on to Salo to be, &c.
Tho. GRAHAM. and Brescia ; the second, commanded
Head-quarters, Goito, Aug. 2. whole Austrian force engaged consisted My Lord, Since I had the honour of of about 13,000 infantry and 1500 cavalwriting to your Lordship yesterday, the ry. All is quiet hitherto to-day, both Field-Marshal has received accounts from armies remaining opposite to one another General Canto D’Irlas, Commandant of in the fame polition as yesterday. Mantua, which ftate, that the enemy,
I have the honour to be, &c. having masked their retreat, by conti
Tho. GRAHAM. nuing to fire as usual on the place du- Head-Quarters, Valeggio, Aug. 5. ring the night, he could only send his My Lord, The French army having cavalry in pursuit of them yesterday yesterday received very considerable remorning, and that they had already inforcements from the Milanois, and a brought in about 600 prisoners, among strong column from Bozolo and Marcathem a great number of artillery men; ria having advanced this morning by St that he was in pofleffion of all their mor- Martino towards Medoli, threatening tars and cannon, amounting to about the rear of the left wing of the Imperial 140, with 190,000 shells and balls, and army, which extended into the plain, great quantities of other stores of all the Field-Marshal ordered that its front kinds. The head-quarters were remo- should be changed, by being thrown ved here to-day, aná tie army will con- back towards the high ground on which tinue the pursuit of the enemy; but the the right wing was posted. During this excessive fatigue the troops have under- movement the enemy attacked in great gone ; the difficulty of supplying them force on the high ground; and some of at first where no magazines could be the battalions of the right wing having previously formed; and the excessive given way, fell in with those of the left heat of the weather, retard the progress wing not yet posted. This unfortunately of the army. No further report is yet created confusion, and obliged the Fieldreceived from Lieutenant-General Quaf- Marshal to retreat to this place. Lieut. danowich. I have the honour to be, &c. Gen. Mezaros, who was on his way
Tho. GRAHAM. from Borgo-forte to join the army, arP. S. No reports having been as yet rived to-day at Goito. There are no received froin the different divisions, I accounts yet of Lieut. Gen. Quafdano« cannot mention the loss of the Imperial wich, so that it is probable he is ftill aarmy; but I am happy to be able to mong the mountains; and the enemy itate, from general information, that it being collected in fuch force near the is inconfiderable, in comparison of what south end of the Lago de Garda, it will might have been expected from the dif- be very diificult for him now to form a ficulties that were surmounted.
junction that way. I have the honour Head-quarters, Guidizolo, Aug. 4. to be, &c.
THO. GRAHAM. MY LORD, Field-Marshal Wurmser, with a view of affifting the operations of Admiralty-Ofice, Aug. 23. Lieut. Gen. Qualdanowich, having sent Copy of a letter from Sir John Jervis, Gen. Liptaye with an advanced guard, K. B. Commander in Chief of his Maon the 2d, to Castiglione delle Steviere, jesty's ships and vessels in the Medimarched a body of troops early yester- terranean, to Evan Nepean, Esq; datday morning from Goito to support him. ed on board his Majesty's ship Victory,
General Liptaye had been forced to off Toulon, July 1. 1796. retire from Cattiglione, and was nearly Sir, The Inconftant joined this mornisurrounded on the heights between it ing from Leghorn; and I inclofe, for and Solforino. The cavalry disengaged the information of the Lords Commishim, and the regiments forming as they fioners of the Admiralty, Capt. Freecame up, the affair became general, the mantle's report of the proceedings of Imperial troops maintaining theirground, the enemy in Tuscany, their taking
por: notwithstanding the great fuperiority of feflion of Leghorn, and the retreat of the numbers of the enemy, till night put an Britih factory, with most of their proend to the combat. Too much' praife perty, which they owe to the unparalcannot be given to those regiments which leled exertions of Capt. Freemantle, and were first engaged, and which sustained the officers and crew of the Inconftant; alone the attack of the three divisions of Commodore Nelson, owing to calms and the French army, nor to the cavalry, light winds, not having reached Legwhich repeatedly repulsed the French hora Road until the enemy was in pol cavalry, consiting of 3000 horfe. The feffion. I am, &c. J. JERVIS.
Inconstant, at Sea, June 30. have been received on board some of the Sir, I had the honour of acquainting ships. you, in my letter of the evening of the Commodore Nelson, in the Captain, 23d inft. accompanied with dispatches remained at anchor off the Malora, and by the Blanche, of the supposed forcible will doubtless itop any English ihips who entry of the French troops into Tusca. may not be informed of the French beny, and their intended invasion of Leg- ing in possession of Leghorn. horn.
I feel myself particularly obliged to On the 24th I attended a meeting of Lieutenant Grey, employed in the tranthe consul and factory, where the infor- sport service, for his great exertions in mation that had been received was com- getting the stores, &c. off, and great municated; and having allured them credit is due to Mr Heatly, agent victhat I would remain at anchor in the tualler, who was indefatigable in saving road for their protection until the ene- the provisions, wine, &c. my obliged me to veigh, the merchants I have cause to be fatisfied with the prepared to embark their goods on board unaniinity and united efforts of every The merchant thips and transports, which English subject on this occasion, where were ordered immediately out of the so little notice could be given ; and conMole, and I requested Captain Craven fidering that no certain accounts were would use every dispatch in getting the ever received, that the French were ablarge ships lower masts, spars, &c. launch- folutely in Tuscany till the 25th, I hope, ed and secured on board the transports. Sir, you will believe, that nothing has
On the 2sih, many of the merchant been wanting to accelerate the embark. vessels, and the Elizabeth transport, ation, or to accommodate and protect which was fheathing in the Inner Mole, both the persons and property of his were got out, and the maits lashed a. Majesty's subjects, and the unfortunate longâide the latter.
Emigrés, all of which I left fafe off Cape On the 26th, the Gorgon arrived a- Corfe yesterday at noon; Lord Garlies bout noon, and the remaining large spars having promisedto see them in safety inwere launched and sent to that thip, to San Fiorenzo, with the Lively, Mewhen having got certain information of leager, Gorgon, Comet, and Vanneau. the intention of the enemy, who Nept 'I have the honour to be, &c. at Pantedera, only eighteen miles from
Tho. F. FREEMANTLE, Leghorn, I ordered the whole of the con- Aimir alty Office, July 30. voy, amounting to twenty-three sail of Extract of a letter from Capt. James square-rigged vessels, and fourteen tar- Athol Wood, Commander of his Matans, to be got under weigh at day-light jesty's floop Favourite, to Evan Neon the 27th ; a little after noon on that pean, Esq; dated Fort Royal Bay, day the French entered the town of Leg- Martinique, June 2. horn, and began firing at the Inconftant Favourite, St George's Bay, Grena. about one, when I got under weigh with. Sir,
da, Feb. 17. 1796. the only vesiel remaining, which was a Since I did myself the honour of wri. prize to L'Aigle, a brig laden with ship ting you on the 5th inftant, his Majefty's timber. Two small privateers endea- loop under my command has captured voured to cut her off, which obliged uş two French privateers, and run one on to tack to support her, and occasioned fhore within the Bocas on the Inand of some few shot being exchanged, which, Trinidada ; at the same time, the Alarm however, did no damage.
and Zebra captured a privateer to leee Comuiodore Nelson, with the Captain ward of us, and retook two schooners. and Meleager, who had received notice The name of the largest privateer capof the enemy's design, anchored here on tured by the Favourite is the General 27th at ten o'clock, and the Commo- Rigaud, of 8 guns and 45 men, moftly dore added the Meleager to the convoy, Italians and Spaniards, a most desperate which was of much importance, as the set, without any commission; the small cijemy's small privateers were numerous one was lately, the Hind packet, taken and enterprizing
off St Vincent's. The men jumped oAll the shipping, nearly the whole of verboard, and got ashore before we could the English property, and all his Ma- take poffeffion of the Hind. The name jefty's naval itores and provisions, have of the privateer run ashore is the Banan. been saved ; and every English person
I have the honour to be, &c. and Emigre desirous of leaving Tuscany,
JAMES ATHOL Wood.
[By another letter of 12th March, from Captain Evans (of which I inclose Captain Wood mentions his having fallen you a copy, No 1.) giving an account in with three of the enemy's cruizers to of the capture of the French privateer windward of this island; two schooners, Vulcan, by his Majesty's floop Spencer; one of 10 and the other of 12, and a and on the 7th of the same month the thip of 14 guns. Light and baffing Esperance arrived, and brought me a. winds prevented their getting along-fide letter from Captain Rodd (of which I of the ship until eleven at night, when also inclofe a copy, No 2.) containing The surrendered without resistance. This an account of the capture of another ship was the Sufanna of Liverpool, that French privateer, named the Puillon had been taken only a few days before, Volante, formerly the Flying Fish, in and was fitted and manned by the ene- his Majesty's service. my to cruize against the trade of his Ma- (Follows the letters from Captains jesty's subjects. The two schooners e- Evans and Rodd.] scaped under the favour of the night.]
Admiralt; -Office, Aug. 20. Admiralty-Office, Aug. 6. A letter of which the following is a Admiral Kingsmill in a letter, dated copy, has been transmitted by Admi. Cork Harbour, July 31, informs, that ral Sir John Jervis, K. B. Commander his Majesty's fhips Cerberus and Sea- in Chief of his Majesty's ships and horse, had, during a cruize, captured a vessels in the Mediterranean, dated on French privateer cutter, called the Cal- Board his Majefty's fhip Victory, off vados, mounting 6 guns, 10 swivels, Toulon, July 18. and 38 men, which had been out ten
Captain, Porto Ferrajo, days from Brest, but had not made any
July 10. 1796. prize, and they sent her to Plymouth. I have the pleasure to inform you,
· Admiralty-Office Aug. 6. that the troops under the command of Extract of a letter from Admiral Sir Major Duncan, took poffeffion of the
Peter Parker, Bart. Commander in forts and town of Porto Ferrajo this day
ving done me the favour to come on
and gave him two hours for his ara - [Follows Capt. Crispo's letter, in which swer. At half past five I came on shore, nothing very material occurs, only he when we received a message from the adds, « She had been three days from Governor, defiring one hour more to Cherbourg, and had only taken this consult with the principal inhabitants. floop; but I have the fatisfaction to add, We took this opportunity to assure the that by taking her, five other vessels ef- Tuscan inhabitants, that they should caped being captured.”]
receive no injury whatever in their perAdmiralty-Ofice, Aug. 20. fons or property. Extract of a letter from Vice-Admiral Having ordered the ships into the har,
Murray, Commander in Chief of his bour, to their feveral stations before apMajesty's ships and vessels at Halifax, pointed, the Major and myself determidated on board the Resolution, July ned, Mould the terms offered be reject15.
ed, instantly to open the fire of the ships, Sir, The Thetis arrived here on the and to storm the place on every point uft of last month, and brought me a letter from the land and sca.