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The Traditional account concerning the death of John, Earl of Gowry, does not differ much, as to the facts, from that given by Principal Robertfon; the reasoning and conclufions from thefe, accords with the view given of that tranfaction, but we do not think the paper throws any new light upon this myfterious part of our hiftory.AM anda upodo 40 AT 90 MOTLIS

There is a good deal of humour and eafly rhime in Fhilo Scoticus' Story, The whole is much too long for our Mifcellany-if he chufes we fhall give a part of it. He will alfo advert, that, in many paffages, it is rather indelicate-thefe fhould be expunged if the author means to publifh it as a feparate poem. Antiquarius may depend upon getting back the original. Sas mcfe sits ind The paper upon Innoculation fhall also be returned.


Kwill appear next month.

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ERRATA. Fage 688. col. 1. line 4. for parish read Univerfity. prial Page 689. line 32. Page 689. line 32. from the top, for Kinnoul read Kinneil.out urid noqu borektor zwon turbo basitawo'l bo

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IT has long been the practice in Germany, Denmark, and the countries on the fhores of the Baltic, not only for those who fatten bullocks for the butcher, but for those who keep milk cows, to give them frequently what they call a DRINK, which is a kind of pottage, prepared differently in different parts of the country, and in different feafons, according to the facility with which one.or other of the articles occafionally employed in it may be procured, and according to the different fancies of individuals. The articles moft commonly used are, bran, oatmeal, brewers' grains, mashed patatoes or turnip, ryemeal, with a large proportion of water; fometimes two or three, or more of these articles are united in forming the drink, and of whatever ingredients the drink confifts, a few eggs, for the most part, and a large proportion of falt, are always added. subo na 30 Kitchens have been built in different parts of Germany, particularly in Bavaria, Trand large boilers provided and fitted up in the ftables and cow-houfes, merely for the purpose of preparing food for the horfes and cattle; the example has been followed in feveral inftances in this country. It is afferted by many very intelligent farmers who have adopted this new method of feeding, that it is highly advantageous;fhat the drink, by being boiled, is rendered more nourishing and wholesome and that the expence of fuel, and the trouble attending this procefs, lis amply compenfated by the advantage derived from the improvment of the food. They even found it their intereft to continue the boiling a confiderable time, two or three hours for inftance, as the food continued to be ftill farther improved th the Jonger the boiling was continued, always adding ar quantity of common falt Common falt is both agreeable and nutritious to animals as well as to the human fpecies. In Germany they catch the wild horfes in the woods by laying baits of falt for them.

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-nele od posdo A legbans qd nsvig is it mon est odt of es doum reîtib toni noifalasit indt to movie walk sta divert toɔos du moit enoitelɔnoɔ bas goi $78q zvontadłym zid+ noqu woa yas evo. v* segsq sil dard) a con ob sw jud SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF GEORGE LORD MACARTNEY

He foon afterwards returned from Ruffia, and was employed in his own country as Secretary to Lord Townf hend, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.In April 1768, he qwas chofenate reprefent the borough of Cockermouth in the parliament of Great Britain, and in July following obtained a feat in the Irish Parliament, being chafen for Armagh. In the beginning of 1769, he was fworn of the Privy Council of Ireland, and continued in that kingdom during the reft of Lord Townshend's adminiftra. tion. In June 1772, he, was nominatred a Knight of the Bath, and was inftalled at Weftminfter by proxy the 15th of the fame monthwood gol zed Ti

HIS nobleman, whofe talents 1150 F have been from his youth employed in the service of his country, and whofe amiable qualities have acquired him the efteem and regard of all to whom he is known, is of an ancient family fettled in Ireland, though original ly from Scotland. He has been the architect of his own fortune in a great measure, and has, on every occafion, fhewn that he is deferving of the honours conferred upon him. He is the only fon of George Macartney, Efq; of Auchinleck in Scotland, of an ancient family, who was fecond fon of Lecond son of another George Macartney, by Elizabeth, youngelt daughter of the Rev. John Winder, Prebendary of Kilroot, and Rector of In 1774, he was chofen Member of Carmony, in the county of Antrim. the British Parliament for the boroughs He was born in the year 1737. His of Air, Irvine, Rothfay, Campbeltowa, education, we believe, was received in and Inverary, and in December 1775, Ireland, and from his literary acquire was appointed Captains General and ments appears to have been liberal. In Governor in Chief of the tiflands cof the early part of his life he travelled Grenada, the Grenadines, and Fobawith the two fons of the late Lord go; in which poft he continued until Holland, by which nobleman he was the year 1779, when ton the capture of introduced into bufinefs. At the age these iflands by the French, he was fent of 27 years, in 1763, he was appoint a prifoner to France. On the 10th of Yed Envoy Extraordinary to the Em June 1776, his Majefty, by privy feal 2prefs of Ruffia, and in October follow at St James's, and by patent at Dublin Ving received the honour of knighthood. 19th July following, advanced him to In June 1766, with the confent of his the Peerage by the title of Lord MaSovereign, he had conferred on him, cartney, Baron of Liffanonge in the by the King of Poland, the moft an- county of Antrim, though he did not ent order of the White Eagle; and take his feat until the 12th of March on the he 20th of November 1767, he was 788:eral soit si bani deve ved appointed Ambaffador Extraordinary boo After having ferved his country in and Plenipotentiary to the Emprefs of Ruffa, in Ireland, wand in the Weft InRuthaes low 25 aeries of apo bdies, a new fcene opened, cand in Degyvad.evue ni ephod blow ads daro vody (comitesiog nemcen


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cember 1780, he was called upon by Government, and by the Eaft India Company, to take charge of their affairs at Madras and its dependencies. He was accordingly appointed Governor and Frefident of Fort St George, where his conduct obtained fuch univerfal approbation, that in February 1785, he was appointed Governor-General of Bengal. But this office, honourable and lucrative as it was, he declined to accept, and returned to Englaad in January following. During his refidence in India, he refused to accept any preLents from the Country Powers, or any other perfon; and on his return to Britain gave in, upon oath, a state of the property gained in the Company's fervice (which is now adopted as a law in an act of parliament refpecting property acquired in the Eaft Indies). The Court of Directors, on the 12th of April 1786, voted him their thanks for his very honourable and difinterested conduct, and at fame time granted him an annuity of 1500l. during his life, for his diftinguished and meritorious fervices.

This honourable teftimony in favour. of Lord Macartney's conduct in India, was not fufficient to exempt him from being involved in a fituation which, as

a public character, we cannot but think he ought not to have fuffered himself to be placed in. Having, in India, difapproved of the conduct of Major-Gen. Stuart, he fuperfeded that officer, and fent him to Europe. Difcontented with this mark of difgrace, on Lord Macartney's arrival in England, the General called his Lordfhip into the field for fatisfaction. They met accordingly near Kenfington, the 7th of May 1786, when, after firing each his piftol, Lord Macartney was, wounded, the feconds interfered, and the bufinefs ended.


IN Lord Dunmore's lodgings in Holyroodhouse, there is a fine picture falfely attributed to Vandyck, but really painted by Mytens, reprefenting King Charles I. and his Queen fetting out on a hunting party; the figures are all whole lengths: among the attendants is a portrait of Jeffery Hudfor, the ceJebrated dwarf. The life of this little hero was extremely fingular and event ful. He was the fon of a labourer, born at Oakeham in Buckinghamshire, A. D. 1619. At feven years of age he was taken into the fervice of the Duke of Buckingham, being then only eighteen inches high. On the Queen being, entertained at Burleigh-houfe, the feat of


After this tranfaction, Lord Macartney enjoyed for feveral years the quiet of a retired life, until the year 1792, when he was felected to go on an embaffy to China. This embaffy employed near three years; fince which period his Lordfhip has refided fome time at the court of the exiled King of France; and lately, in confideration of the va rious fervices performed by his Lordfhip, his Majefty has been pleafed to advance him to the dignity of a British Peer.

His Lordship, on the 1st of February 1768, married Lady Jane Stuart, fecond daughter of the late Earl of Bute, and filter of the prefent Marquis, but by her has no iffue.



that Duke, little Jeffery was brought
on the table in a cold pye; the cruft of
which being broken, he was taken out,
and prefented by the Duchefs to her
Majefty, who took him into her fer-
vice, and afterwards fent him to France
to fetch over her midwife. In a masque
at court, the King's gigantic porter
drew him out of his pocket, as if going
to eat him, to the great furprife and di-
verfion of all the fpectators.
paffage to France for the midwife, he
was taken by a pirate, and carried into
Dunkirk. His captivity, and duel with
a turkey cock, in that port, were cele-
brated by Sir William Davenant in his
poem intitled Jeoffreidos. He is faid,

In his

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fhot. For this he was expelled the court, which fent him to fea, when he was again taken by a Turkish rover, and fold into Barbary. On his release he was made a captain in the royal navy; and on the final retreat of Queen Henrietta, attended her to France, and remained there till the Restoration. In 1682, he was committed to the Gatehoufe, on fufpicion of being concerned in the Popifh plot; where he ended his life at

after thirty, to have grown to the height
of three feet nine inches. His diminu-
tive size did not prevent his acting in a
military character; for, during the civil
wars, he ferved as a captain of horfe.
He followed the fortunes of his royal
miftrefs into France, A. D. 1644,
where he unluckily engaged in a quarrel
with Mr Crofts, who, on a duel being
agreed on, came into the field armed
only with a fquirt; a fecond meeting
was appointed on horfeback, in which the age of fixty-three..
Jeffery killed his antagonist at the first From Grofe's Antiquities of Scotland.



BEFORE I was recalled from ters. The highest gratification which Swifferland, I had the fatisfaction of I-derived from Voltaire's refidence at feeing the most extraordinary man of Laufanne, was the uncommon circumthe age; a poet, an hiftorian, a philo- ftance of hearing a great poet declaim fopher, who has filled thirty quartos, his own productions on the stage. He of profe, and verfe, with his various had formed a company of gentlemen productions, often excellent, and al- and ladies, fome of whom were not ways entertaining. Need I add the deftitute of talents. A decent theatre. name of Voltaire! After forfeiting, by was framed at Monrepos, a countryhis own misconduct, the friendship of houfe at the end of a fuburb; dreffes the first of kings, he retired, at the age and fcenes were provided at the expence of fixty, with a plentiful fortune, to a of the actors; and the author directed free and beautiful country, and refided the rehearsals with the zeal and attentwo winters (1757 and 1758) in the tion of paternal love. In two fucceffive town or neighbourhood of Laufanne. winters, his tragedies of Zayre, Alzire, My defire of beholding Voltaire, whom Zulime, and his fentimental comedy of 1 then rated above his real magnitude, the Enfant Prodigue, were played at was eafily gratified. He received me the theatre of Monrepos. Voltaire rewith civility as an English youth; but prefented the characters beft adapted

I cannot boast of any peculiar notice
or diftinction, Virgilium vidi tantum.

as my

The ode which he compofed on his first arrival on the banks of the Leman Lake, "O Maifon d'Ariftippe, O Jardin d'Epicure," &c. had been imparted as a fecret to the gentleman by whom I was introduced. He allowed me to read it twice; I knew it by heart; and difcretion was not equal to my memory, the author was foon difpleafed by the circulation of a copy. In writing this trivial anecdote, I wished to obferve whether my memory was impaired, and I have the comfort of finding that every line of the poem is fill engraved in fresh and indelible characVOL. LVIII.

to his years, Lufignan, Alvarez, Benaffar, Euphemon.. His declamation was fashioned to the pomp and cadence of the old stage; and he expreffed the enthufiafm of poetry, rather than the feeling of nature. My ardour, which foon became confpicuous, feldom failed of procuring me a ticket. The habits of pleasure fortified my taste for the French theatre, and that tafte has abated my idolatry for the gigantic genius of Shakespeare, which is incul cated from our infancy as the first duty of an Englishman. The wit and philofophy of Voltaire, his table and theatre, refined, in a visible degree, the manners of Laufanne; and, however ad, 4'Z


Vol.. 58. dicted to study, I enjoyed my fhare of many houses; and my evenings were the amusements of fociety. After the generally devoted to cards and converreprefentation of Monrepos I fometimes fation, either in private parties or nufupped with the actors. I was now merous affemblies. familiar in fome, and acquainted in


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THE DIRECTOR CARNOT. ON the refignation of the Abbé Sieyes, who, on that occafion, gave an unequivocal teftimony of his difinterestedness, Carnot was elected, almost unanimouf. ly, to a feat in the Directory.

He was originally an officer; and having enjoyed a good education, and being attached to mathematical pursuits, he entered into the corps of engineers, in which, however, he never attained any high rank.


The Revolution, by fubftituting genius in the room of birth and intrigue, gave full fcope to the talents of Carnot; and he has effentially ferved his country under all the forms of government, and all the ebullitions of party, to which it has been fubjected; in this inftance, perhaps, following the opinion of a great English admiral, who acted both under Cromwell and the commonwealth, and was accustomed to say, that it was the chief business of a good citizen, " to keep foreigners from fooling us."

On the execution of Robespierre, and the profcription of his party, when the convention, after giving orders to arreft feveral of its members who were Jacobins, came to him, they all exclaimed, "He has organized victory, let him perfevere in his exertions in favour of his native country!" This, at fuch a moment, was the greatest of all poffible compliments.

To the exertions of this individual, the conqueft of Holland and Auftrian Flanders, the victories in Spain, and the almoft, uninterrupted feries of fucceffes in Italy, have been attributed. The late brilliant, but deftructive paffage of the Rhine, occurred at a period when he was out of favour; on refum

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ing his power and popularity, he repaired the mifcarriages of lefs enterprifing men ; and fuch feem to have been either his powers, or his good fortune, that he has, in a manner, chained victory to the chariot wheel of France.

Under him, Pichegru and Jourdan were little better than mere agents. They, indeed, executed vaft plans, but they were firft conceived by Carnot; who, fitting in a committee at Paris, with the elder Rochambeau, and a few more able men, directed the movements in the Palatinate, the United Provinces, and Flanders. Louvois attempted to do the fame thing, during the reign of Louis XVI. and failed. It is the property of fuperior talents, undifmayed by inefficient examples, to fucceed.

Carnot is a man of a good family; but yet he detefts the claims built upon pedigree. When he entered into the engineers, thofe of noble defcent only were eligible. He has lived to fee dif ferent times, and to patronize one of the greatest generals France ever pol feffed, whom he drew from a fubordinate fituation, to carry his theories into practice.

He voted for the death of Louis XVI. as did all the prefent directory, one only excepted; who, however, tranfmitted a letter of adhesion to the fentence, and lamented that his mission prevented him from giving it viva voce.

Madame LafAYETTE. (**

This lady, the wife of a man whofe hiftory is blended with two important revolutions, was a marchionefs before the late changes in France; the family name of her husband was alfo both spel led and pronounced differently, being then De la Fayette ; but the de being a


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