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TO CORRESPONDENTS. There was not room on the cover for atknowledging the receipt of Severál communications. The Traditional account concerning the death of Jõhn, Earl

of Gowry, does not differ much, as to the facts, from that given by Principal Robertson; the reasoning and conclusions from these, accords with the view given of that transaction, but we do not think the paper throws any new light upon this mysterious part of our history. A ki


IT OOITI There is a good deal of humour and eafy rhime in Fhilo-Scoticus' Story, The whole is much too long for our Miscellany--if he chufes we shall give a part of it. He will also advert, that, in many passages, it is rather indelicate-thefe should be expunged if the author means to publish ít as a separate poem. Antiquarius may depend upon getting back the origioal. Las ruta Jani

The paper upon Innoculation shall also be returned. We must abridge it was little.

11?: Ko will appear next month.

ERRATA, Page 688. col. 1. fine 4. for parish read University. so prime , Page 689, line 32. "from the top, for Kinnoul read Kinneita ti wus?

is. '1OCUS BUICK niti ne sa novim

Hanson AGRICULTURAL'IMPROVEMENTS : po vim IT has long been the practice in Germany, Denmark, and the countries on the shores of the Baltic, not only for those who fatten bullocks for the butcher, but for those who keep milk cows, to give them frequently what they call DRINK, which is a kind of pottage, prepared differently in different parts of the cogntry, and in different feasons, according to the facility with which one or

other of the articles occasionally employed in it may be procured, and according to the different ifancies of individuals. The articles most commonly used are, bran, oatmeal, tbrewers' grains, mashed patatoes or turnip, ryemeal, with a large proportion of water's sometimes two or three, or more of these articles are united Tin forming the drink, and of whatever ingredients the drink consists, a few eggs, tifor the most part, and a large proportion of falt, are always added, 30 Kitchens have been built in differeot parts of Germany, particularly in Bavaria, frand large boilers provided and fitted up in the stables and cow-houses, merely for the purpose of preparing food for the horses and cattle; the been followed-in fevéral : instances in this country. dc is asserted by many yery intelligent farmers who have adopted this new method of feeding, that it is highly advantageous; that the drink, by being boiled, is rendered more pourishing and wholesomes, and that the expence of fuel, and the tộouble aptending this process, slis amply compensated by the advantage derived from the improntent of the food. They even found it their interest to continue the boiling a considerable time, two or three hours for instance, as the food continued to be fill farther improved the Jonger the boiling was continued, always adding a quantity of common falt. I Common falt is bach agreeable and outritious to animals as well as to the human species. "Io Germany they catch the wild horses in the woods by laying baits of falt for them.

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Hoi 260:7:10. Dosyol 1199 cenyor 2111* 0.1 di wa YS 200" X 311 Xand; 01 05 9w jod SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF GEORGE LORD MACARTNEY.C HIS noblemăn, whose talents He soon afterwards returned from

have been from his youth em- Russia, and was employed in his own ployed in the service of his country, and country as Secretary to Lord Townf: whose amiable qualities have acquired hend, Lord Lieu:enant of Ireland. him the 'esteein and regard of all to April 1768, 'hequias chofennto reprewhom he is known, is of an ancient fa- fent the borough of

. Cockermouth in the ly from Scotland. He has been the ly following obtained a feat in the Irish architect of his own fortune in a great Parliament, a being shafen for1 Armagh. measure, and lias, on every occasion, In the beginning of 1769, he was sworn fhewn that he is deserving of the ho of the Privy Council of Ireland, and Dours conferred


hini. He is the continued in that kingdom during the only fon of George Macartney, Efq; of rest of Lord Townshend's administra. Auchinleck in Scotland, of an ancient tion. In June 1772, he was nominatfamily, who was George Macartney, by Elizabeth, young. ftalled at Westminfter by proxy the 15th Fest daughter of the Rev. Fohn Winder, of the same monthieud gone pare te

Prebendary of Kilroot; and Rector of: 201774, he was chosen Member of Cármony, in the cováty of 'Antrim. the British Parliament for the boroughs He was born in the ycar 1737. His of Air, Irvine, Rotblay, Campbeltowa, education, we believe, was received in and Inverary, anet in December 1775, Ireland, and from his literary acquire ? tvas appointed Captain General and ments appears to have been liberal. In Governor * Chief of the islands cof 'the early part of his life he travelled Grenada, the Grenadines, nand Toba. bwith the two sons of the late Lord goz'in which past they continued until «Holland, by which nobleman lie was the year 1779, when; lon the capture of introduced into business. At the age these islands by the French, he was fent of 27 years, in 1963, he was appoint- a prisoner to France. On the oth of

, , Sprefs of Ruffia, and in October follow at St James's, and by patent at Dublin Ving received the honour of knighthood. 9th Julyi following, advanced him to Via June 1766, with the consent of his the Peerage by the title of Lord Ma

Sovereign, he had conferred on him, cartney, Baron of Liffanoure in the by the King of Poland, the mofts an-w county of Antrim, though he did not bcient Order of the White Eagle; and take his seat until theizth of March o on the oth of November 1907, he was? 02788:!ci sonissi bacol asva vas?

appointed Ambaffador Extraordinary los After having ferved isis:icountry in

and Plenipotentiaty to the Empress of "Riffia, in Ireland, and in the West InSTR iffas ly? 25 larios o boit, 10 bdies, a new scene opened, and in DeMYVOL. LVII: ni agizod bliz adi

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cember 1780, he was called upon by a public character, we cannot but think Government, and by the East India he ought not to have suffered himself Company, to take charge of their affairs to be placed in. Having, in India, disat Madras and its dependencies. He approved of the conduct of Major-Gen. was accordingly appointed Governor Stuart, he superseded that officer, arid and President of Fort St George, where sent him to Europe. Discontented with his conduct obtained such universal ap- éthis mark of disgrace, on Lord Macartprobation, that in February 1785, he ney's arrival in England, the General was appointed Governor-General of called his Lordship into the field for saBengal." But this office, honourable tisfaction. They met accordingly near and lucrative as it was, he declined to Kensington, the 7th of May 1786, accept, and returned to Englaad in Ja- 'when, after firing each his pistol, Lord ruary following. During his residence Macartney was, wounded, the seconds in India, he refused to accept any pre- interfered, and the business ended. fents from the Country Powers, or any After this transaction, Lord Macartother person; and on his return to Bri. ney enjoyed for several years the quiet of tain gave in, upon oath, a state of the a retired life, until the year 1792, when property gained in the Company ser- he was selected to go on an embaffy to vice (which is now adopted as a law in China. This embassy employed near an act of parliament respecting property three years ; fince which period his acquired in the East Indies). The Lordship has resided some time at the Court of Directors, on the 12th of April court of the exiled King of France ; 1786, voted him their thanks for his and'lately, in confideration of the vavery honourable and disinterested con. rious services performed by his Lord- ; duct, and at same time granted him an fhir, his Majelty has been pleased to annuity of 1500l. during his life, for advance him to the dignity of a British his distinguithed and meritorious fer- Peer. vices.

His Lordship, on the ist of February This honourable testimony in favour 1768, married Lady Jane Stuart, leof Lord Macartney's conduct in India, cond daughter of the late Earl of Bute, was not sufficient to exempt him from and sister of the present Marquis, but being involved in a situation which, as by her has no issue.


THE CELEBRATED DWARF OF CHARLES I. IN Lord Dunmore's lodgings in Ho- that Duke, little Jeffery was brought lyroodhouse, there is a fine picture false. on the table in a cold pye; the crust of ty attributed 10 Vandyck, but really which being broken, he was taken our, painted by Mytens, representing King and presented by the Duchess to her Charles I. and his Qucen setting out Majesty, who took him into her feron a hunting party'; the figures are all vice, and afterwards sent him to France whole lengths : among the attendants to fetch over her midwife. In a masque is a portrait of Jeffery Hudfor, the ce- at court, the King's gigantic porter Jebrated dwarf. The life of this little drew him out of his pocket, as if going hero' was extremely fingular and event- to eat him, to the great surprise and di. "ful. He was the son of a labourer, born version of all the spectators. In bis at Oakeham in Buckinghamshire, A. D. paffage to France for the midwife, he 1619. At seven



was taken by a pirate, and carried into taken into the service of the Duke of Dunkiik. His captivity, and duel with Buckingham, being then only eighteen a turkey cock, in that port, were cele inches high. On the Queen being, en. brated by Sir William Dayenant in his tertained at Burleigh-house, the seat of poem intitled Feoffreidos, He is faid,


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after thirty, to have grown to the height shot. For this he was expelled the court,
of three feet nine inches. His diminu. which sent him to sea, when he was
tive size did not prevent his acting in a again taken by a Turkish rover, and fold
military character for, during the civil into Barbary. On his release he was
wars, he served as a' captain of horse. made a captain in the royal navy; and
He followed the fortunes of his royal on the final retreat of Queen Henrietta,
mistress into France, A. D. 1644, attended her to France, and remained
where he unluckily engaged in a quarrel there till the Restoration. In 1682, he
*with Mr Crofts, who, on a duel being was committed to the Gatehouse, on
agreed on, came into the field armed suspicion of being concerned in the Po-
only with a squirt ; a fecond meeting pish plot; where he ended his life at
was appointed on horseback, in which the age of sixty-three. .
Jeffery killed his aftagonift at the first From Grofe's Antiquities of Scotland.



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BEFORE I was recalled from ters. The highest gratification which Swisserland, I had the satisfaction of I-derived fron Voltaire's residence at seeing the most extraordinary map of Lausanne, was the uncommon circam-, the age ; a poet, an historian, a philo. Itance of hearing a great poet declaim sopher, who has filled thirty quartos, his own productions on the stage. He of profe and verse, with his various had formed a company of gentlemen productions, often excellent, and al- and ladies, some of whom were not ways entertaining. Need I add the destitute of talents. A decent theatre, name of Voltaire !" After forfeiting, by was framed at Monrepos, a countryhis own misconduct, 'the friendship of house at the end of a suburb ; dresses the first of kings, he retired, at the age and scenes were provided at the expence of sixty, with a plentiful fortune, to a of the actors ; and the author directed free and beautiful country, and resided the rehearsals with the zeal and attentwo winters (1757 and 1758) in the tion of paternal love. In two successive town or neighbourhood of Lausannė. winters, his tragedies of Zayre, Alzire, My desire of beholding Voltaire, whom Zulime, and his sentimental comedy of I then rated above his real magnitude, the Enfant Prodigue, were played at was easily gratified. He received me the theatre of Monrepos. Voltaire rewith civility as an English youth ; but presented the characters best adapted I cannot boast of any peculiar notice to his years, Lusignan, Alvarez, Beor distinction, Virgilium vidi tantum. naffar, Euphemon. His declamation

The ode which he composed on his was fashioned to the pomp and cadence first arrival on the banks of the Leman of the old Itage ; and he expressed the Lake, “O Maison d'Aristippe, O Jar. enthufiasm of poetry, rather than the din d'Epicure,” &c. had been imparted feeling of nature. My ardour, which as a secret to the gentleman by whom I foon became conspicuous, seldom failed was introduced. He allowed me to of procuring me a ţicket. The habitsread it twice; I knew it by heart'; and of pleasure fortified my taste for the as iny discretion was not equal to my French theatre, and that taste has as memory, the author was soon displeased bated my idolatry for the gigantic geby the circulation of a copy. In writ- nius of Shakespeare, which is incul. ing this trivial anecdote, I wished to cated from our infancy as the first dury observe whether my niemory was ima of an Englishman. The wit and philopaired, and I have the comfort of find- fophy of Voltaire, his table and theatre, ing triat every line of the poem is: Kill refined, in a visible degree, the manengraved in fresh and indelible charac, ners of Lausanne ; and, however ad. Vol. LVIII.


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dicted to study, I enjoyed my share of many 'houses ; and, my evenings were
the amusements of society. After the generally devoted to cards and conver-
representation of Montepos I sometimes fation, either in private parties or nu-
fupped with the actors. I was, now merous assemblies.
familiar in fome, and acquainted in


CONTINUED FROM PAGE 590. The DIRECTOR CARNOT. ing his power and popularity, he repairON the refignation of the Abbé Sieyes, ed the miscarriages of less enterprising who, on that occasion, gave an unequi- men; and such seem to have been either vocal testimony of his disinterestedness, his powers, or his good fortune, that he Carnot was elected, almost unanimous. has, in a manner, chained victory to the ly, to a feat in the Directory.

chariot wheel of France. He was originally an officer ; and Under him, Pichegru and Jourdan having enjoyed a good education, and were little better than mere agents. being attached to mathematical pursuits, They, indeed, executed vast plans, but he entered into the corps of engineers, they were first conceived by Carnot ; in which, however, he never attained who, fitting in a committee at Paris, any high rank.

with the elder Rochambeau, and a few The Revolution, by substituting ge. more able men, directed the movements nius in the room of birth and intrigue, in the Palatinate, the United Provinces, gave full scope to the talents of Carnot; and Flanders. Louvois attempted to and he has essentially served his coun- do the same thing, during the reign of try under all the forms of government, Louis XVI. and failed. It is the proand all the ebullitions of party, to which perty of superior talents, undismayed it has been subjected; in this instance, by inefficient examples, to succeed. perhaps, following the opioion of a great Carnot is a man of a good family; English admiral, who acted both under but yet he detests the claims built upon Cromwell and the commonwealth, and pedigree. When he entered into the was accustomed to say, that it was the engineers, those of noble defcent only chief business of a good citizen, were eligible. He has lived to see difkeep foreigners from fooling us." ferent times, and to patronize one of

On the execution of Robespierre, and the greatest generals France ever pos. the proscription of his party, when the fessed, whom he drew from a fubordi. convention, after giving orders to arrest nate lituation, to carry his theories in. several of its members who were Jaco- to practice. bios, came to him, they all exclaimed, He voted for the death of Louis “ He has organized yi&ory, let him per. XVI. as did all the present directory, fevere in his exertions in favour of his one only excepted; who, however, native country!” This, at such a mo- transmitted a letter of adhesion to the ment, was the greatest of all possible sentence, and lamented that his million compliments.

i prevented him from giving it viva voce. To the exertions of this individual, MADAME LAFAYETTE. the conquest of Holland and Austrian Thissladys the wife of anan whose Flanders, the victories in Spain, and history is bleoded with two important the almoit, uninterrupted feries of suc- revolutions, was a marchioners before ceffes in Italy, have been attributed, the late changes in France, the family The late brilliant, but destructive paf. name of her husband was also both; fpel. fage of the Rhine, occurred at a period led and pronounced differently, being when he was out of favour ; on resum, then De la Fayette ; but the de being a




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