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cember 1780, he was called upon by a public character, we cannot but think Government, and by the East India he ought not to have suffered himself Company, to take charge of their affairs to be placed in. Having, in India, disat Madras and its dependencies. He approved of the conduct of Major-Gen. was accordingly appointed Governor Stuart, he superseded that officer, and and President of Fort St George, where sent him to Europe. Discontented with his conduct obtained such universal ap- this mark of disgrace, on Lord Macartprobation, that in February 1785, he ney's arrival in England, the General was appointed Governor-General of called his Lordship into the field for saBengal." But this office, honourable tisfaction. They met accordingly near and lucrative as it was, he declined to Kensington, the 7th of May 1786, accept, and returned to Englaod in Ja- 'when, after firing each his pistol, Lord nuary following. During his residence Macartney was, wounded, the seconds in India, he refused to accept any pre- interfered, and the business ended. Lents from the Country Powers, or any After this transaction, Lord Macartother person; and on his return to Bri- ney enjoyed for several years the quiet of tain gave in, upon oath, a state of the a retired life, until the year 1792, when property gained in the Company” ser- he was selected to go on an embassy to vice (which is now adopted as a law in China. This embassy employed near an act of parliament respecting property three years ; lince which period his acquired in the East Indies). The Lordship has resided some time at the Court of Directors, on the 12th of April court of the exiled King of France ; 1786, voted him their thanks for his and lately, in consideration of the vavery honourable and disinterested con. rious services performed by his Lord. duct, and at same time granted him an fhip, his Majesty has been pleased to annuity of 1500l. during his life, for advance him to the dignity of a British bis distinguished and meritorious fer. Peer. vices.

His Lordship, on the 1st of February This honourable testimony in favour 1768, married Lady Jane Stuart, seof Lord Macartney's conduct in India, cond daughter of tbe late Earl of Bute, was not sufficient to exempt him from and sister of the present Marquis, but being involved in a situation which, as by her has no issue.


THE CELEBRATED DWARF OF CHARLES I. IN Lord Dunmore's lodgings in Ho- that Duke, little Jeffery was brought lyroodhouse, there is a fine picture false. on the table in a cold pye ; the crust of ty attributed - 10 Vandyck, but really which being broken, he was taken out, painted by Mytens, representing King and presented by the Duchess to her Charles I. and his Queen setting out Majesty, who took him into her feron a hunting party'; the figures are all vice, and afterwards sent him to France whole lengths : among the attendants, to fetch over her midwife. In a masque is a portrait of Jeffery Hudsor, the ce- at court, the King's gigantic porter Jebrated dwarf. The life of this little drew him out of his pocket, as if going hero was extremely fingular and event- to eat him, to the great surprise and di. ful. He was the son of a labourer, born version of all the spectators. In his at Oakeham in Buckinghamshire, A. D. paffage to France for the midwife, he

1619. At seven years of age he was was taken by a pirate, and carried into taken into the service of the Duke of Dunkirk. His captivity, and duel with Buckingham, being then only eighteen a turkey cock, in that port, were cele. inches high. On the Queen being, en- brated by Sir William Davenant in his tertained at Burkigh-houte, the feat of poem intitled Feoffreidos. He is said,


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after thirty, to have grown to the height shot. For this he was expelled the court,
of three feet nine inches. His diminu. which sent him to sea, when he was
tive Gize did not prevent his acting in a again taken by a Turkish rover, and fold
military character for, during the civil into Barbary. On his release he was
wars, he served as a captain of horse. made a captain in the royal navy; and
He followed the fortunes of his royal on the final retreat of Queen Henrietta,
mistress into France, A. D. 1644, attended her to France, and remained
where he unluckily engaged in a quarrel there till the Restoration. In 1672, he
with Mr Crofts, who, on a duel being was committed to the Gatehouse, on
agreed on, came into the field armed suspicion of being concerned in the Po-
only with a squirt ; a fecond meeting pish plot; where he ended his life at
was appointed on horseback, in which the age of fixty-three. ,
Jeffery killed his antagonist at the first From Grofe's Antiquities of Scotland.


BY MR GIBBON. BEFORE I was recalled from ters. The highest gratification which Swisserland, I had the fatisfaction of I derived fron; Voltaire's residence at seeing the most extraordinary man of Lausanne, was the uncommon circum- ; the age; a poet, an historian, a philo- stance of hearing a great poet declaim sopher, who has filled thirty quartos, his own productions on the stage. He of profe and verfe, with his various had formed a company of gentlemen productions, often excellent, and al- and ladies, some of whom were not ways entertaining.' Need I add the destitute of talents. A decent theatre name of Voltaire !" After forfeiting, by was framed at Monrepos, a countryhis own misconduct, the friendship of house at the end of a subarb ; dresses the first of kings, he retired, at the age and scenes were provided at the expence of sixty, with a plentiful fortune, to a of the actors ; and the author directed free and beautiful country, and resided the rehearsals with the zeal and attentwo winters (1757 and 1758) in the tion of paternal love. In two successive town or neighbourhood of Lausanné. winters, his tragedies of Zzyre, Alzire, My desire of beholding Voltaire, whom Zulime, and his sentimental comedy of I then rated above his real magnitude, the Enfant Prodigue, were played at was easily gratified. He received me the theatre of Monrenos. Voltaire rewith civility as an English yoath ; but presented the characters best adapted I cannot boast of any peculiar notice to his years, Lusignan, Alvarez, Beor distinction, Virgilium vidi tantum. naffar, Euphemon. His declamation

The ode which he composed on his was fashioned to the pomp and cadence first arrival on the banks of the Leman of the old Itage ; and he expressed the Lake, “O Maison d'Aristippe, O Jar- enthusiasm of poetry, rather than the din d'Epicure,” &c. had been imparted feeling of nature. My ardour, which as a secret to the gentleman by whom I foon became conspicuous, seldom failed was introduced. He allowed me to. of procuring me a ticket. The habits read it twice; I knew it by heart'; and of pleasure fortified my taste for the as my discretion was not equal to my French theatre, and that taste has aniemory, the author was soon displeased bated my idolatry for the gigantic geby the circulation of a copy. In writ- nius of Shakespeare, which is incul. ing this trivial anecdote, I wished to cated from our infancy as the first dury observe whether my memory was im- of an Englishman. The wit and philos paired, and I' have the comfort of Gind- fophy of Voltaire, his table and theatre, ing triat every line of the poem is Kill refined, in a visible degree, the manengraved in fresh and indelible charac, ners of Lausanne ; and, however, ad, VOL. LVIII.



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dicted to study, I enjoyed my share of many 'houses ; and, my evenings were the amusements of society. After the generally devoted to cards and converrepresentation of Monrepos I sometimes fation, either in private parties or nufupped with the actors. I was now

merous assemblies. familiar in fome, and acquainted in ANECDOTES OF PERSONS CONNECTED WITH THE


CONTINUED FROM PAGE 590. The DIRECTOR CARNOT. ing his power and popularity, he repairON the refignation of the Abbé Sieyes, ed the miscarriages of less enterprising who, on that occasion, gave an unequi- men ; and such seem to have been either vocal testimony of his disinterestedness, his powers, or his good fortune, that he Carnot was elected, almost unanimous- has, in a manner, chained victory to the ly, to a feat in the Directory.

chariot wheel of France. He was originally an officer ; and Under him, Pichegru and Jourdan having enjoyed a good education, and were little better than being attached to mathematical pursuits, They, indeed, executed vast plans, but he entered into the corps of engineers, they were first conceived by Carnot ; in which, however, he never attained who, fitting in a committee at Paris, any high rank.

with the elder Rochambeau, and a few The Revolution, by substituting ge. more able men, directed the movements nius in the room of birth and intrigue, in the Palatinate, the United Provinces, gave full scope to the talents of Carnot; and Flanders. Louvois attempted to and he has essentially served his coud- do the same thing, during the reign of try under all the forms of goveroment, Louis XVI. and failed. It is the proand all the ebullitions of party, to which perty of superior talents, undismayed it has been subjected ; in this instance, by inefficient examples, to fucceed. perhaps, following the opinion of a great Carnot is a man of a good family ; English admiral, who acted both under but yet he detests the claims built upon Cromwell and the commonwealth, and pedigree. When he entered into the was accustomed to say, that it was the engineers, those of noble descent only chief business of a good citizen, 6 were eligible. He has lived to see difkeep foreigners from fooling us. ferent times, and to patronize one of

On the exccution of Robespierre, and the greatest generals France ever posthe profcription of his party, when the fessed, whom he drew from a fubordiconvention, after giviog orders to arrest nate lituation, to carry his theories in. several of its members who were Jaco- to practice. bins, came to him, they all exclaimed, He voted for the death of Louis “ He has organized vi&ory, let him per- XVI. as did all the present directory, severe in his exertions in favour of his one only excepted; who, however, native country !” This, at such a mo- transmitted a letter of adhesion to the ment, was the greatest of all possible sentence, and lamented that his million, compliments.!!

! prevented him from giving it viva voce. To the exertions of this individual, MADAME LAFAYETTE. the conquest of Holland and Auftrian Thisīlady, the wife of anan whose Flanders, the victories in Spain, and history is blended with two important the almoit, uninterrupted series of fuc- revolutions, was a marchionessi before cesses in Italy, have been attributed. the late changes in France the family The late brilliant, but destructive paf. name of her husband was also bethi fpelfage of the Rhine, occurred at a period led and pronounced differently, being when he was out of favour ; on resum, then De la Fayette ; but the de being a



mark of nobility, 'as having a feudal al- not yet rendered him morole; and füres lufion (the French terin it, à nomme de ly victory cannot have bhunted his feelterre) it was, of course, omitted on the ings, and made him at once haughty extinction of titles.

aggresses and infenGble! No no! there is not a Mad. Lafayette is an eminent instance prince of his house, from the obscöre of the instability of greatness, the mu- Count de Haplburg, of a former period, tability of

fortune, and the inefficacy of to the late powerful tenant of the Impewealth. Descended from an ancient riäl diadem, who has had more occalineage, united to an amiable and il- fion to find and to feel that he is a man. lustrious husband, who pofleffed estates Weeping beauty did not supplicate in in Europe, America, and the West In- vain ; 'the German monarch raised her dies ; fhe, nevertheless, has not been from 'her' lowly posture, and promised exempted from the most bitter calami- better days. With his permission, the ties that can afflict fuffering humanity. flew on the wings of affection, and,

When Lafayette refifted the com- strengthened by conjugal love, knocked mands of the sole remaining legitimate at the gate of the fortress that confined power in France, his “ widowed wife” her dearly beloved hulband, whose speewas arrested. Under the despotism of dy deliverance (vain idea!) he hoped Robespierre, fhe escaped death only by instantly to announce. a miracle, (part of her family was ac- The mallive bolts of the dungeon give tually immolated to his vengeance) but way, the grating hinges of the iron doors what to fome will appear more terrible, pierced the ears'; she and her virgin the experienced an unremitting captivi- daughters are eyed, searched, riled, by ty of fifteen months, during which, she an odious and horrible goaler; and those suffered all the horrors of a close con. who, but a moment before, deemed finement, being immured within four themselves deliverers, now find them walls, subjected to a fcanty and preca- felves captives! rious diet, fecluded from her children, Reclining in the bottom of thy duna and prohibited even from the light of geon, these teårs cannot be seen, these heaven.

fighs cannot be heard, nor can the quick On the death of the tyrant, the voice decay of youth and beauty, capkered in of humanity was once more heard, and the bloom, and diffolving "amidst the she was liberated, and restored to the horrors of a German prison, be con: arms of her afflicted daughters. But templated. But the heart of sympathy she was a wife as well as a mother ! throbs for you, ye lovely mourners; the and her beloved hufband was still in indignation of mankind is aroused; the bondage; for he who had endeavoured present age shudders at your unremitted to avert the execution of Louis XVI. sufferings ; and posterity will shed a ge(such is the gratitude of courts) was nerous tear at their recital. Anguifh languishing in an Austrian prison ! may not yet

rend the bofoms of your She accordingly repaired to Hama persecutors, but a dreadful futurity 2burgh, accompanied by her children on- waits them, and, were it posible to ea ly, for she had not wealth sufficient to scape the scourge of offended Heaven, hire a single domestic, and the possesses they will yetexperience all the vengeance a lofty sense of independence, which of indignant history !! taught her to reject pecuniary allistance,

5** Necker, ** super even from her few remaining friends. A native of Geneva, a banker of Paris, As soon as her health was a little re- and for some time partner'

'to'an eminent ftored, the posted to Vienna, and prof merchant of London (Louis Texier). trated herself at the feet of the emperor. This celebrated man was destined to

Francis !. is in the fower of his rise from the desk of a compting-house. youth. The chilling hand of age has to one of the highest employmenes in


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Europe, that of minister of finance to jects with ease, and without premedithe French monarchy. Vanity, ego. tation ; but he was both indolent and tism, oftentation ; these are said to be negligent; he despised mankind, yet he his failings ; but, on the other hand, a loved liberty, and he died for it on a good husband, a good father, a good public scaffold, in 1793. citizen ;-he is in poffefsion of all the

PASTORET public and private virtues. If he evin- Beth thought and wrote before the reces less ability than his rival Calonne, volution. In 1788, he published a be it remembered, that he can boast of work, entitled, “ Moise considéré coma spotless integrity. Sufpicion has never me Legislateur & comme Moraliste," blasted his fair fame, with the charge of by way of supplement to his cmparison unaccounted millions. A man of busi- between Zoroaster, Confucius, and Maness in office, a philosopher in disgrace; homet, which conferred fome celebrity he never allowed himself to be elevated on his talents, and breathed throughout or depressed, by either the smiles or a spirit of liberty and investigation. frowns of a king; he still remembered Such works as these, taught the people that he was a citizen of Geneva ! to think also, and they began to be pu

He, however, experienced a variety blifhed in great plenty. Even 1787, of mortification, for which he indemni- M. Mathon de la Cour, a member of fied himself, perhaps, by the hope of the Academy of Lions and Villefranche, proving serviceable to mankind. --Old obtained the prize from the Academy Maurepas never allowed him to fit in of Chalons-sur-Marne, by his “ Difhis presence.

cours sur les meilleurs Moyens de faire To the preponderance of the Tiers naitre, et d'encourager le Patriotisme Etat, produced entirely by his means,

dans une Monarchie;" in which he France is indebted for her Revolution ; discriminates between patriotism and but for this, the nation would have re- the love of one's country.

66 Patriolapsed into servitude, and the crown be- tism, more rare," says he, “ becaufe ing hors de page, into despotism. He it is more disinterested than the love of was once banished, and once recalled our country, is an ardent desire of serp. from the country of his adoption ; his ing our compatriots, and of contributing lalt, perhaps final retrear, was voluotary to their welfare, happiness, and security, on his part.

This defire, disinterested in itself, is He resides at present at Capelle, a such as is felt by the noble and virtuous Jordship purchased by him, and situated mind; while the most despicably felbfh within the territy of Berne. Geneva wretch loves his country only as it conwould scarcely be a secure asylum for cerns his own welfare, the true patriot is him; at least, it would not have been always ready to sacrifice to it, not only so formerly:


dearest interests, but even his life.” VERGNIAUD,

This magical word patriotijm, which A native of Limoges, and one of began to be known and proclaimed the deputies from Bourdeaux, was an throughou: France, contained within it able orator in the convention ; in short, the embrio of liberty; and Pastoret, he was inferior, in point of eloquence, Condorcet, and Brisfot, but developed to no man who has appeared in France the germ, planted indeed by the hands 1ince Mirabeau. On the oth of Aug. of nature in the human heart, and only 1792, he occupied the president's chair, watered by Rousseau and Voitaire. and conducted himself with an uncom: On the dissolution of the States Ge. mon dignity, on that very critical oc. neral, which had assumed the more mocasion. He was gifted with a happy dern name of the National Assembly, delivery, and an easy flow of words ; Pastoret was elected a deputy to the this enabled hina to speak on all fub- convention, from which he afterwards


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