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It would be well if the evil (for an live, and its closeness unwholesome. eyil I cannot help thinking it is,) were There is, first, a temporary refiderice at to stop here ; but it descends into all fome genteel, that is, 'extensive waterthe inferior ranks of life. The servants, ing-place; and theo'a permanent villa whose number is considerably multi in the environs, with a lawn, fhrubbery, plied, by always sitting down to plen- hot-houfe, coach house, Itabling for tiful tables, acquire the same contempt eight or ten horses, and all the et cætefor economy, and the same luxurious raš belonging to such' an establishment. appetites as their masters, and equally A coach-houfe must have a coach, and learn to despise honely food and plain horses must be provided for the 'ftabnourishment. Hence, when they come ling, and a groom for the horses. The

to distress, or when they come to live young gentlemen of the family are proupon their own earnings, they carry in- vided with smart horses as foon'as, or a to the cottage the same appetites which fitule before, they are able to ride; a can be indulged only in the mansion, fine dreffed fervant toʻride behind, and and have few ideas of the art of making a fine sum of money, Every person, appear shabby: Also are natural

they may not little

go

a great way. therefore, who is conversant in the care consequences. It is true, that these of the poor, knows how difficult it is things are taxed, and perhaps heavily to reconcile them to a homely diet, taxed, but it is equally true, that no howerer nourishing and proper in their man is obliged to pay the tax, who Situation.

does not wife the article ; and the he. But to return to the manners of the ceffity of "fuch articles is a matter, middle ranks. Having established this least in my mind, not decisively afcer. mode of living, two consequences na- tained. turally follow : the one is, that they “ These things were not known forty cannot leave it off; and the second, that years ago. There was then a line of it extends to every other department of distinction drawn between the tradefa gentility. In a tradesman's rooms, you man and the gentleman, which the for. formerly saw no other ornaments of the '

mer rarely, if ever, thought of jumping kind, than a print of the King and over. By gentlemen, it is obvious that Queen, or perhaps some family pic here are not meant thofe absurd things tures, stiff and starched, (but not un. who call themselves gentlemen, merely like the originals) in flowing periwigs ; from wearing fine clothes, speaking big à fideboard of plate was never heard words, and infulting public decency, dreamt of.

Now, you have not but gentlemen of birth, of landed and only an expensive fideboard of plate, opulent estares, and whose style of life feldom used but by housebreakers, and was naturally more expensive and grand; you behold the most elegant prints, and necessarily so," because an expensive and sometimes

s pictures, in rich and establishment in the trands of a man of gaudy frames. It is nothing now to real wealth, is the only means by which give eight or ten guineas for a pair of the can encourage industry, and promote

guineas fotine fa. the happiness of his dependants and prints, which are 8 Thion. And so much does this fashion inti

neighbours, and he could afford it betchange, that it is rare to see the famé tét than thofe who live by the precafurniture of this must usaby years rious advantages of trade. .

, even Chatham, Chatham to Valenciennes, and in actual wealth, the tradesman was his Valenciennet' to the First of June. equal; but in manners and mode of liva Proceeding farther, we find the fame ing he thought it abfurd to emulate him,

ILV' The smoke of the city becomes offen--- In those days, it must be allowed,

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that when a tradesinan had, by the af- tends to his family, who, according o siduities of a long series of years, amaf. the fame pernicious fystem, have been sed a real and independent fortune, he indulged in hopes which can never be extended his mode of living very con- gratified, and have received an educa siderably. He had his villa for the re- tion which unfits them from gaining a ception of his friends, for the elegant livelihood in ways that are humible and indulgences of retirement, and some reputable.' And lastly, its effects upon times, it might happen, for the recep. society in general are abundantly detion of illustrious visitors ; but the same structive : It destroys confidence beprudence and good sense accompanied tweep man and man, makes the whole him in his elevation, that had enabled system of life a deception, and encouhim to attain it. His expences were rages false manners, false civility, and such as could be spared, such as injured pretended friendship. It then becomés no man, and such as he was well en. every man's interest to deceive his titled to contract, as some gratifying re- neighbour, to take unfair advantages, ward for a life,{pent in honourable in- and to leave the plain and equal path dustry. The elegant expences of a ju- of moderate profits, for the wild ris dicious man are always useful.

fionary prospects of speculation. The Besides, all this was performed in true spirit of trade is lost, and that of the decline .of life. Just the reverse is adventure is substituted. The peace of the case now. Tradesmen, who wish a nation becomes thereby disturbed by to be thought genteel, begio, precisely the clamours of men, who, if they comwhere they should leave off; and the plained justly, would complain only of consequence very frequently is, that their own folly and madness. they are compelled to leave off ere they Such is the unhappy infatuation which have well begun ; and pride does not too much prevails among a very niueasily conform itself to a change which merous class of men, and such are the mult soon be proclaimed in public. consequences which must erer follow, They struggle, by various improper when men are regardless of the past and means, to support the grandeur they the future, and think only of present commenced with, and when support is enjoyments. Those who may be requno longer pollible, they “ disolve," and ced by the same infatuation, and have literally “ leave not a wreck behind.” not yet suffered its punishment, woủld It would be undecessary to comment on do well to remember in time, that there a practice fo absurd and destructive, yet is no absolute necessity imposed upon there are reasons why in ought to be any man to ruin himself for the gratificondemned in the most severe manner. cation of his neighbours ; and that the

First;, because of its consequences reign of fashion in trade, is a mere uupon the party himself. He is thus furpation, a llavery from which they fent back into the world, without friends, would do well to emancipate themselves, without credit, and without reputation; by establishing that solid credit with the and he is driven to commit frauds and wife and the undustrious, which caónot crịnes at which he would have once, be shaken by the hils of ignorancı, or started with all the indignation of the the clamour of dislipation. I am, fir,

molt sirtuous mind. Secondly, it ex. yours, &c. : 1. TO THE EDITOR OF THE SCOTS MAGAZINE. Sir,

have given house-room, An old ChiATTENDING an auction of pic. nese cabinet fold at 15 guineas, not half ir sgures, old furniture, &c...not long ago, so pretty, nor so commodious, as a mo

I saw what I thought, very large fums dein mahogany one, which may be got paid for articles, to which I would not for eight; and some other things more

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COLLECTORS.

out of the way. What struck me most tobacco stoppers. Of the first he has was an old head, all tattered and dirty, all preached by Sacheverel, and the said to be John Knox's the Reformer, rest of the loyal supporters of church which was likely to bring any price, had and state ; and of the last, above thirty not a gentleman, more knowing than cut out of the royal oak. One of the some of the connoiseurs and collectors, collectors of black letter books, a few whispered that it was a mistake, for the months ago, purchased a Hebrew manuhead was not done for Knox, nor was fcript for a Caxton, and as he never the painting an original antique. On reads, it answered his purpose quite as my return, my thoughts naturally. turn- well. The same gentleman had a great ed upon what I had seen, and I thall collection of Nankio, and other old trouble you with a few observations that china, much of which was imported inoccurred to me, on the folly of those to this country before we had any comwho call themselves

merce with the East Indies.

We have collectors of perriwigs and The first of these is the Antiquary, tobacco-pipes : one of these gentlemen who is ignorant of every thing that paf- lately gave a confiderable fum for the ses under his own eye, pays no atten- black wig which was worn by Charles tion to any improvement made in bis ll. ; and the other paid a high price for own time, and looks with cold disre- the tube out of which the auctioneer pogard upon all objects, let their local and fitively afferted Sir Walter Raleigh temporary importance be ever so great, smoked his first pipe of best Virginia. if they have not passed through the fun. We have also collectors of tobacco panel of antiquity,

pers and message cards ; and at an aucA rufty coin, an old worm-eaten post, tion, not long ago, upward of two and A mouldy fragment of an author loft, twenty thousand, which, at great cost, is, with these gentlemen, of more value a collector had got together, and with than the most elegant piece of modern great pains had pasted in a port-folio, art, or the most sublime effort of mo- were, upod his demise, brought under dern genius. One of them, at a most the hammer, and, strange to tell, sold enormous expence, collects all the an. for seven shillings and sixpence !--not cient maps of all parts of the world, one third of the expence of pasting them and makes it his boast

, that among fe into the book. The message cards and veral thousands which are in his liudy, shop bills are got together merely to there is not one in which any one place fhew where the traders and men of rank is put near, either the proper latitude or

lived, from the earliest appearance of ci. longitude. Similar to this are your col- vilization in this country. lectors of scarce prints, who will give

There is another set of learned cri. forty or fifty guineas for an unfinished tics, who collect all the cancelled leaves; impresior, upon no other grounds than these will fhew the first thoughts of our the engraving being taken off for an ex

first writers, and prove by their altera. periment before the principal figure was tions that second thoughts are best. As introduced, or pay thirty pounds for a to collectors of pictures, Bramston has print not worth thirty farthings, because described those who lived in his time, ihe artist engraved it while he was an

and it exactly agrees with those who apprentice. This has properly enough live in this : been said to be burying a man of talents In curious paintings I'm exceeding nice, in the ruits of his baby-house ; for sure. And know their several beauties by their ly such things are little deserving to be

price. consigned to the port-folio. There is But chule

my pictures by a skilful friend,

Auctions and sales I constantly attend, another collector of a very fingular taste. Originals and copies much the fame, He confines his collections to two ob- The picture's value is the painter's name: jects, thirtieth of January sermons, and

ON

ON THE PLEASURES OF THE CLOSET,

ON A RAINY DAY.

66 for

« I pity unlearned gentlemen in a rainy day.” Lord FALKLAND, Sir,

Over night, the plan is laid of a pleaCERTAINLY it is the duty of fant day, a pleasant ride or walk, a every man, as he advances toward the pleasant party, a pleasant dinner, at á years of discretion, to study the climate friends houfe in the country, and so forth. under which he lives, and to accommo- The new cloaths are ready; the new date himself to all its vicissitudes, as much caps are made up, the last new fashion as possible. Every nation has something is to be sported, and the last new folly peculiar in its climate, which seems to to be humbly imitated. The parties reimpart to the inhabitants a certain qua- tire to sleep, with a perfect confidence lity that is ngt to be found in those of that they shall wake to joy and pleasure, other nations, and which serves to form Some of them, unable to seep, their distinguishing characteristic. I am thinking of it," withdraw the curtain not to be told, indeed, that this doc. at an early hour, when alas! trine has been carried too far, and that “ 'The dawn is overcast ; the morning lours, those who impute the valour and virtues And heavily in clouds brings on the rain.of the Romans to the genial climate of that is to dash the cup of pleasure from Italy, have tumbled headlong into a their lips, and consign them to fretful difficulty from which they cannot ex. impatience, or helpless folitude--for tricate themselves ; namely, to account the party is broke up. for the degeneracy of the descendants The motto to this letter was a comof those Romans, who live under the mon saying of the celebrated Lord Falksame climate. But nevertheless, we land; “ I pity unlearned gentlemen in are convinced from experience, both a rainy day," and most pitiable objects general and individual, that mankind they are, for having, according to our are affected by weather, independent of parliamentary language, made up their every other thing which operates upon minds to a pleasurable employment, the the body or mind ; and that, in this bitterness of disappointment will n* percountry, particularly, the spirits of the mit them to recur to domestic topic3 ; inhabitants are sensibly affected by clear they cannot comfort themselves with and genial funhine, and by damp and what they are, and where they are, but foggy atmospheres, so as to leave no torment their imaginations with what doubt that these externals are of great they might have been, and where they importance in the system of health. might have been ; and, having no taste

But I know no kind of weather, for reading, they almost cease to be obwhich affects my countrymen more se. jects of ridicule, and are, indeed, as riously than rainy weather, and there Lord Falkland considers them, objects are sundry reasons why this should be the of pity. case. In the first place, a rainy day is There are, ferhaps, few things that à day of disappointment, often in mat- display more of a man's character than ters of business, but more frequently in the manner in which he bears disappointengagements of pleasure. Hence, of ments of this kind, and in general, I all rainy days, a rainy Sunday is preg. am sorry to say it, we do not find many nant with the greatest mortifications, who do bear them with a tolerable share and when we see the most lively repre- 'of good humour ; the reason of which fentation of the pains of a party of plea. is the want of a substitute, which would sure. It is what no person calcalates always be found, where they least think upon, and therefore no preparation is of seeking it, in an agreeable or instrucmade to avert its probable consequences.

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tive book. It is one of the greatest And there is this particular advantage misfortunes of life not to have acquired, attending our keeping up an intimacy and it is truly blame-worthy to have loft, with the dead, that whereas with the a taste for reading, because universal ex- living we are often exposed to hear very perience has proved that it is the best unpleasant conversation upon very odiand the only infallible antidote against ous subjects, and compelled to spend those varieties of weather to which we what we call a moft disagreeable day, are exposed in this country. Perhaps we may, from our libraries, select the I may be partial to it, but beside think- subject that is most agreeable to us, and ing that a man who has such a taste the author who handles it most agreemay defy all weathers, I question very ably, and enjoy the full “ feast of reamuch whether the many sudden exits, pe- son and the flow of soul,!' without the culiar to the month of November, might pollibility of interruptions of impertinot be averted in some measure by it. nence, the clamours of intoxication, or The experiment is at least worth trying, the repentance of an ill-fpent day. though I must warn my readers from Whenever, therefore, a disappointexpecting that this remedy will operate ment descends from the clouds, we may like a charm, or like a quack medicine, console ourselves that the earth will cer. by the taking of one or two doses only. tainly profit by it, and that there is at Highly as I think of its efficacy, I am least a chance, or more than a chance, persuaded that nothing but a course re- that in our secluded employment, we gularly followed for years will afford a may be more agreeably entertained than complete antidote to the asperities of we should have been with our party. In wind and weather.

a party of pleasure we cannot tell what It will, I presume, be readily allow- a day may bring forth,” but in the aed, that the greatest misfortune attend- musements of our closet, in conversiog ing a rairy day, is the breaking up of a with the wife and learned of former party, and the confining the individuals times, we can at least tell, what a day of it to their own houses. Now, in will not bring forth. We can affure Teading, a remedy is immediately found ourselves that it will be followed by no for this. What company can any one unpleasant reflections, and that in blendexpeét better than that of the most ce- ing instruction with amusement, we must lebrated English authors ? Men who have gained fomething, and can have will fit down with you coolly, clearly, loft nothing. The man, who confiders and deliberately, to impart their fenti- the subject in this light, will think, very ments, without rudely controverting little of the disappointment which deyours, offering you a bet, which per. pends upon weather, and will, in many baps may not be convenient for you to cases, have reason to felicitate himself pay, far less, throwing a bottle at your that he has made an exchange so wort by head, a glass of wine in your face, or of a rational creature. any of those arguments, which are not Wisdom is so indispensable an ingreunfrequent in what is termed genceel dient in happiness, that some have recompany. **I do not wish to place an folved all vice into ignorance. Perhaps * invidious difference between the living this is carrying the principle rather too and the dead, nor to praise the latter far, since the wisest of, men are not imso extravagantly, as to leave no merit maculate, but surely one chief means of at all for the former ; but I am sure, securing our happiness is, by holding conupon calm recollection, there are few verse with men of wisdom and learning, persons who would not prefét a volume whose writings are so eafy of access, of many Englith authors I could men- that he who feldom consults them must tion, to most converfations they ever stand without all excuse, And of whattook part in with thcir acquaintances. erer other and more important uses

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