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LOTHIAN.

prevent the disorder, at the small ex. reasons to thank the man who tried it, pence of a little trouble to the shepherd. and the public will be obliged by the

Should this method prove, on trial, communication. In that case, the more
as successful as the experiment gives it is circulated the better.
the hope, the farmer will have many
TOPOGRAPHY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF SCOTLAND.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 622.
SHIRE OF LINLITHGOW, OR WEST long, and from 2 to 3 broad. The

beauty of the grounds, diversified with THIS shire is of an irregular form, hill and dale, wood and water, is reapproaching in some measure to a para- markable. The views from the rising lellogram ; it measures nearly 20 miles grounds are very extensive, and the from east to weft, and about 12 from Porth affords unceasing variety; insouth to north. On the east it is bound- deed the scenery here is perhaps une. ed by Mid-Lothian, the river Almond qualled in the island. The land, in being the march ; on the north by the general, is not of the best quality ; in Frith of Forth ; on the west by Stirling- the high parts, a stiff shallow clay lies. shire, the small river Avon being the on till, but towards the sea it is pretmarch ; and on the south by the Thires ty rich. In this parish are some spots of Lanark and Peebles. This is one of virgin earth, or perpetual foil, as of the richest counties in Scotland; it is it is called, which are exceedingly fere finely diversified by hill and dale, by tile, producing good crops fucceffivegentle swells and fertile plains. The ly, without having ever been aided by number of gentlemens' seats, surround- manure. There are about 4500 acres in ed with woods and adorned with exten- the parish, 1700 of which are in tilLive plantations, give it a very pleasant lage, the rest are occupied in pasture, and rich appearance.

The country and with plantations. The best land between Queensferry. and Stirling,” rents from 30s. to 4os. per acre, the says Mr Pennant, “ is not to be para- whole amounts to about 50ool. Sterling lelled for the elegance and variety of its yearly. It contains only 907 persons. prospects. The whole is a composition Iron-stone is found on the shore, and va« of all that is great and beautiful : Towns, rious quarries of very excellept freevillages, seats, and ancient towers, de- stone; from one of these, great quantities corate each bank of that fine expanse of of grind-stones are made. There are alwater, the Frith of Forth ; while the so abundance of limestone. There were busy scenes of commerce and rural eco once alum works about a mile from nony are no small additions to the still Queensferry, on the beach, but they life. The lofty mountains of the High- have been discontinued for many years. lands form a distant but august bounda- Symptoms of coal are feen, but none Ty toward the north-west ; and the east- has been wrought. On the hill of Dunern view is enlivened with ships perpe. das, there is a bold front of basaltic tually appearing or vanishing, amid the rock, exhibiting in some places regular numerous illes.” The small streams of columns. At the bottom lies a marsh, Avon and Almond are the only waters where good shell marl has been found. worth noticing. The scarcity of rup. It is remarkable, that the family of ning water in this and the county of Dundas of Dundas have possessed their Edinburgh, is held out by fome as an lands in the male line for upwards of unsurmountable obstacle to the project- 700 years. This parish gave birth to De ed canal to the west.

Wilkie, the author of the Epigoniad. DALMENY. This parish lies 9 miles In his youth he cultivated a small farm, west from Edinburgh ; it is 4 miles and Struggled hard with penury. He

VOL. LVIII.

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was afterwards minister of Ratho, and of architecture in the island. The fitu. Jastly Professor of Natural Philosophy ation adds much to give that nobie apin the pariih of St Andrews, where he pearance; it has the advantage of a died the

age
of
52,

in the year 1773. fine lawn in front, while, at the same Barntougle castle, on the eastern angle time, it is so elevated as to command of the county, the seat of the Earl of the shipping in Leith Roads, and the Roseberry, is scarcely surpassed by any, whole Frith to North Berwick and the perhaps, in the island; variety of grounds, Bass, with the coast of Fife, beset with and variety of prospect, transport the de- its numberless towns and villages. To lighted observer, From various cir- the west, the variety of hill and dale, cumstances, the grounds here have been and the water expanded like a loch, overlooked, cr not attended to; but a form a very rich prospect, terminated in. finer or more complete retreat is not to deed only by Ben Lomond's cloud-capbe seen almost any where. The beau- ped top. The whole prospect, in short, tiful feat of Hope of Craigiehall, Dun- is truly grand and noble. The ruins das castle, and Daddingston, the resi- of once the residence of the Earls of dence of David Dundas, Esq; are all Linlithgow, are comprehended in Hopein this parish.

toga policy, and are worthy of the traQUEENSFERRY lies about 9 miles veller's notice. Below lies Blackoess north-west from the capital, and is much Caltle, situated on a neck of land which frequented as a passage to the north; the runs into the Frith. This, with the Frith here being only 2 miles broad, fortification on the island of Inchgarvy, where there is water at a much later seems to have been intended to comperiod of the tide than at Leith. The mand the passage along the Frith from parish is confined to the borough, which Leith to Stirling. This garrison of is a royal one, and was an erection with. Blackness, is one of the four in Scotin the parish of Dalmeny. The num- land agreed by the articles of Union to ber of inhabitants, is somewhat above be kept in repair. It has a governor, 500., Soap is the only manufacture lieutenant-governor, 2 gunners, i fercarried on. The town is frequented in jeant, 2 corporals, and 15 privates. fammer for bathing quarters. The en CARriden is a small parish about 2 virons are not surpaffed in beauty and miles long, and i broad, but populous, variety by any in Scotland, and never containing between 1400 and 1500 infail to strike a stranger very forcibly. habitants, owing to two extensive coal On the middle of the paffage stands the works. The ground is on the whole island of Inchgarvy, a bare rock with flat, but the soil is not very rich, rather an old ruin ; but on wirich. a battery tending too much to clay ; it is all abag lately been erected.

rable, and mostly inclosed. At Wal4. About 2 miles west from Queens- ton is the termination of Graham's Dyke. ferry, lies the parish of

Colonel James Gardener, who feil at ABER CORN. It is a small parish, but the unfortunate battle of Prestonpans in beautifully situated, being mosily all 1745, was a native of this parinha. comprehended in the extenfive policy ECCLESMACHEN, though in length of Hopetoun-house. The ground is, in nearly 4, does not exceed i pile in general, very rich and finely varied. breadth, containing about 220 inhaHere stands Hopetoun-house, the prince. bitants. The surface is fat and the у seat of the family of Hopetoun, which whole under crop, it is chiefly a rich never fails to astonish and delight the clayey loam. There is abundance of traveller, by its external grandeur, coal through the whole parish, but none its paintings, its delightful walks, and at present wrought. The north corner fine profpes. It is thought to be reaches to Bathgate hills, where forthe focond or third in point of elegance

merly

1

merly there were lead mines wrought, walls are standing*. The church is from which a considerable quantity of a noble piece of Gothic architecture; silver was extracted. Indeed they ap. the steeple, adorned with an imperial pear to have been so rich, as to be con- crown, adds much to the beauty of the sidered as really silver mines, a tun of distant prospect of the town: the time lead yielding about 17 ounces of silver. of erection is not ascertained. Opposite Bullion-well, near the church, is a weak to the town-house, which is a handsome fulphureous mineral.

building, stands the Cross-well, built BO-NESS. This parish extends in anno 1620, and from which issues about length along the Forth about 4 miles, a dozen streams of water fro'n a varieand about 2inland from north to fouth. ty of grotesque figures. The Loch It contains about 3200 inabitants. The which lies along the back of the cown surface rises from the sea, but declines is a beautiful sheet of water, well stored again to the banks of the river Avon ; with eels, perch, and pike. The parilla in general the soil is loam, having an may be, at an average, 6 miles long, over-proportion of clay. On the north. and 3 broad, containing about 7600 welt, however, the carse ground comes Scotch acres, producing of land-rent in, which is very rich and fertile. Coal 7ccol. Sterling per annum ; the number is a great article of exportation here. of inhabitants is 3220, of whom 2282 The town is a burgh of barony, of live in the town.

The surface is uoe. which the Duke of Hamilton is fu- ven, and to the south rifs to a consis perior ; as he is of almolt the whole of derable height. On the east is Binthe parish. There is an excellent har ny Craig, which, though not high, is bour here, and a good deal of trade. very conspicuous from the east. CockA pottery was begun about the year lerue, the highest rising ground on the 1784, and is daily extending; soap west, is about 500 feet above the level and salt works also do well here. À of the sea, On the whole, the parish prison, town-house, &c. was erected is well cultivated; the foil is various

S; some time ago at the west end of the but in general it is a light free soil. town, after the model of Inverary house, There is no coal wrought in the pabut is standing unfinished. The house rish, though it is more than probable and grounds of Kinnoul, an ancient seat that in many places minerals may be of the Dukes of Hamilton, are con- found. There is plenty of limestone of siderable ornaments to this quarter ; the an excellent quality. On the Binny country, on the whole, has a rich and estaté, there have lately been found fpethriving look here. A canal from the cimens of copper ore; and on the Bathharbour of Bo neís to Grangemouth was gate hills there was lead and silver for. begun in 1785, but stands unfinished for merly got, as noticed under the parish want of funds.

of Ecclefmachen. Linlithgow is also LINLITHGOW. The town is con- famous for being the place where the sidered as the sixth among the Scorch Solemin League and Covenant was burnt burghs, and gives its name to the coun. in 1622. li was here that the unforty; it is also the presbytery feat. It tupate Mary was born; and at Linlith-, lies 16 miles almost due weit from E. dinburgh. In general, the houses have

* Here was born on the 8th December

1542, the unfortunate Queen Mary. Her a mean aspect ; but the situation on the father James V. then dying at Falkland of a banks of the Loch, and surrounded broken heart for the miscarriage at Sulway with hilis, is warın and pleasant. The Moss, foretold the miferies that hurg over chief manufacture is leather ; fhoenak- her and Scotland. “ It came," laid hi, ing is also a great trade here. The palace Here, too, is thewn the ille where James IV:

“ with a lafs, and will be lost with one.' is a majestic ruin ;

it

was burnt by ac- saw the apparition that varned him of the cident ia 1745, but great part of the inpending fute of the battle of Mudun.

5 D 2

goi

acre.

tants.

gow bridge the famous battle between all probability the lead would be worth the Earls of Lennox and Arran was the working, from the quantity of silver fought during the minority of James V.* which it yields.

TORPHICHEN is situated about 17 UPHALL. This parish lies 12 miles miles west from Edinburgh, is about west from Edinburgh. The new road 9 miles long and 2.1. broad, containing by Bathgate to Glasgow passes through about 1070 inhabitants. The west it. There are 3922 acres in this på. half of this parish is moorish : the east rish, and 600 inhabitants. The soil is is pretty fertile, excepting the hilly in general a mouldering clay upon a til. part. The rept is from los. to 3os. ly bottom; but in the lower grounds per acre.

Cairn Naple is 1498 feet a. there is a good proportion of loam inbove the level of the sea. There is termixed ; it sets from gs. to 50s. per both coal and iron-stone here.

There is a coalliery in this paWHITBURN parish is 6 miles long, rish, two lime quarries, several seams of and, on an average, from two to three iron-stone, both stone and shell marl; albroad, containing about 1325 inhabi- fo fullers earth and red chalk, but both

The surface is uneven, towards are of a coarse kind. the west is a high ridge, of considerable West-Calder brings us back to extent, of moor ground. The soil in the county of Mid-Lothian, and should general has an over proportion of clay, properly have been placed in the acrenting from 7s. to 2os. per acre, pro- count of that district.

Its length is ducing, in whole, about 2oool. Sterling 10 miles, and breadth about 51. The per annum, There is both coal and soil is but indifferent ; the whole lies sime in this quarter.

on a tilly bottom, and is composed BATHGATE. This parish is 7 miles either of clay or a mofly earth. It lies long, from east to west, and two miles high, from 450 to 700 feet above the broad, containing 2310 inhabitants. level of the sea, and is cold and bleak. It is hilly towards the north east, bụt The inhabitants are about 970. Tho' in the other quarters it is flat. The there is no coal at present a-working, Bathgate hills are covered with grass, yet it is more than probable, that almost and afford good pasture; on the flat the whole parish "stands upon coal. ground the soil is in general a loamy There is abundance of limettone. At clay, capable of much improvement; Castle Craig may be traced, very difthe rent nowhere exceeds 20s. per tinctly, the remains of a Roman camp. There is a very fine lime rock

Mid-Calder is also in the county here, about 30 feet thick, and a large of Mid-Lothian. The parish is about field of iron-stone was lately wrought 7 miles in length and 3 in breadth : it at Barbacklaw, by the Carron Com- contains 1251 inhabitants. The foil pany. There are are also great coal- is, in general, light, and when properly works here. From varions fpecimens cropped makes good returns. The of ores found on the Bathgate hills, in town of Mid-Calder is pleasantly fitua

ted, and surrounded with beautiful sceRob Gib, of facetipus memory, was con- nery ; the river Almond runs a little pected with this parish. He acted as buffon to the north, and Calder wood, which is to James V.; and being allowed, on a par- of considerable extent, overlooks it., ticular occasion, to personate the sovereign, gave a pointed reproof to the courtiers, who The present rent of this parish is about urged their respective claims to royal favour, 25191. Sterling. There is coal, limethat he had always ferved his master for stone, and iron-stone in this parish, fark love and kindness. His Majesty, conferred besides plenty of free-stone. On the on him the property of West Canniber in this estate of Letham is a fulphureous spring, parish, which was enjoyed by his descendents even in the course of this century. The ori. much resembling the Harrogate waginal charter is still extant.

In Calder.house the seat of Tor.

phiches

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phichen is a portrait of the Reformer, country is agreeably varied by rising John Knox, hung in a hall where he grounds, and the soil is either a strong first dispensed the facrament of the clay or black mould, the whole being Lords Supper, after the Reformation. well cultivated, and yielding rich crops.

KIRKLISTON parish lies partly in It was in this parish that Lord Stair first Mid-Lothian and partly in the fire of introduced the culture of turnips and Linlithgow, the boundaries being mark- cabages in the open fields. There is here ed by the river Almond which divides a remarkable stone erected at a very difit. The parish is, like moit others, of tant period, measuring 41 feet above an irregular form, measuring in length the ground, and about us in circumabout 55 miles, the average breadth ference, having an inscription which being 35; the number of inhabitants is has not yet been decyphered by any upwards of 1500. The face of the antiquary. (To be continued.)

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REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

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Camilla : or a Picture of Youth. By the simplicity of undress, the superiority

the Author of Evelina and Cecilia. of Indiana was no longer wholly unrivalIn 5 vols. 12mo. 215. fewed. Payne. led, though the general voice was still

strongly in her favour. FROM the author of Evelina much

Indiana was a beauty of fo regular a was expected, but we are afraid Camilla caft, that her face had no feature, no will rather disappoint the generality of look to which criticism could point as readers. There is, in our opinion, nei. fusceptible of improvement, or on which ther character nor incident, to keep up admiration could dwell with more dethe attention through five long volumes, light than on the rest.

No statuary even with all Mrs D'Arblay's good sense could have modelled her form with more and nicety of discrimination; these in exquisite fymmetry; no painter have deed (whatever may be the general merit harmonised her complexion with greater of the book) are most happily displayed brilliancy of colouring. But here endin the character she has drawn of Camilla. ed the liberality of nature, which, in It is at once amiable and engaging, unit- not fullying this fair workmanihip by ing liveliness, sentibility, and understand- inclosing in it what was bad, contenteding, with the fofter graces; which last ly left it vacant of whatever was noble are, by the generality of novellifts, deem- and desirable. ed alone sufficient for their heroines, the

The beauty of Camilla, though neither former being confidered altogetherincom- perfect nor regular, had an influence fo patible with the character. The author peculiar on the beholder, it was hard to is by no means fo fortunate in the other catch its fault; and the cynic connoifpictures ihe draws; particularly in that of feur, who might persevere in seeking it, Sir Hugh Tyrold and Doctor Orkburne, would involuntarily surrender the ftrict where ihe makes the most disagreeable, rules of art to the predominance of its if not unnatural, combinations. We loveliness. Even judgement itself, the are sorry to see, in the former of these coolest and last betrayed of our faculties, characters, fo much benevolence united she took by surprise, though it was not with the groffest weakness and want till me was absent the seizure was detectof judgment; and in the latter, learning ed. Her disposition was ardent in fine and respectability with so many oddities. cerity, her mien untainted with evil. The

We present our readers with the fol- reigning and radical defect of her characlowing favourable specimen:

ter-an imagination that admitted of no controul-proved not any antidote a.

gainst her attractions; it caught, by its “The company, which was numerous, force and tire, the quick-kindling admiwas already seated at breakfast. Indiana ration of the lively; it possessed by mag. and Camilla, now first surveyed by day- netic persuasion, the witchery to create light, again attracted all eyes; but, in fympathy in the most serious.

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THE PUBLIC BREAKFAST.

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