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what she felt was an extravagance, could 5. The abuses in granting pardon to not withstand this invitation: The gave capital convicts. her half.guinea.

6. The system of hulks. Edgar, disappointed, retreated in fi 7. The want of proper penitentiary lence.

houses, for the employment and reformaThe money being collected, and the tion of convicts. games of the ramers taken down, infor In the first chapter, the author takes mation was given, that the prize was a general view of the caufes of the into be thrown for in three days time, at crease of crimes. As this subject is of one o'clock at noon, in the shop of a the greatest importance, we shall give bookseller at Northwick."

his sentiments at length: A Treatise on the Police of the Metropolis, fo multiplied and increased those various

“ In developing the causes which have explaining the various Crimes and offences and public wrongs which are at Misdemeanours which at present are felt as a preffure upon the Communi- present felt to press so hard upon focie. ty; and fuggesting Remedies for their ty, it may be truly affirmed in the first prevention. By a Magistrate. 8vo. 6s.

instance, much is to be imputed to deboards. Dilly.

ficient and inapplicable Laws, and to ail

ill-regulated Police. THE depredations committed in and “ Crimes of every description have about the metropolis amount, according their origin in the vicious and immoral to this active and intelligent magistrate, habits of the people ;-in the want of atto the incredible sum of 2,000,000l. an- tention to the education of the inferior nually; which he arranges under the fol- orders of society ;-and in the deficiency lowing heads :

of the system, which has been eftablished 1. Small thefts

L. 710,000 for guarding the morals of this useful 2. Thefts upon the rivers and

class of the community. quays

500,000 “ Innumerable temptations occur in - 3. Thefts in the dock yards and

a great capital where crimes are reforta on the Thames

300,000 cd to, in order to supply imaginary 4. Burglaries, highway robbe

wants and improper gratifications, which ries, &c.

220,000 are not known in leffer societies; and 5. Coining base money 200,000 against which the laws have provided 6. Forging bills, swindling, &c. 70,000 few applicable remedies in the way of

prevention. Total estimate, L. 2,000,000 “ The improvident, and even the lux. The introduction to this truly impor- urious modes of living, which prevails tant work contains some very sensible too generally among various claffes of observations on the imperfection of our the lower ranks of the people in the mecriminal laws. The author afcribes the tropolis, leads to much misery and to infecurity which the public experiences many crimes. with regard to life and property, and the “ Accustomed from their earliest in inefficacy of the Police in preventing fancy to indulge themselves in eating crimes, to the following causes:

many articles of expensive food in its feaa 1. The imperfections in our criminal fon*, and poffefling little or no knowcode; and, in many instances, its defi, ledge of that kind of frugality and care ciency with regard to regulations and which enables well-regulated families to provilions applicable to the present state make every thing go as far as poflible, of society.

by a diversified mode of cookery and 2. The want of a properly digeftec good management:-Affailed also by the and energetic system of Police, and of numerous temptations held out by frauan adequate fund for giving effect to the dulent lotteries, and places of public re. exertions of magistrates in detecting criminals, and for rewarding officers of * The chief consumption of oysters, crabs, justice, and others, for useful services.

lobsters, pickled salmon, &c. when first in 3. The want of a public prosecutor season, and when prices are high, is by the for the crown, to event frauds in the lowest classes of the people. The middle ranks, administration of criminal justice. and those immediately under them, abftaia

4. The unnecessary feverity and fan- generally from such indulgencies until the guinary nature of punishments.

prices are moderate.


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fort and amusement; and, above all, by comfortably in their own dwellings;the habit of fpending a great deal of va- destroying their health ;-wafting their luable time, as well as money, unnecessa. time, and rearing up their children to be rily in public-houses; and often allured prostitutes and thieves before they know by low gaming, to squander more than that it is a crime." they can afford, there is scarce an in. Sermons, by George Hill, D.D. F. R. S. Ed. stance of accommodating the income to the expenditure, even in the best of

Principal of St Mary's College in the times, with a considerable body of the

University of St Andrews, one of the

Ministers of that City, and one of his Ma. lowett orders of the people inhabiting,

jesty's Chaplins in Ordinary for Scotland. the capital: and hence a melancholy

6s. boards. Bell and Bradfute. conclulion is drawn, warranted by a geo nerally assumed fact, “ that above twen

WE hall barely mention the contents of

this ty thousand individuals rise every morn

very eloquent volume. ing in this great metropolis, without The first discourse, preached on the Doc. knowing how, or by what means, they tor's admission as minister of St Andrew's are to be fupported during the passing is a caution against a fondness for novelty

, day, or where they are to lodge on the and an exhortation to be satisfied with bé succeeding night.

ing put in remembrance of things already Poverty is no where to be found known, and “ established in the present cloathed, in fo great a degree, with the truth.” The fecond sermon is a general ilgarb and emblems of the extremeft mi. lustration of the distinct characets of vis

tue expressed in the text, Whatsoever things sery and wretchedness, as in London. Develope the history of any given

are true, bonefl, &c. The means employed number of these miserable fellow-mor- by Providence for supporting a regard to tals, and their distresses will be found, virtuous condua to secure a competent share

virtue in the world ; and the tendency of almoft in every instance, to have been of earthly blessings, are well represented in occasioned by extravagance, idleness, the third and fourth fermons. The fifib, which profligacy, and crimes : -and that their is divided into two parts, is an interesting chief support is by thieving in a little exhibition of the character of Daniel, undir way

the two distinguishing features of wisdom « Allured and deceived by the facili- and piety. In the fixtb fernion, on religious ties which the pawnbrokers and the old- resignation, the considerations, which religion iron shops hold out, in enabling the la- offers to support the mind under the pressure bouring people, when they marry, and of affliction, are pathetically displayed. In the first enter upon life in the metropolis, feventh, a contrast is drawn betweet the to raise money upon whatever can be characters of John the Baptist and Jesus offered as a pledge, or for sale ; the first Christ, and instructive leffons are hence deftep with too many, is generally to dif- duced concerning the manner, in which our pofe of wearing apparel and houshold intercourse with the world may be best rengoods, which is frequently done upon dered beneficial to ourselves and others. the least pressure, rather than forego the Prophecies in the Old Testament relative to usual gratification of a good dinner or a the Messiah, and his character as an instruc hot fupper.-Embarrastiments are speedi. tur, pattern, and Redeemer, are the subjects ly the confequence of this line of con

of the eigbth discourse, which is written in an duct, which is too often followed up by animated strain of oratory. The fame subidleness and inactivity. The ale-house j¢& is pursued, in the same eloquent manner, is resorted to as a desperate remedy, through the nintb fermon, divided into two where the idle and the diffclute will al parts. The tenth sermon is an interesting ilways find associates, who being unwil.

lustration and improvement of the history of ing to labour, resort to crimes for the future state, as ariling from the removal of

Stephen's martyrdom. The happiness of the purpose of supplying an unnecessary ex- all occasions of distress, is in the eleventh fertravagance.

nou popularly described. « It is truly melancholy to reflect up- which is what, in the service of the Church of

In the twelfib, on the abject condition of that nume- Scotland, is called a lecture, or commentary rous class of profligate parents, who, on a considerable portion of Scripture with »vith their children, are constantly to be refledions, Dr H. explains and applies that found in the tap-rooms of public houses, part of the sermon on the mount, which fpending, in two days, as much of their condemns oftentation in almfgiving and learnings as would support them a week prayer. The thirteenth, which was preachet


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before the Managers of the Orphan Hospital sumption, which I have before stated, is the in Edinburgh, unfolds the means, which great increase of horses ; and this will plainProvidence employs, for rearing and educat- ly appear, when it is considered what great ing the young of the human species : the numbers are kept now to what there were fermon concludes with an animated recom- fifry years ago, for post chaises and machines; mendation of the charity. The fourteenth is by persons whose property is in the public a well studied, and well written discourse, funds ; by opulent tradesmen and manufacpreached at the opening of the General Af. turers, both for riding and carriages ; toge-sembly in 1990 : the fubject is, the prospect ther with those necessary for carrying on the of the universal prevalence of Chriflianity: increased trade and manufactures of this kingand the objection against the probability of dom ; those used by higglers and errand carts, this event, arising from it's present partial for some miles round London ; and others in extension, is ingeniously examined and refu. hackney coaches in London, Bristol, Brited.

mingham, and Plymouth.

“ To this might be added the number Tboughts on the Cause of the High Price of Pro- exported (about 2000 annually), and the visions, and bow the evil may be removed. In

mares and colts necessary to be kept, in ora Letter to Sir John Sinclair, Bart. Chair- der to afford a constant supply for these resman of the Board of Agriculture. By a pedive purposes, must be immense. Farmer's son.

Dilly, &c.

“ In order to show the amazing consumpAS the subject matter of this pamphlet is tion which is caused by horses, I will only of national importance, we give the follow. fate one infance, and that is in respect to ing interesting quotation, containing some of the number of persons who might be supthe causes mentioned by this intelligent wri- ported from what is expended on those horses

working in the mail coaches. “ In order to support my opinion of there “ From the best information I have been being an increase of population, I would in able to obtain, the number of these horses the first place observe, that there is now a must be near two thousand; and as they prodigious number of persons more employ- cannot be kept for less than twelve shillings ed in every department and iituation through. per week each, the consumption of one borse out the kingdom than there were fifty years would support a labouring man, his wife, since : now taking the aggregate of this im- and four children ; so that the sum expended mense number of persons (which must have on 2000 horses would be sufficient to keep been drawn from husbandry, supposing there 12,000 persons : or, fuppose one horse will had been no increase of population) in one consumie the produce of four acres of land, point of view, independent of those employ- then it would require 8000 acres of land to ed in agriculture, which, on account of the support the faid number of horses. If then great improvements made of it in late years, the loss sunained hy the public, by only fo requires niore hands to carry it on than here- fmall a part of the horses thus kept, is so tofore, and conlidering there is now a suffi. great, what must it be when all the horses cient number to do the business, there can. above described are taken into consideration ?" not be a doubt but this country has increased His proposed means of remedying the evil in population beyond description.

are numerous; such as inclofing open lands “ And it is not only the great ic crease of po- draining wet lands-membanking land from pulation which has been the means of enlarg- the fea-improving moory heaths-and cu! ing our consumption ; but that a great num- tivating Nova Scotia! lessening the use of ber of people of late years have been called horses, and increasing that of black and neat from a low estate, where the most common cattle, in hufbandry; and, above all, to make food was their constant support, to a situa- use of Kennedy's Drill and Moore's Plow. tion which affords theni a full supply of meat. The consumptions of such persons requires more land to supply them with food than

NEW PUBLICATIONS. when they lived chiefly upon bread, potatoes and pulse ; and indeed whatever contri Ejays, Tales, and Poems. By T. S, Norbutes to occupy a larger portion of land to any gate. Svo. 45. Boards. Rivingtons. other purpose than merely the necessaries of The History of the County of Cumberland, and life, such as corn, consumed by the distillers, some places adjacent, from the earliest ac, for making of frarch and hair-powder, and counts to the present time ; comprehending the increased quantity of corn and hops made the local history of the county ; its antiqui> use of ly brewers, equally tend to lesser the ties, the origin, genealogy, and present fute means of supply as an enlarged number of of the principai families, with biographical inhabitants and horses.

notes; its mines, minerals and plants, with " The other principal cause of our great con- other Curiofities, either of nature or of art,



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