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Dreadful alternative! for in a short The difference in the temperature of time, from the numbers below, and beat the atmosphere on the 26th of Deceming deprived of all air, many became de- ber, 1794, and the 26th of December, lirious, and so frantic, as to rob and maim 1795, is remarkable. On that day, 1794, each other. But here the tale of disa, the Thermometer was 10 degrees above tress does not stop, which humanity nullo by Feirnbeit's scale. On the fame Hudders to relate --On opening the day, 1795, the Themometer was at 41 hatches next morning, after the gale had degrees--fame scale. subsided, 52 miserable disfigured victims It is matter of regret that this counto fuffocation and rage presented them try. still suffers the reproach of being selves to the unhappy suffering survivors. guilty of the barbarous custom of plun

Those who read this catastrophe, and dering those vessels which have the mit bear in remembrance the fate of the un fortune of being wrecked on its coasts. fortunate prisoners in the hole at Cal. Lately the Hercules of New York, a cutta, may find some parallel in the ex- large vefsel of 500 tons burden, was cess of human wretchedness. This, cha, wrecked on the Cornwall coait, when rity induces us to believe, arose from in- the countrymen instantly flocked down discretion and ignorance alone. The to seize their prey. It required the utmaster of the vefiel has made an affidavit most vigilance of the magistrates and of the fact, before the collector and military to prevent these disgraceful decomptroller of the customs, at Cowes. predations. The ihip, by the dashing

The Duke of Portland has transmitted of the waves, parted in two, when the copies of the agreement entered into by tinners got ou board, and with their both Houses of Parliament, for reducing axes and hammers, began ripping her the consumption of whcat, to ail Sheriffs, to pieces, exposing their lives, for the Magiftrates, &c. throughout the king- sake of a bolt or a nail, to the moft im. dom, requesting them to take the most minent danger. active means for giving effect to the fame. %. The tower guns were fired. The

6. Dispatches were received at the In- event thus announced, was that of the dia House, brought by the Lascelles from birth of a Princess, (at twenty minutes Bengal, arrived at Milford, which an- past nine in the morning) the first fruit of nounce the very important intelligence of the marriage of their Royal Highnesses the capture of Trincomale, the principal the Prince and Princess of Wales. It port in the Dutch island of Ceylon, the ftands upon record, that this happy richest and fineft in the Eastern world, union took place on the eighth of April by the Suffolk and Centurion men of 1795, as it does that the birth was ther. war, allifted by the Royal Admiral and seventh of January 1796. During the and Lascelles Indiamen, on the 16th of temporary indiipofition of his anriable of September laft. For particulars, of confort, the Prince discovered an anxthis important news, vide Lond Gaz, iety of mind on the occasion, which did

The emigrants lately shipwrecked on great honour to his feelings. He was in y the French coaft, near Calais are not to constant attendance at the Palace. fuffer death, but the tribunal by which Messengers were dispatched with the they were tried has not decided whe- news to Brunswick, and the foreign ther they fall be kept in prison in Courts. France, or shall be permitted to tal 15. In a court of cominon council, 1 their departure for this country. The conveened by the Lord Mayor, he in-, tribunal las referred the decision on this formed them, it was for the purpose of point to the French government. presenting an address to the throne on

In confequence of a dispute which the Princess of Wales, and the birth of, took place the 2d init. at the opera, be- a Princess, which was agreed to unani.. tween Major Sweetman of the indepen- mously,

His Majesty's Commissioners for the regiment, thefe gentlemen, attended by affairs of India, have refused to adopt) their seconds, met 'near Cobham, when the resolution of the Court of Directors, the former gentleman was fhot through and Court of Proprietors, for refunding the head, and almost instantly expired: to Mr Hastings the law expences on his the latter gentleman received a wound impeachment. through the upper part of the thigh, 18. Her Majesty's birth-day was obrni but is now thought out of darger.

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ferved as usual. There was a drawing near 20,000l. About 20 years since the
room at Court, which, from a variety of mills on the same spot were destroyed
caufes, was neither sq numerous or bril. by a similar accident.
liant as on former occasions. It begun Mr Fox's birth day was, this season,
at a quarter past two o'clock, and was doubly celebrated by two dinners, one
over foon after five.',

at the Crown and Anchor, the other at

the London Tavern.“At the former Mr His Majesly-As usual on her Majel- Erskine, at the latter his Grace the Duke ty's birth-day, was very elegantly dref- of Bedford presided. Toasts and sed. His coat was a dark bottle green speeches, fuited to the occasion, exhilibroad cloth, lined with pale blue fattin, rated the hearts of the company; aand very richly embroidered in gold. mong whom, at the former place, were The waistcoat of blue fattin, neatly co- Melli's Thelwall and Jones ! Mr Erskine vered with a beautiful gold embroidery was supported by Mr Grey; and the

The petticoats were mostly of em- Duke of Bedford by the Earls of Laubroidered crapes with velvet trains. The derdale and Derby.-Mr Fox, on Sunmoft fashionable colour was maroon and day, entered into thi$ 48th year of his black. Tippets were generally worn, age. trimmed with fine blond, and foine with silver,

EDINBURGH. The caps were in the turban fashion, with a profufion of high ostrich feathers, On the 27th December laft, about and gold ornaments. Many Ladies wore five minutes before ten o'clock, there embroidered bandeaus, and branches of was observed in the neighbourhood of leaves intermixed with silver. The hair Edinburgh, a most beautiful prismatic · was dreffed rather high, turning up arch or rainbow of considerable extent, quite close behind, and the ends falling in the north-west quarter of the horridown the neck in curls. The waists. 'zon, dire&ly opposite to the moon, then were so short, that the Ladies had hard two days past full, and thinning very ly room to move their arms.

dazzingly from the south-east, through Pearl ear-rings and necklaces were cold formy flying clouds or showers. worn, as usual, mixed with matled gold The thermometer stood about 39 deg, in various forms; but coral and corne- and the barometer, which had been fallian ear-rings and necklaces were the ling rapidly, about 293 inches. moft in fashion, in the form of acorns, Jan. 1. This day the Royal Edinburgh and bad a very pretty appearance. Volunteers attended divine fervice in St.

The Court fashion was very little al. Andrew's Church, and heard an exceltered in the waift or head.

lent discourse delivered by the Rev. Mr 24. This morning, at a quarter before David Ritchie, their Deputy Chaplain, nine, the powder mills belonging to Mr from Psalms cxxvii. 1. Hill, at Hanmer, å mile and a half from tion was numerous and genteel, several Hounsow, and twelve from town, were persons of the first distinction being preblown up, owing, it is said, to the severe fent. The collection, which is to be apfriâion occasioned by the iron-works plied for the relief of the poor, amountnot being properly oiled. The Names ed to L. 85, 28. communicated to a lighter in the mill ri. The Glasgow bill of mortality for laft var, containing thirty barrels of powder, year exhibits two instances of longevity which also went off with a moft tremen- unexampled in the kingdom. The duous shock. The concussions were dif deaths of two persons, one hundred and tinctly felt throughout the whole of four years of age cach. Weltminster and St George's Fields, the It is remarkable that no Scots Peer force of which actually fhook many per- nor no member of parliament from Scotfons in their beds, and staggered others land died last year, which altogether a-li who were walking in the streets. mount to 130 persons.

12 2011 The number of lives loft on this

The following affray hap

happened at Arais dreadful occalon is not yet correctly magh on the 22d ult, gruida 3. 19 gol, 311 ascertained; but four men are known to • As three men belonging to Richats have perished. The lofs of property fuf- Hill, were going home to Armagh, in tained by this explofion is estimated at pafling by a notorious defender's houfe,

they

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they were fired upon, and one of them fuite followed in carriages provided for wounded in the arm. Twenty men of the that purpose, and were conducted from 2d bat. of the Rothtay and Caithness fen-li the outer gate of the palace, by the comcibles were ordered to proceed to take mander in chief, to their apartments. them prisoners. Upon their coming to Charles Philip Count d'Artois was born the house, Ensign Laing called for admit- . O&.9.1757, married 2773 to Maria Thetance, which was refused; they answer- resa, daughter of the King of Sardinia, ed him that they would not surrender by whom he has two fons. The Duc to him that they were Defenders, and d'Angoulesme, his eldest son, born 1775, as such they would die. On saying is to accompany his Royal Highness to which, they fired through holes they this city. had in the door. The balls went through Next day his Royal highness L'Comte Mr Laing's great-coat, and the ferjearit's D'Artois haci a levee at his apartments trouse. The party immediately fired at in Hollyroodhouse, at which his Grace the door, &c. and those in the house the Duke of Buccleugh, Lord Dalkeith, continued the fire, which wounded some Lord Adam Gordon, and all the officers of the Rich-Hill people, who followed of the Hopetoun fencibles, and of the the soldiers. After firing several rounds Staff in North Britain, attended, and to no effect, the fencibles forced open were presented; as also the Sheriff-dethe door, killed five, and took ten pri- pute of Mid-Lothian, and several other foners with them to Rich-Hill, among gentlemen. His Royal Highness, it is whom was the chief of the party, who understood, means to fee company every had his thigh broke by a ball. They after. Monday and Thursday. wards brought the fe prisoners' into Ar- 11. This day his Royal Highness the magh jail, affifted by twenty dragoons. Courte D'Artois held a levee at the AbTwo of the fencibles

are

Nightly wound. bey, at which the Lord Prefident, the ed by cutlaffes.

Lord Advocate, the Lord Provost and On the 5th inst. bis Majesty's justices Magistrates, and several civil and militaof the peace for thecounty of Edin- ry gentlemen attended, and were preburgh, convicted two persons, found sented to his Royal Highness. After the within their jurisdiion, of the offence levee ended, his Royal Highness, accomof distilling spirits contrary to the pro- panied by his fuite, by Lord Adain Gorhibition, forfeited their itills utenfils, don, the Lord Advocate, and Sir James and materials, and fined each of them Stirling, visted the suite of royal apartin the sum of one hundred pounds. ments in the palace, which, we under

6. This afternoon, about two o'clock, stand, are ordered to be fitted up, and his Royal Highness Monsieur, Compte furnished with all expedition for the red'Artois, &c. landed at Leith, from onception of his Royal Higliness and his board his Majefty's frigate Jafon, c. fon the Duke of Angouletme, who is . Stirling commander. On the frigate's expected here foon from England. coming to anchor in the roads, his Royal 12. This day caine on the election of Highness was faluted with twenty-one the Dean of the Faculty of Advocates. guns from Leith battery, and with the The candidates were, the Right Hon. like number on his landing at Leith, Robert Dundas of Arniston, his Majes. where he was received from the boat by ty's Advocate for Scotland, and the Hon. Lord Adam Gordon and a part of his Henry Erskine of Newhall, the former fuite, and conducted in his Lordship’s Dean; when the Lord Advocate was carriage to an apartment in his Majesty's elected by a majority of 85, there hav. palace of Holyroodhouse, fitted in hafte, ing voted for his Lordship 123, and for for his reception, and as he entered the Mr Erskine 38. : palace his Royal Highness was faluted 12. This morning about five o'clock, with twenty-one guns from Edinburgh a dreadful fire broke out in the Mop of Castle. The Windsor forellers, and Mr Bowman, goldsmith, in the ParliaHopetoun fencibles, were in readiness to ment Close Edinburgh. It had got to a line his approach to the palace; but his great height before it was discovered, Royal Higliness chusing to land in a pri- and trom the situation of it was particuvate manner, and with as little ceremony larly alarming. In the same tenement is as posible, that was difpenfed with the Goldsmiths-Hall, the Affay Office, The noblemen in his Royal Highness's and some shops. It has a narrow lane

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on one side, which separates it from The storm on Saturday, the 23d, was
St Giles' and the adjoining churches, the uncommonly severe on the west coast,
Parliament House, the Advocates Library, accompanied with very high tides. At
and the Council Chamber, are immediate - Greenock it was accompanied with a
ly adjoining. The wind was pretty high. great deal of thunder and lightning ;
Upon the tirft alarm, the magiftrates, the none of the shipping, however, we are
Edinburgh Volunteers, the city guard, happy to say, suffered any damage. For
together with the firemen and engines two days previous, the tides were re-
immediately attended'; but the fire had markably high, but on the 25th there
got to such a height, that it was in vain was one of the highest ever remember-
to think of saving the building in which ed; all the queys and breasts were co-
it began. Their attention was there- yered completely, and the dry-dock was
fore directed to preserve the valuable filled by the overflow of the waters.--
adjoining buildings, which, by the most This storm appears to have been more
vigorous and judicious exertions, was general, and to have extended its devas-
happily effected, though at one time the tations over a greater space, than any
fames bad reached the windows of one we have for a long time experienced.
of the churches. The whole tenement, Accounts from all parts of the coait
conffting of the Goldsmiths Hall, with mention its severity. Even in London,
their records, papers, &c. the Affay of many houses were unroofed by it.
tice, the tops of Mr Bowman, Mr Dow- The number of vefsels arrived at the
nie, &c. 'were totally consumed, with e: port of Leith, last year, is 1904, being
very thing they contained. The loss is an increase of 33 above the preceding
very confiderable. ' The greatest praise is year.
due to the gentlemen, the soldiers, the 28. A felect party of the admirers of
firemen, &c. for their spirited exertions, the principles and conduct of the Right
by which one of the most alarming fires Hon. Charles James Fox, dined together
that has happened in Edinburgh for ma- at Fortune's tavern, in commemoration
ny years was extinguished in less than of the birth of that illustrious statesman.
two hours.

John Francis Erskine of Marr, in the ij. The officers of the Royal Edin- chair, during the absence of the chair-' burgh Volunteers, this day waited upon man--the hon. Henry Erskine, who was his Royal Highness Compte D'Artois. detained professionally in the court of

21. This day his Royal Highness the Exchequer, and did not join the comDuke D'Angoulesme, eldest son to Mon- pany til a late hour in the evening.-fieur, arrived at the Abbey of Holyrood- Major General Macleod of Macleod, houle:

M. P. croupier. 23. The Theatre Royal opened for Caleb Bannes Harman, Efq; brother this season. The weather was very boi- to Lord Oxmantown, member of the ferous, nevertheless a numerous and fa- Irish Parliament for the county of Dnovable audience attended. The cha- Longford, died on the 7th inft. in conracters were tolerably supported. The sequence of the wounds he received the Hon. Mrs Twifleton, in the part of Ga- preceding night, from a party of defendlifta, gave general fatisfaction.

ers. Between eight and nine o'clock on The wind begun this afternoon, Saturday night a number of the defensłabout four o'clock, to blow hard from ers entered Mr Harman's house at Bawn, the S. W. and continued with increasing in the county of Longford, by the kitviolence till about eight o'clock, when chen door, which unfortunately lay it blew a perfect hurricane, nor did it open, and proceeding up the backabate much during the whole night. It stairs, rushed into the parlour where Mr was exceedingly dangerous to walk the and Mrs Harman were sitting. On their frett, by the falling offiates, stones, &c. appearance, Mr Harman attempted to from the house tops. Several coaches take up a gun which lay in a corner of and Hackney chairs were overturned and the room, but in the attempt was fired much damaged ; but we have not heard on by one of the ruffians, and mortally of any person being materially injured. wounded; he also reccived a firoke on Last night and this morning ibe wind the head with the end of a pistol. was nearly as violent as on the preced- The following is the general view of ing night, accompanied with several vi. the extent of the island of Great Britain, við fathes of lightoing

and the proportion between the waite VOL. LVIII.

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ane

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and uninclosed, and the cultivated part ductive in all parts. Neither beans nor thereof, as ftated by Sir John Sinclair, pease, however, rise fo abundantly, nor Bart.

so hard and dry as could be wished. Acres.

The turnip counties complain much of Unculuivated. Cultivated. Total Extent. their feed running already to feed, from England

the mildness of the winter; a loss which and Wales 7,888,777 39,027,156 46,915,933 will be severely felt in Smithfield, before Scotland 14,218,224 12,151,471 26,369,695 Ladyday. 22,107,001 51,178,627 73,285,628

LISTS. The weather has been uncom^only

MARRIAGES. mild during the whole of this month, tho' windy; the ther. standing, in general, a

At Great Yldam, Essex, Mr Ward, aged bove 40°; it has been, however, showery. 66, to Miss Gatward, aged 18. The city has been well supplied with

George Buchannan of Auchintorlie, Efq; coals; the openness of the weather, and

to Mrs Jean Houston, widow of Major James the great abundance of herrings still in Campbell

, of the Royals. the Firth, have rendered the fituation of

29. Wm Twedell, Esq. to Miss Ann Cra. the labouring people and the poor more

dock, second daughter of Sheldon Cradock, comfortable than usual at this season.

Efq; Best beef and mutton 4 d. and 5d.; veal lourie, Efq; to Miss Jane Stewart, second

Jan. 1. At Binny, David Falconar of Car8d.; fish of all kinds usually to be had daughter of the late Robert Stewart of Bin-, here in abundance; herrings 10 and 12 a-penny: they are so plenty in the Firth,

4. At Maybole, Robert Thomson, Esq; that one morning, on the ebbing of the late of Jamaica, to Miss Jane Kennedy, daughtide in the neighbourhood of Kincar- ter of the late Robert Kennedy, Efq; of Dalo dine, upwards of L. 300 Sterling worth jarrock. were caught with creels and baskets.

5. George Rose, Esq; M. P. for SouthThe report for England states, that ampton, to Miss Duncombe, of Yorkshire, from the bulk now threshed out, of the with L. 150,000 fortune. last crop of wheat, in the districts, it has 7. Capt. Milliken Craig, of the Queen been too clearly ascertained, that, it is East Indiaman, to Miss Janet Munro, of Nideficient in measure nearly one-fourth, cholas Lane. and in weight also from 8 to io and even At Kilmarnock, Mr Robert Boyd, 12lb. per fack: Hence the increase of from the island of Jamaica, to Miss Jean Pa. price at the season usually affording the terfon, daughter of the late Bailie Robert Pa. most plentiful supplies. The recipe for

terfon. inixing potatoes with wheaten flour, is 8. At London, Major Charles Pye, of the exploded as fallacious in its principle, 3d regt. of dragoons, to ·Miss Mary Colt, and contributing little or nothing to the daughter of the late Oliver Colt, Éfq; of general increase of bread-food. Barley

Auldhame. fiour, indeed, has been mixed with

11. Mr Andrew Thomson, grocer, Glaswheaten, and with fo much fuccess, in gow, to Miss Margaret Lockhart, daughter. many parts, that this composition will, of the late Mr George Lockhart, writer. nb doubt, be substituted as the general Terrot of Berwick, daughter of the late Capt.

12. John Wilkie, Esq; of Hetton, to Miss bread of the island for fome time to

Terrot of the invalids The young plants of wheat, upon lands in their fair regular course of

At Lancaster, John Alexander Hun-.

ter, Esq; of York, to Miss Henrietta Saul, hufhandry, and well got in, have, in daughter and co-heiress of the late Thomas general, a promising appearance; but Saul, Efq; of Lancaster. where negligently covered, they are in

18. At Mylnefield, Æneas Mackay of jured by the slug and worin, whose de- Scotstown, Esq; to Miss Helen Mylne, daughpredations the long continuance of the

ter of Thomas Mylne, Efq; of Mylnefield. inoift feason has too much favoured.

19. At Charlton, Kent, Captain Joseph The last year's wheat, and other etches, M'Lean, of 'the Royal Artillery, Aid-dure-lown this, under the sanction of the Camp to the Marquis Towshend, to Miss Board of Agriculture, look unpromising- Charlotte Congreve, youngest daughter of ly, as might naturally be expected from Colonel Congreve, of the same regiment. fo injudicious a mode of culture. The 20. At Ensham, Licut. Col. Monro, of the oats and barleys are found highly pro

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