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HOUSE OF COMMONS. attend for the purpose of receiving his Sept. 27.
After the return of the members Majesty's approbation of the Speaker. from the Upper House, Lord F. Campbell The motion was agreed to, and the rose to move the appointment of a Spcak- House accordingly adjourned.
The Commons, he began by saying, Oct. 6. After the King's speech was were now met to chufe a proper person read in the usual way, Lord Morpeth to fill the high office of Speaker of the rose to move the Address. His Lord. House; and this duty they had to dif- fhip began by congratulating the House charge at a time when the being of Great and the country on the sentiments con. Britain, perhaps the quiet of Europe, tained in the speech, which had just. depended upon their deliberations. He been read, and anticipated the unani-> looked around him, and saw men of emi. mity which he conceived it could not nent abilities, of diftinguished talents, fail to produce. To gentlemen who of talents certainly as great, probably had uniformly opposed the war, who greater than any that had ever adorned had contended that it was a war of ager any nation ; fo fituated, there could not gression on our part, and who had re. be wanting persons fit to fill the chair of peatedly brought forward motions for the House with advantage to the country, the re-establishment of peace, these fenand with honour to themselves. But timents must be peculiarly gratifying. happily, in this hour of difficulty, there Gentlemen who have refifted those mo: was no occasion to have recourse to con- tions, because they did not conceive ·jecture; experience was a safe, an un. the government of France sufficiently erring guide, and, fortunately for the stable and pacific, must also rejoice to nation, a gentleman had been returned learn that the government of France is who had mewn himself to be capable of disposed to treat for the re-establishthe high office. After a warm panegy- ment of peace; and that a passport for ric on the late Speaker's abilities, he carrying that desirable object into effect .concluded by moving, “ That the Right has been received from the Executive Hon. Henry Addington be called to the Directory. chair of the House of Commons."
Sir W. Lowther seconded the motion. Mr Powys asserted, that he had never Mr Fox rose to explain his reasons for on any occasion risen with such fatisfac- not giving a filent vote for the address. tion as he did now, to second the motion The striking and prominent feature of of the Noble Lord.
the speech is, that “ his Majesty has General Tarleton professed his entire been advised to set on foot a negociation acquiescence in all the sentiments which for restoring peace and general tranhad been expressed by the noble Lord quillity to Europe.” This was precifely who propofed the motion, and almoft what he had repeatedly proposed in the in every thing that had been said by the course of the war, and it was not to be hon. gentleman who feconded it. He was supposed that he would now withhold happy also to add another point which his most cordial support; but it was had not been mentioned, and which to impoffible not to regret that the mea. him was not the smallest of his recom- sure had not been adopted before mile mendations : His impartial attention to lions of valuable lives had been loits and that side of the Houfe on which he had before millions of money had been squanthe honour to fit; a circumstance which dered for the attainment of an object, was their best defence against the pride which to him had always appeared ima of office, and of infolent inajorities. practicable. For his part he thould be
Mr Addington made a very handsome the last person to say any thing with reand elegant reply, after which he was spect to the particular time of applying; conducted to the Chair by Lord F. for all times appeared to him wife and Campbell and Mr Powys.
falutary, and the last to retort the ani. Mr Dundas congratulated the House madversion on his conduct, when he and the country, upon the choice which brought forward a similar propofition. they had just made. Upon that choice, It was, in his opinion, always laudable he would not hurt the feelings of the and dignified to make the first overtures; right hon. gentleman by dwelling more and those who maintained the doctrine at large, but he knew that it would be of the last Parliament, that'" to open received with univerfal approbation. a negociation is suing for peace," would He moved that the House should adjourn be recommending a perpetual perseve, till to-morrow, and that it should then rance in war, and depriving mankind
for ever of the enjoyment of tranquil- had mentioned the Executive Directory lity. The speech contained one expref- this was treating the government of fion, which, he said, he must consider France with appropriate respect and cidifferently from his Majesty's minifters. vility: It would have been no degrada
I have used every endeavour to set on tion if his Majesty's ministers had set foot, &c.” He understood " I have him the example. He should have exlately, &c.” for during this unfortunate pected that his Majesty would have menconfict, no such endeavour had been tioned to whom, or to what country he manifefted by his Majesty's minifters. made the application. If he had been The omission of the opprobrious ex- consulted, he should have recommend, presions which had been applied to the ed “ To the Executive Directory of I'rench nation at the outset of the war the French Republic.” [This produ. had, he thought, been very properly ced a smile from the Treasury Bench.) omitted, as their infertion might have Mr Fox asked the gentlemen, whether provoked diffention, and checked the the Directory was so obfcure in the progress of negociation. The state of world, or was the superscription omitche revenue, of commerce, and manu- ted through inadvertency ? Great advan. factures, he touched upon very slightly, tages resulted from such a recogoition as the House would have opportunities during the American war, and the omifhereafter of discussion on these topics. fion might hurt the pride of persons in The right hon. gentleman now ani- particular situations, and embarrass the madverted upon the expression, " the operations of negotiation. It was not endeavours of some persons to introduce his intention to propose any alteration, anarchy have been repressed by the wif- for he was aware, that whether the omifdom and energy of the laws." He had fion was the effect of accident or design, never been convinced that any state pro- his amendment would not be readily afecution had been worthy of the atten- dopted, and chiefly because he wished tion of his Majesty or of that House, and to give full effect to the negociation, he knew not a fingle instance where the With respect to Spain he could say noexercise of the law had suppressed any thing.-He cautioned minifters, howeserious designs “ to introduce anarchy.” ver, againft extending the flame of war, If Miniflers would impute the tranquil. and hoped they would profit by the selity of the country to the excellence of vere lesson in the event of the American the constitution, he should grant it, but war. Experience had taught them that if they meant to ascribe it to the two moderation and forbearance were the horrid bills, he should deny it. Instead moft befitting characteristics of magnaniof exulting in this species of tranquillity, mity. After a few general obfervations he thought it rather matter of alarm, for on the war, and stating the difficulty to if treasonable deligas were ever enter- hit on the exact line to be obferved in tained by any of his Majesty's subjects, negociating a peace, he said he should they were only suppressed, and not ex- find lefs fault with terms founded on motinguifhed by the operation of those acts. deration, than breaking off abruptly the He declared he was attached to the Con- negociation; but there were confideraftitution under which he was born, and tions for future discussion. In appreciatnot to the Constitution made by the last ing the Austrian fuccefles, we ought not, Parliament, who had more disgraced he said, to forget that the whole militathat ancient fabric than any of their pre- ry exertions that have been made were di ceffors, for a series of ages. He next for the purpose of regaining what was adverted to the principle of the war, lost in the present campaign. Succeffes and the mode of conducting it, both of must be considered with a reference to which he had frequently had occafion the whole, otherwise the computation to pronounce faulty, and expressed a will be fallacious. Sanguine, indeed, are hope that the same system of policy the coalefced powers, if they expect the would not be adopted in negociation. French to be deprived of an equal extent At all events peace was desirable. In of territory: the Austrian successes, thereone case it might be a palliative, under fore, did not appear to be matter of exa different regimen—à remedy, either ultation, except as far as they tended to of which he thought preferable to the accelerate a peace. With respect to the fcourge of war. He complimented Lord fucceffes of our Acets and armies, it Morpeth on the neatnefs and propriety should seem remarkable, that, in the of his address. His Lordship, he said, course of four years, they had not at.
chieved any thing to effect a triumphant he contended, had been omitted to treat peace; but this he attributed to the in- for peace. The declaration of the right capacity of the conductors of the war, hon. gentleman, “ You are now doing into whose conduct he should, at a fu- what we recommended several years ature day, propose an inquiry.
go," he said, was a self-evident propofio The Chancellor of the Exchequer congra- tion, and fignified this" You muft tulated the House, that the difference of make peace the very day after you go to opinion between his Majesty's ministers war, or never make peace at all," a prinand the right hon. gentleman was only ciple whlch, if adopted by statesmen, on collateral points, and that no oppofi. would extirpate the human race. The tion whatever was offered to the great right bon. gentleman next adverted to and substantial question. This coinci. the financial and commercial state of the dence of sentiment gave the most flatter- country, which he described to be most ing hopes, that the means used by ad-, flourishing, and equal to the most pro. ministration would conduce to an ho- ductive year preceding the war. These nourable and durable peace. The assu- he contrafted with the resources and rances of co-operation in accomplishing commerce of the enemy, and pointed the great object of their wishes, was the out our superiority in these respects to subject of congratulation to the country, the enemy, whose commerce was anni-, and left no doubt of the propriety of the hilated, and whose expedients formed a. line of conduct they were pursuing. It complete fyftem of oppression and pecuhad been stated, with great truth, that lation. From the passport, the hon. the present was not the period for dif- gentleman might have inferred, that the closing the terms of negociation. It was application had been properly made; impossible for any man, even a member and he could assure him, that no point of the council, to anticipate the enemy of etiquette should form any obstacle to on the subject. In either alternative, the peace. What lessons we were to learn resources and the physical power of the from experience, and what state of adcountry, he had the satisfaction to state, versity we were in beyond the calamities were adequate to curb the ambitious inseparable from war, he was at a loss views of the enemy, and to preserve our to conjecture. We had been successful liberties and independence, or to retrieve in every quarter of the globe, we retaia, the losses and expenditnre of the war. ed all our foreign poffeffions, and had Having agreed on the most prominent got a considerable accession to them, and feature of the speech, Mr Pitt said, he if we had not made a “triumphal peace," wished to dwell as little as possible on it was because we could not separate our the subordinate points to which Mr Fox cause from that of our allies. That adbad alluded, as he had intimated his in-, versity had been experienced by the tention of bringing them specifically un- French, who had carried desolation to der discussion in a more visible hape. the heart of Germany, but who now lett With respect to the internal manage- nothing behind them but the memory of ment of the State, he rejoiced to find, their wrongs. There were lessons to be that the existing conftitution, that is, all learnt from adversity, besides moderathe laws that had from time to time been tion and forbearance, and that was fora incorporated with it, was sufficiently e- titude and perseverance, which were exnergetic to suppress the machinations of emplified in the conduct of our allies. feditious and traiterous individuals, and The minister concluded with a high elhe desired no gentleman to vote on any logium on England, whose public spirit other construction of it; but it would, and legitimate resources ranked her the he admitted, be unfair, if he omitted to first among the nations of Europe, and ftate distinctly his conviction that those need excite no alarm either with respect laws were in conformity to that coniti- to our present measures or future fecutution, and so blended and interwoven rity. with it, as to preclude the possibility of Mr Fox explained, after which the discrimination. By referring to dates, it question on the address was put, and cara appeared that those acts were passed at ried nem. con., a period of turbulence, and the address A committee was ordered to draw up did not pretend to state how much of the address, and such members as are our security was attributable to the an- members of the Privy Council ordered cient fabric, and how much to the but- to take his Majesty's pleasure when he tresses which had been erected for its or- will receive it. --Adjourned. nament and support. No opportunity,
every nerve to reach Wurtzburg, before
the main body of the Austrian army Downing Street, Sept. 21. should come up; and, by forced marches, Dispatches of which the following are arrived at Kornach, within three leagues
copies, have been received from Capt. of the town, the same day on which Antruther by the Right Hon. Lord General Hotze took pofféffion of it. Grenville, dated, Head-quarters of Next day (the 2d) Jourdan attacked, his Royal Highness the Archduke with the utmost impetuosity, the corps Charles, Zell, near Wurzburg, Sept. under General Stzaray; ut, though he 4. 1796.
fucceeded in forcing Tome of his posts, MY LORD,
he was not able to make any impression Your Lordship is acquainted with the on the main pofition, and retired in the unfortunate circumstances which have evening to his camp near Kornach. obliged Colonel and Mr R. Craufurd to There he resolved to abide the event of remain for a time at a distance from the a battle, and, in that view, posted himscene of operations. The absence of self in the following manner. these gentlemen, at a moment so parti His right wing, extending to the cularly interesting as the present, muft Maine, a little below Wurtzburg, rested be regretted, as a loss to the public ser- on a very commanding eminence, in vice, which, though at their requeit I front of which a deep river renders the now attempt to detail to your Lordship the access extremely difficult. The first the late proceedings of the army, I feel line of his centre occupied a long narmyself inadequate to supply.
row wood, skirting the bottom of a Your Lordship is already informed of chain of heights, on the ridge of which the movements of his Royal Highness his second line was posted. His left the Archduke up to the 31st ultimo, at wing, confitting almost entirely of cawhich period the right wing of the army valry, was placed in the spacious plain was assembled in the plain betwixt For- in front of Kornach, but considerably cheim and Bamberg, and the left, con- thrown back, in order to receive the fisting of upwards of twenty battalions more effectual support from the infantry and fifty squadrons, under the command in the wood. A numerous artillery was of Lieut. General Stzaray, had reached distributed on the most effential points Eberach, and threatened at once, by along his front. The division of Ledetachments, the points of Schweinfuit fevre remained posted behind Schweine and Wurtzburg.
furt, to cover the great road to Fulda, Early on the 3If the Archduke enter- and a small intermediate corps maintained Bamberg, and, from the information ed his communication with the army. there received of the movements of the His Royal Highness halted the 2d in enemy, determined to push on with the his camp of Ober Schwartzach, whilst whole army towards Wurtzburg, as a bridge was thrown on the Maine, near being the point on the occupation of Dettelbach, which was not finished till which depended the possibility of forcing late in the evening. General Kray reJourdan to abandon the Maine, and to mained at Geroltzhoffen. take his retreat through the country of General Stzaray, in the mean time, Fulda, on the Lahn. His Royal High- judging from the force and usual conness proceeded in the evening to Bourg duct of Jourdan, that he would foon Eberach. General Kray took post at renew his efforts to render himself mala Eltmann, and General Stzaray advanced ter of Wensbourg, embraced the spirito to Klofter Schwartzach.
ed resolution of rather advancing againf On the ift September the Archduke him than waiting for him in his polition. marched to Ober Schwarzach, General The Archduke approved of this idea, Kray to Geroldshoffen, and General and determined to facilitate the execuStzaray to Kitzingen, where he paffed tion of it, by making a combined attack the Maine : His advanced guard under on the enemy, to take place carly in the General Hotz, took poffeffion of the morning of the 3d. The intention was, town of Wurtzburg, the French garrison that General Stzaray thould move for retiring into the citadel.
word against the corps that was opposed In the mean time the enemy ftrained to him ; that the main body, under the
command of General Wartentleben, ground he had lost, but began his repassing the bridge at Dettelbach, should treat on every point; this he for some attack the centre of the enemy, whilst time conduited with inuch regularity; General Kray, crossing the river at the his cavalry preserving considerable coun. point nearest Geroltzhoffen, should turn tenance, and forming repeatediy,''under his left wing.
protection of their light artillery, to Soon after day-break accordingly Gen. check the pursuit of the Austrians. At Stzaray advanced and drove back the length, however, continually harrafied posts of the enemy; as, however, the by the husfars, and overpowered by a other two columns had a considerable prodigious fire of artillery from the march to make, and met with much heights, the confusion became general ; unexpected delay in the passage of the the excessive fatigue of the Auftrians and river, he soon found himself engaged a. the coming on of night alone faved them lone by very superior numbers, and was from total destruction. I obliged not only to relinquish the ground The loss of the Austrians on this occahe had gained, but had much difficulty fion amounts at most to eight hundred in maintaining his original position. · At men, amongst whom are no officers of this critical instant his Royal Highness distinction; that of the enemy is by far sent orders to General Wartenseben to more confiderable. Two thousand priford the river, with the whole of his soners are already brought in, and the cavalry, and to advance directly against number of killed and wounded cannot the left of the enemy. This judicious be smaller. One colour, fix pieces of manæuvre had the desired effect. Jour- cannon, and a great number of ammudan, seeing himself menaced in the most nition and baggage waggons have fallen effential point of his position, withdrew into the hands of the conqueror. from his right the troops with which he The success which on this occasion has was pressing General Stzaray, who thus attended the Austrian arms is to be ascribgained time to re-establish himself in his ed chiefly to the personal conduct of his poft.
his Royal Highness the Archduke. PreThe cavalry now charged the left of sent every where, where the danger was the enemy, and drove it from its ground: the moft pressing, he animated the troops But the enemy retiring behind the wood, by his example, and preserved them in the Austrians remained exposed to a fire order by the coolness and quicknets of of musquetry and grape, which obliged his maneuvres, and at length seized, them to abandon the advantage they had with infinite judgment, the true point of gained. A second attempt of the same attack which decided the victory. nature had a fimilar fate; and, after The army passed the night on the field fruitless endeavours to draw the enemy of battle, and the next day crossing the into the plain, his Royal Highness re- Maine at different points encamped near folved to await the arrival of the rest of this place. I have the honour to be, &c. General Wartensleben's column, with
ROBERT ANSTRUTHER. out which it was evident the position of
Captain 3d Guards. the enemy could not be forced.
MY LORD, At length the infantry appeared ad Yeiterday the citadel of Wurtzburg cavancing from Dettelbach, and General pitulated; the garrison, to the number Stzaray moving forward at the same of 700 men, surrendered themselves pritime, a combined attack was immediate soners of war. General Belmont, chief ly formed against the wood which co- of the French artillery, is amongst the vered the enemy's front. Eight bat- number. ta' ons of grenadiers advanced for this A prodigious quantity of stores, of apurpofe with equal order and impetuo. munition and provisions, has been found lity, regardless of the swarm of trailleurs in the town and citadel, partly left there . who-harrassed them, they gained the by the Austrians, partly collested by rewood without firing á fhot, and in a few quisition from the neighbouring country. : minutes drove the enemy not only from Intelligence is received that the enemy the wood, but from the heights beyond has abandoned in Schweinfurt 70 pieces, it. This advant se, and the appearance of artillery, which he was unable to trang of General Kray's column on the right, port. decided the fortune of the day, Jour From the reports of the corps in front, dan made no attempt to recover the there is every reason to belicve that the VOL.LVIII: