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chieved any thing to effect a triumphant he contended, had been omitted to treat peace; but this he attributed to the in- for peace. The declaration of the right capacity of the conductors of the war, hon. gentleman, “ You are now doing into whose conduct he should, at a fu- what we recommended several years ature day, propose an inquiry.
go,” he said, was a self-evident propofio The Chancellor of the Exchequer congra- tion, and fignified this—“ You must tulated the House, that the difference of make peace the very day after you go to opinion between his Majesty's ministers war, or never make peace at all," a priaand the right hon. gentleman was only ciple which, if adopted by statesmen, on collateral points, and that no oppofi- would extirpate the human race. The tion whatever was offered to the great right hon. gentleman next adverted to and fubftantial question. This coinci. the financial and commercial state of the dence of sentiment gave the most flatter- country, which he described to be most ing hopes, that the means used by ad- Aourishing, and equal to the most prominiftration would conduce to an ho- ductive year preceding the war.. These nourable and durable peace. The assu- he contrafted with the resources and rances of co-operation in accomplishing commerce of the enemy, and pointed the great object of their wishes, was the out our superiority in these respects to subject of congratulation to the country, the enemy, whose commerce was anniand left no doubt of the propriety of the hilated, and whose expedients formed a. line of conduct they were 'pursuing. It complete system of oppreffion and pecuhad been stated, with great truth, that lation. From the passport, the hon. the present was not the period for dif- gentleman might have inferred, that the closing the terms of negociation. It was application had been properly made; impossible for any man, even a member and he could assure him, that no point of the council, to anticipate the enemy of etiquette should form any obstacle to on the subject. In either alternative, the peace. What lessons we were to lears resources and the physical power of the from experience, and what state of adcountry, he had the satisfaction to state, versity we were in beyond the calamities were adequate to curb the ambitious inseparable from war, he was at a loss views of the enemy, and to preserve our to conjecture. We had been successful liberties and independence, or to retrieve in every quarter of the globe, we retaia. the loiles and expenditnre of the war. ed all our foreign poffeffions, and had Having agreed on the most prominent got a considerable acceslion to them, and feature of the speech, Mr Pitt said, he if we had not made a "triumphal peace,' wished to dwell as little as possible on it was because we could not separate our the subordinate points to which Mr Fox cause from that of our allies. "That adhad alluded, as he had intimated his in-, verlity had been experienced by the tention of bringing them fpecifically un- French, who had carried desolation to der discussion in a more visible shape. the heart of Germany, but who now lett With respect to the internal manage- nothing behind them but the memory of ment of the State, he rejoiced to find, their wrongs. There were lessons to be that the existing constitution, that is, all learnt from adversity, besides moderathe laws that had from time to time been tion and forbearance, and that was fora incorporated with it, was sufficiently e- titude and perseverance, which were exnergetic to suppress the machinations of emplified in the conduct of our allies. feditious and traiterous individuals, and The minister concluded with a high enhe desired no gentleman to vote on any logium on England, whose public spirit other construction of it; but it would, and legitimate resources ranked her the he admitted, be unfair, if he omitted to first among the nations of Europe, and ftate distinctly his conviction that those need excite no alarm either with respect laws were in conformity to that coniti- to our present measures or future fecutution, and so blended and interwoven rity. with it, as to preclude the possibility of Mr Fox explained, after which the discrimination. By referring to dates, it question on the address was put, and cara appeared that those acts were passed at ried nem. con., a period of turbulence, and the address A committee was ordered to draw up did not pretend to state how much of the address, and fuo
members as are our security was attributable to the an. members of the Privy Council ordered cient fabric, and how much to the but- to take his Majesty's pleasure when he tresses which had been erected for its or will receive it. ---Adjourned. nament and support. No opportunity,
every nerve to reach Wurtzburg, before
the main body of the Austrian army Downing-Street, Sept. 21. should come up; and, by forced marches, Dispatches of which the following are arrived at Kornach, within three leagues
copies, have been received from Capt. of the town, the same day on which Anstruther by the Right Hon. Lord General Hotze took poffeffion of it. Grenville, dated, Head-quarters of Next day (the 2d) Jourdan attacked, his Royal Highness the Archduke with the utmost impetuosity, the corps Charles, Zell, near Wurzburg, Sept. under General Stzaray; but, though he 4. 1796.
fucceeded in forcing Tome of his posts, MY LORD,
he was not able to make any impression Your Lordship is acquainted with the on the main position, and retired in the unfortunate circumstances which have evening to his camp near Kornach. obliged Colonel and Mr R. Craufurd to There he resolved to abide the event of remain for a time at a distance from the a battle, and, in that view, posted himscene of operations. The absence of self in the following manner. these gentlemen, at a moment so parti- His right wing, extending to the cularly interesting as the present, muft Maine, a little below Wurtzburg, rested be regretted, as a loss to the public fer- on a very commanding eminence, in vice, which, though at their request I front of which a deep river renders the now attempt to detail to your Lordship the access extremely difficult. The first the late proceedings of the army, I feel line of his centre occupied a long narmyself inadequate to supply.
row wood, skirting the bottom of a Your Lordship is already informed of chain of heights, on the ridge of which the movements of his Royal Highness his second line was posted. His left the Archduke up to the 31st ultimo, at wing, consitting almost entirely of cawhich period the right wing of the army valry, was placed in the spacious plain was assembled in the plain betwixt For- in front of Kornach, but considerably cheim and Bamberg, and the left, con- thrown back, in order to receive the fisting of upwards of twenty battalions more effectual support from the infantry and fifty squadrons, under the command in the wood. A numerous artillery was of Lieut. General Stzaray, had reached distributed on the most effential points Eberach, and threatened at once, by along his front. The division of Ledetachments, the points of Schweinfurt fevre remained pasted behind Schweine and Wurtzburg.
furt, to cover the great road to Fulda, Early on the 3If the Archduke enter. and a small intermediate corps maintained Bamberg, and, from the information ed his communication with the army. there received of the movements of the His Royal Highness halted the ad in enemy, determined to push on with the his camp of Ober Schwartzach, whilst whole army towards Wurtzburg, as a bridge was thrown on the Maine, near being the point on the occupation of Dettelbach, which was not finished till which depended the possibility of forcing late in the evening: General Kray reJourdan to abandon the Maine, and to mained at Geroltzhoffen. take his retreat through the country of General Stzaráy, in the mean time, Fulda, on the Lahn. His Royal High- judging from the force and usual conness proceeded in the evening to Bourg duct of Jourdan, that he would foon Eberach. General Kray took post at renew his efforts to render himself mala Eltmann, and General Stzaray advanced ter of Wensbourg, embraced the spirit. to Klofter Schwartzach.
ed resolution of rather advancing againa On the 1st September the Archduke him than waiting for him in his polition. marched to Ober Schwarzach, General The Archduke approved of this idea, Kray to Geroldshoffen, and General and determined to facilitate the execuStzaray to Kitzingen, where he passed tion of it, by making a combined attack the Maine : His advanced guard under on the enemy, to take place carly in the General Hotz, took possession of the morning of the 3d. The intention was, town of Wurtzburg, the French garrison that General Stzaray Thould move for retiring into the citadel.
word against the corps that was oppofed In the mean time the enemy ftrained to himn ; that the main body, under the..
command of General Wartenlleben, ground he had lost, but began his repassing the bridge at Dettelbach, should treat on every point; this he for some attack the centre of the enemy, whilst time conduted with inuch regularity; General Kray, crossing the river at the his cavalry preserving considerable counpoint nearest Geroltzhoffen, should turn tenance, and forming repeatediy, under his left wing.
protection of their light artillery, to Soon after day-break accordingly Gen. check the purfuit of the Austrians. 4. At Stzaray advanced and drove back the length, however, continually harrafied posts of the enemy; as, however, the by the husfars, and overpowered by a other two columns had a considerable prodigious fire of artillery from the march to make, and met, with much heights, the confusion became general; unexpected delay in the passage of the the excessive fatigue of the Auftrians and river, he foon found himself engaged a. the coming on of night alone faved them lone by very superior numbers, and was from total destruction. obliged not only to relinquish the ground The lofs of the Austrians on this occahe had gained, but had much difficulty fion amounts at most to eight hundred in maintaining his original position. - At men, amongst whom are no officers of this critical instant his Royal Highness distinction; that of the enemy is by far sent orders to General Wartensleben to more confiderable. Two thousand priford the river, with the whole of his soners are already brought in, and the cavalry, and to advance directly against number of killed and wounded cannot the left of the enemy. This judicious be smaller. One colour, fix pieces of manæuvre had the defired effect. Jour- cannon, and a great number of ammudan, seeing himself menaced in the most nition and baggage waggons have fallen effential point of his position, withdrew into the hands of the conqueror. from his right the troops with which he The success which on this occasion has was pressing General Stzaray, who thus attended the Austrian arms is to be ascribgained time to re-establish himself in his ed chiefly to the personal conduct of his poft.
his Royal Highness the Archduke. PreThe cavalry now charged the left of sent every where, where the danger was the enemy, and drove it from its ground: the moft pressing, he animated the troops But the enemy retiring behind the wood, by his example, and preserved them in the Austrians remained exposed to a fire order by the coolness and quicknels of of musquetry and grape, which obliged his maneuvres, and at length seized, them to abandon the advantage they had with infinite judgment, the true point of gained. A second attempt of the same attack which decided the victory. nature had a fimilar fate; and, after The army passed the night on the field fruitless endeavours to draw the enemy of battle, and the next day crossing the , into the plain, his Royal Highness re- Maine at different points encamped near folved to await the arrival of the rest of this place. I have the honour to be, &c. General Wartensleben’s column, with.
ROBERT ANSTRUTHER. out which it was evident the position of
Captain 3d Guards. 4 the enemy could not be forced.
MY LORD, At length the infantry appeared ad. Yeiterday the citadel of Wurtzburg cavancing from Dettelbach, and General pitulated; the garrison, to the number Stzaray moving forward at the fame of 700 men, surrendered themselves pria time, a combined attack was immediate soners of war. General Belmont, chief ly formed against the wood which co- of the French artillery, is amongst the vered the enemy's front. Eight bat. number. ta' ons of grenadiers advanced for this A prodigious quantity of stores, of a. purpofe with equal order and impetuo. munition and provisions, has been found lity, regardless of the swarm of trailleurs in the town and citadel, partly left there who härraffed them, they gained the by the Austrians, partly collected by rewood without firing a thot, and in a few quisition from the neighbouring country. : minutes drove the enemy not only from Intelligence is received that the enemy the wood, but from the heights beyond has abandoned in Schweinfurt 70 pieces it. This advantage, and the appearance of artillery, which he was unable to trang of General Kray's column on the right, port. decided the fortune of the day. Jour- From the reports of the corps in front, dan made no attempt to recover the there is every reason to believe that the Vol. LVIII.
enemy has decidedly quitted the Maine, the 3d, (see p. 710.) 3200 men were made and directed his retreat to Fulda. The prisoners, exclusive of the number that light troops which have been sent in pur- were killed and brought in by the milifuit, continually bring in prisoners and tary and peafants; 2 standards were likebaggage, and the peasantry, exasperated wife taken: 127 - French ammunition at the unheard-of outrages of the enemy, waggons, and 15 pieces of cannon, among has risen in many parts, and deliver up which were 6 field pieces, which were or destroy all the ftragglers that fall into found in the citadel at Wurtzburg. The their hands.
enemy at Schweinfurth left 90 pieces of His Royal Highness, determined to cannon, and 6o at Freudenberg, several persevere in the same line of operations, magazines in the town of Wurtzburg, This day detaches Colonel Count Meer- and in the citadel a large chest contain: feldt, with ten squadrons of light caval- ing specie, mandats, and assignats. ry, to form a junction with the garrison Downing-Street, Sept. 22. of Manheim and of Mayence, by which Dispatches, of which the following are means a corps of twelve 'or fifteen thou- copies, have been received from Capt. fand men will be enabled to act in the Anftruther by the Right Hon. Lord rear of the enemy, From the distinguishe Grenville. ed abilities of the officer to whom this
Windecken, Sept. 10. enterprise is entrusted, the greatest hopes MY LORD, I have the satisfaction of are entertained of its success.
informing your Lordship, that the proThe army moves this day towards gress of the Austrian arms continues to Wertheim ; and the head-quarters will be marked by brilliant and uninterrupt. be to-morrow at Renlingen.
ed success. By the latest accounts received from His Royal Highness the Archduke hav. the other side of the Danube, it appears, ing quitted his camp near Wurtzburg on that General La Tour ftill maintained the sth, pufhed on a strong advanced himself in front of Munich ; but the fuc- guard, under the command of Lieuten. ceffes on this fide had not then produced ant General Kray, to secure the De the expected effect of forcing General bouche of the Speffart. That officer ar: Moreau to a retreat. It hardly seems riving in the neighbourhood of Aschafpossible that he should now venture to fenbourg in the afternoon of the 6th, delay it. I have the honour to be, &c, found the enemy, to the number of two
ROBERT ANSTRUT HER, thousand men, posted so as to dispute
Captain 3d Guards. the pass from the foreft. After a severe Wilhemstadt, near Hanau, Sept. 3. cannonade, which lasted a confiderable In consequence of the late actions, the time, he attacked them with much fpiarmy of Jourdan is retreating, in the rit, drove them from their advantageous most disorderly manner poffible, in dif. pofition, and his cavalry pursuing them ferent directions. About 3000 men pas. without hesitation through the town, dissed this place fince yesterday morning, persed them in the woods on the other almost all of them without arms, and fide of the Maine. The loss of the enedragoons and husfars on foot having lost my on this occafion amounts to above a their horses. The peasants have almost thousand men, of whom fix hundred are every where risen upon them, and, when prisoners. in fmall numbers, either killed or dis- The Archduke advanced on the 7th to armed and plundered them: A great ma- Aschaffenbourg, where the main body ny have passed Stenheim, coming from halted on the 8th ; but intelligence beAschaffenbourg, but the greater part of ing received that the enemy had abanthe army feems to be directing its re- doned Frankfort the preceding night, the treat, by Fielde, towards Wetsar, in or- advanced guards were pufhed on succefder to pass the Lahn,
fively to the Kintzig and the Nidda. At Frankfort, and every where in the On the oth his Royal Highness marchneighbourhood, the enemy seem to be ed to Dettingen, and on the roth to preparing for their departure. They have Windecken; the advanced corps occuagain taken hoitages from several places pying the important point of Friedberg. belonging to the Elector of Mayence. Ten thousand men, drawn from the
Aschaffenburg, Sept. 8, garrison of Mayence, have advanced toFrom the returns which have been wards Kenigstein (which was abandoned made, it appears, that in the action of by the enemy on the 8th, and will be 2
very effential reinforcement of infantry which their army has passed, exhibit e to the army.
very where a spectacle of the utmost de The confequences of these rapid and folation and distress. I have the honour decisive movements have exceeded the to be, &c. R. ANSTRUTHER, expectations of the most fanguine, and
Captain 3d Guards. have uniformly frustrated the designs and My LORD, Windecken, Sept. II. efforts of the enemy.
By reports received from General La Jourdan, who, after the action of the Tour, appears, that on the ist and 2d 3d, had directed his retreat on to Fulda, inst. Moreau attempted, with his right was still in hopes of gaining, before the wing, to make himself master of the Archduke, the strong position of Bergen, bridge on the Yser at Munich. After a where, reinforced by the two divisions very obstinate combat, which lasted the which had been left behind in the neigh- whole of both days, he was repulsed by bourhood of Frankfort, he might have the Prince of Futtenberg with confiderchecked for a time the progress of the able loss. Auftrians. In this view he arrived by General La Tour, in the mean time, forced' marches at Schluititerit, on the having formed a junction with the corps great road from Fulda to Hanau, in the of General Nauendorf, attacked, on the evening of the 6th; but finding that the 2d, the left wing of the enemy, and drové Duke was already matter of Aschaf- it before him the space of fix leagues. fenbourg, he gave up his attempt, and, in the neighbourhood of Langenbruche, turning to the right, directed his march however, the enemy having received across the Vogelsberg towards Wetzlar, considerable reinforcements, pofted himwhere, it is reported, he is endeavouring self so advantageously, that General La to assemble his army.
Tour, after several fruitless attempts to From information of the most authen- dislodge him, judged it expedient to retic nature, relative to the present fitua: tire to his original post behind the Yses; tion of the French troops, I can venture having, however, fucceeded in the obto assure your Lordship, that they are ject of his operation, which was to in a state of the utmost confusion and weaken the enemy's attack on the Prince despondency. A great part of the infan- of Fustenberg. try have thrown away their arms, and There is as yet no positive information are almost naked. Their retreat has that Moreau has begun his retreat, allost all semblance of order, and has be- though, from the late movements, there come a tumultuous flight. Excessive is reason to apprehend that he is making fatigue has probably destroyed more of preparationsforit. I have the honour tobe, them than the sword; and the continual
ROBERT ANSTRUTHER, dread they entertain of a general rising
Captain 3d Guards. of the peasantry in the countries they Wilhelmstadt, near Hanau, Sept. 6. traverfe has spread a panic among them, Jourdan continues his retreat in the which renders them deaf to the com- fame disorderly manner: Numbers of tands of their officers. The lofs which fragglers pass by Hanai, and likewife Jourdan has sustained since he advanced on the other side of the river by Steinfrom the Lahn may be estimated, with. heim: but the principal part of the arout exaggeration, at twenty thousand my feems still to direä its march by Fulmen; a number which must be daily in- da and Gettenhausen. About 200 artilcreased by defertion, in the present itate lery men passed this place yesterday, of his army.
without even fide arms: They said they The conduct of the French, during were disarmed and ill-treated by the in. their abode in this country, has exhibited habitants of the Speffeit. It appears a scene of depravity which is degrading that great numbers of the enemy have to human nature. Robbery and pecula- been killed by the peasants; they fell us tion have been uviversal in every rank pon the Quarter-Maiter-General Ernouff, and in every department of the army. who was retreating with what is called Every species of violence has been ex- the Grand
Etat Major of the army, killed ercised on the persons as well as on the the greatest part of the escort, seized the properties of individuals. Many villages military chest, and divided the mouey have been reduced to ashes, without the they found in it. General Ernouff, who existence of even a pretext for this act of is arrived at Frankfort, only escaped by barbarity; and the countries, through the swiftness of his horse. As soon as the