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HOUSE OF COMMONS. Sept.27. After the return of the members from the Upper House, Lord F. Campbell rofe to move the appointment of a Speak


attend for the purpose of receiving his
Majesty's approbation of the Speaker.
The motion was agreed to, and the
Houfe accordingly adjourned.

The Commons, he began by saying, Oct. 6. After the King's fpeech was. were now met to chufe a proper perfon read in the ufual way, Lord Morpeth to fill the high office of Speaker of the rofe to move the Addrefs. His LordHoufe; and this duty they had to dif- fhip began by congratulating the House charge at a time when the being of Great and the country on the fentiments conBritain, perhaps the quiet of Europe, tained in the fpeech, which had juft depended upon their deliberations. He been read, and anticipated the unanilooked around him, and faw men of emi- mity which he conceived it could not nent abilities, of diftinguished talents, fail to produce. To gentlemen who of talents certainly as great, probably had uniformly opposed the war, whos greater than any that had ever adorned had contended that it was a war of age any nation; fo fituated, there could not greffion on our part, and who had re be wanting perfons fit to fill the chair of peatedly brought forward motions for the House with advantage to the country, the re-establishment of peace, these senand with honour to themselves. But timents must be peculiarly gratifying. happily, in this hour of difficulty, there Gentlemen who have refifted those mo was no occafion to have recourfe to con- tions, because they did not conceive jecture; experience was a fafe, an un- the government of France fufficiently erring guide, and, fortunately for the ftable and pacific, muft also rejoice to nation, a gentleman had been returned learn that the government of France is who had fhewn himself to be capable of the high office. After a warm panegyric on the late Speaker's abilities, he concluded by moving, "That the Right Hon. Henry Addington be called to the chair of the Houfe of Commons."

Mr Powys afferted, that he had never on any occafion risen with such fatisfaction as he did now, to fecond the motion of the Noble Lord.

General Tarleton profeffed his entire acquiefcence in all the fentiments which had been expreffed by the noble Lord who propofed the motion, and almoft in every thing that had been faid by the hon. gentleman who feconded it. He was happy also to add another point which had not been mentioned, and which to him was not the fmalleft of his recommendations: His impartial attention to that fide of the House on which he had the honour to fit; a circumstance which was their best defence against the pride of office, and of infolent majorities.

Mr Addington made a very handsome and elegant reply, after which he was conducted to the Chair by Lord F. Campbell and Mr Powys.

Mr Dundas congratulated the House and the country upon the choice which they had just made. Upon that choice, he would not hurt the feelings of the right hon. gentleman by dwelling more at large, but he knew that it would be received with univerfal approbation. He moved that the House should adjourn till to-morrow, and that it should then

difpofed to treat for the re-establishment of peace; and that a paffport för carrying that defirable object into effect has been received from the Executive Directory.

Sir W. Lowther feconded the motion.

Mr Fox rofe to explain his reasons for not giving a filent vote for the address. The ftriking and prominent feature of the fpeech is, that "his Majefty has been advised to set on foot a negociation for restoring peace and general tranquillity to Europe." This was precifely what he had repeatedly proposed in the courfe of the war, and it was not to be fuppofed that he would now withhold his most cordial support; but it was impoffible not to regret that the mea. fure had not been adopted before mil lions of valuable lives had been loft, and before millions of money had been squandered for the attainment of an object, which to him had always appeared impracticable. For his part he fhould be the last person to say any thing with refpect to the particular time of applying; for all times appeared to him wife and falutary, and the last to retort the animadverfion on his conduct, when he brought forward a fimilar propofition. It was, in his opinion, always laudable and dignified to make the firft overtures; and those who maintained the doctrine of the laft Parliament, that “ to open a negociation is fuing for peace," would be recommending a perpetual perseverance in war, and depriving mankind


this was treating the government of
France with appropriate refpect and ci
vility. It would have been no degrada-
tion if his Majesty's minifters had fet
him the example. He fhould have ex-
pected that his Majefty would have men-
tioned to whom, or to what country he
made the application. If he had been

for ever of the enjoyment of tranquil- had mentioned the Executive Directory
lity. The fpeech contained one expref-
fion, which, he said, he muft confider
differently from his Majesty's minifters.
"I have used every endeavour to set on
foot, &c." He understood "I have
lately, &c." for during this unfortunate
conflict, no fuch endeavour had been
manifefted by his Majefty's minifters.
The omiffion of the opprobrious ex- confulted, he should have recommend-
preffions which had been applied to the ed " To the Executive Directory of
French nation at the outfet of the war the French Republic." [This produ-
had, he thought, been very properly ced a fmile from the Treasury Bench.]
omitted, as their infertion might have Mr Fox afked the gentlemen, whether
provoked diffention, and checked the the Directory was fo obfcure in the
progrefs of negociation. The ftate of world, or was the fuperfcription omit-
the revenue, of commerce, and manu- ted through inadvertency? Great advan-
factures, he touched upon very flightly, tages refulted from fuch a recognition
as the House would have opportunities during the American war, and the omif-
hereafter of difcuffion on thefe topics. fion might hurt the pride of perfons in
The right hon. gentleman now ani- particular fituations, and embarrass the
madverted upon the expreffion, "the operations of negotiation. It was not
endeavours of fome perfons to introduce his intention to propose any alteration,
anarchy have been repreffed by the wif for he was aware, that whether the omif-
dom and energy of the laws." He had fion was the effect of accident or defign,
never been convinced that any ftate pro- his amendment would not be readily a-
fecution had been worthy of the atten- dopted, and chiefly because he wished
tion of his Majefty or of that Houfe, and to give full effect to the negociation,
he knew not a fingle inftance where the With respect to Spain he could fay no-
exercife of the law had fuppreffed any thing.-He cautioned minifters, howe-
ferious defigns "to introduce anarchy." ver, against extending the flame of war,
If Miniflers would impute the tranquil- and hoped they would profit by the fe-
lity of the country to the excellence of vere leffon in the event of the American
the conftitution, he fhould grant it, but war. Experience had taught them that
if they meant to afcribe it to the two moderation and forbearance were the
horrid bills, he fhould deny it. Inftead moft befitting characteristics of magnani-
of exulting in this fpecies of tranquillity, mity. After a few general obfervations
he thought it rather matter of alarm, for on the war, and ftating the difficulty to
if treasonable defigns were ever enter- hit on the exact line to be obferved in
tained by any of his Majefty's fubjects, negociating a peace, he said he should
they were only fuppreffed, and not ex- find lefs fault with terms founded on mo-
tinguished by the operation of thofe acts. deration, than breaking off abruptly the
He declared he was attached to the Con- negociation; but thefe were confidera-
stitution under which he was born, and tions for future difcuffion. In appreciat-
not to the Conftitution made by the laft ing the Auftrian fucceffes, we ought not,
Parliament, who had more disgraced he said, to forget that the whole milita-
that ancient fabric than any of their pre- ry exertions that have been made were
deceffors, for a feries of ages. He next for the purpose of regaining what was
adverted to the principle of the war, loft in the prefent campaign. Succeffes
and the mode of conducting it, both of must be confidered with a reference to
which he had frequently had occafion the whole, otherwife the computation
to pronounce faulty, and expreffed a will be fallacious. Sanguine, indeed, are
hope that the fame fyftem of policy the coalefced powers, if they expect the
would not be adopted in negociation. French to be deprived of an equal extent
At all events peace was defirable. In of territory: the Austrian fucceffes, there-
one cafe it might be a palliative, under fore, did not appear to be matter of ex-
a different regimen-a remedy, either ultation, except as far as they tended to
of which he thought preferable to the accelerate a peace. With respect to the
fcourge of war. He complimented Lord fucceffes of our fleets and armies, it
Morpeth on the neatnefs and propriety should seem remarkable, that, in the
of his addrefs. His Lordfhip, he faid, courfe of four years, they had not at-




chieved any thing to effect a triumphant he contended, had been omitted to treat peace; but this he attributed to the incapacity of the conductors of the war, into whofe conduct he should, at a future day, propose an inquiry.

for peace. The declaration of the right hon. gentleman, "You are now doing what we recommended feveral years ago," he said, was a felf-evident propofi tion, and fignified this-" You must make peace the very day after you go to war, or never make peace at all," a principle which, if adopted by statesmen, would extirpate the human race. The right hon. gentleman next adverted to the financial and commercial state of the country, which he described to be most flourishing, and equal to the most productive year preceding the war. These he contrafted with the refources and commerce of the enemy, and pointed out our superiority in these respects to the enemy, whofe commerce was annihilated, and whofe expedients formed a complete fyftem of oppreffion and peculation. From the paffport, the hon. gentleman might have inferred, that the application had been properly made; and he could affure him, that no point of etiquette fhould form any obstacle to peace. What leffons we were to learn from experience, and what ftate of adverfity we were in beyond the calamities infeparable from war, he was at a lofs to conjecture. We had been fuccefsful in every quarter of the globe, we retained all our foreign poffeffions, and had got a confiderable acceffion to them, and if we had not made a "triumphal peace," it was because we could not separate our caufe from that of our allies. That adverfity had been experienced by the French, who had carried defolation to the heart of Germany, but who now left nothing behind them but the memory of their wrongs. There were leffons to be learnt from adverfity, befides moderation and forbearance, and that was fortitude and perfeverance, which were exemplified in the conduct of our allies. The minifter concluded with a high eulogium on England, whofe public fpirit and legitimate refources ranked her the firft among the nations of Europe, and need excite no alarm either with respect to our prefent measures or future fecurity.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer congratulated the Houfe, that the difference of opinion between his Majefty's minifters and the right hon. gentleman was only on collateral points, and that no oppofition whatever was offered to the great and fubftantial queftion. This coincidence of fentiment gave the most flattering hopes, that the means ufed by administration would conduce to an honourable and durable peace. The affurances of co-operation in accomplishing the great object of their wishes, was the fubject of congratulation to the country, and left no doubt of the propriety of the line of conduct they were purfuing. It had been ftated, with great truth, that the prefent was not the period for difclofing the terms of negociation. It was impoffible for any man, even a member of the council, to anticipate the enemy on the subject. In either alternative, the refources and the phyfical power of the country, he had the satisfaction to ftate, were adequate to curb the ambitious views of the enemy, and to preferve our liberties and independence, or to retrieve the loffes and expenditnre of the war. Having agreed on the most prominent feature of the fpeech, Mr Pitt faid, he wifhed to dwell as little as poffible on the fubordinate points to which Mr Fox had alluded, as he had intimated his in-, tention of bringing them specifically under difcuffion in a more vifible fhape. With refpect to the internal management of the State, he rejoiced to find, that the existing conftitution, that is, all the laws that had from time to time been incorporated with it, was fufficiently energetic to fupprefs the machinations of feditious and traiterous individuals, and he defired no gentleman to vote on any other conftruction of it; but it would, he admitted, be unfair, if he omitted to ftate diftinctly his conviction that those laws were in conformity to that conftitution, and fo blended and interwoven with it, as to preclude the poffibility of difcrimination. By referring to dates, it appeared that thofe acts were paffed at a period of turbulence, and the address did not pretend to ftate how much of our fecurity was attributable to the ancient fabric, and how much to the buttreffes which had been erected for its ornament and support. No opportunity,

Mr Fox explained, after which the queftion on the addrefs was put, and carried nem. con.

A committee was ordered to draw up the addrefs, and fuch members as are members of the Privy Council ordered to take his Majefty's pleasure when he will receive it.—Adjourned. MONTH.

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Downing Street, Sept. 21. Difpatches of which the following are copies, have been received from Capt. Anftruther by the Right Hon. Lord Grenville, dated, Head-quarters of his Royal Highnefs the Archduke Charles, Zell, near Wurzburg, Sept. 4. 1796.


Your Lordship is acquainted with the unfortunate circumftances which have obliged Colonel and Mr R. Craufurd to remain for a time at a distance from the scene of operations. The absence of these gentlemen, at a moment fo particularly interesting as the prefent, muft be regretted, as a lofs to the public fervice, which, though at their request I now attempt to detail to your Lordship the late proceedings of the army, I feel myfelf inadequate to fupply.

every nerve to reach Wurtzburg, before the main body of the Auftrian army fhould come up; and, by forced marches, arrived at Kornach, within three leagues of the town, the fame day on which General Hotze took poffeffion of it. Next day (the 2d) Jourdan attacked, with the utmoft impetuofity, the corps under General Stzaray; but, though he fucceeded in forcing fome of his posts, he was not able to make any impreffion on the main pofition, and retired in the evening to his camp near Kornach. There he refolved to abide the event of a battle, and, in that view, posted himself in the following manner.

His right wing, extending to the Maine, a little below Wurtzburg, rested on a very commanding eminence, in front of which a deep river renders the the access extremely difficult. The first line of his centre occupied a long narrow wood, fkirting the bottom of a Your Lordship is already informed of chain of heights, on the ridge of which the movements of his Royal Highnefs his fecond line was pofted. His left the Archduke up to the 31ft ultimo, at wing, confifting almost entirely of cawhich period the right wing of the army valry, was placed in the spacious plain was affembled in the plain betwixt For- in front of Kornach, but confiderably cheim and Bamberg, and the left, con- thrown back, in order to receive the fifting of upwards of twenty battalions more effectual support from the infantry and fifty fquadrons, under the command in the wood. A numerous artillery was of Lieut. General Stzaray, had reached diftributed on the most effential points Eberach, and threatened at once, by detachments, the points of Schweinfurt and Wurtzburg.

along his front. The divifion of Lefevre remained posted behind Schweinfurt, to cover the great road to Fulda, and a small intermediate corps maintained his communication with the army.

Early on the 31ft the Archduke enter ed Bamberg, and, from the information there received of the movements of the His Royal Highness halted the ad in enemy, determined to push on with the his camp of Ober Schwartzach, whilst whole army towards Wurtzburg, as a bridge was thrown on the Maine, near being the point on the occupation of Dettelbach, which was not finished till which depended the poffibility of forcing late in the evening. General Kray reJourdan to abandon the Maine, and to mained at Geroltzhoffen. take his retreat through the country of Fulda, on the Lahn. His Royal Highnefs proceeded in the evening to Bourg Eberach. General Kray took poft at Eltmann, and General Stzaray advanced to Klofter Schwartzach.

General Stzaray, in the mean time, judging from the force and usual conduct of Jourdan, that he would foon renew his efforts to render himself mas ter of Wenfbourg, embraced the spirit ed refolution of rather advancing against On the 1st September the Archduke him than waiting for him in his potition. marched to Ober Schwarzach, General The Archduke approved of this idea, Kray to Geroldfhoffen, and General and determined to facilitate the execu Stzaray to Kitzingen, where he paffed tion of it, by making a combined attack the Maine: His advanced guard under on the enemy, to take place carly in the General Hotz, took poffeffion of the morning of the 3d. The intention was, town of Wurtzburg, the French garrison that General Stzaray thould move for retiring into the citadel. word against the corps that was oppofed to him; that the main body, under the....

In the mean time the enemy ftrained


command of General Wartenfleben, paffing the bridge at Dettelbach, should attack the centre of the enemy, whilft General Kray, croffing the river at the point nearest Geroltzhoffen, fhould turn his left wing.

Soon after day-break accordingly Gen. Stzaray advanced and drove back the pofts of the enemy; as, however, the other two columns had a confiderable march to make, and met with much unexpected delay in the paffage of the river, he foon found himself engaged alone by very fuperior numbers, and was obliged not only to relinquish the ground he had gained, but had much difficulty in maintaining his original pofition. At this critical inftant his Royal Highness fent orders to General Wartenfleben to ford the river, with the whole of his cavalry, and to advance directly againft the left of the enemy. This judicious manoeuvre had the defired effect. Jourdan, feeing himself menaced in the moft effential point of his pofition, withdrew from his right the troops with which he was preffing General Stzaray, who thus gained time to re-establish himself in his post.

The cavalry now charged the left of the enemy, and drove it from its ground: But the enemy retiring behind the wood, the Auftrians remained expofed to a fire of mufquetry and grape, which obliged them to abandon the advantage they had gained. A fecond attempt of the fame nature had a fimilar fate; and, after fruitless endeavours to draw the enemy into the plain, his Royal Highnefs refolved to await the arrival of the reft of General Wartenfleben's column, without which it was evident the pofition of the enemy could not be forced.

ground he had loft, but began his retreat on every point; this he for fome time conduted with much regularity; his cavalry preferving confiderable countenance, and forming repeatedly, under protection of their light artillery, to check the purfuit of the Auftrians. At length, however, continually harraffed by the huffars, and overpowered by a prodigious fire of artillery from the heights, the confufion became general; the exceffive fatigue of the Auftrians and the coming on of night alone faved them from total deftruction.

The lofs of the Auftrians on this occafion amounts at most to eight hundred men, amongft whom are no officers of diftinction; that of the enemy is by far more confiderable. Two thousand prifoners are already brought in, and the number of killed and wounded cannot be smaller. One colour, fix pieces of cannon, and a great number of ammunition and baggage waggons have fallen into the hands of the conqueror.

The fuccefs which on this occafion has attended the Auftrian arms is to be afcribed chiefly to the perfonal conduct of his his Royal Highness the Archduke. Prefent every where, where the danger was the moft preffing, he animated the troops by his example, and preserved them in order by the coolnefs and quicknets of his manoeuvres, and at length feized, with infinite judgment, the true point of attack which decided the victory.

The army paffed the night on the field of battle, and the next day croffing the Maine at different points encamped near this place. I have the honour to be, &c. ROBERT ANSTRUTHER. Captain 3d Guards. MY LORD, Sept. 5. Yesterday the citadel of Wurtzburg capitulated; the garrifon, to the number of 700 men, furrendered themselves pri foners of war. General Belmont, chief of the French artillery, is amongst the number.

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At length the infantry appeared advancing from Dettelbach, and General Stzaray moving forward at the fame time, a combined attack was immediately formed against the wood which covered the enemy's front. Eight battalons of grenadiers advanced for this purpofe with equal order and impetuofity, regardless of the fwarm of trailleurs who harraffed them, they gained the wood without firing a fhot, and in a few minutes drove the enemy not only from the wood, but from the heights beyond it. This advantage, and the appearance of General Kray's column on the right, decided the fortune of the day. Jour- From the reports of the corps in front, dan made no attempt to recover the there is every reafon to believe that the VOL. LVII.

A prodigious quantity of ftores, of amunition and provifions, has been found in the town and citadel, partly left there. by the Auftrians, partly collected by re-i quifition from the neighbouring country.

Intelligence is received that the enemy has abandoned in Schweinfurt 70 pieces of artillery, which he was unable to trans port.

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