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enemy has decidedly quitted the Maine, the 3d, (fee p. 7!0.) 3200 men were made and directed his retreat to Fulda. The prisoners, exclusive of the number that light troops which have been sent in pur- were killed and brought in by the milifuit, continually bring in prisoners and tary and peafants; 2 itandards were likebaggage, and the peasantry, exasperated wife taken: 127 French ammunition at the unheard-of outrages of the enemy, waggons, and 15 pieces of cannon, among has risen in many parts, and deliver up which were 6 field pieces, which were or destroy all the ftragglers that fall into found in the citadel at Wurtzburg. The their hands,
enemy at Schweinfurth left 90 pieces of His Royal Highness, determined to cannon, and 6o at Freudenberg, several persevere in the same line of operations, magazines in the town of Wurtzburg, this day detaches Colonel Count Meer- and in the citadel a large chest containfeldt, with ten squadrons of light caval. ing specie, mandats, and assignats. ry, to form a junction with the garrison Downing-Street, Sept. 22. of Manheim and of Mayence, by which Dispatches, of which the following are means a corps of twelve or fifteen thou copies, have been received from Capt. sand men will be enabled to act in the Anftruther by the Right Hon. Lord rear of the enemy, From the distinguish Grenville. ed abilities of the officer to whom this
Windecken, Sept. 10. enterprise is entrusted, the greateft hopes MY LORD, I have the satisfaction of are entertained of its fuccess.
informing your Lordship, that the proThe army moves this day towards gress of the Austrian arms continues to Wertheim ; and the head-quarters will be marked by brilliant and uninterrupt. be to-morrow at Renlingen.
ed success. By the latest accounts received from His Royal Highness the Archduke hav. the other side of the Danube, it appears, ing quitted his camp near Wurtzburg on that General La Tour ftill maintained the sth, pushed on a strong advanced himself in front of Munich; but the fuc- guard, under the command of Lieuten. ceffes on this fide had not then produced ant General Kray, to secure the De. the expected effect of forcing General bouche of the Spessart. That officer ar. Moreau to a retreat. It hardly seems riving in the neighbourhood of Aschafpossible that he should now venture to fenbourg in the afternoon of the 6th, delay it. I have the honour to be, &c, found the enemy, to the number of two
ROBERT ANSTRUT HER, thousand men, polted so as to dispute
Captain 3d Guards. the pass from the forest. After a severe Wilhemstadt, near Hanau, Sept. 3. cannonade, which lasted a confiderable In consequence of the late actions, the time, he attacked them with much fpiarmy of Jourdan is retreating, in the rit, drove them from their advantageous moft disorderly manner possible, in difpofition, and his cavalry pursuing them ferent directions. About 3000 men pase without hesitation through the town, diffed this place since yesterday morning, persed them in the woods on the other almost all of them without arms, and fide of the Maine. The loss of the ene. dragoons and husfars on foot having lost my on this occafion amounts to above a their horses. The peasants have almost thousand men, of whom fix hundred are every where risen upon them, and, when prisoners. in small numbers, either killed or dis The Archduke advanced on the 7th to armed and plundered them: A great ma- Aschaffenbourg, where the main body ny have passed Stenheim, coming from halted on the 8th ; but intelligence beAschaffenbourg, but the greater part of ing received that the enemy had aban. the army feems to be directing its re- doned Frankfort the preceding night, the treat, by Fielde, towards Wetsar, in or- advanced guards were pufhed on succefder to pass the Lahn,
fively to the Kintzig and the Nidda. At Frankfort, and every where in the On the oth his Royal Highness marchneighbourhood, the enemy seem to be ed to Dettingen, and on the roth to preparing for their departure. They have Windecken; the advanced corps occuagain taken hostages from several places pying the important point of Friedberg. belonging to the Elector of Mayence. Ten thousand men, drawn from the
Aschaffenburg, Sept. 8, garrison of Mayence, have advanced toFrom the returns which have been wards Kenigstein (which was abandoned made, it appears, that in the action of by the enemy on the 8th , and will be a
very effential reinforcement of infantry which their army has passed, exhibit e to the army.
very where a spectacle of the utmost de The confequences of these rapid and folation and distress. I have the honour decisive movements have exceeded the to be, &c. R. ANSTRUTHER, expectations of the most fariguine, and
Captain 3d Guards. have uniformly frustrated the designs and MY LORD, Windecken, Sept. II. efforts of the enemy.
By reports received from General La Jourdan, who, after the action of the Tour, it appears, that on the ist and 2d 3d, had directed his retreat on to Fulda, inft. Moreau attempted, with his right was still in hopes of gaining, before the wing, to make himself master of the Archduke, the strong position of Bergen, bridge on the Yser at Munich. After a where, reinforced by the two divisions very obftinate combat, which lasted the which had been left behind in the neigh- whole of both days, he was repulsed by bourhood of Frankfort, he might have the Prince of Futtenberg with confiderchecked for a time the progress of the able loss. Auftrians. In this view he arrived by General La Tour, in the mean time, forced' marches at Schluititerit, on the having formed a junction with the corps great road from Fulda to Hanau, in the of General Nauendorf, attacked, on the evening of the 6th; but finding that the 2d, the left wing of the enemy, and drove Duke was already matter of Aschaf- it before him the space of fix leagues. fenbourg, he gave up his attempt, and, in the neighbourhood of Langenbruche, turning to the right, directed his mar however, the enemy having received across the Vogelsberg towards Wetzlar, considerable reinforcements, pofted himwhere, it is reported, he is endeavouring self so advantageously, that General La to assemble his army.
Tour, after several fruitless attempts to From information of the most authen- dislodge him, judged it expedient to retic nature, relative to the present fitua. tire to his original post behind the Yfer; tion of the French troops, I can venture having, however, succeeded in the obto assure your Lordship, that they are ject of his operation, which was to in a state of the ütməft confusion and weaken the enemy's attack on the Prince despondency. A great part of the infan. of Fustenberg. try have thrown away their arms, and There is as yet no positive information are almost naked. Their retreat has that Moreau has begun his retreat, allost all semblance of order, and has be- though, from the late movements, there come a tumultuous flight. Excessive is reason to apprehend that he is making fatigue has probably destroyed more of preparationsforit. I have the honourtobe, them than the fword; and the continual
ROBERT ANSTRUTHER, dread they entertain of a general rising
Captain 3d Guards. of the peasantry in the countries they Wilhelmstadt, near Hanau, Sept. 6. traverse has spread a panic among them, Jourdan continues his retreat in the which renders them deaf to the com- fame disorderly manner; Numbers of inands of their officers. The lofs which ftragglers pass by Hanait, and likewife Jourdan has sustained since he advanced on the other side of the river by Steinfrom the Lahn may be estimated, with. heim: but the principal part of the arout exaggeration, at twenty thousand my seems still to direct its march by Fulmen; a number which must be daily in- da and Gettenhausen. About 200 artilcreased by defertion, in the present state lery men passed this place yesterday, of his army.
without even side arms: They said they The conduct of the French, during were disarmed and ill-treated by the ina their abode in this country, has exhibited habitants of the Spefreit. It appears a scene of depravity which is degrading that great numbers of the enemy have to human nature. Robbery and pecula- been killed by the peasants; they fell ution have been universal in every rank pon the Quarter-Master-General Érnouff, and in every department of the army. who was retreating with what is called Every species of violence has been ex- the Grand
Etat Major of the army, killed ercised on the persons as well as on the the greatest part of the escort, seized the properties of individuals. Many villages military chest, and divided the money have been reduced to ashes, without the they found in it. General Ernouff, who existence of even a pretext for this act of is arrived at Frankfort, only escaped by barbarity; and the countries, through the swiftness of his horse. As soon as the
French appear, the alarm is given by the obliged to take shelter behind the Lahn, ringing of bells, when the peasants im- leaving the Auftrians masters of Dietz mediately assemble where they think and Limbourg. The Tirailleurs defendthey may be able to attack the enemy to ed themselves, however, in the suburbs advantage.
of the latter, with so much obstinacy,
that night came on before it was possible Downing Street, O&. 18.
to dislodge them. Dispatches, of which the following are From the relistance made at Limbourg,
copies, have been received from Capt. the Archduke was in hopes that the eAnftruther and R. Craufurd, Esq; by nemy meant to risque an action in the Lord Grenville, dated Head-quarters position of Hadamar, and in consequence of his Royal Highness the Archduke the whole army afiembled before day, Charles, Haen, Sept. 19.
break, on the 17th, betwixt Dietz and My LORD,
Limbourg, from which points it was de. His Royal Highness the Archduke. termined that a general attack Mould be leaving a considerable corps in reserve made. A very thick mist, which preat Windecken, marched with the main vailed in the morning, prevented thę body on the 12th to Friedberg. From troops advancing fo early as was intend. thence General Kray pushed on with a' ed; and when it was cleared away, the trong advanced guard to' Wetzlar, on enemy was seen in full retreat, and althe approach of which the enemy aban- ready at such a distance, as to leave no doned the town, and took post on the hope of bringing him to action. He heights behind it. General Hotze was abandoned fuccceflively, in the course detached at the same time towards of the day, all his posts on the Lahn, Weilbourg, but was not able to make those of the left and centre retiring tohimself master of the place.
wards the Sieg; and the division of the His Royal Highness, whose chief ope- right, and the corps which blockaded rations seemed hitherto to be directed Ehrenbreitstein, throwing themselves inon Wetzlar, now turned to the left, and to the Tete de Pont at Neuwied, and following the great road to 'Limbourg, the entrenchments on the left bank of encamped on the 14th instant near the Rhine. Weyer. His object was to form a junc No time was loft by the different Auftion with the corps under General Neu, trian corps in passing the Lahn in purwhich was advancing from Schwalback, fuit of the enemy. General Kray was, and to endeavour to penetrate the cen- on the 19th, at Herboon, and pushes on tre of the enemy's line at the points of towards Dellenbourg and Siegen. The Limbourg and Dietz, whilft Gen. Kray advanced guard of his Royal Highness' turned it by the left from Wetzlar, and column is this day at Hochftebach, in General Milius kept in check the right, the direction of Alte-Kirck, and General pofted near Naflau.
Neu is in the neighbourhood of Neul, On advancing to reconnoitre the ene. wied. The pains which the enemy has my, his Royal Highness found him very bestowed in fortifying the latter place, advantageously posted, and a confidere presents difficulties which it will perhaps able force on the heights in front of require time to peercome, but which, Limbourg ; and as from the reports re- in the mean time, will not in any degree ceived from the advanced corps, there retard the progress of the army. was every occasion to belicve that he The feeble resistance which the French meant to dispute the passage of the Lahn, have made in a poft lo important and it was judged adviseable to defer the at- so advantageous as that behind the Lahn, tack till the co-operation of Gen. Neu and which they certainly had resolved was more certain, and the reserve, to defend, confirms, in the strongest which was now ordered up from Win- manner, the representation which I have decken, should arrive.
had the honour of making to your LordEarly on the 16th his Royal Highness ship of the situation of their army, advanced against the front of the ene Disorders of every kind have arisen to my's position, whilst General Neu, from such a height amongst them, that JourKirberg, turned it. The enemy, who dan thought it neceffary to demand ex1aw himself in danger of being cut off, traordinary and unlimited powers of the abandoned the heights with precipita. Directory, without which it would be tion, and being closely pursued, was imposible for him to reitore discipline
and fubordination. This request was which the enemy had left in that counnot only refused by the Directory, but try, have made a number of prisoners, he himself is removed from the com- and taken or destroyed a quantity of mand, which is conferred on Bournon. baggage and amunition. ville. This circumstance has added Accounts are received of the operamuch to the discontent of all classes in tions of General La Tour down to the the army. A number of the officers of 14th instant, by which it appears, that highest rank and reputation has given in General Moreau quitted his position on their resignations, and the desertion a- the left bank of the Yler on the roth and mong the soldiers is prodigious. Un- IIth inft. General La Tour followed der these circumstances, it is rather to him clofely, and was on the 12th at be wished than expected, that the ene- Pfaffenhoven. As General Moreau feemmy may attempt to make another stand' ed to direct his march towards Neuburg, on this side of the Rhine.
where it was supposed he would repass I feel infinite satisfaction in being able the Danube, General Nauendorff crossed to state to your Lordship, that from the the river below that place, in order to favourable accounts received of the fi- watch his motions; and on the 14th entuation of Colonel Craufurd, there is gaged a serious affair with his rearevery reason to hope, thas he will be guard, in which the Austrians took one enabled to resume the function of his piece of cannon, and upwards of a miflion much sooner than was at first thousand prisoners. I have the honour expected. I have the honour to be, &c. to be, &c. ROBERT ANSTRUTHER, ROBERT ANSTRUTHER,
Captain 3d Guards. Captain 3d Guards.
Head-quarters, Weinheim, Sept 28. MY LORD, Haen, Sept. 20. MY LORD, In my dispatch of the 20th A report is just received from Lieute- inst. I had the honour of mentioning to nant-General Hotze, in which he ftates, your Lordship the idea which prevailed, that in advancing yesterday evening to- that the enemy intended making a stand wards Hochftebach, he found means to in the position of Ukerath. On the 21st, bring on a serious affair with the rear however, positive information was reguard of the enemy, which terminated ceived, that only a rear-guard remained entirely in favour of the Austrians. on the Sieg, the main body having ta
Marceau, General of a division, and ken the direction of Dusseldorff, whilst diftinguished amongst the French for his two divisions of the right wing had acactivity and enterprise, is wounded and tually crossed the Rhine at Bonn. taken prisoner. His two Aides-de-Camp The Archduke now saw himtelf at li. have İhared the fame fate, and his Ad- berty to undertake the projected operajutant-General was left dead on the fieid. tion towards the Upper Rhine, and he A considerable number af inferior officers loft not a moment in making the necesa and privates are likewise brought in. sary arrangements for that purpose.
The enemy continues his retreat with Lieut.-General Wesnech, who com, the utmoft precipitation. It is generally mands the army dettined for the defence supposed, however, that he will affemble of the Lahn, received orders to advance his whole force in the strong position of on the 22d to Ukerath and the Sieg, and Ukraeth, and there make another stand. at the same time his Royal Highness be
This has induced the Archduke to gan his march towards the Maine, He bring nearer to the main body the corps crossed that river on the 25th inft. and, under General Kray, who, in confe- leaving a considerable reserve cantoned quence, encamps to-day at Hackenburg. betwixt Mayence and Frankfort, proHis Royal Highness will be this evening ceeds to the Upper Rhine. at Walrode, and the advanced guard of The latest reports from Lieut.-General General Hotze is pushed on to Alten- Petratch, after mentioning a number of kirchen and Weyerbusch.
successful expeditions, in which the loss A considerable corps, drawn from the of the enemy had been very confidergarrisons of Manheim and Philipíburg, able, state the unfortunate iflue of an ata and reinforced by the detachment of tempt upon Kehl on the 17th inst. The cavalry under Count Meerfeldt, has ads attack took place in two colamns, and. vanced into the Margraviat of Baden, was at first completely successful. The and has met with much fuccess. They French were driven from the town and have furprised and difperfed the corps fort with great loss, and forced to take
refuge on the other side of the Rhine. Head-quarters, Schwetzingen, Sept. 30. Unluckily, the commanding officer of MY LORD, I have the honour to inone of the Auftrian columns was killed, form your Lordship, that General Moand that of the other taken prisoner dur reau, after abandoning his position on ing the affair, and the troops, deprived the Leck, directed his retreat, with a of their leaders, fell into the greatest very confiderable part of the army, toconfufion; whilft the French, having re- wards Ulm. ceived a reinforcement from Strasbourg, Six Commissaries, and all the people paffed the bridge, which the Auttrians belonging to the bread department, were had neglected to destroy, and, falling on taken on the 22d inft. upon the roads them before they could be brought into leading from Ulm towards Conftadt and any degree of order, drove them in their Stutgard. They had been sent forward turn from the post which they had fo to prepare bread, at the two latter places, gailantly carried.
for four divisions of General Moreau's Lieut.-General Petrasch, after an un- army; from which circumstance, as well successful effort to dislodge the enemy, as from other intelligence, it was eviretired to his position at Bischoffsheim; dent, that his intention was to cross the and, leaving a detachment to observe Danube at Ulm, and retreat by Stutgard Kehl, and guard the pass of the Knie- and Conftadt towards Kehl.---But Ma. bis and the valley of the Keutzig, he jor-General Nauendorf, advancing from marched with the rest of his corps to the neighbourhood of Nordlingen, arwards Stutgard, where his vanguard rived before Ulm time enough to frufwould arrive on the 24th inft.
trate General Moreau's defign, so that By reports from General La Tour, it when, on the 23d, a strong column of appears that Moreau, who, I had the the enemy defiled out of the town, they honour of mentioning to your Lordship, found the heights, commanding the road had retreated from the Yler, behind the towards Stutgard, already occupied, and Leck, made a forward movement on the did not attempt to force them. The the ryth inft. drove in the Austrian out- next day General Nauendorff made bis pofts, and extended himself as far as advanced guard (under Major General Landsberg on the Leck.
O'Reilly) attack this corps, and drove General Frolig, descending the Iller, it back to the gates of Uim. occupied on the 17th, Immenstatt and The enemy, finding himself thus preKempen, and on the 19th advanced to vented from executing his intended Ifny, where he completely defeated the march to Conftadt and Stutgard, abanenemy, made 500 prisoners, and disper-, doned Ulm on the 26th inft. leaving in it fed the rest of the corps in the woods; a large magazine and a considerable num. and thus the right of Moreau was com- ber of his pontools, and proceeded apletely uncovered.
long the left bank of the Danube as far General Nauendorff, in the mean time, as Erbach, where he again crosed the had advanced with a considerable corps river, and directed his retreat (as it is to Nordlingen, from whence. he took supposed) towards the Forest Towes. poffefsion, on the 20th, of Donauwert General Nauendorff marched on the and the Schellenberg. His parties ex- gth by, Blaubeuren towards Tubingen, tend to Dillingen, Ulm, and Gemund, where he would come into communicafrom whence he had put himself in con- tion with Major General Meerfeldt, who nection with the light troops of General was at Heckingen. Petrasch at Conftadt.
Lieutenant General Petrasch, after beUnder these circumstances, Moreau ing informed of the enemy's having been felt the necefsity of a retreat. In the frustrated in his attempt to retreat by night of the zoth he repassed the Leck Stutgard, directed his march by Horó at Augsbourg and Rain; on the 22d' his towards Villengen; a detachment from head-quarters were at Weissenhom, and his corps, under Colonel D'Afpre, occuhe had occupied Ulm, which was com- pying the Kuciby and the valley of Kin. manded by General Nauendorff. Ge- lig, the Rench, and the Murg. A corps neral La Tour had croffed the Leck on that had been detached by General Mox the 22d, and his advanced guard was at reau to reinforce the poft of Kehl, had Werthinger. I have the honourto be, &c. attempted to force the King valley, but
ROBËRT ANSTRUTHER, was repulsed and obliged to retreat by