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enemy has decidedly quitted the Maine, and directed his retreat to Fulda. The light troops which have been sent in purfuit, continually bring in prifoners and baggage, and the peafantry, exafperated at the unheard-of outrages of the enemy, has rifen in many parts, and deliver up or deftroy all the ftragglers that fall into their hands.

His Royal Highnefs, determined to perfevere in the fame line of operations, this day detaches Colonel Count Meerfeldt, with ten fquadrons of light cavalry, to form a junction with the garrifon of Manheim and of Mayence, by which means a corps of twelve or fifteen thoufand men will be enabled to act in the rear of the enemy, From the diftinguished abilities of the officer to whom this enterprise is entrusted, the greatest hopes are entertained of its fuccefs.

The army moves this day towards Wertheim; and the head-quarters will be to-morrow at Renlingen.

By the latest accounts received from the other fide of the Danube, it appears, that General La Tour ftill maintained himself in front of Munich; but the fucceffes on this fide had not then produced the expected effect of forcing General Moreau to a retreat. It hardly feems poffible that he should now venture to delay it. I have the honour to be, &c,

ROBERT ANSTRUTHER, Captain 3d Guards. Wilhemftadt, near Hanau, Sept. 3. In confequence of the late actions, the army of Jourdan is retreating, in the moft diforderly manner poffible, in different directions. About 3000 men paffed this place fince yesterday morning, almost all of them without arms, and dragoons and buffars on foot having loft their horfes. The peasants have almoft every where rifen upon them, and, when in fmall numbers, either killed or difarmed and plundered them: A great many have paffed Stenheim, coming from Afchaffenbourg, but the greater part of the army feems to be directing its retreat, by Fielde, towards Wetflar, in order to país the Lahn.

At Frankfort, and every where in the neighbourhood, the enemy feem to be preparing for their departure. They have again taken hostages from feveral places belonging to the Elector of Mayence. Aschaffenburg, Sept. 8.

From the returns which have been made, it appears, that in the action of

the 3d, (fee p. 710.) 3200 men were made prifoners, exclufive of the number that were killed and brought in by the military and peasants; 2 standards were likewife taken: 127 French ammunition waggons, and 15 pieces of cannon, among which were 6 field pieces, which were found in the citadel at Wurtzburg. The enemy at Schweinfurth left 90 pieces of cannon, and 60 at Freudenberg, several magazines in the town of Wurtzburg, and in the citadel a large cheft contain ing fpecie, mandats, and affignats.

Downing-Street, Sept. 22.

Difpatches, of which the following are copies, have been received from Capt. Anftruther by the Right Hon. Lord Grenville.

Windecken, Sept. 10.

MY LORD, I have the fatisfaction of informing your Lordship, that the progrefs of the Auftrian arms continues to be marked by brilliant and uninterrupt. ed fuccefs.

His Royal Highness the Archduke having quitted his camp near Wurtzburg on the 5th, pufhed on a strong advanced guard, under the command of Lieuten. ant General Kray, to fecure the De bouche of the Speffart. That officer ar riving in the neighbourhood of Afchaf fenbourg in the afternoon of the 6th, found the enemy, to the number of two thousand men, pofted fo as to difpute the pass from the foreft. After a severe cannonade, which lafted a confiderable time, he attacked them with much fpirit, drove them from their advantageous pofition, and his cavalry pursuing them without hesitation through the town, difperfed them in the woods on the other fide of the Maine. The lofs of the enemy on this occafion amounts to above a thousand men, of whom fix hundred are prifoners.

The Archduke advanced on the 7th to Afchaffenbourg, where the main body halted on the 8th; but intelligence being received that the enemy had abandoned Frankfort the preceding night, the advanced guards were pushed on fucceffively to the Kintzig and the Nidda.

On the 9th his Royal Highness marched to Dettingen, and on the 10th to Windecken; the advanced corps occupying the important point of Friedberg.

Ten thousand men, drawn from the garrifon of Mayence, have advanced towards Kenigftein (which was abandoned by the enemy on the 8th, and will be a

very effential reinforcement of infantry to the army.

The confequences of these rapid and decifive movements have exceeded the expectations of the most fanguine, and have uniformly fruftrated the defigns and efforts of the enemy.

Jourdan, who, after the action of the 3d, had directed his retreat on to Fulda, was ftill in hopes of gaining, before the Archduke, the strong pofition of Bergen, where, reinforced by the two divifions which had been left behind in the neighbourhood of Frankfort, he might have checked for a time the progrefs of the Auftrians. In this view he arrived by forced marches at Schluititern, on the great road from Fulda to Hanau, in the evening of the 6th; but finding that the Duke was already mafter of Afchaf fenbourg, he gave up his attempt, and, turning to the right, directed his march acrofs the Vogelberg towards Wetzlar, where, it is reported, he is endeavouring to affemble his army.

From information of the most authentic nature, relative to the present fitua tion of the French troops, I can venture to affure your Lordship, that they are in a state of the utmoft confufion and defpondency. A great part of the infantry have thrown away their arms, and are almoft naked. Their retreat has loft all semblance of order, and has become a tumultuous flight. Exceffive fatigue has probably deftroyed more of them than the fword; and the continual dread they entertain of a general rifing of the peafantry in the countries they traverse has spread a panic among them, which renders them deaf to the cominands of their officers. The lofs which Jourdan has fuftained fince he advanced from the Lahn may be estimated, without exaggeration, at twenty thousand men; a number which must be daily increased by desertion, in the prefent state of his army.

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The conduct of the French, during their abode in this country, has exhibited a scene of depravity which is degrading to human nature. Robbery and peculation have been univerfal in every rank and in every department of the army.

Every fpecies of violence has been exercifed on the perfons as well as on the properties of individuals. Many villages have been reduced to ashes, without the existence of even a pretext for this act of barbarity; and the countries, through

which their army has paffed, exhibit e very where a fpectacle of the utmost de folation and diftrefs. I have the honour to be, &c. R. ANSTRUTHER, Captain 3d Guards. MY LORD, Windecken, Sept. II. By reports received from General La Tour, it appears, that on the 1st and 2d inft. Moreau attempted, with his right wing, to make himself master of the bridge on the Yfer at Munich. After a very obftinate combat, which lafted the whole of both days, he was repulfed by the Prince of Futtenberg with confiderable lofs.

General La Tour, in the mean time, having formed a junction with the corps of General Nauendorf, attacked, on the 2d, the left wing of the enemy, and drove it before him the space of fix leagues. In the neighbourhood of Langenbruche, however, the enemy having received confiderable reinforcements, pofted himfelf fo advantageously, that General La Tour, after feveral fruitless attempts to diflodge him, judged it expedient to retire to his original poft behind the Yfer; having, however, fucceeded in the object of his operation, which was to weaken the enemy's attack on the Prince of Fuftenberg.

There is as yet no positive information that Moreau has begun his retreat, although, from the late movements, there is reafon to apprehend that he is making preparationsforit. I have the honour to be,


Captain 3d Guards.

Wilhelmftadt, near Hanau, Sept. 6. Jourdan continues his retreat in the fame diforderly manner: Numbers of ftragglers pafs by Hanau, and likewife on the other fide of the river by Steinheim: but the principal part of the army feems ftill to direct its march by Fulda and Gettenhaufen. About 200 artillery men paffed this place yefterday, without even fide arms: They faid they were disarmed and ill-treated by the inhabitants of the Speffeft. It appears that great numbers of the enemy have been killed by the peasants; they fell u pon the Quarter-Master-General Ernouff, who was retreating with what is called the Grand Etat Major of the army, killed the greatest part of the escort, seized the military cheft, and divided the money they found in it. General Ernouff, who is arrived at Frankfort, only escaped by the fwiftness of his horse. As foon as the SG 2


French appear, the alarm is given by the ringing of bells, when the peasants immediately affemble where they think they may be able to attack the enemy to advantage.

Downing Street, Od. 18. Difpatches, of which the following are copies, have been received from Capt. Anftruther and R. Craufurd, Efq; by Lord Grenville, dated Head-quarters of his Royal Highnefs the Archduke Charles, Haen, Sept. 19.


His Royal Highnefs the Archduke leaving a confiderable corps in referve at Windecken, marched with the main body on the 12th to Friedberg. From thence General Kray pufhed on with a ftrong advanced guard to Wetzlar, on the approach of which the enemy abandoned the town, and took poft on the heights behind it. General Hotze was detached at the fame time towards Weilbourg, but was not able to make himself mafter of the place.

obliged to take shelter behind the Lahn, leaving the Auftrians mafters of Dietz and Limbourg. The Tirailleurs defended themselves, however, in the suburbs of the latter, with fo much obstinacy, that night came on before it was possible to dislodge them.

From the refiftance made at Limbourg, the Archduke was in hopes that the enemy meant to rifque an action in the pofition of Hadamar, and in confequence the whole army afïembled before daybreak, on the 17th, betwixt Dietz and Limbourg, from which points it was determined that a general attack should be made. A very thick mift, which prevailed in the morning, prevented the troops advancing fo early as was intended; and when it was cleared away, the enemy was feen in full retreat, and already at fuch a distance, as to leave no hope of bringing him to action. abandoned fuccceffively, in the courfe of the day, all his pofts on the Lahn, thofe of the left and centre retiring towards the Sieg; and the divifion of the right, and the corps which blockaded Ehrenbreitstein, throwing themfelves in


His Royal Highnefs, whofe chief operations feemed hitherto to be directed on Wetzlar, now turned to the left, and to the Tete de Pont at Neuwied, and following the great road to Limbourg, the entrenchments on the left bank of encamped on the 14th inftant near the Rhine. Weyer. His object was to form a junction with the corps under General Neu, which was advancing from Schwalback, and to endeavour to penetrate the centre of the enemy's line at the points of Limbourg and Dietz, whilft Gen. Kray turned it by the left from Wetzlar, and General Milius kept in check the right, posted near Naffau.

On advancing to reconnoitre the enemy, his Royal Highnefs found him very advantageously pofted, and a confiderable force on the heights in front of Limbourg; and as from the reports received from the advanced corps, there was every occafion to believe that he meant to difpute the paffage of the Lahn, it was judged adviseable to defer the attack till the co-operation of Gen. Neu was more certain, and the reserve, which was now ordered up from Windecken, fhould arrive.

Early on the 16th his Royal Highnefs advanced against the front of the enemy's pofition, whilft General Neu, from Kirberg, turned it. The enemy, who faw himself in danger of being cut off, abandoned the heights with precipitation, and being clofely purfued, was

No time was loft by the different Auftrian corps in paffing the Lahn in purfuit of the enemy. General Kray was, on the 19th, at Herboon, and pushes on towards Dellenbourg and Siegen. The advanced guard of his Royal Highness' column is this day at Hochftebach, in the direction of Alte-Kirck, and General Neu is in the neighbourhood of Neu, wied. The pains which the enemy has bestowed in fortifying the latter place, prefents difficulties which it will perhaps require time to oeercome, but which, in the mean time, will not in any degree retard the progrefs of the army.

The feeble refiftance which the French have made in a poft fo important and so advantageous as that behind the Lahn, and which they certainly had refolved to defend, confirms, in the ftrongest manner, the reprefentation which I have had the honour of making to your Lordfhip of the fituation of their army. Disorders of every kind have arisen to fuch a height amongst them, that Jourdan thought it neceffary to demand extraordinary and unlimited powers of the Directory, without which it would be impofüble for him to rettore difcipline


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and fubordination. This requeft was not only refused by the Directory, but he himself is removed from the command, which is conferred on Bournonville. This circumftance has added much to the difcontent of all claffes in the army. A number of the officers of highest rank and reputation has given in their refignations, and the desertion among the foldiers is prodigious. Under thefe circumftances, it is rather to be wished than expected, that the enemy may attempt to make another ftand on this fide of the Rhine.

I feel infinite fatisfaction in being able to ftate to your Lordship, that from the favourable accounts received of the fituation of Colonel Craufurd, there is every reason to hope, thas he will be enabled to refume the function of his miffion much fooner than was at firft expected. I have the honour to be, &c. ROBERT ANSTRUTHER, Captain 3d Guards. MY LORD, Haen, Sept. 20. A report is just received from Lieutenant-General Hotze, in which he ftates, that in advancing yefterday eveuing towards Hochftebach, he found means to bring on a serious affair with the rear guard of the enemy, which terminated entirely in favour of the Auftrians.

Marceau, General of a divifion, and diftinguithed amongst the French for his activity and enterprise, is wounded and taken prifoner. His two Aides-de-Camp have fhared the fame fate, and his Adjutant-General was left dead on the field. A confiderable number of inferior officers and privates are likewife brought in.

The enemy continues his retreat with the utmost precipitation. It is generally supposed, however, that he will affemble his whole force in the ftrong position of Ukraeth, and there make another ftand. This has induced the Archduke to bring nearer to the main body the corps under General Kray, who, in confequence, encamps to-day at Hackenburg. His Royal Highnefs will be this evening at Walrode, and the advanced guard of General Hotze is pushed on to Altenkirchen and Weyerbufch.

A confiderable corps, drawn from the garrifons of Manheim and Philipsburg, and reinforced by the detachment of cavalry under Count Meerfeldt, has ad vanced into the Margraviat of Baden, and has met with much fuccefs. They have surprised and difperfed the corps

which the enemy had left in that coun try, have made a number of prisoners, and taken or deftroyed a quantity of baggage and amunition.

Accounts are received of the operations of General La Tour down to the 14th inftant, by which it appears, that General Moreau quitted his pofition on the left bank of the Yfer on the roth and 11th inft. General La Tour followed him clofely, and was on the 12th at Pfaffenhoven. As General Moreau seemed to direct his march towards Neuburg, where it was fuppofed he would repas the Danube, General Nauendorff croffed the river below that place, in order to watch his motions; and on the 14th engaged a ferious affair with his rearguard, in which the Auftrians took one piece of cannon, and upwards of a thousand prifoners. I have the honour to be, &c. ROBERT ANSTRUTHER,

Captain 3d Guards.

Head-quarters, Weinheim, Sept 28. MY LORD, In my dispatch of the 20th inft. I had the honour of mentioning to your Lordfhip the idea which prevailed, that the enemy intended making a ftand in the pofition of Ukerath. On the 21st, however, pofitive information was received, that only a rear-guard remained on the Sieg, the main body having taken the direction of Duffeldorff, whilft two divifions of the right wing had actually croffed the Rhine at Bonn.

The Archduke now faw himself at iberty to undertake the projected operation towards the Upper Rhine, and he loft not a moment in making the neceffary arrangements for that purpose.

Lieut.-General Wefnech, who commands the army deftined for the defence of the Lahn, received orders to advance on the 22d to Ukerath and the Sieg, and at the fame time his Royal Highnefs began his march towards the Maine, He croffed that river on the 25th inft. and, leaving a confiderable referve cantoned betwixt Mayence and Frankfort, proceeds to the Upper Rhine.

The latest reports from Lieut.-General Petrafch, after mentioning a number of fuccefsful expeditions, in which the lofs of the enemy had been very confider. able, state the unfortunate iffue of an attempt upon Kehl on the 17th inft. The attack took place in two columns, and was at first completely fuccefsful. The French were driven from the town and fort with great lofs, and forced to take


refuge on the other fide of the Rhine. Unluckily, the commanding officer of one of the Auftrian columns was killed, and that of the other taken prifoner during the affair, and the troops, deprived of their leaders, fell into the greatest confufion; whilft the French, having received a reinforcement from Strasbourg, paffed the bridge, which the Auftrians had neglected to deftroy, and, falling on them before they could be brought into any degree of order, drove them in their turn from the poft which they had fo gallantly carried.

Lieut. General Petrasch, after an unfuccefsful effort to dislodge the enemy, retired to his pofition at Bifchoffsheim; and, leaving a detachment to obferve Kehl, and guard the pafs of the Kniebis and the valley of the Keutzig, he marched with the rest of his corps to wards Stutgard, where his vanguard would arrive on the 24th inft.

By reports from General La Tour, it appears that Moreau, who, I had the honour of mentioning to your Lordship, had retreated from the Yfer, behind the Leck, made a forward movement on the the 17th inft. drove in the Austrian outpofts, and extended himself as far as Landfberg on the Leck.

General Frolig, defcending the Iller, occupied on the 17th, Immenftatt and Kempen, and on the 19th advanced to Ifny, where he completely defeated the enemy, made 500 prifoners, and difper-. fed the rest of the corps in the woods; and thus the right of Moreau was completely uncovered.

General Nauendorff, in the mean time, had advanced with a confiderable corps to Nordlingen, from whence he took poffeffion, on the 20th, of Donauwert and the Schellenberg. His parties extend to Dillingen, Ulm, and Gemund, from whence he had put himself in connection with the light troops of General Petrafch at Conftadt.

Under thefe circumftances, Moreau felt the neceffity of a retreat. In the night of the 20th he repaffed the Leck at Augfbourg and Rain; on the 22d his head-quarters were at Weiffenhom, and he had occupied Ulm, which was commanded by General Nauendorff. General La Tour had croffed the Leck on the 22d, and his advanced guard was at Werthinger. I have the honour to be, &c. ROBERT ANSTRUTHER, Captain 3d Guards.

Head-quarters, Schwetzingen, Sept. 30. MY LORD, I have the honour to inform your Lordship, that General Moreau, after abandoning his pofition on the Leck, directed his retreat, with a very confiderable part of the army, towards Ulm.

Six Commiffaries, and all the people belonging to the bread department, were taken on the 22d inft. upon the roads leading from Ulm towards Conftadt and Stutgard. They had been sent forward to prepare bread, at the two latter places, for four divifions of General Moreau's army; from which circumftance, as well as from other intelligence, it was evident, that his intention was to cross the Danube at Ulm, and retreat by Stutgard and Conftadt towards Kehl.-But Major-General Nauendorf, advancing from the neighbourhood of Nordlingen, arrived before Ulm time enough to fruftrate General Moreau's defign, fo that when, on the 23d, a strong column of the enemy defiled out of the town, they found the heights, commanding the road towards Stutgard, already occupied, and did not attempt to force them. The next day General Nauendorff made his advanced guard (under Major General O'Reilly) attack this corps, and drove it back to the gates of Ulm.

The enemy, finding himself thus prevented from executing his intended march to Conftadt and Stutgard, aban. doned Ulm on the 26th inft. leaving in it

large magazine and a confiderable number of his pontoons, and proceeded along the left bank of the Danube as far as Erbach, where he again croffed the river, and directed his retreat (as it is fuppofed) towards the Foreft Towns.

General Nauendorff marched on the 7th by Blaubeuren towards Tubingen, where he would come into communication with Major General Meerfeldt, who was at Heckingen.

Lieutenant General Petrafch, after being informed of the enemy's having been fruftrated in his attempt to retreat by Stutgard, directed his march by Horb towards Villengen; a detachment from his corps, under Colonel D'Afpre, occupying the Kuciby and the valley of Kinfig, the Rench, and the Murg. À corps that had been detached by General Moreau to reinforce the poft of Kehl, had attempted to force the King valley, but was repulfed and obliged to retreat by Freyburg.


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