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CIRCUITS.

no criminal business before the Court, Sept. 16. The Circuit Court was o- which met to-day and discussed two appened at Aberdeen on Friday last, by peals in civil cafes. the Right Hon. the Lord Methven;

APPEAL. when came on the trials of

O&t. 24. Counfel were heard in an apAnn Simpson, accuted of drowning peal from the Court of Session, wherein her own son, a boy about eight years of the Earl of Wemyss was appellant, and age-The Jury found the libel proven, Sir A. Hope respondent. Ordered the but found that the was intane prior to former decree to be affirmed, with wool. and at the time of committing the crime; costs. and she was sentenced to be confined in the tolbooth of Banff during all the The month of Odober hasproved very, days of her life.

favourable for the lowing of wheat, and William Stewart, accused of afiault, raising the potatoe crop. A greater scar. and Barbara Scorgie, accused of child. city of water has feldom been experienced murder-The dict against them was de- at this season in the neighbourhood of serted pro loco et tempore.

Edinburgh. The markets continue high, 24. The Court was opened at Ayr by beft beef and mutton 41. pork 6d. Fifh the Right Hon. Lords Swinton and Dun continue to be scarce, excepting herrings, finnan, who proeceded to try an indict, which are becoming plenty, and selling ment against William M'Neight, late in at 7 a penny. Benaires, in the parish of Symington, The report for England ftates, that and George M'Neight his sop, accused the crops of every kind of grain have of theft. George M'Neight the son fail- been secured in fine condition, and such ed to appear, and sentence of outlawry plentiful ones are not remembered. was pronounced against him; and the This observation applies to Great Brifather being found guilty upon his own tain generally. The prices of grain still, confeflion, was sentenced to transporta. however, keep up in many markets, tion for fourteen years, under the usual though the average price for England certification.

and Wales is fallen within the month 20. The Court was opened at Inver from 755, 6d. to 64s. 7d. and when the ness by the Right Hon. Lord Eskgrove. demand for seed corn is over, a greater Ewen Cameron and Angus Roy Mackin, fall may be reasonably expected. The non, accused of deforcement were tried. fallows for wheat fowing have also been The Jury, by a plurality of voices, find- improved by the fame cause, and afford ing them Not Guilty, they were alsoilzied a flattering presage of another good crop: fimpliciter, and dismiffed from the bar. The Smithfield markets have fallen late. -William Mackay, accused of theft, ly; store ftock felt a depreffion in conwas found Guilty by his own confeffion, fequence. Beef fells at this time in and banished Scotland for fourteen years. Smithfield from 38. 4d. to 46. per Atone. Dugald Cameron, John Cameroy, and Mutton from 48. to 4s. 6d. Wool looks Malcolm M'Millan, accused of deforce- up again on the prospect of a Spanish ment. The diet againtt Dugald Came- war. Hops have fallen short, ron was deserted pro loco et tempore, and (The Lifts will be given next month.) John Cameron and Malcolm M‘Millan were outlawed for not appearing.

Prices of Grain at Haddington, 08. 28. O&. 1. The Circuit Court of Justiciary

Wheat, 28s. Barley, 248. Oats, 175. was opened at Dumfries yesterday by Pease, 205. Beans 18s. the Right Hon. Lord Swinton, and pror. ceeded to the trial of William Anderson,

Edinburgh, Oa. 31. Oat-meal, Is. id: alias William Scott, journeyman weaver

Bear-meal, Is. Peafe-meal, rod. there, accused of the crime of theft.

PRICES OF STOCKS. He was found guilty upon his own confeffion, and this day fentenced to tranf- Bank Stock portation for seven years, under the u

594 58 Jual certification. There was no other 3 per cent. red. fhut

3 per cent. conf. 57 s871 597 59 bugners before the Court.

6. The Circuit Court of Justiciary India Stock was opened at Jedburgh yesterday by the India Bonds Right tion. Lord Savinton. There was Lot. Tick.

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SCOTS M

SCOTS MAGAZINE

For NOVEMBER 1796.

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CON TEN T S.

Pag.
New Inventions---Cast Iron Bridge 724 Remarkable Ruins, and Romantic
Patent Coffins

724 Prospects in North Britain, &c. Account of Dr Tobias Smollet 725 By the Rev. Charles Cordiner 763 Anecdotes of Persons connected Burke's Letters

764 with the French Revolution, conti- * New PUBLICATIONS

76% nued

727 Topography and Natural History of

POETRY.
Scotland-County of Lanark 7297 The Hair-Dreffer's Petition to Mr
On Ancient Scotish Poetry
734 || Pitt

770 On the Advantages of Contentment 735 Ledyard's Praise of Women 770 On the Influence of Phylical Causes On Friendship

770 on the Moral Faculty 737 Lábor ipfe Voluptas, paraphrased

771 History of the Jews in England 740 The Lawyer's outfet

775 On the present State of Society in Rullia

945- | PARLIAMENTARY INTELLIGENCE. On Travellers, with a curious Anec Commons– New Levies

773 dote 747 - Army Eitimates

774 Albert and Emma. A Tale 748

Navy and Exchequer Bills |
Extracts from the Miscellaneous Lords
Works of Mr Gibbon, continued 752

* *5.;* 778 On Attention to Cleanliness, and the

MONTHLY REGISTER. 1.1 Propriety of sunoculation, con• , GAZETTE INTELLIGENCE, tinued

055 Containing dispatches from the Con- : STATE PAPERS.

tipent, Cape of Good Hope, &c.

&c. Dispatch to the Rufian Charge

976-7787 d'Affairs at Madrid, Dec. 1995 756. Continental Intelligence

787 Answer by the Spanish Minister 757

LONDON Substance of the Treaty between

Incidental occurrences, &c. France and Spain 758

787 New Loan

-788 Decree of the Court of Spain against Great Britain

759 Memorial of Lord Malmesbury, and Lord Camden's Proclamation, &c. 788

correspondence with Delacroix, regarding a peace

7600 962

EDINBURGH,

Incidental occurrences, &c. 7.89 REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS. Appeals

789 Travels through Naples, by Charles i berani Report of the Weather Ulysses, Translated from the

Lifts Marriages ---Births-Deaths, German

&c.

791794

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IRELAND.

791

762

ED IN BU R G H:
Sold by JAMES WATSON & Co, No 40. South Bridge ;
And by the Principal Bookfellers in Town and Country

By ALLEN & WEST, No 16. Paternoster-row, London,

NEW INVENTIONS,

CAST IRON BRIDGE.

THE Bridge lately thrown over the river Wear, in the vicinity of Sunder. Jand, is undoubtedly superior to any thing of the kind at present in Europe.It consists of one spacious arch, 236 feet in fpan, and a hundred in height : the - navigation is by no means impeded, as fhips of considerable breadth can fail un. der it, without lowering their top-masts ; the buttresses are of stone, the bridge itself of cast iron, excepting a fmall proportion, which is wronght ; the bold. ness and elegance of the design, equally gratifies and surprizes every judicious. and every

curious beholder ; and has been executed at the expence of about. 25,cool. of which sum 19,000l. has been advanced by Mr Burden, of Calle Eden, M. P.

COFFINS.

top

Me GABRIEL AUGATIĖ, of Cheapfide, filed a patent, on the 20th of July, för making coffins in such a manner that they cannot be cut, broke, or by any means opened, thereby preventing the stealing of dead bodies. He constructs his coffins of

any

kind of wood. The fides without faw-curfs, He then fastens, by means of screws, nails, or rivets, in the infide, Alat plates, and angle plates made of steel, iron, or other metal, by which the sides and bottom are firmly bound together. The

is faftened down by means of feveral springs, which let and falten themselves into metal boxes fixed at the top of the Gides ; and, also, by means of screws of a particulir construction, which pass into and through plates of iron'that are fixed to the upper edge of the sides, and to the circumference of the lid. The particular construction of the screws is in the head of them, which is formed of oppositive bevels, fome of two, and others of four bevels, and, therefore, can only be turned one way, and no instrument can take hold of them so as to turn them back again; they are, moreover, to be screwed into fockets, with their heads below the surface of the lid, and the hole filled with wood the fame as the coffin.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. The advertisement from Philo-Scuticus was too late, it shall have a place on the: Cover of next number.

Ludis' Poem is too indelicate for publication.
Verus received.

ERRATA.

nual return,

Page 661. col. 1. line 1. for tournalist read journalist

line 29. for Faustus read Forestus
col. 2: line 12. for is the anoual return, read is the cause of the ane

line 19. för mild read millet
line 29. for De Tol's Memoirs read Dè Tot's Memoirs and

expunge says
Page 662. line 10. from foot for muterical read material

THE

SCOTS MAGAZINE,

For

NOVEMBER 1796.

SOME ACCOUNT OF DR TOBIAS SMOLLETT.

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genious men who have benefited Edinburgh. While there he was tempted the present age by their studies, and ad. to try his powers in dramatic poetry, ded to the reputation of Great Bri- and wrote, in his eighteenth year, a tain by their writings, few will be found tragedy, called “The Regicide ; or, more deserving of biographical notice James the First of Scotland,” founded than the subject of this narrative, whe. on the story of the assassination of that ther we consider the utility and elegance monarch, by his uncle Walter Stuart, of his literary compositions, the force Earl of Errol, in 1437. lo 1739, and vivacity of his mind, or the disinter- when only 19 years of age, he went to eftedness and independence of his spirit. London. On his arrival there, his Of the personal history of Smollett, tragedy, he tells us in the preface, “i was less is known than his rank in English taken into the protection of one of thofe literature, might give reason to expect. little fellows, who is sometimes called It is said, and probably with some truth, great men, and, like other orphans, that the chief incidents in the early neglected accordingly." His first outpart of his life were given to the world set in the world appears to have been in his novel of " Roderick Random.” as a furgeon's mate in the navy. la Dr.Smollett was born in the old house of this capacity he served in the fieet, unDalquhurn, coutiguous to the village of der Admiral Vernon, at the fiege of Rentoun, in the parish of Cradrois, coun- Carthagena, in 1741, the particulars ty of Dumbarton in 1720. He was of which be describes in “ Roderick the grand-son of Sir James Smollett Random” with so much life. of Bonhill, Bart. a gentleman of con. He is supposed to have been the siderable property in that county, a Editor of " A Compendium of Aumember of the last Scotch Parliament, thentic Voyages, digested in a Chronoand a Commissioner for framing the logical Series,” 7 vols.: 12mo. 1756. Treaty of Union. The father of To. His first publication that is known bias being a younger son, received, with certainty, is,

u The 'Advice according to the custom of the coun- and Reproof," two fatires, prioted try, only a small share of Sir James' in 1746 and 1747. In the same fortune; and, dying at an early age, left year, he expreffed his indignation his family, consisting of two sons and a at the severities exercised daughter, in circumstances not the most Highlanders, by the royal army, after affluent. The two brothers received the battle of Calloden, in an exquisite the rudiments of their education in the ode, intituled, “ The Tears of Scotschool of Dumbarton. The elder, whose land.” In 1748, he publithed his name was James, was bred a foldier, but “ Adventures of Roderick Random," died at an early.age. Tobias, the young. in 2 vols. 1 2mo. an historical novel, exer; was educated in the medical line, ecuted, he tells us in the preface, upon served an apprenticeship to a surgeon in the plan of Le Sage, in his “ Adver. Glasgow, whose character he is fuppo- tures of Gil Blas." The success which sed to have drawn under the name of attended this novel encouraged him to Crab, in his “ Roderick Random.” He exercise his abilities in that species of

upon the

composition; and, in 1751, he publish land,” an after-piece of two acts, was ed « The Adventures of Peregrine performed at Drury-Lane theatre, and Pickle,” in 4 vols. 12mo. in which he met with success; yet not equal to its introduced the Memoirs of the cele- merit. In 1758, he gave to the world his brated Lady Vane, the materials of “ Complete History of England, de which, it is said, she herself furnished. duced from the descent of Julius Cæsar, This episode, which he received a very to the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1748," handsome reward for inferting, excited in 4 vols.4to. The fale was very extensive, much attention, and contributed greatly and he is said to have cleared 2000l. by to its success. About this time, having it, and the “ Continuation, &c." which obtained the degree of Doctor of Physic, followed, in 4 vols. 8vo. 1762, and I he settled as a physician at Bath, and vol. 8vo. 1765. He was concerned, with that view, he published “ An in 1762, in a periodical paper, called Essay on the External Use of Water, “ The Britain,” in opposition to which in a Letter to Dr, with particular Mr Wilkes published his “ North Bri. Remarks upon the present Method of tain.” using the Mineral Waters at Bath, in Asliduous application to study, haSomersetshire, and a Plan for rendering ving impared his health, which had them more Safe, Agreeable, and Eff- been weakly from his infancy, he went cacious,” 4to. 1752. This is the only abroad, with a view to re-establish it, professional work which is known to in June 1763, and continued in France bave proceeded from his pen. and Italy about two years.

He wrote In 1743, he published his “ Adven- an account of his “ Travels through tures of Ferdinand Count Fathom,” in France and Italy,” in a series of Let2 vols. 1 2mo. This novel was not so ters to some friends, which were pugenerally read, on its first appearance, blished in 1766. and has not lince obtained fuch an ex. In 1769, he again entered the thorny tensive popularity as his “ Roderick paths of political discussion, and pu. Random," and " Peregrine Pickle." blished his “ Adventures of an Atom,"

In 1755, he published a new tranf- in 2 vols. 12mo. a political romance. lation of “ The History of the Re In 1771, he published his “ Expenowned Don Quixote, from the Spanish dition of Humphry Clinker," in 3 vols. of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra ; with 12mo, where, under the character of fome account of the Author's Life. Matthew Bramble, he inserted the ob

In 1756, he began the “ Critical servations he had made on a visit to his Review, or Annals of Literature,” native country, and described the scenes which he conducted, with much a. of his infancy. He died soon after the bility, till 1763, but with a degree publication of it. of acrimony that involved him in a Smollett was a man of the most povariety of disputes. The most serious lished manners, and finest address, tain its consequences, was his dispute lents which seldom fail to recommend with Admiral Knowles, who had pu. the physician; but with these he posblished a pamphlet in defence of his fessed a pride which counteracted their conduct in the expedition to Rochfort, influence. His mind was chiefly turn- ! The consequence was, that a prosecu. ed to the study of life and manners, in tion was immediately commenced against delineating of which he is, perhaps, surSmollett, and he was fined 100l. and passed by few. As a historian, he sentenced to three months imprisonment may be inferior to Hume and Roin the King's Bench prison. His spirit- bertson in refinement of thought, and ed conduct on this occasion, however, political observation; but when the gained him much credit and applause. subject leads to description, or to the

In 1757, his comedy of « The delineation of character, his powers apReprisal; or, the Tars of Old Eng.

pear

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