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pear unrivalled. To the greatest ge- tinguished abilities, and the most vigornius, he joined the most unremitting ap- ous application, could have been equal. plication. One proof of this cannot fail He married a Jamaica lady, and by her to be noticed, which is, that in less had an only daughter, who was cut off than

14 months he collected materials, in the bloom of youth. After a life composed, and prepared for the press, chequered by a variety of incidents, he his whole History of England : an ef. died at Leghorn, whether he had gone fort to which his narrow and straitened for the recovery of his health, in

17717 circumstances might have directed him, in the 5 ist year

of his

age. but to which nothing but the most dis

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different countries of Europe, and beWAS born at St Deniez Dolor in ing rich, noble, and sprightly, he was 1759, appointed a deputy to the Con- every where received with attention. vention in 1773, and executed at Paris While in England, he frequently on the 5th of April 1794, in conse- visited Mr Burke, to whom he was in quence of being implicated in a conspi- troduced by means of letters from some racy with Danton. "He was a friar in very learned and respectable men on the his youth, a hypocrite in his manhood; continent. but, like the French in general, who M. Cloots was not only the nephew die perhaps better than they live-he of a man of letters, but actually a man suffered like a hero. In allusion to his of letters himself. In 1792, he pudress, he was here termed by a familiar blished a small octavo volume, entitled, alliteration, the shabby Chabot. One “ La République Universelle, ou Adof the best judges in Europe speaks of dresse aux Tyrannicides," which was him thus : “ Chabot ne démentit point printed at Paris in the " the fourth la poltronnerie d'un prêtre, ni l'hypo- year of the redemption," and had srilie d'un capucin ?”

veritas atque libertas,” by way of CHAMPFORT

motto. Voltaire, having styled himself Is one of the men of letters of the old the representative of philosophers, the School, who declared themselves, from author pretends to be the representathe very beginning, for the revolution. tive of the oppressed," and claims an On the dismission of M. d'Ormesson, “ universal apostleship for the gratuitous who had been appointed by the King, he defence of the millions of slaves, who was made one of the joint keepers of groan from one pole to the other.” In the national library, with a falary of this tract, he afferts that nations are not 1661. 1os. 4d. per annum ; and put to be delivered by the blade of a poniard, himself to death, in the old Roman but by the days of truth : “ steel can manner, foon after, to avoid the tyranny kill only the tyrant, but tyranny itself of Robespierre.

may be destroyed by knowledge." ANACKARSIS CLOOTS

Cloots was a great advocate for one Was born in Cleves. Although a Pruf- common language, and so well convinsian, a baron, and a man of fortune, he ced of the necessity of one universal goseems to have imbibed, while yet a boy, vernment, that he deems two suns above a taste for liberty ; and, indeed, not- one horison, or a pair of gods in heawithstanding his fingularities and extra- ven, not more absurd than two separate vagances, he never appears to have be- nations


earth? lied his original opinions. At an early Anacharsis, a Prussian by birth, a period of life, he travelled into all the Frenchman by adoption, and a citizen Vol. LVIII.

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of the world by choice, at last found gratify all parties; for while a citizen means to become a member of the Na- of Geneva preached up tyranny in one tional Convention. On the great quef- part, M. de la Harpe, although born tion respecting the death of the King, within the very clutches of French deshe voted in the affirmative ; and with potism, adorned the literary department, the same breath passed fentence on the which had been confided to his charge, house of Brandenbourg, and Louis with the most animated and brilliant XVI." Et je condamne pareillement à passages in favour of liberty. mort l'infame Frederic Guillaume !" After the revolution, it was not likely

Soon after this he was implicated in that M. du Pan should find a very few the affair of Pere Duchesne, arrested, cure asylum in France-no; he himself sent to prison, and as Robespierre never boasts that his papers were twice fealed forgave, he was put to death on the up; that he was thrice assaulted; had 24th of March 1794. It is but justice three decrees iffued against him; and to state, that he continued faithful to during four years, never went to bed his principles, and that he appears to with the hope of finding himself alive in have died innocent. It is not a little the morning! fingular, that he insisted on being the Having at length effected his escape last prisoner executed that day, in order from Paris, he retired to Brussels, and to have an opportunity of instilling prin- in 1793. published his celebrated pamciples in the mind of each, by means phlet called “ Considerațions sur la of a short harangue, which he pronoun- Nature de la Revolution de France, & ced as the fatal guillotine was about to sur les Causes qui en prolongent la Dudescend on his neck.

ree, &c.” In this tract he loudly laMALLET DU PAN

ments that the separate views of the Is a native and a citizen of Geneva. combined powers had rendered the This interesting little republic, which scheme for subjugating France ineffec

. is not more extensive than some of the tual; and recommends to them, if they manors of our own nobility, has pro- are yet capable of union in the common duced an astonishing number of illus- cause of sovereigns, to substitute fraud trious men, most of whom have been in the place of force, and coax and at once the zealous defenders and en- wheedle that nation into slavery, which lightened propagators of human liberty. they were now unable to drive into

To this, as to every other rule, there bondage. are exceptions; for we know, that It is not a little remarkable, that Necker, D'Ivernois, and Mallet du this publication made a momentary imPan, although they have each by turns pression on the combined courts, and boasted of having been born in the com- that Lord Hood at Toulon, in express monwealth which produced Rousseau, opposition to the conduct of the comyet have evinced no common enmity to mander in chief before Dunkirk, foon France, from the moment the abjured after declared that Great Britain monarchy. This seeming problem can, fighting for the restoration of Louis however, be very easily folved, when XVII, and the constitution of 2789. it is recollected, that one has been late. « Five hundred thousand valiant solly dubbed a knight by the sword of a diers, and eighty sail of the line,” exking; and that a second was the prime claims the enraged author, “ although minister, and the last the pensioner, of aided and sustained by an intestine war, a sovereign prince !

have not hitherto been able to conquer Mallet du Pan was the editor of the ten leagues of territory from this fede. political department of the “ Mercure ration of crimes, which has entituled itde France." This journal was pub- self the French Republic ! The dura. lished once a week, and had a most tion of such a struggle begins to ednoble astonishing fale, as it was calculated to


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it-mankind, already astonished, ap- variably ascertained ; and at the precise pear to forget the enormities of the Ja minute fixed upon, let them open

their cobins, by contemplating their relift- brazen throats, and launch affright, deance. But a few months more, and a ge- solation, and death !" neration, already bastardixed by egotism, As he is apprehensive that nations will pass from surprize to admiration !" may at length call their kings to account

On being driven from the Austrian for all this waste of blood and treasure, Netherlands, M. du Pan cook refuge he recommends them to smite their subin Holland, and in May 1794 publish- jeets with the iron mace of authority, if ed at Leyden his “ Dangers qui me, they ever dare to murmur against a war nacent l'Europe.” In this he recom- in behalf of religion, morality, and mends “ une guerre à mort," a wish in subordination. which he has been since imitated by The Abbe was not long permitted Earl Fitzwilliam, who has lately re- to remain within the Dutch territories ; commended a bellum internicenum; and for even there he was followed by the in this tract he appears to be alarmed much dreaded ca ira, and the Marseillois at the encreasing enthusiasm of the march, and finding himself fafe in no French, which, allading to its effects, country on that side of the Rhine, he he very properly denominates “ la tac- has passed into the heart of Germany, tique infernale.He recommends it and is now at Vienna. to the allies to open the campaign of

We shall take our leave of this ex1794 with the fiege of Lisle, and it is traordinary man, after translating his thus that this pious and reverend Chrif- prediction relative to the New Repubtian (for M. du Pan is an Abbe) wishes lic; a prediction which time alone can them to proceed : “ Let the batteries verify or refute : “ Born under the emplay unceasingly on the devoted city; pire of liberty, and tutored in her school let not a single cold bullet be directed I have been taught one truth, of which against it ; let bombs be however pre- I am firmly convinced that France ferred to red-hot balls, as being better will be incapable of supporting political calculated to attain the end proposed; freedom, without thirty years prelimilet the number of charges each piece of nary education !" artillery is capable of sustaining; be in



the town of Lanark gives its name to LANARK is one of the most popu- the county, yet it is far inferior to GlasJous counties in Scotland. The shires of gow in extent and elegance. The county West Lothian and Stirling bound it on has been divided into 3 wards; the fouththe east ; Dumbarton on the north ; ern one is commonly called Clydesdale. Renfrew and Ayrshires on the west; and There is a very good road from Edinthe thires of Dumfries and Edinburgh burgh to Lanark by Carnwath, where on the south. From N. to S. it mea- we thall begin our description of the sures about 40 miles, and 35 from E. to county. W. The river Clyde rises in the south CÁRNwath. This is a populous eaft part of the county, and runs through and extensive parish, being about 12 the whole of it, dividing it nearly into miles long and eight broad, containing two equal parts. From nearly the fame 3000 inhabitants. The soil is


dif source, rise also the rivers Tweed and ferent in different parts of the parish. Annan ; all taking opposite courses, On the holms or low grounds it is very Thows this to be the highest ground in productive, and lets at from 15s. 10 30s. south weft diviGon of Scotland. Though per acre; the whole produces of rent



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about 5000l. Sterling yearly. The appears in many quarters. There is the Clyde, with the waters of Dippool and appearance of a flate quarry at DunsideHaugh run through this parish. From moor; at Craignethan there is a quarry its abounding in coal, iron-stone, and of free-stone, which takes a very fine clay, Wilfontown has been judiciously polish, and is beautifully veined. Se. chosen for establishing a very extensive veral attempts have been made to work iron work, on the plan of that at Car- the lead mines in Cumberhead hills, but

From such abundance of mi- hitherto unsuccessfully. Besides the nerals, as might be expected, many whin rock, which composes the hills to springs are tainted by them, and exhi- the west, the bed of the river Clyde, bit mineral waters of various kinds, and almost all the stones in the neighThere are no hills which attract no. bourhood, have a singular appearance ; tice, by the height; the Leven seat particularly opposite to Stonebyres, they is 1200 feet above the run of the Clyde, look as if they had been either scorched

CARstairs. This parish is about or in fusion, many have a heterogeneous 27 miles west from Edinburgh ; it is appearance, others have stones of a dif6 miles long, and 3 in breadth, and ferent quality adhering to them, and as contains about 930 inhabitants. The if imbedded while they had been in a high ground is a mixture of clay and Auid state : These are strong indica. peat earth, the low ground is a sharp tions of volcanic eruptions at a remote gravelly foil. Agriculture is in a low period. Our bounds hinder a particular Itate in this parish. There are the vef- detail ; but the mineralogist will be tiges of a Roman camp, on a rising amply repaid for his visit to this parish, ground near the Clyde, where lately va. both on account of the natural beauties, rious coins and vessels were dug up. It and the variety of minerals with which seems to be the only one in this part of it abounds. the country.

LAMINGTON, This parish, situated LeśMAHAGOE is a very large parish, on the east banks of the river Clyde, is extending in length about 14 miles, 9 or bout 7 miles in length, and from 3 to 10 of which ly on the banks of the 4 in breadth, and contains about 420 Clyde, and take in the Falls at Bonni- inhabitants. Of coo acres, only 200 ton, Corhouse, and Stonebyres, to be are in tillage, the remainder are chiefly described below ; the banks in various in sheep pasture. No minerals have places exhibit landscapes, sometimes been discovered here.

In this parish beautiful, sometimes grand and fublime. are fown the vestiges of several Romaa The soil is various, in some places camps. clay prevails, in others a rich mould, LIBBERTON. This parish is of a in others again it is light and gravel- triangular form, 7 miles in breadth and ly ; on the west quarter 'it it moor. 4 in length, and contains

750 inhabiish, and rises gradually to hills and tants.

The surface is various.

О. mountains, There are a considerable the banks of the Clyde the soil here is, number of rivers of a smal! size ; the as every where else, deep and fertile, Logan, Nethan, Penicle, Kype, and owing to the inundations and flowings Cálner, are all well furnished with trout. of the river. Towards the east the Coal is wrought in different parts of the country rises. It rents from 1os. to parish, and at Blair there is a fine seam 25s. per acre. The highest ground is of kennel or candle coal, as hard and Quothquanlaw, which rises about 600 smooth almost as jet. Lime-stone is in feet above the level of Clyde. Around great abundance, some strata 30 feet in the village the vestiges of fortifications thickness, fome so hard, that it may are visible, and many tumuli are every he reckoned a marble, and many con- where seen. There is coal in this patain a variety of petrifactions. Marl too rish, though none presently working. Bras lately been found ; and iron-stone


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LANARK. This parish stretches 5 caining small veins of rich iron ore : miles along the eastern banks of the This will probably be found to be the Clyde ; its breadth is about 3. The matrix of some more precious metal. surface is, in general, pretty flat, but Sir William Lockhart of Lee, the statesthe banks from Bonniton Fall

, on both man and general under the Protector, sides of the Clyde, are precipitous and and Charles Il. and who was also rocky; they are well fringed, however, Lord Justice Clerk, was born in this with natural wood. The highest ground parish. The present Lord Justice Clerk, is about 760 feet above the level of the (M'Queen of Braxfield) was born, fea. The town itself is 656 feet above and received the first rudiments of his the

quay at the new bridge of Glasgow. education here.--As this parish conThe south and east parts of the parish tains, perhaps, as much curious, beauare, in general, a light gravelly foil; in tiful, and romantic scenery as any in the north and west the prevailing cha- Scotland, we shall transcribe what is racter is clay. Lanark, which is a said of these from the accurate and royal burgh, is pleasantly situated upon well-written report of this parish by the dope of a rising ground, and may be Mr William Lockhart, as published in considered as a pretty neat country town, Sir John Sinclair's Statistical Account, containing 2260 inhabitants. The chief vol. 15.-" The falls of Clyde prin

manufactures are the making of stock- cipally interest the stranger, and we Uings and shoes. About a mile from the shall begin with the uppermost one, al:

town, a new village has arisen fince the though to come at it, we are obliged year 1784, under the auspices of the to pass the second fall, or Corra Lin. patriotic Mr David Dale. Here are the The uppermost one is somewhat above most extensive cotton mills, perhaps, in 25 miles from Lanark, and from the the island. There are four houses built eftate in which it is situated is called for the purpose of spinning, each of the Bonniton Fall or Lin *. From which is above 130 feet long; the se- Bonniton house, a very neat and ele. cond, the only one completely filled, gant modern building, you arrive at contains about 6000 spindles. It is be- the Lin, by a most romantic walk alieved that there is above 1400 people long the Clyde, leaving the pavilion, employed about these mills. Among and Corra Lin, on your right hand. the remarkable things in this parish, may At some little distance from the fall, be mentioned the vestiges of some strong the walk, leading to a rock that juts holds called Castledykes, about a mile out and overhangs the river, brings you north of the town; they are built with- all at once within light of this beautiful out lime or mortar, and no fuperstruc- feet of water ; but no stranger rests ture appears above them. Subterraneous satisfied with this view ; he fill presses' buildings of a similar kind have been dif- onwards along the walk, till from the covered in different places; they were rock immediately above the Lin, he probably the temporary abodes or lurk- sees the whole body of the river preing places of the ancient Britons. At cipitate itself into the chasm below. Cleghorn may be traced a Roman camp, The rock over which it falls is upwards supposed the work of Agricola. There of 12 feet of perpendicular height, from is no coal in this parish yet discovered. which the Clyde makes one precipitate In the water-runs are found pieces of tumble, or leap into a hollow den ; limestone ; there is no freestone in the whence fonie of it again recoils in froth, parish. The rock which prevails, is a and smoking mist. Above, the river micaceous whinstone. Pieces of beau

* The word Lin has not hitherto been tiful jasper are occasionally met with ; explained by any writer. It is no othet and in Jerviswood grounds, there was then the Gaelic word Leum, i. e. leap or lately discovered a seam of quartz, con- fall, differently spelt and pronounced.

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